[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Upon reacting 3',4'-unsaturated cytosine (8 and 9) and adenine nucleosides (13 and 14) with XeF2/BF3·OEt2, the respective novel 3',4'-difluoro-3'-deoxyribofuranosyl nucleosides (10-12 and 15-18) could be obtained. Formation of anti-adducts (11, 16 and 18) revealed that the fluorination involved oxonium ions as incipient intermediates. TBDMS-protected 3',4'-unsaturated adenosine provided the β-face adducts as sole stereoisomers whereas α-face-selectivity was observed with the TBDPS-protected adenosine 14. The evaluation of the novel 3'-deoxy-3',4'-difluororibofuranosylcytosine-(19-21) and adenine nucleosides (22-25) against antitumor and antiviral activities revealed that 3',4'-difluorocordycepin (24) was found to possess anti-HCV activity. The SI of 24 was comparable to that of the anti-HCV drug ribavirin. However, sofosbuvir, FDA-approved novel anti-HCV drug, showed better SI value. Our finding revealed that the introduction of the fluoro-substituent into the 4'-position of cordycepin derivatives decreased the cytotoxicity to the host cell with retention of the antiviral activity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The key glycosyl donor for the target molecule 12 was prepared by two-step sequences; (1) acetalization of tert-butyldimethylsilyloxyacetaldehyde with 3-bromopropanediol, (2) DBN-initiated β-elimination of the resulting 2-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)methyl-4-bromomethyl-1,3-dioxolane 11. Electrophilic glycosidation between 12 and silylated pyrimidine nucleobase proceeded efficiently to provide a mixture of β- and α-anomers of the respective glycosides 14 and 15. Tin radical-mediated reduction of the bromomethyl functional group of 14 and 15 gave protected 4′-C-methyl-dioxorane uracil- 16 and thymine nucleoside 17. The respective cytosine nucleoside 18 was synthesized from 16. De-silylation of 4′-methyl-1′,3′-dioxolane pyrimidine nucleosides 16–18 gave the target molecules. Evaluation of the anti-HIV-1 activity of the β- and α-anomers of the novel 4′-C-methyl-1′,3′-dioxolane nucleosides 22β,α–24β,α revealed that none of the nucleoside derivatives possess anti-viral activity against HIV-1 and show cytotoxicity against MT-4 cells at 100 μM.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To improve the efficacy of the conformationally restricted BACE1 inhibitors, structural modifications were investigated using two strategies: (a) modification of the terminal aromatic ring and (b) insertion of a spacer between the aromatic rings. In the latter approach, another type of inhibitor 17 bearing an ethylene spacer between two aromatic rings was found to exhibit good BACE1 inhibitory activity, while the corresponding conformationally unrestricted compound 25 showed no activity. This result revealed an interesting effect of a conformational restriction with a cyclopropane ring.
No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase) has emerged as a potential target for drug development as a 5-fluorouracil-based combination chemotherapy. We describe the design and synthesis of a novel class of human dUTPase inhibitors, 1,2,3-triazole-containing uracil derivatives. Compound 45a, which possesses 1,5-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazole moiety that mimics the amide bond of tert-amide-containing inhibitor 6b locked in a cis conformation showed potent inhibitory activity, and its structure-activity relationship studies led us to the discovery of highly potent inhibitors 48c and 50c (IC(50) = ~0.029 μM). These derivatives dramatically enhanced the growth inhibition activity of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine against HeLa S3 cells in vitro (EC(50) = ~0.05 μM). In addition, compound 50c exhibited a markedly improved pharmacokinetic profile as a result of the introduction of a benzylic hydroxy group and significantly enhanced the antitumor activity of 5-fluorouracil against human breast cancer MX-1 xenograft model in mice. These data indicate that 50c is a promising candidate for combination cancer chemotherapies with TS inhibitors.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase) inhibition is a promising approach to enhance the efficacy of thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitor based chemotherapy. In this study, we describe the discovery of a novel class of human dUTPase inhibitors based on the conformation restriction strategy. On the basis of the X-ray cocrystal structure of dUTPase and its inhibitor compound 7, we designed and synthesized two conformation restricted analogues, i.e., compounds 8 and 9. These compounds exhibited increased in vitro potency compared with the parent compound 7. Further structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies identified a compound 43 with the highest in vitro potency (IC(50) = 39 nM, EC(50) = 66 nM). Furthermore, compound 43 had a favorable oral PK profile and exhibited potent antitumor activity in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the MX-1 breast cancer xenograft model. These results suggested that a dUTPase inhibitor may have potential for clinical usage.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase) has emerged as a potential target for drug development as part of a new strategy of 5-fluorouracil-based combination chemotherapy. We have initiated a program to develop potent drug-like dUTPase inhibitors based on structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of uracil derivatives. N-Carbonylpyrrolidine- and N-sulfonylpyrrolidine-containing uracils were found to be promising scaffolds that led us to human dUTPase inhibitors (12k) having excellent potencies (IC(50) = 0.15 μM). The X-ray structure of a complex of 16a and human dUTPase revealed a unique binding mode wherein its uracil ring and phenyl ring occupy a uracil recognition region and a hydrophobic region, respectively, and are stacked on each other. Compounds 12a and 16a markedly enhanced the growth inhibition activity of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine against HeLa S3 cells in vitro (EC(50) = 0.27-0.30 μM), suggesting that our novel dUTPase inhibitors could contribute to the development of chemotherapeutic strategies when used in combination with TS inhibitors.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhibition of human deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase) has been identified as a promising approach to enhance the efficacy of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy. This study describes the development of a novel class of dUTPase inhibitors based on the structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of uracil derivatives. Starting from the weak inhibitor 7 (IC(50) = 100 μM), we developed compound 26, which is the most potent human dUTPase inhibitor (IC(50) = 0.021 μM) reported to date. Not only does compound 26 significantly enhance the growth inhibition activity of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) against HeLa S3 cells in vitro (EC(50) = 0.075 μM) but also shows robust antitumor activity against MX-1 breast cancer xenograft model in mice when administered orally with a continuous infusion of 5-FU. This is the first in vivo evidence that human dUTPase inhibitors enhance the antitumor activity of TS inhibitors. On the basis of these findings, it was concluded that compound 26 is a promising candidate for clinical development.
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry