Alain C Corcos

Mercy Hospital of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, United States

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Publications (11)24.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Autologous cell-spray grafting of non-cultured epidermal cells is an innovative approach for the treatment of severe second-degree burns. After treatment, wounds are covered with dressings that are widely used in wound care management; however, little is known about the effects of wound dressings on individually isolated cells. The sprayed cells have to actively attach, spread, proliferate, and migrate in the wound for successful re-epithelialization, during the healing process. It is expected that exposure to wound dressing material might interfere with cell survival, attachment, and expansion. Two experiments were performed to determine whether some dressing materials have a negative impact during the early phases of wound healing. In one experiment, freshly isolated cells were seeded and cultured for one week in combination with eight different wound dressings used during burn care. Cells, which were seeded and cultured with samples of Adaptic®, Xeroform®, EZ Derm®, and Mepilex® did not attach, nor did they survive during the first week. Mepitel®, N-Terface®, Polyskin®, and Biobrane® dressing samples had no negative effect on cell attachment and cell growth when compared to the controls. In a second experiment, the same dressings were exposed to pre-cultured cells in order to exclude the effects of attachment and spreading. The results confirm the above findings. This study could be of interest for establishing skin cell grafting therapies in burn medicine and also for wound care in general.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Burns
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    ABSTRACT: An alternative approach for traditional clinical mesh grafting in burn wound treatment is the use of expanded autologous keratinocytes in suspension or sheets that are cultured over 2-4 weeks in a remote service facility. While a wound reepithelialization has been described, the functional and aesthetic outcome is under debate. Cell isolation from split-skin donor tissue aims to preserve the valuable stem cell progenitors from the basal epidermal layer and to provide patients with a rapid wound reepithelialization and a satisfying outcome. While the presence of epidermal progenitors in the cell graft is thought to enable an improved epidermal surface post reepithelialization, we investigated a feasible clinical approach involving cultured versus noncultured epidermal cells comparing the α6int(high)/K15(high)/FSC(low)/SSC(low) and α6int(high)/K5(high)/FSC(low)/SSC(low) keratinocyte progenitor subpopulations before and after in vitro culture process. Our results show a significant increase of cell size during in vitro passaging and a decrease of progenitor markers linked to a gradual differentiation. A provision of the regenerative epidermal progenitors, isolated from the split-skin biopsy and applied directly onto the wound in an on-site setting of isolation and cell spray grafting in the operation room, could be of interest when choosing options for skin wound care with autologous cells. Copyright © 2015 International Society of Differentiation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Differentiation

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Sex-based outcome differences have been previously studied after thermal injury, with a higher risk of mortality being demonstrated in women. This is opposite to what has been found after traumatic injury. Little is known about the mechanisms and time course of these sex outcome differences after burn injury. A secondary analysis was performed using data from a prospective observational study designed to characterize the genetic and inflammatory response after significant thermal injury (2003-2010). Clinical outcomes were compared across sex (female vs male), and the independent risks associated with sex were determined using logistic regression analysis after controlling for important confounders. Stratified analysis across age and burn severity was performed, whereas Cox hazard survival curves were constructed to determine the time course of any sex differences found. During the time period of the study, 548 patients met inclusion criteria for the cohort study. Men and women were found to be similar in age, TBSA%, inhalation injury, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health score. Regression analysis revealed that female sex was independently associated with over a 2-fold higher mortality after controlling for important confounders (odds ratio, 2.2; P = .049; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-4.8). The higher independent mortality risk for women was exaggerated and remained significant only in pediatric patients and demonstrated a dose-response relationship with increasing burn size (%TBSA). Survival analysis demonstrated early separation of female and male curves, and a greater independent risk of multiple organ failure was demonstrated in the pediatric cohort. The current results suggest that sex-based outcome differences may be different after thermal injury compared with traumatic injury and that the sex dimorphism may be exaggerated in patients with higher burn size and in those in the pediatric age group, with female sex being associated with poor outcome. These sex-based mortality differences occur early and may be a result of a higher risk of organ failure and early differences in the inflammatory response after burn injury. Further investigation is required to thoroughly characterize the mechanisms responsible for these divergent outcomes.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Journal of burn care & research: official publication of the American Burn Association
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Hypothermia has been associated with increased mortality in burn patients. We sought to characterize the body temperature of burn patients transported directly to a burn center by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel and identify the factors independently associated with hypothermia. Methods. We utilized prospective data collected by a statewide trauma registry to carry out a nested case-control study of burn patients transported by EMS directly to an accredited burn center between 2000 and 2011. Temperature at hospital admission ≤36.5°C was defined as hypothermia. We utilized registry data abstracted from prehospital care reports and hospital records in building a multivariable regression model to identify the factors associated with hypothermia. Results. Forty-two percent of the sample was hypothermic. Burns of 20-39% total body surface area (TBSA) (OR 1.44; 1.17-1.79) and ≥40% TBSA (OR 2.39; 1.57-3.64) were associated with hypothermia. Hypothermia was also associated with age > 60 (OR 1.50; 1.30-1.74), polytrauma (OR 1.58; 1.19-2.09), prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale <8 (OR 2.01; 1.46-2.78), and extrication (OR 1.49; 1.30-1.71). Hypothermia was also more common in the winter months (OR 1.54; 1.33-1.79) and less prevalent in patients weighing over 90 kg (OR 0.63; 0.46-0.88). Conclusions. A substantial proportion of burn patients demonstrate hypothermia at hospital arrival. Risk factors for hypothermia are readily identifiable by prehospital providers. Maintenance of normothermia should be stressed during prehospital care.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Prehospital Emergency Care
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    ABSTRACT: Routine, whole-body computed tomography imaging (PAN-SCAN) has been shown to identify unexpected injuries and alter the management of patients presenting with blunt trauma. We sought to characterize the changes in practice over time and the utility of PAN-SCAN imaging in elderly patients who fall and require admission to a trauma center. We performed a retrospective analysis by using data derived from a Pennsylvania state-wide trauma registry (2007-2010). All hemodynamically stable patients (>65 years) who had a ground-level fall and were admitted for >24 hours were selected. Patients who underwent a combination of all three scans within 2 hours of arrival were considered to have underwent PAN-SCAN imaging. Clinical outcomes were compared across PAN-SCAN patients relative to less diagnostic imaging. Regression analysis was used to determine whether PAN-SCAN imaging was an independent determinate of mortality and resource use. Over the period of study, 13,043 patients met inclusion criteria. The annual rate of PAN-SCAN imaging after ground-level falls increased over time. After we controlled for important confounders, PAN-SCAN imaging was not associated with mortality (odds ratio 0.97, P = .74, 95% confidence interval 0.80-1.18). Despite greater injury severity, PAN-SCAN imaging was independently associated with significantly lesser intensive care unit requirements, step-down days, and a lesser overall duration of stay. PAN-SCAN imaging has become more common over time in elderly patients having a ground-level fall. Although PAN-SCAN imaging during the initial trauma evaluation was not associated with an independent decrease in the risk of mortality, it was independently associated with lesser hospital resource use. These data suggest that whole-body computed tomography imaging may benefit trauma center resource use for patients with ground-level falls.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: It is commonly believed that hypothermia occurring during burn resuscitation is associated with poor outcome but there is little direct supporting evidence. The authors conducted an analysis of a statewide trauma registry to determine whether hypothermia (T ≤36.5°C) was associated with mortality when controlling for clinical confounders. They included all patients treated at an accredited burn center from 2000 to 2011 where the trauma registrar recorded the primary injury type as a burn. They excluded records with missing data and nonphysiologic temperature (<26°C or >42°C). The primary exposure of interest was hypothermia. The authors constructed a hierarchical, multivariable logistic regression model to examine the effect of hypothermia on survival, controlling for potentially confounding variables. Predictors of mortality are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval). Primary burn injury was coded 17,098 times during the study period. Of these, 3809 were not treated at a burn center and 1192 were excluded for missing data. Admission hypothermia was independently associated with mortality (1.91 [1.58-2.29]) when adjusting for age, sex, total second- and third-degree burn surface area (TBSA), comorbid conditions, injury severity score, direct transport vs referral, method of temperature measurement, year, and the hospital providing care. Increasing age, female sex, TBSA >40%, presence of multiple comorbid conditions, and increasing injury severity score were associated with mortality. Other variables in the model were not independently associated with outcome. There was a weak correlation between TBSA and admission temperature (r = .18). Hypothermia at hospital admission is independently associated with mortality in burn patients when controlling for clinical confounders. Future studies should address potential causes underlying this observation.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Journal of burn care & research: official publication of the American Burn Association
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    ABSTRACT: Endovascular management of blunt aortic injury has dramatically reduced the morbidity and mortality associated with this specific injury. There remains a paucity of evidence quantifying the beneficial effects associated with endovascular (ENDO) techniques for other vascular injury types and little information regarding the impact ENDO techniques have had on the management of traumatic vascular injuries over time. We performed a retrospective analysis of data from the National Trauma Data Bank over 2002 to 2006 and 2008 time periods (NTDB 7.2 and RDS 2008). Injured patients undergoing any arterial vascular repair procedure using ENDO or standard open techniques were determined using ICD-9-CM procedure codes. Abbreviated Injury codes were used to select patients who suffered subclavian, carotid, or thoracic aortic injury. Logistic regression was used to determine whether EARLY ENDO procedures (first 24 hours after injury) were independently associated with a lower risk of mortality. The percentage of ENDO procedures significantly increased over time irrespective of mechanism of injury. When aortic (thoracic), subclavian, and carotid arterial injuries were analyzed, a significant decrease in mortality over time was found. The percentage of ENDO procedures for all arterial injury subtypes significantly increased in the RECENT (2008) period. Seventy-five percentage of ENDO procedures occurred early (initial 24 hours) with 20% of those patients being hypotensive upon arrival (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg). For patients who had vascular procedures in the RECENT period, regression analysis revealed that early ENDO procedures were independently associated with a 35% reduction in mortality risk (odds ratio, 0.65; 95% confidence interval, 0.5-0.8) after controlling for major confounders including mechanism of injury and presence of hypotension on arrival. ENDO procedures for arterial injury have increased over time while mortality for arterial injury subtypes has significantly decreased. Early ENDO procedures are common and are independently associated with a lower risk of mortality. These results suggest outcomes after vascular injury may benefit from ENDO expertise and that ENDO techniques should be incorporated into the early treatment algorithm of trauma patients with vascular injury, particularly those that require difficult operative exposure.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet transfusion is utilized increasingly for traumatic brain injury (TBI) for the reversal of aspirin (ASA) therapy. Assessment of platelet inhibition and reversal by platelet transfusion after TBI has not been adequately characterized. A retrospective cohort analysis of TBI patients at a level I trauma center (January 2008-December 2009) was performed. The Aspirin Response Test (ART; VerifyNow) was used to assess platelet inhibition in TBI patients and guide platelet transfusion in patients with ASA-induced suppression. A follow-up ART was obtained after platelet administration. Primary endpoints were progression of intracranial hemorrhage on computed tomography, need for craniotomy, and mortality. We analyzed 84 patients (median age, 78 [interquartile range, 64-86)]; 54% male). ASA use was documented in 36 (42%) patients. Initial ART indicated platelet dysfunction in 54 (64%) patients, including 42% of patients without a documented history of ASA use. Of the patients with a documented history of ASA, 2.4% had a normal ART. Of those with an initial ART of <550 ASA response units, 45 received platelets. Repeat ART demonstrated reversal of inhibition in 29 patients (64.4%). Initial responders to transfusion received a greater volume of platelets, suggesting a dose-response relationship. Logistic regression revealed a trend toward higher mortality in nonresponders to transfusion (P = .09). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that ART results increased prediction of poor outcome compared with ASA history alone (area under the curve = 0.760 and 0.775, respectively). The ART should be used to better target and guide platelet transfusions in TBI patients with known or suspected ASA use history. Patients with occult platelet dysfunction can be identified, unnecessary platelet transfusions avoided, and the adequate volume of platelets administered to correct drug-induced dysfunction. A dose-response relationship between quantity of platelets transfused and reversal of ASA inhibition was observed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Surgery
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    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · The Journal of trauma

Publication Stats

68 Citations
24.27 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Mercy Hospital of Buffalo
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 2011-2014
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • • Division of Trauma and General Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2008
    • Mercy Hospital Miami
      Miami, Florida, United States