Publications (2)3.97 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a common condition and the economic burden of osteoporosis-related fractures is significant. While studies have reported the incremental or attributable costs of osteoporosis-related fracture, data on the economic impact of osteoporosis-related fractures in commercial health plan populations are limited. To estimate the direct costs of osteoporosis-related fractures among pharmacologically treated patients in a large, commercially insured population between 2005 and 2008. In this retrospective cohort study, patients were identified from a large, commercially insured population with integrated pharmacy and medical claims. Inclusion criteria were age 45-64 years; one or more osteoporosis medication claim(s) with first (index) claim between 1 January 2005 and 30 April 2008; and continuous insurance coverage for ≥12 months pre-index and ≥6 months post-index. Patients with pre-index Paget's disease or malignant neoplasm; skilled nursing facility stay; combination therapy at index; or fracture ≤6 months post-index were excluded. A generalized linear model compared differences in 6-month pre-/post-event costs for patients with and without fracture. Propensity score weighting was used to ensure comparability of fracture and non-fracture patients. Generalized estimating equations accounted for repeated measures. The study included 49,680 patients (2613 with fracture) with a mean (SD) age of 56.4 (4.7) years; 95.9% were female. Mean differences between pre- and post-event direct costs were $US14,049 (95% CI 7670, 20,428) for patients with vertebral fractures, $US16,663 (95% CI 11,690, 21,636) for patients with hip fractures, and $US7582 (95% CI 6532, 8632) for patients with other fractures. After adjusting for covariates, osteoporosis-related fractures were associated with an additional $US9996 (95% CI 8838, 11,154; p < 0.0001) in direct costs per patient across all fracture types during the 6 months following fracture. Conclusion: Patients with osteoporosis-related fractures were found to incur nearly $US10,000 in estimated additional direct healthcare costs in the 6 months post-fracture, compared with patients with no fracture. Reduced fracture risk may lower associated direct healthcare costs.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association between bisphosphonate adherence in the first 12 months after therapy initiation and subsequent fracture risk was examined. Patients were identified from a large, commercially-insured population with integrated pharmacy and medical claims. Eligible patients were aged ≥45 years, were new to osteoporosis therapy (no osteoporosis medication claims in prior year) with first (index) bisphosphonate claim between 1/1/2005 and 4/30/2008, and had continuous insurance coverage for ≥12 months pre- and post-index. Patients with fracture claims ≤12-months post-index were excluded. Adherence was assessed using the medication possession ratio (MPR) over 12-months post-index (i.e., sum of days' supply dispensed divided by 365 days). Patients with a MPR>0.8 were considered adherent. The follow-up period to assess incident fracture began at month 13. The analysis included 33,558 new bisphosphonate users with mean age (SD) 59.5 (9.3) years; 94.0% were female. Median MPR at 12 months was 0.61 for alendronate and risedronate; 0.58 for ibandronate. Proportionally more nonfracture patients (39.3%) had a MPR>0.8 compared with fracture patients (34.9%, p<0.001). In multivariate modeling of bisphosphonate users' experience, those with a MPR>0.8 had a 14% lower risk of subsequent fracture than those with MPR<0.5, after controlling for demographics, insurance type, select comorbidities, and other potential confounders (p=0.0459). In a large, commercially-insured population, suboptimal adherence with bisphosphonate treatment was associated with increased fracture risk even after controlling for potential confounders.
WellPointIndianapolis, Indiana, United States