Sung Chul Won

Yonsei University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (11)24.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether a multimodal approach including craniospinal irradiation (CSI) improves treatment outcome in nongerminomatous germ cell tumor (NGGCT) patients. We reviewed the records of 32 patients with NGGCTs. Fourteen patients belonged to the intermediate prognosis group (immature teratoma, teratoma with malignant transformation, and mixed tumors mainly composed of germinoma or teratoma), and 18 patients belonged to the poor prognosis group (other highly malignant tumors). Patients with pure germinoma or mature teratoma were excluded from this study. Nineteen patients were treated with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (RT); 9 patients received chemotherapy plus RT; 3 patients received surgery plus RT; and 1 patient received RT alone. Twenty-seven patients received CSI with a median of 36 Gy (range, 20-41 Gy) plus focal boost of 18-30.6 Gy, and 5 patients received whole-brain RT (WBRT) (20-36 Gy) or focal RT (50.4-54 Gy). The rate of total and subtotal resection was 71.9%. The median follow-up for surviving patients was 121 months. Treatment failed in 7 patients. Three of the 5 patients who received focal RT or WBRT had local failure. Four cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) failures occurred after CSI. No failure occurred in the intermediate prognosis group. Ten-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients were 77.6% and 74.6%, respectively. Ten-year RFS for the intermediate and poor prognosis groups were 100% and 61.1%, respectively (p = 0.012). OS for the two groups were 85.1% and 66.7%, respectively (p = 0.215). Tumor histology and CSI were significant prognostic factors for RFS, and CSI was significantly associated with OS. A multimodal approach was effective for treating NGGCTs. CSI should be considered for patients with poor prognostic histology.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility and effectiveness of tandem high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDCT/autoSCT) were evaluated in children younger than 3 yr of age with atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATRT). Tandem HDCT/autoSCT was administered following six cycles of induction chemotherapy. Radiotherapy (RT) was administered if the tumor relapsed or progressed, otherwise, it was administered after 3 yr of age. Tumors relapsed or progressed during induction chemotherapy in 5 of 9 patients enrolled; 3 of these 5 received tandem HDCT/autoSCT as a salvage treatment. One patient died from sepsis during induction chemotherapy. The remaining 3 patients proceeded to tandem HDCT/autoSCT; however, 2 of these patients showed tumor relapse/progression after tandem HDCT/autoSCT. All 7 relapses/progressions occurred at primary sites even in patients with leptomeningeal seeding. Toxicities during tandem HDCT/autoSCT were manageable. A total of 5 patients were alive with a median follow-up of 20 (range 16-70) months from diagnosis. Four of 5 patients who received RT after relapse/progression are alive. The probability of overall survival at 3 yr from diagnosis was 53.3% ± 17.3%. Our tandem HDCT/autoSCT is feasible; however, early administration of RT prior to tandem HDCT/autoSCT should be considered to improve the outcome after tandem HDCT/autoSCT.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of Korean medical science
  • Jee Min Park · Sung Chul Won · Jae Il Shin · Hyunee Yim · Ki Soo Pai
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the therapeutic role of cyclosporin A (CyA) for the treatment of Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN), 29 patients (18 boys, 11 girls) with nephrotic-range proteinuria were analyzed retrospectively. Mean age was 8.6 years (range 2.0-15.5 years) at diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). All patients had developed the nephrotic-range proteinuria at a mean interval of 4.4 months (range 0-50.7 months) after the diagnosis of HSP. Mean duration of CyA treatment was 12.3 months (range 2.6-55.0 months). Mean follow-up times were 3.7 years (range 1.2-12.9 years) from the beginning of the CyA treatment. Steroids were tapered off and stopped gradually after initiation of CyA. All patients responded to the CyA treatment within a mean of 1.8 months (range 1 week to 3.5 months). Twenty-three patients achieved stable remission with mean follow-up duration of 3.2 years and 6 patients seemed to become CyA-dependent, since they developed proteinuria when the treatment was stopped. Renal function was preserved in all patients but one who developed end-stage renal disease after poor compliance with CyA. We concluded that CyA treatment for HSN showing nephrotic-range proteinuria is very effective and a safe method, although some patients become CyA-dependent.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Pediatric Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of tandem high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell rescue (HDCT/ASCR) was investigated in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma. Patients over 1 yr of age who were newly diagnosed with stage 4 neuroblastoma from January 2000 to December 2005 were enrolled in The Korean Society of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology registry. All patients who were assigned to receive HDCT/ASCR at diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed to investigate the efficacy of single or tandem HDCT/ASCR. Seventy and 71 patients were assigned to receive single or tandem HDCT/ASCR at diagnosis. Fifty-seven and 59 patients in the single or tandem HDCT group underwent single or tandem HDCT/ASCR as scheduled. Twenty-four and 38 patients in the single or tandem HDCT group remained event free with a median follow-up of 56 (24-88) months. When the survival rate was analyzed according to intent-to-treat at diagnosis, the probability of the 5-yr event-free survival+/-95% confidence intervals was higher in the tandem HDCT group than in the single HDCT group (51.2+/-12.4% vs. 31.3+/-11.5%, P=0.030). The results of the present study demonstrate that the tandem HDCT/ASCR strategy is significantly better than the single HDCT/ASCR strategy for improved survival in the treatment of high-risk neuroblastoma patients.
    Preview · Article · May 2010 · Journal of Korean medical science
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    ABSTRACT: Iron overload is a predictable and life-threatening complication in patients dependent on the regular transfusion of RBCs. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy and safety of deferiprone in a variety of pediatric hematologic and/or oncologic patients with a high iron overload. SEVENTEEN PATIENTS (AGE: 1.1-20.4 years; median: 10.6 years) from 7 hospitals who were treated with deferiprone from 2006 to 2009 were enrolled in this study. Medical records of enrolled patients were reviewed retrospectively. Serum ferritin levels were 4,677.8±1,130.9 µg/L at baseline compared to 3,363.9±1,149.7 µg/L at the end of deferiprone treatment (P=0.033). Only 1 patient developed neutropenia as a complication. Deferiprone treatment is relatively safe for pediatric patients suffering from various hematologic and oncologic diseases that require RBC transfusions as part of treatment. However, the potential development of critical complications such as agranulocytosis and/or neutropenia remains a concern.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2010 · The Korean journal of hematology
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and tumor response of 3 cycles of sequential high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) in advanced pediatric solid tumor patients. Medical records of 11 children who underwent 2 consequent courses of reduced conditioning HDCT followed by final HDCT with autologous HSC infusion were reviewed in a retrospective manner. Each median time to an absolute neutrophil count > 0.5 x 10(9)/L was 12, 13, and 12 days. Major toxic reactions were fever, infection, and vomiting. One patient experienced transplantation-related mortality. Nine patients showed complete and partial responses to the therapy at 6 months follow-up after final HDCT. Finally, 6 patients are alive without evidence of disease at median follow-up of 24 months. Even though it is a preliminary result, the authors think that this treatment could be a feasible treatment option for advanced pediatric solid tumor patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Translocations involving mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene at 11q23 are associated with de novo acute leukemia as well as therapy-related acute leukemia. More than 100 different translocations involving MLL have been described in acute leukemia, with more than 60 translocation partner genes characterized on the molecular level. In addition to various simple translocations affecting MLL, there are also complex forms involving three or more chromosomes. Here, we describe a novel three-way translocation of t(2;19;11)(p12;p13.3;q23) in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this translocation, the distal 19p13.3 joins the proximal 11q23 on der(11), whereas the distal 11q23 is translocated to 2p12. Three-way translocations involving 11q23 are often difficult to detect with cytogenetic means alone. In the present case, however, the chromosomes involved in the three-way translocation were readily identifiable by GTG banding. The MLL-MLLT1 fusion products from the derivative chromosome 11 were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and two splicing variant forms were confirmed by cloning and sequencing. Furthermore, the novel third partner gene, NRXN1, was detected by systematic breakpoint analysis using long-distance inverse-PCR methods (LDI-PCR). The apparent three-way translocation thus identified is noteworthy because few studies have reported complex rearrangements involving 11q23 and 19p13.3 in acute leukemias.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
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    ABSTRACT: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiologic disease entity represented by characteristic magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of subcortical/cortical hyperintensity in T2-weighted sequences, more often observed in parieto-occipital lobes, accompanied by clinical neurologic alterations. PRES is a rare central nervous system complication in childhood hematologic-oncologic patients and shows very different neurologic symptoms between patients, from numbness on extremities to generalized seizure. The etiology of PRES was not well known until these days. In this study, 8 patients with PRES were reviewed, retrospectively. There were 4 patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia, 1 with aplastic anemia, and 3 with solid tumors (1 patient each for neuroblastoma, Ewing sarcoma, and osteosarcoma). Allogeneic stem cell transplantation was performed in 2 patients. Immunosuppressive agents such as tacrolimus and cyclosporine A were used in 3 patients. One neuroblastoma patient was in immediate postoperative status. All patients experienced seizure attacks of different types and showed typical MRI findings. Follow-up MRIs revealed significant improvements. From this review, we might consider chemotherapy and surgery as additive causes for PRES other than immunosuppressive agents. Therefore, careful examination of the patients receiving chemotherapy and surgery was needed to find out this uncommon but good prognostic complication.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
  • J W Han · SY Kwon · S C Won · YJ Shin · J H Ko · C J Lyu
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    ABSTRACT: Due to recent advances in treatment, nearly 80% of childhood cancer patients become long-term survivors. Studies on the late effects of survivors are under way worldwide. However, data on Asian survivors remain limited. Data on 241 survivors at the Long-term Follow-up Clinic in Severance Hospital, South Korea, were collected and late effects were confirmed by oncologists. The median follow-up from diagnosis was 7.8 years. Late effects were identified in 59.8% of survivors and 23.2% had two or more late effects. Grade 3 or higher late effects were present in 10.8%. The most common late effects involved endocrine system (29.0%). Late effects were present in 95.7% of brain tumor survivors and 36.0% of Wilms' tumor survivors. Chemotherapy, hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation and radiotherapy were significant factors associated with the number and severity of late effects (P < 0.05). Brain tumor survivors had more severe late effects (P < 0.001), whereas Wilms' tumor survivors had fewer and milder late effects (P < 0.05). The observation that over 50% of cancer survivors suffered from late effects during the short follow-up period and that a high frequency of endocrine late effects was present indicates the need for early and well-timed intervention of the survivors.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Annals of Oncology
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    Chuhl Joo Lyu · Sun Young Rha · Sung Chul Won
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) are associated with increased angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis in solid tumors. But, until today, the importance of theses factors on leukemia, especially childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) has received limited attention. Therefore, this study examined the bone marrow plasma VEGF and bFGF levels in ALL patients and normal controls. Bone marrow plasmas at diagnosis from 33 ALL patients (median age 5.9 years; range 1.8-13.9 years) were used for analysis. The bone marrow levels of bFGF and VEGF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (R & D Systems) and compared with the bone marrow levels of 7 healthy control subjects (median age 11.98 years; 6 months -13.6 years). Average VEGF was higher in relapse ALL (N=7, 216.6 +/- 79.9pg/mL) compared to standard (N=9, 36.8 +/- 12.1pg/mL) (p=0.013) or high risk ALL (N=17, 80.0 +/- 12.2pg/mL) (p=0.023). bFGF levels were also significantly higher in relapse than standard-, or high-risk ALL patients (relapse ALL; 48.6 +/- 15.4pg/mL, standard risk ALL; 18.9 +/- 5.5pg/mL, high risk ALL; 19.0 +/- 3.5pg/mL, normal control; 18.6 +/- 4.0pg/mL) (p=0.003). Three patients with refractory relapse and death had much higher VEGF and bFGF values (VEGF; 420.0 +/- 81.6pg/ mL, bFGF; 85.6 +/- 3.2pg/mL). Our data suggest that the increased levels of VEGF and bFGF in bone marrow may play an important role in prognosis of childhood ALL.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Yonsei Medical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Recent development of stratified chemotherapeutic regimens has rapidly improved the survival rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of childhood. Despite these improvements, the outcome for children with recurrent or refractory NHL remains dismal. We explored the use of high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (HDC/PBSCT) for children with either refractory or recurrent NHL, and we evaluated various factors influencing outcome of HDC/PBSCT. Thirty-three patients underwent HDC/PBSCT in 11 institutes were enrolled. All patients had refractory or recurrent NHL. Sex, stage at diagnosis, histologic subtype (lymphoblastic, Burkitt's, and large-cell lymphoma), LDH level at diagnosis, disease status at transplantation, and preparative regimens for HDC/PBSCT were explored. In regard to the patients, six had Burkitt's lymphoma, 13 had lymphoblastic lymphoma, and 14 had large-cell lymphoma. The 2-year event-free survival (EFS) was 59.1+/-9.3%. The EFS for Burkitt's, lymphoblastic, and large-cell lymphoma was 66.7+/-27.2, 50.5+/-14.8, and 82.1+/-11.7%, respectively. In comparison with lymphoblastic and non-lymphoblastic lymphoma, the relative risk for lymphoblastic lymphoma was higher than the others (P = 0.037). EFS between anaplastic large-cell and diffuse large-cell lymphoma was 100 and 55.6+/-24.9%, respectively (P = 0.106). Status at transplantation was the most predictive factor for the survival after HDC/PBSCT (EFS for CR 70.8+/-9.5% vs non-CR 20.0+/-17.9%, P = 0.008). Transplantation-related complications were minimal, and infection was the most prevalent complication. HDC/PBSCT is considered applicable to recurrent or refractory pediatric NHL patients safely and it could replace conventional chemotherapy. In this study, children with CR status at the time of HDC/PBSCT showed higher survival rate. However, refractory or recurrent lymphoblastic lymphoma patients showed dismal results. Therefore, new therapeutic modalities may be needed for this group of NHL patients.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Annals of Hematology

Publication Stats

146 Citations
24.53 Total Impact Points


  • 2012
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006-2012
    • Yonsei University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Wonju Severance Christian Hospital
      Genshū, Gangwon-do, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Chung-Ang University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea