[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine steady-state gabapentin exposures and corresponding relief of symptoms and safety profile produced by 4 dose levels of gabapentin enacarbil (GEn) in subjects with restless legs syndrome (RLS).
Subjects with RLS (n = 217) were randomized to receive once-daily, orally administered GEn 600 (n = 48), 1200 (n = 45), 1800 (n = 38), or 2400 mg (n = 45) or placebo (n = 41) in this 12-week, double-blind, multicenter study (NCT01332305). Clinic visits were at screening, baseline, and weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12; plasma gabapentin concentrations were measured by a validated liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry method at weeks 4 and 12.
Exposure to gabapentin was proportional to GEn dose. Time to maximum plasma concentration was 7 to 9 hours, and elimination half-life was ~6 hours. The mean reduction from baseline to week 12 in International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale total score and proportions of subjects with "much improved"/"very much improved" Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scores (investigator and patient ratings) ranged from -12.9 to -13.9 for GEn treatment groups versus -9.3 for placebo. The 2 most commonly reported adverse events were somnolence and dizziness.
Gabapentin exposure was approximately proportional to GEn dose. Efficacy data showed that a once-daily dose of GEn 600 to 2400 mg provides greater relief of RLS symptoms than placebo; GEn was generally well tolerated with an adverse event profile consistent with gabapentin.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Clinical neuropharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This open-label, multicenter, 52-week extension study (NCT00333359) assessed the long-term safety and efficacy of gabapentin enacarbil in subjects with moderate-to-severe primary restless legs syndrome (RLS).
Subjects had completed one of 4 randomized, double-blind parent studies (XP052/XP053/XP081/XP083). Gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg was administered once daily at 5 pm; dose adjustments to 600 or 1800 mg were permitted based on investigator judgment. Safety assessments included adverse events (AEs), vital signs, clinical laboratory tests, and electrocardiograms. Efficacy evaluations included the International Restless Legs Scale total score and the investigator-rated Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale, at week 52 last observation carried forward.
The safety population comprised 573 subjects; 386 (67.4%) completed the study. Treatment-emergent AEs were reported by 80.1% of subjects and led to withdrawal in 10.3% of subjects; most (67.7%) were mild or moderate in intensity. The most common AEs were somnolence and dizziness (19.7% and 11.5% of subjects). Twenty subjects (3.5%) reported serious AEs; one subject died (fall, 25 days after stopping gabapentin enacarbil, judged not treatment related). No serious AE occurred in more than 1 subject. No clinically relevant changes were reported in vital signs, laboratory parameters, or electrocardiograms. At week 52 last observation carried forward, the mean (SD) change from parent study baseline in International Restless Legs Scale total score was -15.2 (8.85 [parent study baseline score, 23.2 (5.03)]), and 84.8% of subjects were Clinical Global Impression-Improvement responders ("much improved" or "very much improved").
Gabapentin enacarbil was generally safe and well tolerated and improved RLS symptoms in subjects with moderate-to-severe primary RLS for up to 64 weeks of treatment.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Clinical neuropharmacology