Sa Narod

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (6)20.76 Total impact

  • V Sopik · Mr Akbari · Sa Narod
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    ABSTRACT: Much of the observed familial clustering of breast and ovarian cancer cannot be explained by mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2. Several other cancer susceptibility genes have been identified, but their value in routine clinical genetic testing is still unclear. Germline mutations in RAD51C have been identified in about 1% of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer families. RAD51C mutations are predominantly found in families with a history of ovarian cancer and are rare in families with a history of breast cancer alone. RAD51C is primarily an ovarian cancer susceptibility gene. A mutation is present in approximately 1% of unselected ovarian cancers. Among mutation carriers, the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer is approximately 9%. The average age at onset is approximately 60 years; this suggests that preventive oophorectomy can be delayed until after natural menopause. Under current guidelines, genetic testing for RAD51C is expected to have a limited impact on ovarian cancer incidence at a population level. This is because the penetrance is 9% to age 80; the great majority of families with mutations would be represented by a single case of ovarian cancer, these are potentially preventable through population screening but not through screening of established ovarian cancer families. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Clinical Genetics

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · The Prostate
  • Sa Narod · Jrk Moody · B Rosen · I Fan · A Risch · P Sun · Jr McLaughlin
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have reported that women with ovarian cancer and a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations have better survival than women with ovarian cancer and no mutation. Potential reasons for this include possible differences in histologic subtype, stage, grade and response to chemotherapy, but some of the difference in survival may be due to systematic bias, i.e. a difference in survival rates for women who do and who do not undergo genetic testing. We estimated the survival rate in 1423 ovarian cancer patients from Ontario who had genetic testing and compared this with the survival rate for all 3367 ovarian cancer patients from the province from whom the tested sample was derived. Tested women had a 10-year survival of 54.5%, compared to 35.8% for all patients in the province. We evaluated the extent to which three different methods of adjustment eliminated the observed difference. The adjusted rates for the tested cohort were closer to the provincial average, but each adjustment method resulted in a modest over-estimate of 10-year survival, ranging from 6.1% to 10.0%. The mortality advantage for tested women was due, in part, to a lower than expected mortality rate of tested women in the period following genetic testing.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Clinical Genetics
  • P Møller · L Maehle · A Vabø · N Clark · P Sun · Sa Narod
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    ABSTRACT: Møller P, Mæhle L, Vabø A, Clark N, Sun P, Narod SA. Age-specific incidence rates for breast cancer in carriers of BRCA1 mutations from Norway. Incidence rates of breast cancer among women with a BRCA1 mutation vary according to their reproductive histories and country of residence. To measure cancer incidence, it is best to follow-up cohort of healthy women prospectively. We followed up a cohort of 675 women with a BRCA1 mutation who did not have breast or ovarian cancer before inclusion and who had a normal clinical examination and mammography at first visit. After a mean of 7.1 years, 98 incident cases of breast cancer were recorded in the cohort. Annual cancer incidence rates were calculated, and based on these, a penetrance curve was constructed. The average annual cancer risk for the Norwegian women from age 25 to 70 was 2.0%. Founder mutations had lower incidence rate (1.7%) than less frequent mutations (2.5%) (p = 0.03). The peak incidence (3.1% annual risk) was observed in women from age 50 to 59. The age-specific annual incidence rates and penetrance estimate were compared with published figures for women from North America and from Poland. The risk of breast cancer to age 70 was estimated to be 61% for women from Norway, compared with 55% for women from Poland and 69% for women from North America.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Clinical Genetics
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Gutiérrez Espeleta GA, Llacuachaqui M, García-Jiménez L, Aguilar Herrera M, Loáiciga Vega K, Ortiz A, Royer R, Li S, Narod SA. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among familial breast cancer patients from Costa Rica. The contribution of mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes to the burden of breast cancer in Costa Rica has not been studied. We estimated the frequency of BRCA mutations among 111 Costa Rican women with breast cancer and a family history of breast cancer. These women were mainly from the metropolitan area of San José. A detailed family history was obtained from each patient and a blood sample was processed for DNA extraction. Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 were sought using a combination of techniques and all mutations were confirmed by direct sequencing. Four different mutations were identified in five patients (four in BRCA2 and one in BRCA1) representing 4.5% of the total. Two unrelated patients were found to have a BRCA2 5531delTT mutation. Other BRCA2 mutations included C5507G and 6174delT. Only one BRCA1 mutation was found (C3522T). The family with the BRCA1 mutation had five cases of gastric cancer. Families with BRCA2 mutations were also reported to have cases of gastric and prostate cancers; however, the full range of cancers associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Costa Rica has not yet been established.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Clinical Genetics