[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The automated laser-based hematology analyzer Sysmex XT-2000iV™ provides a 5-part differential count and specific cytograms that are of great interest for large veterinary laboratories. The aim of the study was to validate the Sysmex XT-2000iV compared to the laser-based hematology analyzer ADVIA® 2120 and manual differential in dogs, cats, and horses as well as the impact of anticoagulant (heparin, ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid [EDTA], and citrate) and storage at 22°C and 4°C. Consecutive fresh K(3)-EDTA blood samples from 216 cats, 314 dogs, and 174 horses were included. The impact of anticoagulant and sample storage was assessed in specimens obtained from an additional 9 cats, 10 dogs, and 10 horses. Agreement between both analyzers was excellent to good except for monocytes and canine reticulocytes. Spearman rank correlation coefficients (r (s)) between Sysmex XT-2000iV and manual differential were good to fair and ranged from 0.91 (cat lymphocytes) to 0.44 (cat monocytes). Hematocrit value (Hct), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), MCH concentration (MCHC; all: P < 0.001), and mean corpuscular volume (MCV; P < 0.01) were higher in canine citrated blood compared to heparin and EDTA. In cats, lymphocytes and monocytes were lower in heparinized blood compared to EDTA (P < 0.05), whereas in horses no significant effect was seen. Regarding storage time and temperature, white and red blood cell counts, hemoglobin, and MCH were stable. Hct, MCV, and MCHC were influenced by erythrocyte swelling. Differential count remained stable for 24 hr (22°C) and nearly 72 hr (4°C) except for monocytes. The overall performance of the Sysmex XT-2000iV was excellent and compared favorably with that of the ADVIA 2120. A special strength was the excellent detection of feline eosinophils.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation: official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An automated impedance-based in-house hematology analyzer, the PocH-100iV Diff, which provides a 3-part leukocyte differential count that includes eosinophils, recently has been introduced.
The aims of this study were to validate results from the PocH-100iV Diff for dogs and cats and evaluate the impact of the anticoagulant used and sample storage conditions.
Blood samples collected in K(3) EDTA from 153 cats and 150 dogs were included in the comparison study. The reference analyzer was the ADVIA 2120 hematology analyzer, and manual differential leukocyte counts and PCV were the manual reference methods.
Coefficients of variation were < 3% except for platelet counts and feline differential and eosinophil counts. Correlation between analyzers was good to excellent except for hemoglobin (HGB) concentration in dogs and RBC indices for both species. Biases were close to 0 except for MCHC and platelet counts. Correlation with manual counts was good for lymphocytes and OTHR cells (combined neutrophil and monocyte counts) and fair and poor for feline and canine eosinophil counts, respectively. Estimated sensitivity and specificity for detection of eosinophilia were, respectively, 50% and 98% for cats and 34% and 77% for dogs. A significant anticoagulant effect was seen for MCV in cats and for HCT, MCH, MCHC, and platelet, OTHR, and eosinophil counts in dogs. RBC and WBC counts, HGB concentration, and MCH were stable for 72 h. HCT, MCV, MCHC, and platelet counts were affected by sample storage (dogs > cats; 22°C > 4°C).
The PocH-100iV Diff is a suitable in-house instrument. A strength is its specific, but moderately sensitive, detection of feline eosinophils.
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Veterinary Clinical Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The automated laser-based hematology analyzer Sysmex XT-2000iV™ providing a complete blood cell count (CBC) and 5-part differential has been introduced in large veterinary laboratories. The aim of the current study was to determine precision, linearity, and accuracy of the Sysmex analyzer. Reference method for the accuracy study was the laser-based hematology analyzer ADVIA® 2120. For evaluation of accuracy, consecutive fresh blood samples from healthy and diseased cats (n = 216), dogs (n = 314), and horses (n = 174) were included. A low intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) of approximately 1% was seen for the CBC except platelet count (PLT). An intra-assay CV ranging between 2% and 5.5% was evident for the differential count except for feline and equine monocytes (7.7%) and horse eosinophils (15.7%). Linearity was excellent for white blood cell count (WBC), hematocrit value, red blood cell count (RBC), and PLT. For all evaluated species, agreement was excellent for WBC and RBC, with Spearman rank correlation coefficients (r(s)) ranging from >0.99 to 0.98. Hematocrit value correlated excellently in cats and dogs, whereas for horses, a good correlation was evident. A good correlation between both analyzers was seen in feline and equine PLT (r(s) = 0.89 and 0.92, respectively), whereas correlation was excellent for dogs (r(s) = 0.93). Biases were close to 0 except for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (4.11 to -7.25 mmol/l) and canine PLT (57 × 10(9)/l). Overall, the performance of the Sysmex analyzer was excellent and compared favorably with the ADVIA analyzer.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation: official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc