Sung June Byun

RURAL DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, Seikan-ri, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea

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Publications (27)76.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chicken pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), such as embryonic stem cells and blastoderm cells, have been used to study development and differentiation in chicken. However, chicken PSCs are not widely used because they are hard to maintain in long-term culture. Recent reports suggest that chicken somatic cells can be reprogrammed to pluripotent state by defined factors to form induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). These chicken iPSCs showed pluripotent differentiation potential and could be maintained in long-term culture. However, intracytoplasmic remodeling during reprogramming of chicken cells remains largely unknown. Here, we generated chicken iPS like cells (ciPSLCs) from chicken embryonic fibroblasts by using a retroviral expression system encoding human reprogramming factors. These ciPSLCs could be maintained for more than 10 passages and expressed the endogenous chicken pluripotency markers, cNonog and cSox2. Moreover, the ciPSLCs showed higher nucleus to cytoplasm ratio and contained globular mitochondria with immature cristae. This morphology was similar to that of mammalian pluripotent stem cells, but different from that of avian somatic cells, which showed lower nucleus to cytoplasm ratio and mature mitochondria. These results suggest that intracytoplasmic organelles in differentiated somatic cells could be successfully remodeled into the pluripotent state during reprogramming in chicken.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Stem Cells and Development
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    ABSTRACT: 3D8 single-chain Fv (scFv) is a catalytic nucleic acid antibody with anti-viral activity against a broad spectrum of viruses. Here we investigated the functional stability of 3D8 scFv to provide a basis for engineering a 3D8 scFv derivative and for developing stable formulations with improved stability and potential use as an anti-viral agent. The stability of 3D8 scFv was assessed by measuring its DNA-hydrolyzing activity under different biochemical and physical conditions using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based method. In addition, the anti-influenza (H9N2) effect of 3D8 scFv was evaluated in A549 cells. 3D8 scFv was stable at 50°C for 6h at pH 7.2, for 3 days at pH 4-10 at 37°C and 30 days at pH 4-8 at 37°C. The stability was not affected by a reducing condition, freeze-thawing for up to 30 cycles, or lyophilization. Evaluation of the anti-virus effect showed that cells treated with 32-128 units of 3D8 scFv showed a 50% decrease in influenza replication compared to untreated cells. Based on its enzymatic stability in various biochemical and physical environments, 3D8 scFv holds good potential for development as an anti-viral therapeutic.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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    ABSTRACT: The mammary gland serves as a valuable bioreactor system for the production of recombinant proteins in lactating animals. Pharmaceutical-grade recombinant protein can be harvested from the milk of transgenic animals that carry a protein of interest under the control of promoter regions genes encoding milk proteins. Whey acidic protein (WAP), for example, is predominantly expressed in the mammary gland and is regulated by lactating hormones during pregnancy. We cloned the 5'-flanking region of the porcine WAP gene (pWAP) to confirm the sequence elements in its promoter that are required for gene-expression activity. In the present study, we investigated how lactogenic hormones -including prolactin, hydrocortisone, and insulin- contribute to the transcriptional activation of the pWAP promoter region in mammalian cells, finding that these hormones activate STAT5 signaling that, in turn, induce gene expression via STAT5 binding sites in its 5'-flanking region. To confirm the expression and hormonal regulation of the 5'-flanking region of pWAP in vivo, we generated transgenic mice expressing human recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (hCSF2) in the mammary gland under the control of the pWAP promoter. These mice secreted hCSF2 protein in their milk at levels ranging from 242 to 1274.8 ng/ml. Collectively, our findings show that the pWAP promoter may be useful in confining the expression of foreign proteins to the mammary gland, where they can be secreted along with milk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Molecular Reproduction and Development
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    ABSTRACT: Early chick embryogenesis is governed by a complex mechanism involving transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation, although how post-transcriptional processes influence the balance between pluripotency and differentiation during early chick development have not been previously investigated. Here, we characterized the microRNA (miRNA) signature associated with differentiation in the early chick embryo, and found that as expression of the gga-let-7 family increases through early development, expression of their direct targets, TGFBR1 and LIN28B, decreases. Indeed, gga-let-7a-5p and gga-let-7b miRNAs directly bind to TGFBR1 and LIN28B transcripts. Our data further indicate that TGFBR1 and LIN28B maintain pluripotency by regulating POUV, NANOG, and CRIPTO. Therefore, gga-let-7 miRNAs act as post-transcriptional regulators of differentiation in blastodermal cells by repressing the expression of the TGFBR1 and LIN28B, which intrinsically controls blastodermal cell differentiation in early chick development. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Molecular Reproduction and Development
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    ABSTRACT: The protein 3D8 single-chain variable fragment (3D8 scFv) has potential anti-viral activity due to its ability to penetrate into cells and hydrolyze nucleic acids. Probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei engineered to secrete 3D8 scFv for oral administration was used to test the anti-viral effects of 3D8 scFv against gastrointestinal virus infections. We found that injection of 3D8 scFv into the intestinal lumen resulted in the penetration of 3D8 scFv into the intestinal villi and lamina propria. 3D8 scFv secreted from engineered L. paracasei retained its cell-penetrating and nucleic acid-hydrolyzing activities, which were previously shown with 3D8 scFv expressed in Escherichia coli. Pretreatment of RAW264.7 cells with 3D8 scFv purified from L. paracasei prevented apoptosis induction by murine norovirus infection and decreased messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the viral capsid protein VP1. In a mouse model, oral administration of the engineered L. paracasei prior to murine norovirus infection reduced the expression level of mRNA encoding viral polymerase. Taken together, these results suggest that L. paracasei secreting 3D8 scFv provides a basis for the development of ingestible anti-viral probiotics active against gastrointestinal viral infection.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Reprogramming is one of the most essential areas of research in stem cell biology. Despite this importance, the mechanism and correlates of reprogramming remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the cytoplasmic remodeling and changes in metabolism that occur during reprogramming and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells. Specifically, we examined the cellular organelles of three pluripotent stem cells, embryonic (ESCs), induced pluripotent (iPSCs), and epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs), by electron microscopy. We found that the cellular organelles of primed pluripotent EpiSCs were more similar to those of naïve pluripotent ESCs and iPSCs than somatic cells. EpiSCs, as well as ESCs and iPSCs, contain large nuclei, poorly developed endoplasmic reticula, and underdeveloped cristae; however, their mitochondria were still mature relative to the mitochondria of ESCs and iPSCs. Next, we differentiated these pluripotent stem cells into neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro and compared the morphology of organelles. We found that the morphology of organelles of NSCs differentiated from ESCs, iPSCs, and EpiSCs were indistinguishable from brain-derived NSCs. Finally, we examined the changes in energy metabolism that accompanied mitochondrial remodeling during reprogramming and differentiation. We found that the glycolytic activity of ESCs and iPSCs was greater than that of EpiSCs, and that the glycolytic activity of EpiSCs was greater than that of NSCs differentiated from ESCs, iPSCs, and EpiSCs. These results suggest that a change in cellular state is accompanied by dynamic changes in the morphology of cytoplasmic organelles and corresponding changes in energy metabolism.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Stem Cells and Development
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    ABSTRACT: Early chick development is a systematic process governed by the concerted action of multiple mechanisms that regulate transcription and post-transcriptional processes. Post-transcriptional microRNA-mediated regulation, with regard to lineage specification and differentiation in early chick development, requires further investigation. Here, we characterize the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation mechanisms in undifferentiated chick blastodermal cells. Expression of the miR-302 cluster, POUV, SOX2, and STAT5B decreased in a time-dependent manner in early chick development. We found that POUV, SOX2, and STAT5B regulate the transcription of the miR-302 cluster, as its 5'-flanking region contains binding elements for each transcription factor. Additionally, POUV, SOX2, and STAT5B maintain pluripotency by regulating genes containing the miR-302 cluster target sequence. For example, microRNAs from the miR-302 cluster can bind to PBX3 and E2F7 transcripts, thus acting as a post-transcriptional regulator that maintains the undifferentiated state of blastodermal cells by balancing the expression of genes related to pluripotency and differentiation. Based on these results, we suggest that both transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of the miR302 cluster is critical for intrinsically controlling the undifferentiated state of chick embryonic blastodermal cells. These findings may help our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie developmental decisions during early chick development. Mol. Reprod. Dev. 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Molecular Reproduction and Development
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    ABSTRACT: The laying hen is the best model for oviduct growth and development. The chicken oviduct produces the egg components, including the egg white and eggshell. However, the mechanism of egg component production during oviduct development requires further investigation. Vitelline membrane outer layer protein 1 (VMO-1) is found in the outer layer of the vitelline membrane of avian eggs. Comparison of the chicken VMO-1 protein-coding sequence and the human, mouse, rat, and bovine VMO-1 proteins via multiple sequence alignment analysis revealed high degrees of homology of 55%, 53%, 48%, and 54%, respectively. Although the avian homologue of VMO-1 is highly expressed in the magnum of the oviduct, little is known about the transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of VMO-1 during oviduct development. The results of this study revealed that estrogen induces VMO-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in oviduct cells in vitro. The expression of genes interacting with VMO-1 by RNA interference (RNAi) functional analysis revealed that ovomucin expression was decreased by VMO-1 silencing. In addition, gga-miR-1623, 1552-3p, and 1651-3p influenced VMO-1 expression via its 3'-UTR, suggesting the posttranscriptional regulation of VMO-1 expression in chickens. Collectively, these results suggest that VMO-1 is an estrogen-induced gene that is posttranscriptionally regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). The present study may contribute to an understanding of egg component production during chicken oviduct development.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal
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    ABSTRACT: In contrast to a number of studies on the humanization of non-human antibodies, the reshaping of a non-human antibody into a chicken antibody has never been attempted. Therefore, nothing is known about the animal species-dependent compatibility of the framework regions (FRs) that sustain the appropriate conformation of the complementarity-determining regions (CDRs). In this study, we attempted the reshaping of the variable domains of the mouse catalytic anti-nucleic acid antibody 3D8 (m3D8) into the FRs of a chicken antibody (“chickenization”) by CDR grafting, which is a common method for the humanization of antibodies. CDRs of the acceptor chicken antibody that showed a high homology to the FRs of m3D8 were replaced with those of m3D8, resulting in the chickenized antibody (ck3D8). ck3D8 retained the biochemical properties (DNA binding, DNA hydrolysis, and cellular internalizing activities) and three-dimensional structure of m3D8 and showed reduced immunogenicity in chickens. Our study demonstrates that CDR grafting can be applied to the chickenization of a mouse antibody, probably due to the interspecies compatibility of the FRs.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Molecular Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Tracheal epithelial cells (TECs) are an important tool for studies of viral respiratory diseases. Primary TECs have been cultured from human, mouse and hamster. It is also necessary to diagnose viral respiratory disease and reveal infection mechanisms in chicken. In this study, we isolated tracheal epithelial layers from tracheal of 20-day-old chicks and cultured primary TECs from the isolated layers. Ciliated cells which were a typical morphology of TECs were observed in cultured primary TECs and maintained until cell passage 5 (15 to 20 days). When we analyzed expression patterns of epithelial marker genes (retinoic acid responder, FGF-binding protein, virus activating protease (VAP) in TECs compared to immortalized chicken embryonic fibroblast cell line (DF-1), all the marker genes are highly expressed in TECs than in DF-1. When TECs were cultured with 0.1 and 1 MOI of ND virus (rNDV-GFP strain) to test the susceptibility of TECs for ND virus, 12.6% and 48.2% of the incubated TECs were infected respectively. In addition, when DF-1 was incubated with 1 MOI of ND virus, the virus infection rate of DF-1 was three times lower than the virus infection rate of TECs. These data could contribute to study infection mechanisms of viral respiratory diseases and control them in chicken.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is a metalloprotein and functions as an antioxidant enzyme. In this study, we used lentiviral vectors to generate transgenic chickens that express the human EC-SOD gene. The recombinant lentiviruses were injected into the subgerminal cavity of freshly laid eggs. Subsequently, the embryos were incubated to hatch using phases II and III of the surrogate shell ex vivo culture system. Of 158 injected embryos, 16 chicks (G0) hatched and were screened for the hEC-SOD by PCR. Only 1 chick was identified as a transgenic bird containing the transgene in its germline. This founder (G0) bird was mated with wild-type hens to produce transgenic progeny, and 2 transgenic chicks (G1) were produced. In the generated transgenic hens (G2), the hEC-SOD protein was expressed in the egg white and showed antioxidant activity. These results highlight the potential of the chicken for production of biologically active proteins in egg white. [BMB Reports 2013; 46(8): 404-409].
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · BMB reports
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) clones are widely used for retrieving genomic DNA sequences for gene targeting. In this study, low-copy-number plasmids pBAC-FB, pBAC-FC, and pBAC-DE, which carry the F plasmid replicon, were generated from pBACe3.6. pBAC-FB was successfully used to retrieve a sequence of a BAC that was resistant to retrieval by a high-copy-number plasmid via λ Red-mediated recombineering (gap-repair cloning). This plasmid was also used to retrieve two other genes from BAC, indicating its general usability retrieving genes from BAC. The retrieved genes were manipulated in generating targeting vectors for gene knockouts by recombineering. The functionality of the targeting vector was further validated in a targeting experiment with C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells. The low-copy-number plasmid pBAC-FB is a plasmid of choice to retrieve toxic DNA sequences from BACs and to manipulate them to generate gene-targeting constructs by recombineering.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Molecular Biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been established for the transmission of specific nuclear DNA. However, the fate of donor mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) remains unclear. Here, we examined the fate of donor mtDNA in recloned pigs through third generations. Fibroblasts of recloned pigs were obtained from offspring of each generation produced by fusion of cultured fibroblasts from a Minnesota miniature pig (MMP) into enucleated oocytes of a Landrace pig. The D-loop regions from the mtDNA of donor and recipient differ at nucleotide sequence positions 16050 (A→T), 16062 (T→C), and 16135 (G→A). In order to determine the fate of donor mtDNA in recloned pigs, we analyzed the D-loop region of the donor's mtDNA by allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) and real-time PCR. Donor mtDNA was successfully detected in all recloned offspring (F1, F2, and F3). These results indicate that heteroplasmy that originate from donor and recipient mtDNA is maintained in recloned pigs, resulting from SCNT, unlike natural reproduction.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Influenza A virus infection is a great threat to avian species and humans. Targeting viral proteins by antibody has a limited success due to the antigen drift and shift. Here we present a novel antibody-based antiviral strategy of targeting viral genomic RNA (vRNA) for degradation rather than neutralizing viral proteins. Based on the template of a sequence-nonspecific nucleic acid-hydrolyzing, single domain antibody of the light chain variable domain, 3D8 VL, we generated a synthetic library on the yeast surface by randomizing putative nucleic acid interacting residues. To target nucleocapsid protein (NP)-encoding viral genomic RNA (NP-vRNA) of H9N2 influenza virus, the library was screened against a 18-nucleotide single stranded nucleic acid substrate, dubbed asNP(18), the sequence of which is unique to the NP-vRNA. We isolated a 3D8 VL variant, NP25, that had ∼15-fold higher affinity (∼54nM) and ∼3-fold greater selective hydrolyzing activity for the target substrate than for off targets. In contrast to 3D8 VL WT, asNP(18)-selective NP25 constitutively expressed in the cytosol of human lung carcinoma A549 cells does not exhibit any significant cytotoxicity and selectively degrades a reporter mRNA carrying the target asNP(18) sequence in the stable cell lines. NP25 more potently inhibits the replication of H9N2 influenza virus than 3D8 VL WT in the stable cell lines. NP25 more selectively reduces the amount of the targeted NP-vRNA than 3D8 VL WT from the early stage of virus infection in the stable cell lines, without noticeable harmful effects on the endogenous mRNA, suggesting that NP25 indeed more specifically recognizes to hydrolyze the target NP-vRNA of H9N2 virus than off-targets. Our results provide a new strategy of targeting viral genomic RNA for degradation by antibody for the prevention of influenza virus infection in humans and animals.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Antiviral research
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of different sera and serum-like substances on the preimplantation development of porcine parthenogenetic embryos. Chemically activated (calcium ionophore A23187+cytochalasin B) pig oocytes were pre-cultured for five days. On day 5, the parthenogenetic embryos were treated with porcine follicular fluid (PFF), fetal bovine serum (FBS), horse serum (HS) or porcine serum albumin (PSA), and were cultured two more days. Horse serum was found to be the most effective protein source in enhancing parthenote development judging by blastocyst formation and hatching. Next, three different concentrations of HS (10, 20 and 30%) were used to determine the optima HS concentration needed to improve the development of porcine parthenogenetic embryos. All HS concentrations increased the blastocyst cell number and decreased the incidence of blastocyst apoptotic cells with 20% being the most effective. In conclusion, horse serum enhanced parthenogenetic embryo development and the quality of porcine parthenogenetic embryos.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Reproductive biology
  • J M Yoo · J J Park · K Gobianand · J Y Ji · J S Kim · C S Song · H Song · S J Byun · J K Park · J G Yoo
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow (BM)-derived stem cells are capable of transdifferentiation into multilineage cells like muscle, bone, cartilage, fat and nerve cells. In this study, we investigated the capability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from BM into germ cell differentiation in the chicken. Chicken MSCs were isolated from BM of day 20 fertilized fetal chicken with Ficoll-Paque Plus. Isolated cells were cultured in advance-DMEM (ADMEM) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and antibiotics. Once confluent, cells were subcultured until five passages. The cultured cells showed fibroblast-like morphology. The cells had positive expressions of Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. Two induction methods were conducted to examine the ability of transdifferentation into male germ cells. In group 1, MSC were cultured in ADMEM containing retinoic acid and chicken testicular extracts proteins for 10 to 15 days. In group 2, MSC were permeabilized by streptolysin O and treated with chicken testicular protein extracts. In both treatment groups, MSC were cultured in ADMEM containing retinoic acid for 10 to 15 days. We found that chicken MSC had a positive expression of pluripotent proteins such as Oct4, Sox2, Nanog and a small population of chicken MSC seem to transdifferentiate into male germ cell-like cells. These cells expressed early germ cell markers and male germ-cell-specific markers (Dazl, C-kit, Stra8 and DDX4) as analysed by reverse transcription-PCR and immunohistochemistry. These results demonstrated that chicken MSC may differentiate into male germ cells and the same might be used as a potential source of cells for production of transgenic chickens.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Reproduction Fertility and Development
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a cytokine secreted by stromal cells and plays a role in the differentiation of bone marrow stem cells and proliferation of neutrophils. Therefore, G-CSF is widely used to reduce the risk of serious infection in immunocompromised patients; however, its use in such patients is limited because of its non-persistent biological activity. We created an N-linked glycosylated form of this cytokine, hG-CSF (Phe140Asn), to assess its biological activity in the promyelocyte cell line HL60. Enhanced biological effects were identified by analyzing the JAK2/STAT3/survivin pathway in HL60 cells. In addition, mutant hG-CSF (Phe140Asn) was observed to have enhanced chemoattractant effects and improved differentiation efficiency in HL60 cells. These results suggest that the addition of N-linked glycosylation was successful in improving the biological activity of hG-CSF. Furthermore, the mutated product appears to be a feasible therapy for patients with neutropenia.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · BMB reports
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we confirmed the ability of the 2-kb promoter fragment of the chicken ovalbumin gene to drive tissue-specific expression of a foreign EGFP gene in chickens. Recombinant lentiviruses containing the EGFP gene were injected into the subgerminal cavity of 539 freshly laid embryos (stage X). Subsequently the embryos were incubated to hatch using phases II and III of the surrogate shell ex vivo culture system. Twenty-four chicks (G0) were hatched and screened for EGFP with PCR. Two chicks were identified as transgenic birds (G1), and these founders were mated with wild-type chickens to generate transgenic progeny. In the generated transgenic hens (G2), EGFP was expressed specifically in the tubular gland of the oviduct. These results show the potential of the chicken ovalbumin promoter for the production of biologically active proteins in egg white.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Human dental pulp-derived stem cells (hDPSCs) have been considered alternative sources of adult stem cells because of their potential to differentiate into multiple cell lineages. This study investigated the possible role of gangliosides in the neural differentiation of hDPSCs. When hDPSCs were cultured under neural differentiation conditions, expression of neural cell marker genes such as Nestin, MAP-2, and NeuN was detected. Immunostaining and high-performance thin-layer chromatography analysis showed that an increase in ganglioside biosynthesis was associated with neural differentiation of hDPSCs. Specifically, a significant increase in GD3 and GD1a expression was observed during neural differentiation. To confirm the role of gangliosides in neural differentiation, ganglioside biosynthesis was inhibited in hDPSCs by knockdown of UDP-glucose ceramide glucosyltransferase (Ugcg), which prevented differentiation into neural cells. These results suggest that gangliosides may play a role in the neural differentiation process of hDPSCs.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Ectopic expression of the structural protein Pr55(Gag) of HIV-1 has been limited by the presence of inhibitory sequences in the gag coding region that must normally be counteracted by HIV-1 Rev and RRE. Here, we describe a cytoplasmic RNA replicon based on the RNA genome of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) that is capable of expressing HIV-1 gag without requiring Rev/RRE. This replicon system was constructed by deleting all three JEV structural protein-coding regions (C, prM, and E) from the 5'-proximal region of the genome and simultaneously inserting an HIV-1 gag expression cassette driven by the internal ribosome entry site of encephalomyocarditis virus into the 3'-proximal noncoding region of the genome. Transfection of this JEV replicon RNA led to expression of Pr55(Gag) in the absence of Rev/RRE in the cytoplasm of hamster BHK-21, human HeLa, and mouse NIH/3T3 cells. Production of the Pr55(Gag) derived from this JEV replicon RNA appeared to be increased by approximately 3-fold when compared to that based on an alphavirus replicon RNA. Biochemical and morphological analyses demonstrated that the Pr55(Gag) proteins were released into the culture medium in the form of virus-like particles. We also observed that the JEV replicon RNAs expressing the Pr55(Gag) could be encapsidated into single-round infectious JEV replicon particles when transfected into a stable packaging cell line that provided the three JEV structural proteins in trans. This ectopic expression of the HIV-1 Pr55(Gag) by JEV-based replicon RNAs/particles in diverse cell types may represent a useful molecular platform for various biological applications in medicine and industry.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Virus Research

Publication Stats

130 Citations
76.18 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • RURAL DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
      Seikan-ri, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea
  • 2009-2015
    • National Institute of Animal Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2001-2004
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea