Publications (2)4.02 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retinal pigment epithelium cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) could be useful for restoring retinal function in age-related macular degeneration. However the use of non-human feeder cells to support the growth of ESCs for clinical applications raises the concern of possible contamination because of direct contact between animal and human cells. In this study, we produced human ESCs using human fibroblast feeder layers isolated from foreskin and abdominal tissues. Using this system, human ESCs differentiated into retinal pigment epithelium cells in differentiation medium. Seven human ESC lines were established from 18 blastocysts. These human ESCs showed normal morphology, expressed all expected cell surface markers, had the ability to form embryoid bodies upon culture in vitro and teratomas after injection into SCID mice, and differentiated further into derivatives of all three germ layers. Under conditions of committed differentiation, these human ESCs could differentiate into retinal pigment epithelium cells after 2 months in culture. The results of this study demonstrated that human foreskin/abdominal fibroblasts have the potential to support the derivation and long-term culture of human ESCs, which can then be used to generate retinal pigment epithelium cells with characteristic morphology and molecular markers. This technique avoids the concerns of contamination from animal feeder layers during human ESC derivation, culture and differentiation, and will thus facilitate the development of retinal pigment epithelium cell transplantation therapy.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer among women worldwide. Detection of metastasis of ovarian cancer is crucial for diagnosis and prolongs the life of patients. This study focused on whether SNAI1 overexpression relates to invasion of ovarian cancer in vitro and in vivo. Invasion, colony formation and wound healing assays and flow cytometric analysis were performed to test the invasion and proliferation of SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells after transfection. The effect of SNAI1 on ovarian cancer in vivo was validated using a murine xenograft model. In vitro, SNAI1 upregulation led to an increased percent of CD133+ SKOV3 cells and promoted SKOV3 cell invasion and proliferation. In vivo, the SNAI1 overexpression group showed the highest rate of tumor growth compared with SNAI2 and the control group (60 and 50%, respectively). Our results show that SNAI1 expression induces an increase in the number of CD133+ cells, a change important for the epithelial to mesenchymal transition and the proliferation in ovarian cancer. It is suggested that SNAI1 may serve as a novel target for ovarian cancer prediction and therapy.