Diane L Carlson

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (50)214.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: An objective definition of clinically relevant extracapsular nodal spread (ECS) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is unavailable. Methods: Pathologic review of 245 pathologically positive oral cavity SCC neck dissection specimens was performed. The presence/absence of ECS, its extent (in millimeters), and multiple nodal and primary tumor risk factors were related to disease-specific survival (DSS) at a follow-up of 73 months. Results: ECS was detected in 109 patients (44%). DSS was significantly better for patients without ECS than patients with ECS. Time-dependent receiver operator curve (ROC) analysis identified a prognostic cutoff for ECS extent at 1.7 mm. In multivariate analyses, DSS was significantly lower for patients with major ECS compared with patients with minor ECS, but not significantly different between patients with minor ECS and patients without ECS. Conclusion: ECS is clinically relevant in oral cavity SCC when it has extended more than 1.7 mm beyond the nodal capsule. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2015.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Head & Neck
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    ABSTRACT: Predictive role of undetectable thyroglobulin (Tg) in patients with poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is unclear. Our goal was to report on Tg levels following total thyroidectomy and adjuvant RAI in PDTC patients and to correlate Tg levels with recurrence. Forty patients with PDTC with no distant metastases at presentation (M0) and managed by total thyroidectomy and adjuvant RAI were identified from a database of 91 PDTC patients. Of these, 31 patients had Tg values recorded and formed the basis of our analysis. A nonstimulated Tg level <1 ng/ml was used as a cutoff point for undetectable Tg levels. Association of patient and tumor characteristics with Tg levels was examined by χ (2) test. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) stratified by postop Tg level was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Twenty patients had undetectable Tg (<1 ng/ml) and 11 had detectable Tg (≥1 ng/ml; range 2-129 ng/ml) following surgery. After adjuvant RAI, 24 patients had undetectable Tg (<1 ng/ml) and 7 had detectable Tg (≥1 ng/ml; range 1-57 ng/ml). Patients with undetectable Tg were less likely to have pathologically positive margins compared to those with detectable Tg (33 vs. 72 % respectively; p = 0.03). Patients with undetectable Tg levels had better 5-year regional control and distant control than patients with detectable Tg level (5-year regional recurrence-free survival 96 vs. 69 %; p = 0.03; 5-year distant recurrence-free survival 96 vs. 46 %, p = 0.11). Postoperative thyroglobulin levels in subset of patients with PDTC appear to have predictive value for recurrence. Patients with undetectable Tg have a low rate of recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of locoregional failure in patients with low-risk, early stage oral tongue squamous cell cancer (OTSCC) who undergo partial glossectomy and ipsilateral elective neck dissection without receiving postoperative radiation. Methods: A combined database of patients with OTSCC who received treatment at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Princess Margaret Cancer Center from 1985 to 2005 was established. In total, 164 patients with pathologic T1-T2N0 OTSCC who underwent partial glossectomy and ipsilateral elective neck dissection without postoperative radiation were identified. Patient-related, tumor-related, and treatment-related characteristics were recorded. Local recurrence-free survival, regional recurrence-free survival, and disease-specific survival were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Predictors of outcome were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: At a median follow-up of 66 months (range 1-171 months), the 5-year rates of local recurrence-free survival, regional recurrence-free survival, and disease-specific survival were 89%, 79.9%, and 85.6%, respectively. Regional recurrence was ipsilateral in 61% of patients and contralateral in 39% of patients. The regional recurrence rate was 5.7% for tumors <4 mm and 24% for tumors ≥ 4 mm. Multivariate analysis indicated that tumor thickness was the only independent predictor of neck failure (regional recurrence-free survival, 94% vs 72% [P = .02] for tumors <4 mm vs ≥ 4 mm, respectively). Patients who developed recurrence in the neck had a significantly poorer disease-specific survival compared with those who did not (33% vs 97%; P < .0001). Conclusions: Patients with low-risk, pathologic T1-T2N0 OTSCC had a greater than expected rate of neck failure, with contralateral recurrence accounting for close to 40% of recurrences. Failure occurred predominantly in patients who had primary tumors that were ≥ 4 mm thick.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the outcome of patients with poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) presenting with gross extrathyroidal extension (ETE). Materials and methods: After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a retrospective review of a consecutive series of thyroid cancer patients treated by primary surgical resection with or without adjuvant therapy at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1986 to 2009. Out of 91 PDTC patients, 27 (30%) had gross ETE (T4a), and they formed the basis of our study. Of 27 patients, 52% were women. The median age was 70 years (range 27-87 years). Ten patients (37%) presented with distant metastases; four to bone, three to lung, and three to both bone and lung. All patients had extended total thyroidectomy, except two who had subtotal thyroidectomy. Twenty patients (74%) had central compartment neck dissection and 11 also had lateral neck dissection. Four patients had pN0, six (30%) pN1a, and 10 (50%) pN1b neck disease. Twenty-one patients (77%) had adjuvant therapy: 15 (55%) radioactive iodine (RAI) only, three (11%) postoperative external beam radiation (EBRT) only, and three (11%) had both RAI and EBRT. Overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), and regional recurrence-free survival (RRFS) were calculated by the Kaplan Meier method. Results: The median follow-up time was 57 months (range 1-197 months). The 5 year OS and DSS were 47% and 49%, respectively. This poor outcome was due to distant metastatic disease; 10 patients had distant metastases at presentation and a further six developed distant metastases during follow-up. Locoregional control was good with 5-year LRFS and RRFS of 70% and 62%, respectively. Overall, eight patients (30%) had recurrences: two had distant alone, two regional, two regional and distant, one local and distant, and one had local, regional, and distant recurrence. Conclusion: Aggressive surgery in patients with PDTC showing gross ETE resulted in satisfactory locoregional control. Due to the small proportion of patients who received EBRT (22%), it is not possible to analyze its benefit on locoregional control. Of significance is the observation that the majority of patients (60%) who presented with or subsequently developed distant metastases eventually died of distant disease. New systemic therapies to target distant metastatic disease are required for improvements in outcome.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association
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    ABSTRACT: For patients with stage III through IVB head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), concurrent high-dose cisplatin plus radiation therapy is a widely accepted standard of care. HNSCC tumors that express high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor have been associated with a worse prognosis, and bevacizumab may sensitize tumors to cisplatin and radiation. Planned treatment consisted of definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) (total, 70 grays) with concurrent cisplatin (50 mg/m(2) on days 1, 2, 22, 23, 43, and 44) and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg on days 1, 22, and 43). The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) was a secondary endpoint. Forty-two previously untreated patients (34 men and 8 women; median age, 55 years; range, 27-75 years) with stage III through IV HNSCC without distant metastasis (oropharyngeal carcinoma, 39 patients; laryngeal carcinoma, 3 patients) were treated. Human papillomavirus (HPV) status by was determined by in situ hybridization (HPV positive, 16 patients; HPV negative, 14 patients, unknown HPV status, 12 patients). The toxicities (determined according to version 3.0 of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Common) that were experienced by all patients (any grade) were mucositis, lymphopenia, leukopenia, throat pain, fatigue, and anemia. There were 2 treatment-related deaths, including 1 sudden death and 1 death from aspiration pneumonia. The median follow-up was approximately 31.8 months (range, <3 to 51 months). The 2-year PFS rate was 75.9% (95% confidence interval, 63.9%-90.1%), and the 2-year OS rate was 88% (95% confidence interval, 78.6%-98.4%). Among 32 patients for whom post-treatment Head and Neck Performance Status Scores were obtained (median, 5.6 months after completing radiation therapy), scores of 100 for eating, speech, and diet, respectively, were recorded among 75%, 84%, and 50% of patients. The addition of bevacizumab to high-dose cisplatin plus IMRT did not appear to increase toxicity to unacceptable levels among patients with HNSCC, and the efficacy results were encouraging. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Impact of treatment and prognostic indicators of outcome are relatively ill-defined in esthesioneuroblastomas (ENB) because of the rarity of these tumors. This study was undertaken to assess the impact of craniofacial resection (CFR) on outcome of ENB. Patients and Methods Data on 151 patients who underwent CFR for ENB were collected from 17 institutions that participated in an international collaborative study. Patient, tumor, treatment, and outcome data were collected by questionnaires and variables were analyzed for prognostic impact on overall, disease-specific and recurrence-free survival. The majority of tumors were staged Kadish stage C (116 or 77%). Overall, 90 patients (60%) had received treatment before CFR, radiation therapy in 51 (34%), and chemotherapy in 23 (15%). The margins of surgical resection were reported positive in 23 (15%) patients. Adjuvant postoperative radiation therapy was used in 51 (34%) and chemotherapy in 9 (6%) patients. Results Treatment-related complications were reported in 49 (32%) patients. With a median follow-up of 56 months, the 5-year overall, disease-specific, and recurrence-free survival rates were 78, 83, and 64%, respectively. Intracranial extension of the disease and positive surgical margins were independent predictors of worse overall, disease-specific, and recurrence-free survival on multivariate analysis. Conclusion This collaborative study of patients treated at various institutions across the world demonstrates the efficacy of CFR for ENB. Intracranial extension of disease and complete surgical excision were independent prognostic predictors of outcome.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to correlate non-invasive, pretreatment biological imaging (dynamic contrast enhanced-MRI [DCE-MRI] and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy [(1)H-MRS]) findings with specific molecular marker data in neck nodal metastases of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. Pretreatment DCE-MRI and (1)H-MRS were performed on neck nodal metastases of 12 patients who underwent surgery. Surgical specimens were analyzed with immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays for: Ki-67 (reflecting cellular proliferation), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (the "endogenous marker" of tumor vessel growth), carbonic anhydrase (CAIX), hypoxia inducible transcription factor (HIF-1α), and human papillomavirus (HPV). Additionally, necrosis was estimated based on H&E staining. The Spearman correlation was used to compare DCE-MRI, (1)H-MRS, and molecular marker data. A significant correlation was observed between DCE-MRI parameter std(k(ep)) and VEGF IHC expression level (rho=0.81, p=0.0001). Furthermore, IHC expression levels of Ki-67 inversely correlated with std(K(trans)) and std(v(e)) (rho=-0.71; p=0.004, and rho=-0.73; p=0.003, respectively). Other DCE-MRI, (1)H-MRS and IHC values did not show significant correlation. The results of this preliminary study indicate that the level of heterogeneity of perfusion in metastatic HNSCC seems positively correlated with angiogenesis, and inversely correlated with proliferation. These results are preliminary in nature and are indicative, and not definitive, trends portrayed in HNSCC patients with nodal disease. Future studies with larger patient populations need to be carried out to validate and clarify our preliminary findings.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Oral Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of viable tumor in postchemoradiation neck dissection specimens in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the laryngopharynx. Retrospective analysis identified 181 patients treated with primary concurrent chemoradiation for carcinoma of the laryngopharynx at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between the years 1995 and 2005. Of these, 56 patients had a comprehensive neck dissection either as a planned or salvage procedure. Neck dissection specimens were analyzed by a single pathologist for the presence of viable tumor. The presence of viable tumor was correlated to the timing of neck dissection after chemoradiation and to tumor response. Overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were determined by the Kaplan-Meier method, and correlation to tumor viability was determined with the log-rank test. Nineteen (33%) patients had viable tumor in their neck dissection specimens. Viable tumor was higher in patients who had a less-than-complete response to chemoradiation compared with those who had a complete response (42% vs 25%, p = .1). There was no correlation to timing of neck dissection. The 5-year OS, DSS, and RFS were significantly lower in patients who had viable tumor in their neck dissection specimens (OS 49% vs 93%, p = .0005; DSS 56% versus 93%, p = .003; RFS 40% vs 75%, p = .004). Patients with viable tumor in postchemoradiation neck dissection specimens had a poorer outcome compared with patients with no viable tumor.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Head & Neck
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    ABSTRACT: Retinoblastoma is the most common primary cancer of the eye in children. The incidence of second tumors in survivors of bilateral retinoblastoma and in survivors of unilateral retinoblastoma who presumably carry a germline RB1 mutation is documented. This article describes the previously unrecognized association of sinonasal adenocarcinoma as a second malignancy in retinoblastoma survivors. We present three cases who received radiation therapy as a part of their treatment and developed sinonasal adenocarcinoma as a second malignancy. Sinonasal adenocarcinoma should be considered as a second malignancy in retinoblastoma survivors who present with vague sinus symptoms.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Pediatric Blood & Cancer
  • Edward B Stelow · Vicky Y Jo · Stacey E Mills · Diane L Carlson
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    ABSTRACT: Nonintestinal sinonasal adenocarcinomas (SNACs) are somewhat poorly characterized and high-grade nonintestinal SNACs have been only rarely reported. Here, we review our experience with these tumors. Twenty-seven cases of high-grade nonintestinal SNACs were identified from 22 men and 5 women. Ages ranged from 22 to 83 years (mean±1 standard deviation=54.7±18.6 y; median=60 y). Thirteen cases involved the nasal cavity and sinuses, 10 involved the nasal cavity only, and 4 involved sinuses only. Most cases had marked cytologic and nuclear pleomorphism, abundant mitotic activity, and necrosis; however, these features were not uniform. Although histologically heterogeneous, recurrent growth patterns were seen that resembled other neoplasms of the area. Tumors lacked CDX2 and CK20 immunoreactivity (aside from rare CK20 immunoreactive cells). High-grade nonintestinal SNACs are more common in men and, although they occur over a wide age range, they are much more common in older individuals. Histologically, they show a great deal of heterogeneity.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · The American journal of surgical pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Preclinical studies suggest that additive or synergistic effects are achieved with the combination of pemetrexed plus gemcitabine. A phase 1 study of pemetrexed plus gemcitabine given every 2 weeks demonstrated encouraging preliminary efficacy against head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). This was an open-label, single-institution, single-arm, phase 2 study for patients who had received no more than 2 cytotoxic regimens for recurrent and/or metastatic HNSCC. All patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m² intravenously plus gemcitabine 1250 mg/m² intravenously every 2 weeks with vitamin B12 and folate support. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST); secondary endpoints were to estimate overall survival and to evaluate safety and tolerability. Twenty-five patients received therapy. All patients had received prior radiotherapy, and half had received prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for recurrent and/or metastatic disease. Neutropenia (grade ≥ 3) occurred in 24% of patients. Four patients (16%) had a partial response (PR) according to RECIST, and 5 additional patients (20%) had objective tumor reductions of > 20 but < 30% did not meet RECIST criteria for a PR. The median overall survival for all treated patients was 8.8 months. Treatment with pemetrexed plus gemcitabine every 2 weeks with vitamin support generally was well tolerated. The results of this study provided further evidence that pemetrexed may have significant palliative activity against advanced HNSCC.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Saracatinib (AZD0530) is an orally available Src kinase inhibitor. A phase II study was conducted to evaluate saracatinib in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). This was an open-label, single-arm, phase II study. Patients received 175 mg saracatinib daily either orally or by percutaneous gastrostomy tube. Radiologic imaging for response was planned at the end of each eight-week cycle. Nine patients were enrolled. All patients had received prior radiotherapy and six patients had received prior chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease. The most common adverse event was fatigue. Eight patients had progression of disease by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) within the first eight-week cycle and one patient was removed from the study after 11 days due to clinical decline with stable disease according to the RECIST criteria. Median overall survival was six months. The study was closed early due to lack of efficacy according to the early stopping rule. Single-agent saracatinib does not merit further study in recurrent or metastatic HNSCC.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Anticancer research

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Fuel and Energy Abstracts
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of functional vagal paraganglioma to illustrate the biochemical and radiological imaging tests important in diagnosis and to highlight the importance of a multidisciplinary team approach to manage the preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative effects of catecholamine secretion from these tumors.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · Skull Base
  • Edward B Stelow · Stacey E Mills · Vickie Y Jo · Diane L Carlson
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    ABSTRACT: Although squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignant diagnosis made with upper aerodigestive tract specimens, a myriad of neoplasms can occur throughout the area. Very uncommonly, one encounters adenocarcinomas that cannot be better classified as salivary gland-type neoplasia. This manuscript reviews these tumors, including sinonasal intestinal-type adenocarcinomas, sinonasal low-grade and high-grade nonintestinal adenocarcinomas and nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinomas. Clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features and differential diagnoses are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Advances in anatomic pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Originally identified as an oncogene activated by amplification in squamous cell carcinomas, several lines of evidence now suggest that squamous cell carcinoma-related oncogene (SCCRO; aka DCUN1D1) may play a role in the pathogenesis of a wide range of human cancers including gliomas. SCCRO's oncogenic function is substantiated by its ectopic expression, resulting in transformation of cells in culture and xenograft formation in nude mice. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo oncogenicity of SCCRO in a murine model. Ubiquitous expression of SCCRO resulted in early embryonic lethality. Because SCCRO overexpression was detected in human gliomas, its in vivo oncogenic activity was assessed in an established murine glioma model. Conditional expression of SCCRO using a replication-competent ASLV long terminal repeat with splice acceptor/nestin-(tumor virus-A) tv-a model system was not sufficient to induce tumor formation in a wild-type genetic background, but tumors formed with increasing frequency and decreasing latency in facilitated background containing Ink4a deletion alone or in combination with PTEN loss. Ectopic expression of SCCRO in glial progenitor cells resulted in lower-grade gliomas in Ink4a(-/-) mice, whereas its expression in Ink4a(-/-)/PTEN(-/-) background produced high-grade glioblastoma-like lesions that were indistinguishable from human tumors. Expression of SCCRO with platelet-derived growth factor-beta (PDGF-beta) resulted in an increased proportion of mice forming glioblastoma-like tumors compared with those induced by PDGF-beta alone. This work substantiates SCCRO's function as an oncogene by showing its ability to facilitate malignant transformation and carcinogenic progression in vivo and supports a role for SCCRO in the pathogenesis of gliomas and other human cancers.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)
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    ABSTRACT: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is a rare salivary gland neoplasm, especially when the malignant component is only intracapsular/minimally invasive. Moreover, only few studies have assessed the behavior of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma according to the histologic subtype. Forty-three cases of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma were identified over a 27-year period and subjected to a detailed histopathologic analysis. There were 13 intracapsular/minimally invasive and 30 widely invasive carcinomas. There were 15 myoepithelial carcinomas, 25 salivary duct carcinomas, 2 adenocarcinomas not otherwise specified, and 1 carcinosarcoma. There was a trend toward a higher frequency of myoepithelial carcinomas in widely invasive tumors (13/30, 43%) than in intracapsular/minimally invasive (2/13, 15%) carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (P = .095). Adequate follow-up was available for 38 patients. Vascular invasion and distant metastases correlated with decreased disease-free survival and disease-specific survival (P < .05), whereas the extent of invasion and the presence of a high mitotic rate or atypical mitoses correlated with decreased disease-free survival only (P < .05). There was a trend toward worse disease-free survival and disease-specific survival in patients with myoepithelial carcinoma (P = .08). Within the intracapsular/minimally invasive carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma group, both myoepithelial carcinoma (2/2, 100%) had metastatic disease, whereas only 1 of 11 nonmyoepithelial carcinoma relapsed (P = .038). Vascular invasion, high mitotic rate, and histologic subtype were found to correlate with recurrence in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. Patients with intracapsular/minimally invasive tumor have a more favorable outcome than patients with widely invasive neoplasm, but intracapsular/minimally invasive carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma can recur and cause death. The presence of myoepithelial carcinoma subtype increases the risk of recurrence in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, especially within the group of intracapsular/minimally invasive tumors.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of cancer to infiltrate along nerves is a common clinical observation in pancreas, head and neck, prostate, breast, and gastrointestinal carcinomas. For these tumors, nerves may provide a conduit for local cancer progression into the central nervous system. Although neural invasion is associated with poor outcome, the mechanism that triggers it is unknown. We used an in vitro Matrigel dorsal root ganglion and pancreatic cancer cell coculture model to assess the dynamic interactions between nerves and cancer cell migration and the role of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). An in vivo murine sciatic nerve model was used to study how nerve invasion affects sciatic nerve function. Nerves induced a polarized neurotrophic migration of cancer cells (PNMCs) along their axons, which was more efficient than in the absence of nerves (migration distance: mean = 187.1 microm, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 148 to 226 microm vs 14.4 microm, 95% CI = 9.58 to 19.22 microm, difference = 143 microm; P < .001; n = 20). PNMC was induced by secretion of GDNF, via phosphorylation of the RET-Ras-mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Nerves from mice deficient in GDNF had reduced ability to attract cancer cells (nerve invasion index: wild type vs gdnf+/-, mean = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.75 to 0.77 vs 0.43, 95% CI = 0.42 to 0.44; P < .001; n = 60-66). Tumor specimens excised from patients with neuroinvasive pancreatic carcinoma had higher expression of the GDNF receptors RET and GRFalpha1 as compared with normal tissue. Finally, systemic therapy with pyrazolopyrimidine-1, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the RET pathway, suppressed nerve invasion toward the spinal cord and prevented paralysis in mice. These data provide evidence for paracrine regulation of pancreatic cancer invasion by nerves, which may have important implications for potential therapy directed against nerve invasion by cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · Journal of the National Cancer Institute
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of lymph node metastases on prognosis in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has been well recognized. However, accurate stratification of risk for recurrence among patients with lymph node metastases is difficult based on the existing staging systems. In the current study, the utility of lymph node density (LND) was evaluated as an alternative method for predicting survival. Three hundred eighty-six patients who underwent neck dissection were included. The median follow-up was 67 months. Five-year overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and locoregional failure (LRF) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. LND (number of positive lymph nodes/total number of excised lymph nodes) and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging variables were subjected to multivariate analysis. Using the median (LND=0.06) as the cutoff point, LND was found to be significantly associated with outcome. For patients with LND<or=0.06, the OS was 58 percent versus 28 percent for patients with LND>0.06 (P<.001). Similarly, the DSS for patients with LND<or=0.06 was 65 percent and was 34 percent for those with LND>0.06 (P<.001). On univariate analysis, pathologic T and N classification, extracapsular spread, and LND were found to be significant predictors of outcome (P<.001). However, on multivariate analysis, LND remained the only independent predictor of OS (P=.02; hazards ratio, 2.0), DSS (P=.02; hazards ratio, 2.3), and LRF (P=.005; hazards ratio, 4.1). LND was also found to be the only significant predictor of outcome in patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy (P<.05). Within individual subgroups of pN1 or pN2 patients, LND reliably stratified patients according to their risk of failure (P<.05). After surgery for OSCC, pathologic evaluation of the neck using LND was found to reliably stratify the risk of disease recurrence and survival.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Cancer
  • Diane L Carlson
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a benign, self-limited lesion of both major and minor salivary glands, although more commonly the latter. It can represent a diagnostic dilemma and may be mistaken for a malignant neoplasm, such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma, as well as invasive squamous cell carcinoma. A major causal relationship has been ascribed to ischemia. Bulimia, an eating disorder with increasing prevalence in our society, may also be an underlying underreported cause. To discuss the potential pathogenesis, diagnostic pitfalls, and the application of immunohistochemistry as an aid in the diagnosis of necrotizing sialometaplasia. This report uses a previously published case history for illustrative purposes and a review of the current literature. The diagnosis of necrotizing sialometaplasia may be difficult and is reliant upon a well-oriented biopsy section and a complete clinical history. Diagnosis may be further supplemented via immunohistochemistry, demonstrating focal to absent immunoreactivity for p53, low immunoreactivity for MIB1 (Ki-67), and the presence of 4A4/p63- and calponin-positive myoepithelial cells. Interpreted in context collectively, these findings may be helpful adjuncts in the diagnosis of necrotizing sialometaplasia; nonetheless, to date, hematoxylin-eosin staining remains the gold standard.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine

Publication Stats

2k Citations
214.50 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2013
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgical Service
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • Cornell University
      Итак, New York, United States