[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Rab7 GTPase is a key regulator of late endocytic membrane transport and autophagy. Rab7 exerts temporal and spatial control over late endocytic membrane transport through interactions with various effector proteins. Among Rab7 effectors, the hVPS34/p150 phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase complex serves to regulate late endosomal phosphatidylinositol signaling that is important for protein sorting and intraluminal vesicle sequestration. In this chapter, reagents and methods for the characterization of the interactions and regulation of the Rab7/hVPS34/p150 complex are described. Using these methods we demonstrate the requirement for activated Rab7 in the regulation of hVPS34/p150 PtdIns 3-kinase activity on late endosomes in vivo.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2005 · Methods in Enzymology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Regulation of membrane trafficking requires the concerted actions of rab proteins, their effectors and several phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinases. Rab7 is required for late endosomal transport and here we establish that the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase hVPS34 and its adaptor protein p150 are rab7 interacting partners. The hVPS34/p150 complex colocalized with rab7 on late endosomes and hVPS34 activity was dependent on nucleotide cycling of rab7. In addition, total cellular phosphatidylinositol 3'-phosphate levels were modulated by rab7 expression, suggesting that rab7 activation impacted kinase cycling to early endosomes. The data identify rab7 as an important regulator of late endosomal hVPS34 function and link rab7 to the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase cycling between early and late endosomes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Late endocytic membrane transport is a complex process involving sorting of molecules internalized from the cell surface or delivered from the exocytic pathway, recycling of molecules to the trans-Golgi, and flux of molecules to and from lysosomes. It appears that there are multiple intersection points between the exocytic and endocytic pathways, molecules may transit to and from lysosomes by both vesicular and nonvesicular routes and protein and lipid sorting depends on the dynamic formation of multivesicular bodies. The elucidation of these events at the molecular level is being realized through the combined application of genetic, biochemical, and morphologic approaches in both yeast and mammalian cells. Assays described in this chapter are useful for monitoring individual late endocytic events and elucidating their regulation by Rab7 and associated factors. Thus, they contribute to the growing arsenal of tools available for pinpointing the site of action of regulatory factors or testing the involvement of particular membrane compartments in a given biologic process.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stable BHK cell lines inducibly expressing wild-type or dominant negative mutant forms of the rab7 GTPase were isolated and used to analyze the role of a rab7-regulated pathway in lysosome biogenesis. Expression of mutant rab7N125I protein induced a dramatic redistribution of cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR) from its normal perinuclear localization to large peripheral endosomes. Under these circumstances approximately 50% of the total receptor and several lysosomal hydrolases cofractionated with light membranes containing early endosome and Golgi markers. Late endosomes and lysosomes were contained exclusively in well-separated, denser gradient fractions. Newly synthesized CI-MPR and cathepsin D were shown to traverse through an early endocytic compartment, and functional rab7 was crucial for delivery to later compartments. This observation was evidenced by the fact that 2 h after synthesis, both markers were more prevalent in fractions containing light membranes. In addition, both were sensitive to HRP-DAB- mediated cross-linking of early endosomal proteins, and the late endosomal processing of cathepsin D was impaired. Using similar criteria, the lysosomal membrane glycoprotein 120 was not found accumulated in an early endocytic compartment. The data are indicative of a post-Golgi divergence in the routes followed by different lysosome-directed molecules.
Full-text · Article · Apr 1998 · The Journal of Cell Biology