Yi Liu

Sichuan University, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

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Publications (125)456.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the responsiveness of ultrasonography (US)-7 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Eighty-two RA patients were recruited and followed up for 22 weeks. The clinical, laboratory, and X-ray assessments, along with grayscale US (GSUS) and power Doppler US (PDUS) examinations were performed at baseline, 6, 14, and 22 weeks after infliximab treatment. GSUS for synovitis and PDUS for synovitis and paratendinitis/tenosynovitis were assessed by a semi-quantitative (0 to 3) score, while GSUS for paratendinitis/tenosynovitis and bone erosion was qualitatively assessed as absent or present (0 or 1). US scores in both 7-joint (US7) and 12-joint (US12) systems were evaluated. After 6, 14, and 22 weeks of treatment with infliximab, indices such as US scores, 28-joint disease activity (DAS28) score, and tender and swelling joint count were all significantly improved compared to baseline. US7 scores were significantly correlated with that of US12. Strong correlations were identified between most US7 scores with DAS28, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. When DAS28 was used as a reference, the US7 cutoff for disease remission was less than 35 for GS + PD and also less than 29 for GS and 1 for PD, respectively. Additionally, the positive percent agreement, negative percent agreement, and overall percent agreement for GS + PD were 77.78, 76.19, and 76.67 %, respectively, which were all higher than that of GS or PD. US7 may be a feasible tool to assess the therapeutic response in RA patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNAs are related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of cancer. The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible influence of the miR-499(rs3746444) polymorphism on the risk of gastric cancer in Chinese population. A total of 363 GC patients and 969 cancer-free controls were enrolled in this study. The genotypes were obtained using MassARRAY method. The results showed that, compared with T allele, C allele was associated with a significantly increased risk of GC (OR=1.491, 95% CI=1.155-1.923, P=0.002). Moreover, a significantly increased risk of GC in subjects with the TC genotype was observed (adjusted OR of 1.559, 95% CI=1.148-2.117, P=0.004), compared with the wide type TT. We also found that basically dominant model (TT vs. TC+CC) was suitable for the association between rs6513497 and the risk of GC (OR=1.568, 95% CI=1.173-2.097, P=0.002). However, the same association was also shown in males and females. Meanwhile, rs3746444 was associated with the tumor size of GC patients. The present study indicated that miR-499 rs3746444 might contribute to GC risk and this SNP could be developed as a biomarker for GC prediction.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bulletin du cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cells have great therapeutic potential due to their capacity for self-renewal and their potential for differentiating into multiple cell lineages. It has been recently shown that the host immune system has fundamental effects on the fate of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells during bone repair, where the topical administration of aspirin is capable of improving calvarial bone repair in rodents by inhibiting tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production. This study investigates whether aspirin is capable of accelerating the regenerative potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) in a mini swine calvarial bone defect model. Calvarial bone defects (3 cm × 1.8 cm oval defect) in mini swine were treated with BMSC pretreated with 75 μg/ml aspirin for 24 h seeded onto hydroxyaptite/tricalcium phosphatel (HA/TCP), or with BMSC with HA/TCP, or with HA/TCP only, or remained untreated. Animals were scanned with micro-computed tomography (microCT) at 2 days and 6 months postsurgery and were sacrificed at 6 months postsurgery with decalcified tissues being processed for histomorphometric examination. The cytokine levels, including TNF-α and IFN-γ, were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Aspirin at 75 μg/ml promoted the osteogenesis of BMSC in vitro and in vivo, shown by Alizarin Red staining and new bone volume in the nude mice transplantation model (p < 0.01), respectively. Defects treated with aspirin-BMSC showed significantly greater new bone fill compared with other three groups at 6 months postsurgery (p < 0.01). Aspirin-BMSC treatment has significantly decreased the concentration of TNF-α and IFN-γ (p < 0.05). The present study shows that BMSC pretreated with aspirin have a greater capacity to repair calvarial bone defects in a mini swine model. The results suggest that the administration of aspirin is capable of improving BMSC-mediated calvarial bone regeneration in a big animal model.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ridge preservation involving novel devices used for obturation of socket orifice (Socket cap; SocketKAP(™) ) and resorbable cage used for space maintenance in sites with facial wall dehiscence (Socket cage; SocketKAGE(™) ). Material and methods: Eight teeth were extracted in each of six Macaca fascicularis non-human primates. Six intervention groups consisted of the following: Group A: intact socket negative control. Group B: intact socket: socket cap. Group C: intact socket filled with anorganic bovine bone mineral (ABBM) + socket cap. Group D: dehiscence: negative control. Group E: dehiscence: socket cap + socket cage. Group F: dehiscence: filled with ABBM + socket cap + socket cage. CBCT scans were obtained preoperatively and at 6 and 12 weeks following intervention. The pre- and postoperative scans were superimposed, to quantify 3D volumetric alveolar bone changes. Results: Volumetric bone loss occurred in all sockets, not only within the cretal zone (0-3 mm) to the ridge crest, as has been commonly reported by other investigators, but significant bone loss was also detected in the zone which was 3-6 mm apical to the alveolar crest. For intact sockets, socket cap + ABBM led to significantly greater percentages of remaining bone volume when compared to groups A and B. A significant difference favoring socket cap + socket cage + ABBM treatment was observed for sockets with facial dehiscence defects compared to groups D and E. Conclusions: Socket cap in conjunction with ABBM appears effective in limiting post-extraction volumetric bone loss in intact sockets, while socket cap + socket cage + ABBM appears effective in limiting post-extraction bone loss in sockets with dehiscence defects.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Clinical Oral Implants Research
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECT This study explored whether there were differences between the autoimmune disease prevalence rates in unilateral and bilateral moyamoya disease (MMD). METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of data obtained from the medical records of their hospital, analyzing and comparing the clinical characteristics and prevalence rates of all autoimmune diseases that were associated with unilateral and bilateral MMD in their hospital from January 1995 to October 2014. RESULTS Three hundred sixteen patients with bilateral MMD and 68 with unilateral MMD were identified. The results indicated that patients with unilateral MMD were more likely to be female than were patients with bilateral MMD (67.6% vs 51.3%, p = 0.014, odds ratio [OR] 1.99). Overall, non-autoimmune comorbidities tended to be more prevalent in the unilateral MMD cases than in the bilateral MMD cases (17.6% vs 9.8%, p = 0.063, OR 1.97, chi-square test). Autoimmune thyroid disease and other autoimmune diseases also tended to be more prevalent in the unilateral MMD cases than in the bilateral MMD cases (19.1% vs 10.8%, p = 0.056, OR 1.96 and 8.8% vs 3.5%, p = 0.092, OR 2.77, respectively, chi-square test). The overall autoimmune disease prevalence in the unilateral MMD cases was significantly higher than in the bilateral MMD cases (26.5% vs 13.6%, p = 0.008, OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.22-4.28, chi-square test). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that autoimmune disease was more likely to be associated with unilateral than with bilateral MMD (p = 0.039, OR 10.91, 95% CI 1.13-105.25). CONCLUSIONS This study indicated a higher overall autoimmune disease prevalence in unilateral than in bilateral MMD. Unilateral MMD may be more associated with autoimmune disease than bilateral MMD. Different pathogenetic mechanisms may underlie moyamoya vessel formation in unilateral and bilateral MMD.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of our study are to observe the pregnancy outcome of anti-Sjögren’s syndrome-related antigen A (SSA)/Ro-positive women and to predict the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome and neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE). Clinical data of 126 anti-SSA/Ro-positive patients with 140 pregnancies were evaluated retrospectively, and the newborns were followed up as a cohort in 3 months. χ 2 test or logistic regression was used to predict the risk factors of lupus flares during pregnancy, fetal loss, and NLE. Twenty-six out of 93 pregnancies with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) experienced flares during pregnancy. Active disease prior to conception was the independent risk factor for flares [P = 0.002, odds ratio (OR) = 10.41 (95 % confidence interval (CI) = 2.34∼46.26)]. Continuous use of steroids and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) might help decrease the risk (P = 0.041 and 0.015, respectively). Eleven out of 140 pregnancies ended with fetal loss, and 9 out of 113 live births were diagnosed with NLE. The presence of anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) was associated with fetal loss (P = 0.018, OR = 6.41 (95 % CI = 1.57–26.14)). The presence of anti-Sjögren’s syndrome-related antigen B (SSB)/La antibodies tended to increase the risk of giving birth to an infant with NLE (P = 0.140); on the other hand, duration of disease, history of renal involvement, and active SLE during pregnancy did not contribute to the incidence of NLE (P = 0.649, 0.685, and 1.000, respectively). Active disease without regular follow-up before conception significantly increased the risk of lupus flares during pregnancy. The continuous use of low-dose steroids and hydroxychloroquine might help maintain lower SLE activity. Concurrent APS instead of high titer of anti-SSA/Ro might raise the risk of fetal loss in anti-SSA/Ro-positive patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Many of the invading oral bacteria are known to produce considerable amounts of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). The toxic activity of exogenous H2S in periodontal tissue has been demonstrated, however, the role of endogenous H2S in the physiological function of periodontal tissue remains poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the biological functions of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the proliferation and differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). PDLSCs were isolated from the periodontal ligament tissues of normal human volunteers or patients with periodontitis. Immunocytochemical staining, flow cytometry and western blot were used to examine the expression of H2S synthesizing enzymes CBS and CSE. The proliferation capacity of PDLSCs was determined by CCK-8 assay, CFSE analysis, and EdU assay. The osteogenic potential of PDLSCs was tested using ALP staining, alizarin red staining, and in vivo transplantation experiments. Oil red staining was used to analyze the adipogenic ability. We find that human PDLSCs express both CBS and CSE and produce H2S. Blocking the generation of endogenous H2S with CBS inhibitor hydroxylamine (HA) significantly attenuated PDLSCs proliferation and reduced the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation capacity of PDLSCs. In contrast, CSE inhibitor DL-propargylglycine (PAG) had no effect on PDLSCs function. Exogenous H2S could inhibit the production of endogenous H2S and impair PDLSCs function in a dose-dependent manner. The physiological level of endogenousH2S maintains the proliferation and differentiation capacity of PDLSCs, and CBS may be the main source of endogenous H2S in PDLSCs.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: Regulatory T (Treg) cells are essential for maintenance of immune homeostasis. Here we found that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was required for Foxp3(+) Treg cell differentiation and function and that H2S deficiency led to systemic autoimmune disease. H2S maintained expression of methylcytosine dioxygenases Tet1 and Tet2 by sulfhydrating nuclear transcription factor Y subunit beta (NFYB) to facilitate its binding to Tet1 and Tet2 promoters. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-activated Smad3 and interleukin-2 (IL-2)-activated Stat5 facilitated Tet1 and Tet2 binding to Foxp3. Tet1 and Tet2 catalyzed conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) in Foxp3 to establish a Treg-cell-specific hypomethylation pattern and stable Foxp3 expression. Consequently, Tet1 and Tet2 deletion led to Foxp3 hypermethylation, impaired Treg cell differentiation and function, and autoimmune disease. Thus, H2S promotes Tet1 and Tet2 expression, which are recruited to Foxp3 by TGF-β and IL-2 signaling to maintain Foxp3 demethylation and Treg-cell-associated immune homeostasis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Immunity
  • Junpeng Ma · Hao Li · Yi Liu · Chao You · Siqing Huang · Lu Ma
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    ABSTRACT: Elevation of blood pressure (BP) is common after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Early BP treatment may be beneficial after ICH, but the effect of intensive BP lowering on ICH outcomes is not known and no systematic review or meta-analysis was published regarding this issue. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the effect of more versus less intensive BP targets on clinical outcomes in patients with ICH. Mortality, unfavorable outcome and adverse events were analyzed. Meta-analysis was performed in terms of the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Five eligible studies were included and analyzed, involving 3243 patients to use systolic BP (SBP) < 140 mmHg as target BP and 142 patients to use other BP target in intensive BP target group. The pooled OR of mortality and unfavorable outcome after ICH in intensive BP control group comparing with less intensive BP targets group were 0.99 (95% CI 0.81 to 1.23) and 0.90 (95% CI 0.78 to 1.03) respectively. The pooled OR were 0.97 (95% CI 0.80 to 1.18) for neurological deterioration and 0.83 (95% CI 0.61 to 1.11) for hematoma expansion. There is no difference in other adverse events between two groups. Acute lowering of SBP to 140 mmHg is probably beneficial for functional outcome in patients with ICH, but the evidence is still insufficient. Further large multicenter studies are required to enhance the evidence to guide the BP lowering target following ICH.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Turkish neurosurgery
  • Junpeng Ma · Hao Li · Chao You · Yi Liu · Lu Ma · Siqing Huang
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies investigating the association between factor XIII-A subunit (FXIII-A) Val34Leu polymorphisms and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) had provided inconsistent results and no large systematic review or meta-analysis had been conducted regarding this issue. We conducted a meta-analysis to confirm whether the FXIII-A Val34Leu polymorphisms increased the risk of ICH. Relevant studies were identified from the Pubmed, Medline, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Biomedicine Databases published up to September 2013. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for FXIII-A Val34Leu polymorphisms and ICH were calculated in a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model when appropriate. We also carried out the stratified analyses and sensitivity analyses by region, source of control group, and sample size. Eight eligible studies were reviewed. As FXIII Val34Leu was absent or had a very low prevalence among East Asians, only six studies in Caucasians were analyzed, involving 564 cases and 1276 controls. Overall, the Leu allele of FXIII gene had a trend to slightly increased odds of having ICH, but there is no statistic significance (OR1.23, 95% CI 0.94-1.61, P = 0.13). The OR of genotypes Leu+(Leu/Leu or Leu/Val) for the risk of ICH was 1.21, 95% CI 0.98-1.50, P = 0.08. And the OR of recessive model genotypes was 1.53, 95% CI 0.81-2.88, P = 0.19. There was no difference of the association between the Leu allele of FXIII gene and risk of ICH in stratified analysis. Our meta-analysis suggests that there is no evidence for strong association between FXIII Val34Leu polymorphisms and ICH, but Leu allele of FXIII gene might slightly increase the risk of ICH in Caucasians. Since limited studies and subjects were included, larger scale association studies exploring the gene-gene interactions and gene-environment interactions are necessary to further validate the association.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · British Journal of Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: microRNAs (miRNAs) act as regulatory signals for maintaining stemness, self-renewal, and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but whether miRNAs modulate the immunoregulatory function of MSCs remains largely unknown. Here, we show that miR-21 negatively regulates the activity of immunoregulatory cytokine TGF-β1 in MSCs. Consistently, bone marrow MSCs (BMMSCs) from miR-21(-/-) mice show enhanced immunosuppressive function by more TGF-β1 secretion and induce more CD4(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells compared to wild-type BMMSCs in vitro, which anti-TGF-β1 antibody abrogates. Mechanistically, miR-21 inhibits TGF-β1 expression by targeting phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) in BMMSCs. Downstream of PTEN, miR-21 promotes activation of Akt, and consequently increases activation of NF-κB pathway. Importantly, adoptive transfer of miR-21(-/-) BMMSCs into mice with experimental colitis more effectively ameliorate colonic inflammation in a TGF-β1-dependent manner. Thus, these findings indicate a previously uncovered mechanism of miR-21 control immunoregulatory function of BMMSCs through TGF-β1 inhibition. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 AlphaMed Press.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Stem Cells
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    ABSTRACT: The Mice Drawer System (MDS) Tissue Sharing program was the longest rodent space mission ever performed. It provided 20 research teams with organs and tissues collected from mice having spent 3 months on the International Space Station (ISS). Our participation to this experiment aimed at investigating the impact of such prolonged exposure to extreme space conditions on mouse skin physiology.Methods:Mice were maintained in the MDS for 91 days aboard ISS (space group (S)). Skin specimens were collected shortly after landing for morphometric, biochemical, and transcriptomic analyses. An exact replicate of the experiment in the MDS was performed on ground (ground group (G)).Results:A significant reduction of dermal thickness (−15%, P=0.05) was observed in S mice accompanied by an increased newly synthetized procollagen (+42%, P=0.03), likely reflecting an increased collagen turnover. Transcriptomic data suggested that the dermal atrophy might be related to an early degradation of defective newly formed procollagen molecules. Interestingly, numerous hair follicles in growing anagen phase were observed in the three S mice, validated by a high expression of specific hair follicles genes, while only one mouse in the G controls showed growing hairs. By microarray analysis of whole thickness skin, we observed a significant modulation of 434 genes in S versus G mice. A large proportion of the upregulated transcripts encoded proteins related to striated muscle homeostasis.Conclusions:These data suggest that a prolonged exposure to space conditions may induce skin atrophy, deregulate hair follicle cycle, and markedly affect the transcriptomic repertoire of the cutaneous striated muscle panniculus carnosus.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015
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    Yan Jiang · Junpeng Ma · Hao Li · Yi Liu · Chao You
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    ABSTRACT: Serum lipid levels are associated with the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Genetic variants in the apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) gene were associated with plasma triglyceride (TG) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two genetic variants (1100 C/T and 3238 C/G) of APOC3 on serum lipid levels and risk of ICH. A prospective hospital-based case-control design and logistic regression analysis were utilized. We enrolled 150 ICH patients and 150 age- and gender-matched controls. The APOC3 gene polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). ICH patients had a significantly higher frequency of APOC3 3238 GG genotype [odds ratio (OR) =2.97, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.20, 7.38; P = 0.02] and APOC3 3238 G allele (OR =1.53, 95 % CI = 1.03, 2.27; P = 0.04) than controls. The APOC3 3238 G allele was significantly associated with increasing plasma TG levels and VLDL levels both in ICH cases (P = 0.01) and controls (P = 0.02). No association was found between APOC3 1100 C/T polymorphisms and ICH. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature that the APOC3 3238 GG genotype and G allele might contribute to an increased risk of ICH as a result of its effect on serum lipid levels.
    Preview · Article · May 2015 · Lipids in Health and Disease

  • No preview · Article · May 2015 · Cell Stem Cell
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    ABSTRACT: AimTo determine an optimal head elevation degree to decrease intracranial pressure in postcraniotomy patients by meta-analysis.BackgroundA change in head position can lead to a change in intracranial pressure; however, there are conflicting data regarding the optimal degree of elevation that decreases intracranial pressure in postcraniotomy patients.DesignQuantitative systematic review with meta-analysis following Cochrane methods.Data sourcesThe data were collected during 2014; three databases (PubMed, Embase and China National Knowledge Internet) were searched for published and unpublished studies in English. The bibliographies of the articles were also reviewed. The inclusion criteria referred to different elevation degrees and effects on intracranial pressure in postcraniotomy patients.Review methodsAccording to pre-determined inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, two reviewers extracted the eligible studies using a standard data form.ResultsThese included a total of 237 participants who were included in the meta-analysis. (1) Compared with 0 degree: 10, 15, 30 and 45 degrees of head elevation resulted in lower intracranial pressure. (2) Intracranial pressure at 30 degrees was not significantly different in comparison to 45 degrees and was lower than that at 10 and 15 degrees.Conclusion Patients with increased intracranial pressure significantly benefitted from a head elevation of 10, 15, 30 and 45 degrees compared with 0 degrees. A head elevation of 30 or 45 degrees is optimal for decreasing intracranial pressure. Research about the relationship of position changes and the outcomes of patient primary diseases is absent.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Advanced Nursing
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECT The present study aimed to clarify the incidence and clinical features of disease progression in adult moyamoya disease (MMD) patients with Graves disease (GD) for better management of these patients. METHODS During the past 18 years, 320 adult Chinese patients at West China Hospital were diagnosed with MMD, and 29 were also diagnosed with GD. A total of 170 patients (25 with GD; 145 without GD) were included in this study and were followed up. The mean follow-up was 106.4 ± 48.6 months (range 6-216 months). The progression of the occlusive lesions in the major intracranial arteries was measured using cerebral angiography and was evaluated according to Suzuki's angiographic staging. Information about cerebrovascular strokes was obtained from the records of patients' recent clinical visits. Both angiographic progression and strokes were analyzed to estimate the incidences of angiographic progression and strokes using Kaplan-Meier analysis. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to test the effects of sex, age at MMD onset, disease type, strokes, and GD on the onset of MMD progression during follow-up. RESULTS During follow-up, the incidence of disease progression in MMD patients with GD was significantly higher than in patients without GD (40.0% vs 20.7%, respectively; p = 0.036). The interval between initial diagnosis and disease progression was significantly shorter in MMD patients with GD than in patients without GD (p = 0.041). Disease progression occurred in both unilateral MMD and bilateral MMD, but the interval before disease progression in patients with unilateral disease was significantly longer than in patients with bilateral disease (p = 0.021). The incidence of strokes in MMD patients with GD was significantly higher than in patients without GD (48% vs 26.2%, respectively; p = 0.027). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed significant differences in the incidence of disease progression (p = 0.038, log-rank test) and strokes (p = 0.031, log-rank test) between MMD patients with GD and those without GD. Multivariate analysis suggested that GD may contribute to disease progression in MMD (OR 5.97, 95% CI 1.24-33.76, p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS The incidence of disease progression in MMD patients with GD was significantly higher than that in MMD patients without GD, and GD may contribute to disease progression in MMD patients. The incidence of strokes was significantly higher in MMD patients with GD than in patients without GD. Management guidelines for MMD patients with GD should be developed.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Neurosurgery
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    Full-text · Dataset · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hemophilia A and B are inherited coagulation disorders characterized by a reduced or absent level of factor VIII or factor IX respectively. The severe form is characterized by a factor level less than 0.01 international units (IU) per milliliter. The development of inhibitors in hemophilia is the main complication of treatment, because the presence of these antibodies, reduces or even nullifies the efficacy of replacement therapy, making it very difficult to control the bleeding. People with inhibitors continue to have significantly higher risks of morbidity and mortality, with considerable treatment costs. Given the wide 'off-label' use of rituximab for treating people with hemophilia and inhibitors, its efficacy and safety need to be evaluated.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
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    ABSTRACT: The interplay between osteoblasts and osteoclasts has a crucial role in maintaining bone homeostasis. In this study, we reveal that osteoblasts are capable of inducing osteoclast apoptosis by FAS ligand (FASL)/FAS signaling. Conditional knockout of FASL in osteoblasts results in elevated osteoclast numbers and activity, along with reduced bone mass, suggesting that osteoblastproduced FASL is required to maintain physiological bone mass. More interestingly, we show that osteoblasts from ovariectomized (OVX) osteoporotic mice exhibit decreased FASL expression that results from the IFN-γ- and TNF-α-activated NF-κB pathway, leading to reduced osteoclast apoptosis and increased bone resorption. Systemic administration of either IFN-γ or TNF-α ameliorates the osteoporotic phenotype in OVX mice and rescues FASL expression in osteoblasts. In addition, ovariectomy induces more significant bone loss in FASL conditional knockout mice than in control group with increased osteoclast activity in which the levels of RANKL and OPG remain unchanged. Taken together, this study suggests that osteoblast-induced osteoclast apoptosis via FASL/FAS signaling is a previously unrecognized mechanism that has an important role in the maintenance of bone mass in both physiological conditions and OVX osteoporosis.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Cell Death and Differentiation
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of moyamoya remains to be elucidated and an immunologic basis has been suggested. For gaining further insight into the pathogenesis of moyamoya, we explored the epidemiological characteristics of autoimmune disease in moyamoya disease (MMD) in Western Chinese population. Retrospective clinical characteristic analysis of patients with angiographically confirmed MMD was performed and compared with the general Chinese population. A significantly higher prevalence of autoimmune disease was observed, particularly type 1 diabetes mellitus (P<0.001, 7.0% vs 1.2%, χ(2) test) and Graves disease (P<0.001, 7.0% vs 0.34%, χ(2) test) in the general Chinese population. The overall prevalence of autoimmune disease in MMD was up to 31.0% (44/142). This study suggested higher overall prevalence of autoimmune disease in MMD in Western China when compared with the general Chinese population. The findings further supported that autoimmune abnormality might associate with MMD and autoimmune component to pathogenesis of moyamoya vasculopathy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of the Neurological Sciences

Publication Stats

3k Citations
456.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008-2015
    • Sichuan University
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
  • 2006-2015
    • Capital Medical University
      • School of Stomatology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004-2015
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      • Dipartimento di Medicina sperimentale (DIMES)
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 2014
    • Fudan University
      • School of Life Sciences
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011-2014
    • Ohio University
      • Department of Biological Sciences
      Athens, Ohio, United States
  • 2010-2014
    • Molecular and Cellular Biology Program
      Seattle, Washington, United States
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2013
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2012-2013
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009-2013
    • University of Southern California
      • Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology
      Los Angeles, California, United States