Publications (4)11.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: alpha-Amylase (LAMY) from alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. strain KSM-1378 is a novel semi-alkaline enzyme which has 5-fold higher specific activity than that of a Bacillus licheniformis enzyme. The Arg124 in LAMY was replaced with proline by site-directed mutagenesis to increase thermostability of the enzyme. The wild-type and engineered LAMYs were very similar with respect to specific activity, kinetic values, pH-activity curve, and degree of inhibition by chelating reagents. Thermostability and structure stiffness of LAMYs as measured by fluorescence were increased by the proline substitution. The change of Arg124 to proline is assumed to stabilize the loop region involving amino acid residues from 122 to 134. This is the first report that thermostability of an alpha-amylase is improved by proline substitution.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1999 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: We have constructed a new excretion vector, pHSP64, to develop a hyperexcretion system for Bacillus subtilis [Sumitomo et al., Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 59, 2172-2175 (1995)]. The structural gene for a novel liquefying semi-alkaline alpha-amylase from the alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. KSM-1378 was amplified by PCR. It was cloned into a SalI-SmaI site of pHSP64 and the recombinant plasmid obtained was introduced into B. subtilis. The transformed B. subtilis hyperproduced the alpha-amylase activity extracellularly, corresponding to approximately 1.0 g (5 x 10(6) units) per liter of an optimized liquid culture. The recombinant enzyme was purified to homogeneity by a simple purification procedure with very high yield. No significant differences in physiochemical and catalytic properties were observed between the recombinant enzyme and the native enzyme produced by Bacillus sp. KSM-1378. The enzymatic properties of the recombinant enzyme were further examined with respect to the responses to various metal ions. The recombinant enzyme could easily be crystallized at room temperature within one day in a buffered solution of 10% (w/v) ammonium sulfate (pH 6.5).
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1998 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
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    S Kawaminami · K Ozaki · N Sumitomo · Y Hayashi · S Ito · I Shimada · Y Arata
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    ABSTRACT: Heteronuclear single-quantum coherence two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy has been used to investigate the active site of endoglucanase K (46 kDa) from Bacillus sp. KSM-330, in which Trp are important for expression of the activity. Endoglucanase K, which was specifically labeled with [indole-2-13C]Trp, was prepared from recombinant Bacillus subtilis that carried the gene for this enzyme on an expression vector, pHSP-KC331. Twelve cross-peaks originating from the C-2 position of Trp residues of endoglucanase K were separately observed in 1H-13C heteronuclear single-quantum coherence spectrum, and six of the cross-peaks have been assigned site-specifically by using site-directed mutagenesis. The chemical shifts of the cross-peaks originating from Trp-174 and Trp-243 were affected by the addition of cellotriose that was used as a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme. On the basis of the NMR data obtained after chemical modification of the enzyme by N-bromosuccinimide, it appears that Trp-174 was oxidized first with retention of 56% of the original activity and Trp-243 was then oxidized with complete loss of activity. Substitution of Trp-174 or Trp-243 by Tyr residue caused a decrease in the specific activity of the enzyme to 49 or 8% of that of the wild-type enzyme, respectively. Km values of these mutant enzymes for p-nitrophenyl beta-D-cellotrioside increased to 5 and 8 times those of the wild-type enzyme, respectively, while kcat values of both of the mutant enzymes decreased to one-fifth of those of the wild-type enzymes. These results suggest that Trp-174 and Trp-243 play an important role in binding of the substrate and/or in the catalytic activity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 1994 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    Kawaminami S · Ozaki K · Sumitomo N · Hayashi Y · Ito S · Shimada I · Arata Y
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    ABSTRACT: Heteronuclear single-quantum coherence two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy has been used to investigate the active site of endoglucanase K (46 kDa) from Bacillus sp. KSM-330, in which Trp are important for expression of the activity. Endoglucanase K, which was specifically labeled with [indole-2-13C]Trp, was prepared from recombinant Bacillus subtilis that carried the gene for this enzyme on an expression vector, pHSP-KC331. Twelve cross-peaks originating from the C-2 position of Trp residues of endoglucanase K were separately observed in 1H-13C heteronuclear single-quantum coherence spectrum, and six of the cross-peaks have been assigned site-specifically by using site-directed mutagenesis. The chemical shifts of the cross-peaks originating from Trp-174 and Trp-243 were affected by the addition of cellotriose that was used as a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme. On the basis of the NMR data obtained after chemical modification of the enzyme by N-bromosuccinimide, it appears that Trp-174 was oxidized first with retention of 56% of the original activity and Trp-243 was then oxidized with complete loss of activity. Substitution of Trp-174 or Trp-243 by Tyr residue caused a decrease in the specific activity of the enzyme to 49 or 8% of that of the wild-type enzyme, respectively. Km values of these mutant enzymes for p-nitrophenyl beta-D-cellotrioside increased to 5 and 8 times those of the wild-type enzyme, respectively, while kcat values of both of the mutant enzymes decreased to one-fifth of those of the wild-type enzymes. These results suggest that Trp-174 and Trp-243 play an important role in binding of the substrate and/or in the catalytic activity.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1994 · Journal of Biological Chemistry