[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) are G-protein-coupled receptors that play a major role in modulatory pathways in the CNS and have been suggested to have pharmacological implications in pain, psychiatric disorders and other neurological states. 3-[(2-Methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl) ethynyl]-pyridine (MTEP) is a specific and selective antagonist for the mGluR sub-type 5. Previous studies using rat liver microsomes showed that the major oxidative metabolites of MTEP are a hydroxymethyl metabolite (M1), two oxides (M2 and M4), a thiazole-ring opened metabolite (M3) and CO(2) (M5). In the present study, we examined the metabolism of MTEP in liver microsomes and expressed rat and human CYP isoforms. In rat liver microsomes, metabolic stability studies accurately predicted the in vivo clearance for MTEP. Incubation of MTEP with expressed rat and human CYP isoforms showed that CYP1A and CYP2C isoforms are primarily responsible for the metabolism of this compound. The results suggest that species differences in MTEP metabolism is possible and could contribute to specie-differences in biological effects of the compound.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Neuroscience Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) PET tracers have been labeled with either carbon-11 or fluorine-18 and their in vitro and in vivo behavior in rhesus monkey has been characterized. Each of these tracers share the common features of high affinity for mGluR5 (0.08-0.23 nM vs. rat mGluR5) and moderate lipophilicity (log P 2.8-3.4). Compound 1b was synthesized using a Suzuki or Stille coupling reaction with [11C]MeI. Compounds 2b and 3b were synthesized by a SNAr reaction using a 3-chlorobenzonitrile precursor. Autoradiographic studies in rhesus monkey brain slices using 2b and 3b showed specific binding in cortex, caudate, putamen, amygdala, hippocampus, most thalamic nuclei, and lower binding in the cerebellum. PET imaging studies in monkey showed that all three tracers readily enter the brain and provide an mGluR5-specific signal in all gray matter regions, including the cerebellum. The specific signal observed in the cerebellum was confirmed by the autoradiographic studies and saturation binding experiments that showed tracer binding in the cerebellum of rhesus monkeys. In vitro metabolism studies using the unlabeled compounds showed that 1a, 2a, and 3a are metabolized slower by human liver microsomes than by monkey liver microsomes. In vivo metabolism studies showed 3b to be long-lived in rhesus plasma with only one other more polar metabolite observed.