[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kisspeptin is a neuroendocrine hormone with a critical role in the activation of GnRH neurones, which is vital for the onset of puberty in mammals. However, the functions of Kisspeptin neurones in non-mammalian vertebrates are not well understood. We have used transgenics to labell Kisspeptin neurones (Kiss1 and Kiss2) with mCherry in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In kiss1:mCherry transgenic zebrafish, Kiss1 cells were located in the dorsomedial and ventromedial habenula, with their nerve fibres contributing to the fasciculus retroflexus and projecting to the ventral parts of the interpeduncular and raphe nuclei. In kiss2:mCherry zebrafish, Kiss2 cells were primarily located in the dorsal zone of the periventricular hypothalamus, and to a lesser extent in the periventricular nucleus of the posterior tuberculum and the preoptic area. Kiss2 fibres formed a wide network projecting into the telencephalon, the mesencephalon, the hypothalamus, and the pituitary. To study the relationship of Kisspeptin neurones and GnRH3 neurones, these fish were crossed with gnrh3:EGFP zebrafish to obtain kiss1:mCherry/gnrh3:EGFP and kiss2:mCherry/gnrh3:EGFP double transgenic zebrafish. The GnRH3 fibres ascending to the habenula were close associated with Kiss1 fibres projecting from the ventral habenula. On the other hand, GnRH3 fibres and Kiss2 fibres were adjacent but scarcely in contact with each other in the telencephalon and the hypothalamus. The Kiss2 and GnRH3 fibres in the ventral hypothalamus projected into the pituitary via the pituitary stalk. In the pituitary, Kiss2 fibres were directly in contact with GnRH3 fibres in the pars distalis. These results reveal the pattern of Kisspeptin neurones and their connections with GnRH3 neurones in the brain, suggesting distinct mechanisms for Kiss1 and Kiss2 in regulating reproductive events in zebrafish.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Neuroendocrinology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is critical in the development and regulation of reproduction in fish. The inhibition of neuropeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) expression may diminish or severely hamper gonadal development due to it being the key regulator of the axis, and then provide a model for the comprehensive study of the expression patterns of genes with respect to the fish reproductive system.
In a previous study we injected 342 fertilized eggs from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) with a gene construct that expressed antisense sGnRH. Four years later, we found a total of 38 transgenic fish with abnormal or missing gonads. From this group we selected the 12 sterile females with abnormal ovaries in which we combined suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and cDNA microarray analysis to define changes in gene expression of the HPG axis in the present study. As a result, nine, 28, and 212 genes were separately identified as being differentially expressed in hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovary, of which 87 genes were novel. The number of down- and up-regulated genes was five and four (hypothalamus), 16 and 12 (pituitary), 119 and 93 (ovary), respectively. Functional analyses showed that these genes involved in several biological processes, such as biosynthesis, organogenesis, metabolism pathways, immune systems, transport links, and apoptosis. Within these categories, significant genes for neuropeptides, gonadotropins, metabolic, oogenesis and inflammatory factors were identified.
This study indicated the progressive scaling-up effect of hypothalamic sGnRH antisense on the pituitary and ovary receptors of female carp and provided comprehensive data with respect to global changes in gene expression throughout the HPG signaling pathway, contributing towards improving our understanding of the molecular mechanisms and regulative pathways in the reproductive system of teleost fish.