J. I. Cirac

Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Arching, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (352)1533.64 Total impact

  • Tao Shi · Ying-Hai Wu · A. Gonzalez-Tudela · J. I. Cirac
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    ABSTRACT: The formation of bound states involving multiple particles underlies many interesting quantum physical phenomena, such as Efimov physics or superconductivity. In this work we show the existence of an infinite number of such states for some boson impurity models. They describe free bosons coupled to an impurity and include some of the most representative models in quantum optics. We also propose a family of wavefunctions to describe the bound states and verify that it accurately characterizes all parameter regimes by comparing its predictions with exact numerical calculations for a one-dimensional tight-binding Hamiltonian. For that model, we also analyze the nature of the bound states by studying the scaling relations of physical quantities such as the ground state energy and localization length, and find a non-analytical behavior as a function of the coupling strength. Finally, we discuss how to test our theoretical predictions in experimental platforms such as photonic crystal structures and cold atoms in optical lattices.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We show a fundamental limitation in the description of quantum many-body mixed states with tensor networks in purification form. Namely, we show that there exist mixed states which can be represented as a translationally invariant (TI) matrix product density operator (MPDO) valid for all system sizes, but for which there does not exist a TI purification valid for all system sizes. The proof is based on an undecidable problem and on the uniqueness of canonical forms of matrix product states. The result also holds for classical states.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    H. Saito · M. C. Bañuls · K. Cichy · J. I. Cirac · K. Jansen
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    ABSTRACT: The Schwinger model, or 1+1 dimensional QED, offers an interesting object of study, both at zero and non-zero temperature, because of its similarities to QCD. In this proceeding, we present the a full calculation of the temperature dependent chiral condensate of this model in the continuum limit using Matrix Product States (MPS). MPS methods, in general tensor networks, constitute a very promising technique for the non-perturbative study of Hamiltonian quantum systems. In the last few years, they have shown their suitability as ansatzes for ground states and low-lying excita- tions of lattice gauge theories. We show the feasibility of the approach also for finite temperature, both in the massless and in the massive case.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015
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    M. C. Bañuls · K. Cichy · J. I. Cirac · K. Jansen · H. Saito
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the suitability of tensor network techniques for describing the thermal evolution of lattice gauge theories. As a benchmark case, we have studied the temperature dependence of the chiral condensate in the Schwinger model, using matrix product operators to approximate the thermal equilibrium states for finite system sizes with non-zero lattice spacings. We show how these techniques allow for reliable extrapolations in bond dimension, step width, system size and lattice spacing, and for a systematic estimation and control of all error sources involved in the calculation. The reached values of the lattice spacing are small enough to capture the most challenging region of high temperatures and the final results are consistent with the analytical prediction by Sachs and Wipf over a broad temperature range.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: A scheme to utilize atom-like emitters coupled to nanophotonic waveguides is proposed for the generation of many-body entangled states and for the reversible mapping of these states of matter to photonic states of an optical pulse in the waveguide. Our protocol makes use of decoherence-free subspaces (DFS) for the atomic emitters with coherent evolution within the DFS enforced by strong dissipative coupling to the waveguide. By switching from subradiant to superradiant states, entangled atomic states are mapped to photonic states with high fidelity. An implementation using ultracold atoms coupled to a photonic crystal waveguide is discussed.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a universal, on-chip quantum transducer based on surface acoustic waves in piezo-active materials. Because of the intrinsic piezoelectric (and/or magnetostrictive) properties of the material, our approach provides a universal platform capable of coherently linking a broad array of qubits, including quantum dots, trapped ions, nitrogen-vacancy centers or superconducting qubits. The quantized modes of surface acoustic waves lie in the gigahertz range, can be strongly confined close to the surface in phononic cavities and guided in acoustic waveguides. We show that this type of surface acoustic excitations can be utilized efficiently as a quantum bus, serving as an on-chip, mechanical cavity-QED equivalent of microwave photons and enabling long-range coupling of a wide range of qubits.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Physical Review X
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a universal, on-chip quantum transducer based on surface acoustic waves in piezo-active materials. Because of the intrinsic piezoelectric (and/or magnetostrictive) properties of the material, our approach provides a universal platform capable of coherently linking a broad array of qubits, including quantum dots, trapped ions, nitrogen-vacancy centers or superconducting qubits. The quantized modes of surface acoustic waves lie in the gigahertz range, can be strongly confined close to the surface in phononic cavities and guided in acoustic waveguides. We show that this type of surface acoustic excitations can be utilized efficiently as a quantum bus, serving as an on-chip, mechanical cavity-QED equivalent of microwave photons and enabling long-range coupling of a wide range of qubits.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: It is typically assumed that disorder is essential to realize Anderson localization. Recently, a number of proposals have suggested that an interacting, translation invariant system can also exhibit localization. We examine these claims in the context of a one-dimensional spin ladder. At intermediate time scales, we find slow growth of entanglement entropy consistent with the phenomenology of many-body localization. However, at longer times, all finite wavelength spin polarizations decay in a finite time, independent of system size. We identify a single length scale which parametrically controls both the eventual spin transport times and the divergence of the susceptibility to spin glass ordering. We dub this long pre-thermal dynamical behavior, intermediate between full localization and diffusion, quasi-many body localization.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Quantum simulation with cold atoms in optical lattices is an attractive avenue for explorations of quantum many-body physics. A principal challenge in the field is to increase the energy and length scales in current set-ups, thereby reducing temperature and coherence-time requirements. Here, we present a new paradigm for high-density, two-dimensional optical lattices in photonic crystal waveguides. Specially engineered two-dimensional photonic crystals provide a practical platform to trap atoms and engineer their interactions in ways that surpass the limitations of current technologies and enable investigations of novel quantum many-body matter. Our schemes remove the constraint on the lattice constant set by the free-space optical wavelength in favour of deeply sub-wavelength atomic arrays. We further describe possibilities for atom-atom interactions mediated by photons in two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with energy scales several orders of magnitude larger than for exchange interactions in free-space lattices and with the capability to engineer strongly long-range interactions.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Nature Photonics
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    ABSTRACT: We show how the static magnetic field of a finite source can be transferred and routed to arbitrary long distances. This is achieved by using transformation optics, which results in a device made of a material with a highly anisotropic magnetic permeability. We show that a simplified version of the device, made by a superconducting-ferromagnet hybrid, also leads to an excellent transfer of the magnetic field. The latter is demonstrated with a proof-of-principle experiment where a ferromagnet tube coated with a superconductor improves the transfer of static magnetic fields with respect to conventional methods by a 400% factor over distances of 14 cm.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We analyze the low energy excitations of spin lattice systems in two dimensions at zero temperature within the framework of projected entangled pair state models. Perturbations in the bulk give rise to physical excitations located at the edge. We identify the corresponding degrees of freedom, give a procedure to derive the edge Hamiltonian, and illustrate that it can exhibit a rich phase diagram. For topological models, the edge Hamiltonian is constrained by the topological order in the bulk, which gives rise to one-dimensional edge models with unconventional properties; for instance, a topologically ordered bulk can protect a ferromagnetic Ising chain at the edge against spontaneous symmetry breaking.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a scheme for the deterministic generation of steady-state entanglement between the two nuclear spin ensembles in an electrically defined double quantum dot. Because of quantum interference in the collective coupling to the electronic degrees of freedom, the nuclear system is actively driven into a two-mode squeezedlike target state. The entanglement buildup is accompanied by a self-polarization of the nuclear spins towards large Overhauser field gradients. Moreover, the feedback between the electronic and nuclear dynamics leads to multistability and criticality in the steady-state solutions.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Physical Review Letters
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    T. B. Wahl · H. -H. Tu · N. Schuch · J. I. Cirac
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    ABSTRACT: We show that Projected Entangled-Pair States (PEPS) in two spatial dimensions can describe chiral topological states by explicitly constructing a family of such states with a non-trivial Chern number. They are ground states of two different kinds of free-fermion Hamiltonians: (i) local and gapless; (ii) gapped, but with hopping amplitudes that decay according to a power law. We also prove that they are necessarily non-injective, and cannot correspond to exact ground states of gapped, local parent Hamiltonians. We provide numerical evidence that they can nevertheless approximate well the physical properties of topological insulators with local Hamiltonians at arbitrary temperatures.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Physical Review Letters
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    M. Roncaglia · M. Rizzi · J. I. Cirac

    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2013
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    O Romero-Isart · C Navau · A Sanchez · P Zoller · J I Cirac
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    ABSTRACT: We propose and analyze a nanoengineered vortex array in a thin-film type-II superconductor as a magnetic lattice for ultracold atoms. This proposal addresses several of the key questions in the development of atomic quantum simulators. By trapping atoms close to the surface, tools of nanofabrication and structuring of lattices on the scale of few tens of nanometers become available with a corresponding benefit in energy scales and temperature requirements. This can be combined with the possibility of magnetic single site addressing and manipulation together with a favorable scaling of superconducting surface-induced decoherence.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Physical Review Letters
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    M.C. Bañuls · K. Cichy · K. Jansen · J.I. Cirac
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    ABSTRACT: We show the feasibility of tensor network solutions for lattice gauge theories in Hamiltonian formulation by applying matrix product states algorithms to the Schwinger model with zero and non-vanishing fermion mass. We introduce new techniques to compute excitations in a system with open boundary conditions, and to identify the states corresponding to low momentum and different quantum numbers in the continuum. For the ground state and both the vector and scalar mass gaps in the massive case, the MPS technique attains precisions comparable to the best results available from other techniques.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena. Notable examples range from the current-carrying edge states associated with the quantum Hall and the quantum spin Hall effects to topologically protected quantum memory and quantum logic operations. Here we propose and analyse a topologically protected channel for the transfer of quantum states between remote quantum nodes. In our approach, state transfer is mediated by the edge mode of a chiral spin liquid. We demonstrate that the proposed method is intrinsically robust to realistic imperfections associated with disorder and decoherence. Possible experimental implementations and applications to the detection and characterization of spin liquid phases are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Nature Communications
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    ABSTRACT: We propose to use subwavelength confinement of light associated with the near field of plasmonic systems to create nanoscale optical lattices for ultracold atoms. Our approach combines the unique coherence properties of isolated atoms with the subwavelength manipulation and strong light-matter interaction associated with nanoplasmonic systems. It allows one to considerably increase the energy scales in the realization of Hubbard models and to engineer effective long-range interactions in coherent and dissipative many-body dynamics. Realistic imperfections and potential applications are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Physical Review Letters
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    D. E. Chang · J. I. Cirac · H. J. Kimble
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    ABSTRACT: Atoms coupled to nanophotonic interfaces represent an exciting frontier for the investigation of quantum light-matter interactions. While most work has considered the interaction between statically positioned atoms and light, here we demonstrate that a wealth of phenomena can arise from the self-consistent interaction between atomic internal states, optical scattering, and atomic forces. We consider in detail the case of atoms coupled to a one-dimensional nanophotonic waveguide, and show that this interplay gives rise to self-organization of atomic positions along the waveguide, which can be probed experimentally through distinct characteristics of the reflection and transmission spectra.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Physical Review Letters
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    T. Shi · J. I. Cirac
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    ABSTRACT: We propose and analyze a scheme to observe topological phenomena with ions in microtraps. We consider a set of trapped ions forming a regular structure in two spatial dimensions and interacting with lasers. We find phonon bands with non-trivial topological properties, which are caused by the breaking of time reversal symmetry induced by the lasers. We investigate the appearance of edge modes, as well as their robustness against perturbations. Long-range hopping of phonons caused by the Coulomb interaction gives rise to flat bands which, together with induced phonon-phonon interactions, can be used to produce and explore strongly correlated states. Furthermore, some of these ideas can also be implemented with cold atoms in optical lattices.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Physical Review A

Publication Stats

36k Citations
1,533.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002-2014
    • Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics
      Arching, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1993-2007
    • University of Castilla-La Mancha
      • • Departamento de Física Aplicada
      • • Departamento de Química-Física
      Ciudad Real, Castille-La Mancha, Spain
  • 1995-2006
    • University of Innsbruck
      • Department of Theoretical Physics
      Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria
  • 2001-2002
    • Harvard University
      • Department of Physics
      Boston, MA, United States
    • Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
      • Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1999
    • Polish Academy of Sciences
      Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1992-1996
    • University of Colorado at Boulder
      • Department of Physics
      Boulder, Colorado, United States
  • 1994
    • National Institute of Standards and Technology
      GAI, Maryland, United States
  • 1989-1991
    • Complutense University of Madrid
      • Department of Optics
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain