V Martinelli

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (22)12.52 Total impact

  • G Illuminati · F G Calio · A Bertagni · A Piermattei · F Vietri · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty eight patients over 75 years of age were operated upon of 40 distal arterial revascularizations for critical ischaemia of the lower limbs. Arterial reconstruction was proposed to ambulatory, self sufficient patients, with a patent artery of the leg or the foot in continuity with pedal arch, at arteriography. The revascularized artery was the peroneal in 14 cases, the anterior tibial in 11, the posterior tibial in 9, the dorsalis pedis in 5, and the external plantar artery in 1 case. Postoperative mortality was 2.6%. No postoperative arterial occlusion occurred and no postoperative amputation needed to be performed. The mean follow-up of 37 patients surviving operation was 21 months (ext. 2-52 months). At 36 months interval, patients' survival was 43%, primary patency rate was 57%, and limb salvage rate was 76%, at life-table analysis. Distal revascularization enables a good number of elderly patients in critical ischaemia of the lower limb, to enjoy an active, independent life, with a viable limb.
    No preview · Article · May 1999 · Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • G Illuminati · F G Calio · A Bertagni · N Mangialardi · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: Five seat-belt-related injuries occurring in four adults are reported. One injury involved the common carotid artery, two the internal carotid and two the subclavian arteries. Three of the four injured persons were asymptomatic and one had delayed-onset symptoms; none suffered stroke. There was no operative mortality or morbidity. Overall, the functional results of arterial reconstruction were good, with satisfactory patency at follow-up averaging 15 months.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
  • G Illuminati · F G Calio · A Bertagni · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the results of anatomically tunneled grafts to the anterior tibial artery for distal revascularization in terms of patency and limb salvage rates as well as local morbidity, which can lengthen the postoperative hospital stay. Twenty-three patients received 24 bypasses to the anterior tibial artery, with grafts tunneled through the interosseous membrane. The mean age was 67 years; 10 patients were diabetic, 12 were smokers, 9 presented with significant coronary artery disease, and 2 with chronic renal insufficiency. The donor vessel was the common femoral artery in 17 cases, the superficial femoral artery in 4, and the infra-articular popliteal artery in 3. The graft material consisted in the reversed saphenous vein in 4 cases, the non-reversed devalvulated ex situ saphenous vein in 11, composite polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) + inversed saphenous vein in 6, and PTFE alone in 3 cases. No postoperative mortality was observed, nor was there postoperative graft occlusion or need for major amputation. The average postoperative length of stay in the hospital was 9.7 days. Two local surgical wound complications were observed, which did not necessitate a postoperative hospital stay exceeding 15 days. Cumulative primary patency and limb salvage rates at 3 years were 50% and 70%, respectively. Anatomic tunneling of grafts to the anterior tibial artery yields patency and limb salvage rates comparable to those reported in the literature for distal bypasses and, considered overall, an acceptably low local morbidity and short hospital stay. Definitive superiority over externally tunneled grafts, however, is not definitely demonstrated by this study and should be prospectively tested.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery
  • P Palumbo · M Pulcini · F Vietri · R Turano · L Gallinaro · G Montesano · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: The Authors report a series of 73 elderly patients undergone to Lichtenstein hernioplasty with local anaesthesia. Treatment of inguinal hernia in emergency involves a high mortality; on the contrary, the lack of complications and a very good patient compliance shows that elective repair of inguinal hernia should be preferred and performed in the elderly.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1997 · Il Giornale di chirurgia
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    ABSTRACT: Five patients of a mean age of 76, have been submitted to combined vertebral and carotid artery revascularization for a severe vertebro-basilar insufficiency. Vertebral artery revascularization consisted of a transposition to the common carotid artery in one case and of a carotid-distal vertebral artery saphenous bypass graft. The associated carotid artery revascularization consisted of a carotid endarterectomy with patch in 4 cases and without patch in one case. There were no postoperative mortality and no postoperative stroke. Postoperative morbidity included a transitory revascularization syndrome, a myocardial ischemia and a Horner's syndrome. Complete relief of vertebrobasilar symptoms was obtained in 4 patients whereas in one patient only a mild positional vertigo persisted. All vascular reconstructions have been assessed with postoperative arteriography and duplex-scan every six months. At 11 months mean follow-up, all revascularizations are patent. Combined carotid and vertebral artery surgery is effective in well selected cases, and it does not enhance the risk of the two operations performed separately. It also eliminate the possibility of failure of isolated carotid revascularization for vertebrobasilar symptoms.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1997 · Minerva chirurgica
  • G Illuminati · F G Caliò · A Bertagni · L Vasapollo · F Vietri · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: The case of an infectious aneurysm of the interosseous artery at the right forearm is reported, with presenting symptoms consisting in pain, loss of motor functions and paresthesias. The association of occupational trauma and hematogenous bacterial grafting were the possible etiologic agents. Diagnostic evaluation included ultrasound, Doppler study, CT-scan and arteriography, but the exact origin of the mass from the interosseous artery could be detected only at operation. As good collaterals were present at preoperative evaluation, simple excision followed by debridment and ligation was performed with a good result. The isolated infecting agent belonged to the salmonella species.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1997 · The Journal of cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Eight patients of a mean age of 56.4 years, have been operated on for 9 digestive arteries aneurysms in a 7-years-period. Sites of aneurysmal disease included 3 splenic, 3 superior mesenteric, 2 hepatic, and 1 left gastric arteries. Five patients (62.5%) were asymptomatic, while 3 (37.5%) presented with symptoms. Three patients (37.5%) presented associated aortic lesions consisting in 2 infrarenal aneurysms and 1 aorto-iliac stenosis. Of the 9 arteries treated, 5 were revascularized. Restaurative operations included 1 reconstructive endoaneurysmorraphy, 3 retrograde by-pass grafts (2 Dacron and 1 PTFE), and 1 antegrade by-pass graft (Dacron) from the coeliac aorta. There were no post-operative deaths. Mean length of follow-up was 47.8 months. No patient presented with late intestinal or operation related problems.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1997 · European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to review our results with axillofemoral by-passes performed for aorto-iliac occlusive disease. Fifty patients receiving 51 axillofemoral by-passes from January 1989 to December 1994 were retrospectively reviewed. The 30-day post-operative mortality was 4%. Seven patients (14%) presented graft-related local complications and all but one required reoperation. Five patients were lost to follow-up, the mean length of which was 36 months (16-74 months). Forty-nine per cent of the patients died during the follow-up period. At 36 months, the primary patency rate was 51%, the secondary patency rate was 69%, and limb valvage rate was 87%. A statistical difference was seen in the secondary patency rate between axillobifemoral by-pass (87%) and axillo-unifemoral by-pass (56%) at 36 months (P < 0.01), but no difference was seen in the limb salvage rate at 36 months between the two configurations of the by-pass (94% vs 81%) (P = NS). Twenty patients (40%) operated upon for acute ischemia had a significantly higher post-operative mortality rate (10% vs 0), a significantly higher amputation rate (20% vs 6.6%) and a significantly lower patency rate of by-pass (26% vs 63%) (P < 0.01), than the 30 patients (60%) operated on for claudication, rest pain or trophic ulcers. Our findings indicate that the results of axillofemoral by-pass are significantly influenced by the selection of patients for operation, namely the clinical status of ischaemic symptoms, and that since the overall results of axillofemoral by-pass are inferior to those of aortofemoral by-pass, this treatment should be restricted to patients at high risk of aortic clamping.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1996 · Langenbecks Archiv fü Chirurgie
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    ABSTRACT: One hundred nineteen patients operated upon for acute ischemia of the lower limbs have been retrospectively reviewed, in order to evaluate the influence of the condition on outcome, and the patterns of treatment. Fifty six per cent of the patients were males and 42% females, 68.4% had an history of aorto-iliac obstructive disease; 51.2% of the ischemias were due to arterial thrombosis and 48.8% to embolism, in 12.5% of the cases etiology was unknown. Thrombosis were more frequent in younger patients' population (mean age 59.8 years) compared to embolism (mean age 69 years), even if the mean age of patients bearing an ischemia of embolic type has risen, in the last 10 years: 62.1% were due to atrial fibrillation and 50% occurred on pathologic arteries, patients with arterial obstructive disease presented a higher incidence of arrest of embolic material at the common femoral artery bifurcation. Women's mean age was significantly higher then that of men (70.9 vs. 59 yrs.). Embolism was more frequent in women than in men (64 vs 42.2), whereas thrombosis was more frequent in men than women (57.8 vs 36%). There were more deaths in women than men (30.8 vs 20.8%), but more amputations in men than women (37.3 vs 17.3%). Embolism of arterial origin include 15.2% of all acute ischemias and 31% of all embolisms, and their site of origin is often unknown, particularly when it is located in the thoracic aorta, which mandate a complete arteriography and eventually a CT-Scan of the thorax and the abdomen. A lower limb phlebitis, associated with an acute ischemia mandates the search of a patent foramen ovale, and an heparin induced thrombocytopenia. Surgical treatment is directed towards obstruction removal (embolectomy, by-pass) and towards the treatment of the causative agent (aortic endarterectomy, caval filter, anticoagulants). Post-operative thrombolysis may be beneficial in case of distal residual thrombus after embolectomy. An higher mortality rate has been observed in acute ischemias due to embolism rather than thrombosis (31 vs 19.6%) and more major amputations in thrombosis than in embolism (37.7 vs 17.2%). Overall mortality rate has been of 25%, with an amputation rate of 28%. Present results have been compared with those of the literature, both agree on some changes over the last 20 years, concerning the incidence of different mechanisms of acute ischemias and their prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · Rivista europea per le scienze mediche e farmacologiche = European review for medical and pharmacological sciences = Revue européenne pour les sciences médicales et pharmacologiques

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1996
  • G Illuminati · F G Caliò · A Bertagni · F Vietri · V Martinelli
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    ABSTRACT: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) can be useful in the diagnosis and validation of surgical treatment of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI). A case is reported in which TCD confirmed the diagnosis of vertebrobasilar insufficiency and validated the indication of surgery by detecting a bidirectional flow in a stenotic and compressed vertebral artery. In the postoperative period and at late follow-up TCD demonstrated a restored antegrade flow, as a consequence of a well functioning revascularization. Surgical indication of VBI is rare and TCD can be proposed as part of routine patients' study before a surgical decision is taken.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · Rivista europea per le scienze mediche e farmacologiche = European review for medical and pharmacological sciences = Revue européenne pour les sciences médicales et pharmacologiques
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    ABSTRACT: In 67 patients submitted to surgical procedures serum neopterin (NPT) and Interleukin 2 soluble receptors (IL2R) were evaluated at the end of the operation as well as 24, 48, 72 hours later. Thirty seven of the subjects (Group B) had undergone minor surgery (average time of operation: 40 +/- 10 min.), thirty (Group A) had undergone major surgery (average time: 180 +/- 30 min.). The results showed elevated NPT and IL2R levels in the latter cases and, in particular, 48 and 72 h after surgery. Neopterin levels were positively correlated with IL2R (r = 0.548 p < 0.01). These data suggest an activation of the cellular immune response which parallels the magnitude and length of surgical trauma. Thus NPT and IL2R levels could represent biochemical markers of postoperative disorders of the immune homeostasis.
    No preview · Article · May 1992 · Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • G Illuminati · M Bezzi · V Martinelli

    No preview · Article · Oct 1990 · Acta chirurgica Scandinavica
  • V Martinelli · A Piermattei · F Fidanza · L Merli · A Egidi · A Angelici
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    ABSTRACT: Total gastrectomy is the elective therapy for gastric cancer, but anastomotic dehiscences often improve the results of this surgery, performed in patients with malnutrition due to the neoplasy. The authors present a group of 27 patients treated with total gastrectomy and a routine postoperative TPN; the incidence of dehiscences and postoperative complications is very low. The preoperative evaluation of surgical risk and the choice of pre- and/or postoperative, parenteral and/or enteral nutritional therapy, are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Mar 1990 · Minerva chirurgica
  • M Pulcini · A M Angelici · F Vietri · G Illuminati · V Martinelli

    No preview · Article · Nov 1988 · Minerva chirurgica
  • V Martinelli · M Pulcini · A Piermattei · A Angelici

    No preview · Article · Feb 1987 · Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • V Martinelli · F Vietri · G Illuminati

    No preview · Article · Feb 1987 · Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • M Pulcini · A Angelici · P Palumbo · A Mereu · V Martinelli

    No preview · Article · Feb 1984 · Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • V Martinelli · A Napolitano · F Vietri

    No preview · Article · Feb 1981 · Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • V Martinelli · G Tumino · A Ialongo · A Angelici

    No preview · Article · Feb 1976 · Annali italiani di chirurgia