Takaki Hiwasa

Chiba University, Tiba, Chiba, Japan

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Publications (116)397.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Because circulating antibodies against a variety of antigens have been detected in patients with coronary heart disease, carotid atherosclerosis and those who have suffered a stroke, it is suspected that immune response may be one of the mechanisms of atherogenesis The objective of this study is to identify novel antibodies in ischemic stroke patients by screening the expressed recombinant proteins using a human cDNA library (SEREX). To identify the candidate antigens, cDNA library was screened by SEREX using plasma from ten patients with ischemic stroke. Subsequently, via ELISA using recombinant proteins and synthetic peptides, the serum antibody levels were measured in two independent patient/healthy donor (HD) cohorts (142 and 78 in the 2nd screening and a validation cohort, respectively). The initial screening resulted in the identification of six candidate antigens. Of these antigens, replication protein A2 (RPA2) was determined to be the antigen associated with stroke (P < 0.05) by ELISA with 2nd screening and validation cohort. Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that the increased levels of the RPA2 antibodies (RPA2-Abs) associated with stroke independent of other risk factors for stroke (P < 0.05). Receiver operating curve analysis demonstrated that the area under the curve from ELISA using GST fusion RPA2 and synthetic peptides (bRPA2-132) were 0.867 (95% CI: 0.798-0.936) and 0.971 (95% CI: 0.940-1.00), respectively. If the cut-off value of the bRPA2-132-Ab level was determined to be 0.334, the sensitivity and specificity of the antibody level as the diagnostic marker for stroke were 0.323 (95% CI: 0.209-0.453) and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.713-1.00), respectively. SEREX identified RPA2 as the antigen associated with ischemic stroke and serum auto-antibodies against RPA2 elevates in stroke patients. RPA2-Abs could become a biomarker for the evaluation of ischemic stroke at risk.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Translational Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Neuro-Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: There is an ongoing search for plant-derived sesquiterpenes, particularly for those with anticancer activity against human cancer cells. The sesquiterpene ineupatorolide B (InB), isolated from the Inula cappa, showed potent growth-inhibitory activity against HeLa cells but less activity against MM1-CB melanoma cells. Staining by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling method revealed that this activity was, at least in part, due to the induction of apoptosis. The activities of major transcription factors were examined by using a luciferase reporter assay. The results showed that the transactivation ability of nuclear factor of activated T-cell (NFAT) was enhanced. The activation of NFAT by InB was largely suppressed by preincubation with protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors such as staurosporine and K252a. Western blot analysis revealed that the the levels of phosphorylated PKCα, but not other subtypes, increased after treatment with InB. Knockdown of PKCα using siRNA attenuated the cytotoxic activity of InB. Thus, InB may exhibit growth-inhibitory activity through the activation of PKCα, followed by an increase in NFAT transactivation ability.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · International Journal of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Atherosclerosis-related life-style diseases such as cerebral infarction (CI), cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are a serious problem in the recently aging society. The development of novel and sensitive diagnostic markers is necessary and expected for the early treatment. Methods and Results: Through the first screening by phage expression cloning, we identified ATPase, Ca++ transporting, plasma membrane 4 (ATP2B4) and bone morphogenetic protein 1 (BMP-1) as antigens recognized by IgG antibodies in the sera of patients with atherosclerosis. The presence of autoantibodies against these antigens in serum specimens was confirmed by Western blotting. We then compared serum antibody levels against recombinant ATP2B4 and BMP-1 proteins between healthy donors (HD) and patients with atherosclerotic diseases, such as CI, transient ischemic attack (TIA), CVD, DM, or CKD, by the Alpha (amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay)-LISA method. The results revealed that both antibody levels were significantly higher in patients with these diseases than in HD and exhibited most prominent differences in CKD vs. HD. Correlation analysis showed that both antibody levels were well correlated with the degree of artery stenosis, such as maximum intima-media thickness with some different patterns, i.e., anti-ATP2B4 antibody levels were related to hypertension, whereas anti-BMP-1 antibodies were related to smoking habits. Conclusions: The serum antibody levels against ATP2B4 and BMP-1 can be useful diagnostic markers for atherosclerosis and its related diseases caused by hypertension and smoking habits, respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Immunome Research
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    ABSTRACT: Combination therapy of carbon-ion beam with the far upstream element-binding protein (FBP)-interacting repressor, FIR, which interferes with DNA damage repair proteins, was proposed as an approach for esophageal cancer treatment with low side effects regardless of TP53 status. In vivo therapeutic antitumor efficacy of replication-defective adenovirus (E1 and E3 deleted adenovirus serotype 5) encoding human FIR cDNA (Ad-FIR) was demonstrated in the tumor xenograft model of human esophageal squamous cancer cells, TE-2. Bleomycin (BLM) is an anticancer agent that introduces DNA breaks. The authors reported that Ad-FIR involved in the BLM-induced DNA damage repair response and thus applicable for other DNA damaging agents. To examine the effect of Ad-FIR on DNA damage repair, BLM, X-ray and carbon ion irradiation were used as DNA damaging agents. The biological effects of high linear energy transfer (LET) radiotherapy used with carbon-ion irradiation are more expansive than low-LET conventional radiotherapy, such as X-rays or gamma rays. High LET radiotherapy is suitable for the local control of tumors because of its high relative biological effectiveness. Ad-FIR enhanced BLM-induced DNA damage indicated by γH2AX in vitro. BLM treatment increased endogenous nuclear FIR expression in TE-2 cells, and P27Kip1 expression was suppressed by TP53 siRNA and BLM treatment. Further, Ad-FIRΔexon2, a dominant negative form of FIR that lacks exon2 transcriptional repression domain, decreased Ku86 expression. The combination of Ad-FIR and BLM in TP53 siRNA increased DNA damage. Additionally, Ad-FIR showed synergistic cell toxicity with X-ray in vitro and significantly increased the antitumor efficacy of carbon ion irradiation in the xenograft mouse model of TE-2 cells (P=0.03, Mann-Whitney's U test) and was synergistic with the sensitization enhancement ratio (SER) value of 1.15. Therefore, Ad-FIR increased the cell-killing activity of the carbon-ion beam that avoids late phase severe adverse effects independently of the TP53 status in vitro. Our findings indicated the feasibility of the combination of Ad-FIR with DNA damaging agents for future esophageal cancer treatment.Gene Therapy accepted article preview online, 04 August 2015. doi:10.1038/gt.2015.84.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Gene Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral infarction (CI), cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are atherosclerosis-related diseases, which are major causes of health damage. For early and sensitive diagnosis, development of novel biomarkers is expected and of significant practical importance. First screening was carried out by phage expression cloning to identify antigen proteins recognized by serum IgG antibodies in patients with atherosclerosis. RPA2, LRPAP1, EEF1A1, SPOCK1, LOC729260, tubulin beta 2C (TUBB2C) and KIAA0020 markers were identified. We then compared the serum antibody levels against the candidate proteins between healthy donors (HD) and patients with CI, CVD, DM, or CKD by Alpha (amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay)-LISA method. The results showed that the serum TUBB2C antibody levels were significantly higher in patients with CI, DM, or CKD than those in HD. Using the average + 2SD of HD as the cut-off value, the positive thresholds of TUBB2C antibody markers were 14.8% in CI, 25.8% in DM, and 18.3% in CKD. TUBB2C antibody levels were well correlated with artery stenosis degrees such as plaque score, maximum intima-media thickness and cardio ankle vascular index. Consequently, TUBB2C antibody markers are useful to diagnose atherosclerosis, DM, and CKD, and can be applied to the prediction of the onset of CI. The serum anti-TUBB2C antibody markers are useful for the diagnosis of DM and CKD.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: In the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), B cell/antibody-related mechanisms have recently received attention. To investigate the role of autoantibody in MS, we performed SEREX which can identify autoantibody cyclopedically. We identified serum antibodies against cytoskeletal protein talin1, and the levels of whom were remarkably higher in 39 MS than 43 normal controls (P<0.01) and 35 disease controls (P=0.06), and in MS patients without oligoclonal bands than ones with them. Moreover, we found negative-correlations between serum anti-talin1 antibody and IgG index in MS (P=0.03). Anti-talin1 antibody exists in MS patients' sera, which may have some protective factor. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Neuroimmunology

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Cancer Science and Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease which may be caused by development of the autoantibodies. On the other hand, SLE is a high-risk group of atherosclerosis, so it is possible that some of autoantibodies in SLE are the result of atherosclerosis-related diseases such as cerebral infarction (CI), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: The initial screening of autoantibodies was performed using the protein array method. AlphaLISA was used to analyze the serum antibody levels using synthetic polypeptides as antigens. Results: After the initial screening using protein array, we identified 67 antigens that were recognized by IgG antibodies in sera of patients with SLE. In the second screening, 170 peptides derived from amino acid sequences of 67 antigens were synthesized and used as antigens for analysis of serum antibody levels by AlphaLISA. The antibody levels for ten peptides were significantly higher in the sera of patients with SLE than in those of healthy donors. Further AlphaLISA analysis of sera of patients with CI, CVD or DM revealed that the serum antibody levels for four peptides derived from SOSTDC1, CTNND1, CLDND1 and CCNG2 were elevated in patients as compared to those of healthy donors. Conclusions: Serum antibody levels against peptide antigens of SOSTDC1, CTNND1, CLDND1 and CCNG2 are useful markers for diagnosis of the progression of CI, CVD and/or DM.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease which may be caused by development of the autoantibodies. On the other hand, SLE is a high-risk group of atherosclerosis, so it is possible that some of autoantibodies in SLE are the result of atherosclerosis-related diseases such as cerebral infarction (CI), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: The initial screening of autoantibodies was performed using the protein array method. AlphaLISA was used to analyze the serum antibody levels using synthetic polypeptides as antigens. Results: After the initial screening using protein array, we identified 67 antigens that were recognized by IgG antibodies in sera of patients with SLE. In the second screening, 170 peptides derived from amino acid sequences of 67 antigens were synthesized and used as antigens for analysis of serum antibody levels by AlphaLISA. The antibody levels for ten peptides were significantly higher in the sera of patients with SLE than in those of healthy donors. Further AlphaLISA analysis of sera of patients with CI, CVD or DM revealed that the serum antibody levels for four peptides derived from SOSTDC1, CTNND1, CLDND1 and CCNG2 were elevated in patients as compared to those of healthy donors. Conclusions: Serum antibody levels against peptide antigens of SOSTDC1, CTNND1, CLDND1 and CCNG2 are useful markers for diagnosis of the progression of CI, CVD and/or DM.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic gamma knife surgery (GKS)-induced brain tumors are extremely rare, and no ependymal tumors induced by GKS have been reported. Therefore, little is known about their clinical, pathologic, and genetic features. In addition, a regimen of adjuvant chemotherapy for anaplastic ependymoma (AE) has not been established. A 77-year-old man presented with a gait disturbance and left-side cerebellar ataxia more than 19 years after GKS performed for a cerebellar arteriovenous malformation. Imaging studies demonstrated an enhancing mass in the irradiated field with signs of intraventricular dissemination. Surgical resection confirmed the diagnosis of AE. Temozolomide (TMZ) was administrated postoperatively because the methylated promoter region of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and 1p36 deletion were observed. Surprisingly, images 16 days after TMZ initiation demonstrated a complete resolution of the residual tumor that was maintained after three cycles of TMZ. This first case report of GKS-induced AE emphasizes the importance of genetic evaluation of MGMT and chromosomal deletion of 1p36 that are not commonly performed in primary ependymal tumors. In addition, it is speculated that a GKS-induced tumor may have a different genetic background compared with the primary tumor because the pathogenesis of the tumors differed.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Neurological Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Glioma is the most common primary malignant central nervous system tumor in adult, and is usually not curable due to its invasive nature. Establishment of serum biomarkers for glioma would be beneficial both for early diagnosis and adequate therapeutic intervention. Filamins are an actin cross-linker and filamin C (FLNC), normally restricted in muscle tissues, offers many signaling molecules an essential communication fields. Recently, filamins have been considered important for tumorigenesis in cancers. Methods We searched for novel glioma-associated antigens by serological identification of antigens utilizing recombinant cDNA expression cloning (SEREX), and found FLNC as a candidate protein. Tissue expressions of FLNC (both in normal and tumor tissues) were examined by immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR analyses. Serum anti-FLNC autoantibody level was measured by ELISA in normal volunteers and in the patients with various grade gliomas. Results FLNC was expressed in glioma tissues and its level got higher as tumor grade advanced. Anti-FLNC autoantibody was also detected in the serum of glioma patients, but its levels were inversely correlated with the tissue expression. Serum anti-FLNC autoantibody level was significantly higher in low-grade glioma patients than in high-grade glioma patients or in normal volunteers, which was confirmed in an independent validation set of patients’ sera. The autoantibody levels in the patients with meningioma or cerebral infarction were at the same level of normal volunteers, and they were significantly lower than that of low-grade gliomas. Total IgG and anti-glutatione S-transferase (GST) antibody level were not altered among the patient groups, which suggest that the autoantibody response was specific for FLNC. Conclusions The present results suggest that serum anti-FLNC autoantibody can be a potential serum biomarker for early diagnosis of low-grade gliomas while it needs a large-scale clinical study.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · BMC Cancer

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Multiple Sclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Cooperative gene regulation by different neurotransmitters likely underlies the long-term forms of associative learning and memory, but this mechanism largely remains to be elucidated. Following cDNA microarray analysis for genes regulated by Ca(2+) or cAMP, we found that the secretogranin II gene (Scg2) was cooperatively activated by glutamate and dopamine in primary cultured mouse hippocampal neurons. The Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA-AM and the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 prevented Scg2 activation by glutamate or dopamine; thus, the Ca(2+) /MEK pathway is predicted to include a convergence point(s) of glutamatergic and dopaminergic signaling. Unexpectedly, the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor KT5720 enhanced Scg2 activation by dopamine. The protein-synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide also enhanced Scg2 activation, and the proteasome inhibitor ZLLLH diminished the KT5720-mediated augmentation of Scg2 activation. These results are concordant with the notion that dopaminergic input leads to accumulation of a KT5720-sensitive transcriptional repressor, which is short-lived because of rapid degradation by proteasomes. This repression pathway may effectively limit the time window permissive to Scg2 activation by in-phase glutamate and dopamine inputs via the Ca(2+) /MEK pathway. We propose that the regulatory system of Scg2 expression is equipped with machinery that is refined for the signal integration of in-phase synaptic inputs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of Neurochemistry

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Background Glioma is the most common primary malignant central nervous system tumor in adult, and is usually not curable in spite of various therapeutic approaches. Clarification of the oncogenic process in its early stage is important for the diagnosis and effective therapy. Methods In the present study, we used the serological identification of antigens by recombinant cDNA expression cloning (SEREX) to explore the subtle changes of the protein expression in low-grade glioma. The levels of serum autoantibodies to the SEREX-identified glioma-related antigens were analyzed by ELISA, and the epitope site was identified using deletion mutants and overlap peptide array. Changes in the serum autoantibody levels were examined in the rat glioma model using C6 and 9 L glioma cell lines. Results We identified 31 glioma-related antigens by SEREX. Among them, the serum level of autoantibody to src-homology 3-domain GRB2-like 1 (SH3GL1) was significantly higher in patients with low-grade glioma than healthy volunteers or high-grade gliomas. The 10 amino-acids at the C-terminal were identified as the epitope site by the overlap peptide array and the ELISA using deletion mutants. The tissue expression of SH3GL1 protein increased in proportion to glioma progression. The rat glioma models confirmed the increase of anti-SH3GL1 autoantibody level in the early stage and the suppression in the late stage. Conclusion SH3GL1 may be involved in the oncogenic process of gliomas and effectively elicit an autologous antibody response in low-grade gliomas. The immunological reaction to SH3GL1 would contribute to the establishment of a novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for gliomas.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is frequently associated with a high mortality rate as a result of late diagnosis and/or aggressive behavior. Although multimodal treatment is applied for advanced tumors, many patients suffer from progressive disease and rapid recurrence. Besides various imaging techniques, serum biomarkers should also be useful for early diagnosing and treatment monitoring. A comprehensive review is provided here mainly on advancements of our clinical research in serum biomarkers to diagnose and/or monitor esophageal SCC. First, we focused on conventional secretory type serum markers, SCC-antigen and CYFRA 21-1. Both serum markers are useful to predict high-risk patients to develop recurrent disease. Second, we reviewed the clinicopathological significance of various angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor, thymidine phosphorylase, fibroblast growth factor, midkine, and hepatocyte growth factor. These growth factors could be useful biomarkers to predict lymph node and/or distant metastases. Finally, we reviewed advancements of clinical research on autoantibodies against tumor-specific antigens, particularly focused on serum p53 antibody. Because serum antibodies frequently respond to a small volume of tumors, they are useful in early tumor detection and prediction of residual cancer cells. Serum biomarkers may be a useful tool in the management of esophageal SCC.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: We prepared normal or Ha-ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells transfected stably or transiently with various tumorrelated genes. The chemosensitivity of the transfected clones to 16 anticancer drugs was compared to the parental control cells using the MTT assay. The chemosensitivity changes induced by transfected genes were calculated and expressed numerically as the Drug Chemosensitivity Index (DCI). High DCI values (indicating resistance) were frequently observed in cells expressing C/EBPα, C/EBPβ, p53, p21, PTEN, dominant-negative MDM2, caspases, HSP90, COUP-TF1 and decorin. In contrast, transfectants expressing ras, src, erbB2 and calpastatin had low DCI values, indicating increased sensitivity. Thus, it may be possible to predict the sensitivity of cancer cells toward anticancer drugs based on the expression levels of these genes. We then performed a regression analysis of DCI values between anticancer drugs. The correlation coefficients (r) were relatively high between cisplatin, camptothecin, mitomycin C and etoposide, suggesting that the mechanisms of action of these drugs are similar. The r values of aclarubicin, vincristine, taxol and cytarabine were low, suggesting that each of these drugs has a different and unique effect. This analysis may provide a rationale for design of combination chemotherapy regimens.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Journal of Cancer Science and Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) may improve with early diagnosis. Currently it is difficult to diagnose SCC in the early stage because there is a limited number of tumor markers available. Fifty-two esophageal SCC SEREX antigens were identified by SEREX (serological identification of antigens by recombinant cDNA expression cloning) using a cDNA phage library and sera of patients with esophageal SCC. Sequence analysis revealed that three of these antigens were similar in amino acid sequences, and they were designated as ECSA (esophageal carcinoma SEREX antigen)-1, -2 and -3. The ECSA family was also similar to an EST clone, hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen 25a (HCA25a). Serum antibody levels to ECSA-1, -2 and -3 were significantly higher in patients with esophageal SCC than in healthy donors. Based on the conserved amino acid sequences, three peptides were synthesized and used for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The serum antibody levels against one of these peptides were significantly higher in patients with esophageal SCC. This peptide sequence was also conserved in FAM119A, GOSR1 and BBS5, suggesting that these are also ECSA family members. Reverse transcription followed by quantitative PCR analysis showed that the mRNA expression levels of ECSA-1, -2 and -3 and FAM119A but not of HCA25a, GOSR1 and BBS5 were frequently elevated in esophageal SCC tissues. We have identified a new gene family designated ECSA. Serum antibodies against the conserved domain of the ECSA family may be a promising tumor marker for esophageal SCC.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Proteome Science
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    ABSTRACT: Thymidylate synthase (TS) plays a major role in the response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by binding directly to the 5-FU metabolite, 5-fluoro-dUMP (FdUMP). The change in the TS expression levels after 5-FU administration was examined in parallel to 5-FU responsiveness in six human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines to elucidate the source of variability of 5-FU sensitivity. MKN-1, SH-10-TC and MKN-74 cells were more resistant to 5-FU than MKN-28, KATO III and MKN-45 cells. Western blotting analysis revealed that the 5-FU sensitivity of these cells did not correlate with the basal TS expression levels but did correlate with rapid detection of the TS-FdUMP complex after exposure to 5-FU. In 5-FU-resistant cells, very low levels of the TS-FdUMP complex early after 5-FU exposure were elevated by pretreatment with calpain inhibitors such as benzyloxycarbonyl-leucyl-leucinal (ZLLH), benzyloxycarbonyl-leucyl-leucyl-leucinal (ZLLLH) and ALLN, but not by other protease inhibitors. In contrast, ONO-3403, which causes calpain activation, stimulated downregulation of the TS-FdUMP complex in 5-FU-sensitive cells. The expression levels of calpastatin, an endogenous calpain inhibitor, were higher in 5-FU-sensitive cells than in 5-FU-resistant cells. ZLLH increased the 5-FU sensitivity of 5-FU-resistant cells, whereas ONO-3403 decreased the sensitivity of 5-FU-sensitive cells. In addition, knockdown of m-calpain by siRNA increased the 5-FU sensitivity in 5-FU-resistant cells, while knockdown of calpastatin reduced the sensitivity in 5-FU-sensitive cells. These results suggest that calpain might reduce the chemosensitivity of human gastric cancer cells to 5-FU possibly by rapid degradation of the TS-FdUMP complex, a finding that is considered to have novel therapeutic implications.
    Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Cancer Science

Publication Stats

2k Citations
397.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998-2015
    • Chiba University
      • Graduate School of Medicine
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 2011
    • Aichi Medical University
      • Department of Microbiology and Immunology
      Koromo, Aichi, Japan
  • 2009
    • Hebei Medical University
      Chentow, Hebei, China
  • 2001
    • Chiba University Hospital
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 1982-1997
    • Chiba Cancer Center
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 1995
    • Juntendo University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan