[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radionuclide gastroscopy conducted in patients with vast purulent wounds and sepsis disclosed reduced motor-evacuatory function of the stomach and the rate of its fractional emptying, that supports the necessity of continuous administration of nutrient mixtures by a drip method. A significant improvement of the motor evacuatory function and the rate of fractionated emptying of the stomach, 9-12 days after the commencement of the enteral (tube) nutrition, has shown the necessity of its use at the early stages of the course of severe purulent infection. The investigation of the absorptive capacity of the intestine with the use of the D-xylose test has revealed that it is insignificantly decreased in 82.6% of patients with severe purulent infection, and tube nutrition in such patients could be successfully conducted. Only in 17.4% of the patients the adsorptive capacity of the intestine was significantly decreased, and in these cases predominantly parenteral nutrition was recommended.
No preview · Article · Nov 1988 · Voprosy pitaniia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein assimilation was studied by means of radionuclide diagnosis methods, using 131I-albumin, in 10 patients with grave burns, fed a high-caloric dosed diet via a gastric tube (HCDGT). Simultaneously, the intestinal absorption was studied by the alpha-xylose test, and some protein metabolism parameters were investigated. The level of protein assimilation in burned patients was found to fluctuate within a wide range and to be most often reduced. A direct relationship was observed between protein assimilation and small intestine absorption. The degree of protein assimilation influenced the time course of protein metabolism: in all the examined patients on HCDGT a positive tendency of the anabolic processes was observed.
No preview · Article · Jan 1986 · Voprosy pitaniia