[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lipoprotein patterns and cholesteryl-ester transfer activity (CETA) were examined in a patient with familial hyperalphalipoproteinemia (FHALP). The proband was a 41-year-old Japanese male. He was found to have hypercholesterolemia, with a serum total cholesterol level of 382 mg/dl and a HDL-cholesterol level of 177 mg/dl. HDL showed a high cholesterol/Apo AI ratio. His father, all of his siblings and one of his children showed high HDL-cholesterol levels (91, 100, 70, 108, 75 and 98 mg/dl, respectively). These data suggest that all members of his family were heterozygotes. He had neither cutaneous or tendinous xanthomas nor any clinical signs of atherosclerosis. The proband appears to have only one-tenth of the normal level of CETA. However, the level of lipid-transfer protein I (LTP-I) activity was near normal. Thus, this patient is most likely to have an exaggerated level of LTP-I inhibitor(s). Effects of probucol on serum lipoprotein and apolipoprotein levels were studied in our patient. Treatment with 250 mg of probucol twice daily reduced total serum cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and HDL-cholesterol levels by 33.32 and 33%, respectively. Apo AI, B and E levels decreased by 22, 16 and 35% respectively. HDL-cholesterol/Apo AI ratio decreased from 0.9 to 0.76. CETA showed no significant changes. However, cholesterol ester mass transfer increased from 10.8 to 14.9% after treatment with probucol. These results suggest that probucol appears to be a useful drug for FHALP.
No preview · Article · Sep 1988 · Japanese journal of medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The formation of heterotopic bone tissue in carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract and/or their metastases is extremely rare. In a 74-year-old female with gastric adenocarcinoma, we observed extensive bone formation within metastases in the skeletal muscles. There are only 7 other cases of heterotopic bone formation in gastric cancer reported in the world literature. We suggest that heterotopic ossification in primary cancers and/or their metastases is probably the result of metaplasia of stromal fibroblasts into osteoblasts.
No preview · Article · Nov 1983 · Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The patient was a 61-year-old man who initially complained of skin pigmentation. He was diagnosed as malignant acanthosis nigricans associated with gastric cancer (IIc advanced) in March 1981. Surgical excision of the stomach was performed in May 1981. In July 1981 he experienced headache, vomiting and muscle weakness. A diagnosis of meningeal carcinomatosis was made based on his clinical symptoms, spinal fluid examination and a computerized tomography scan. The intraventricular administration of cytosine arabinoside, methotrexate and hydrocortisone via the Ommaya reservoir resulted in complete remission. In November 1981 the patient died of bronchopneumonia and sepsis due to pancytopenia.
No preview · Article · Aug 1983 · Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics