[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Avian infectious bronchitis is an acute, highly contagious disease of chickens. To study the differences of dynamic distribution between nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains such as SAIBK and other strains (the M41 and H120 strains), relative quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was developed by housekeeping gene selection. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and Ubiquitin were chosen for normalization in this experimental set. Then nine tissues, the trachea, thymus, liver, spleen, lungs, kidney, pancreas, proventriculus, and bursa of Fabricius, were analyzed and compared to determine the tropism of IBV infection. In this research, the kidney and the lung were established of the most sensitive organs in IBV infection. The pancreas and the liver are candidates for antigen detection. The trachea and the spleen can be used as references for histological diagnosis, but they are not suitable for antigen detection; proventriculus might be an important target in IBV infection; the thymus and the bursa of Fabricius were not sensitive organs in IBV infection.
Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Backgroud
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype Asia1 generally infects cattle and sheep, while its infection of pigs is rarely reported. In 2005-2007, FMD outbreaks caused by Asia1 type occurred in many regions of China, as well as some parts of East Asia countries. During the outbreaks, there was not any report that pigs were found to be clinically infected.
In this study, a strain of FMDV that isolated from pigs was identified as serotype Asia1, and designated as "Asia1/WHN/CHA/06". To investigate the genomic feature of the strain, complete genome of Asia1/WHN/CHA/06 was sequenced and compared with sequences of other FMDVs by phylogenetic and recombination analysis. The complete genome of Asia1/WHN/CHA/06 was 8161 nucleotides (nt) in length, and was closer to JS/CHA/05 than to all other strains. Potential recombination events associated with Asia1/WHN/CHA/06 were found between JS/CHA/05 and HNK/CHA/05 strains with partial 3B and 3C fragments.
This is the first report of the isolation and identification of a strain of FMDV type Asia1 from naturally infected pigs. The Asia1/WHN/CHA/06 strain may evolve from the recombination of JS/CHA/05 and HNK/CHA/05 strains.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The strain H120 of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is one of the earliest and representative attenuated live Infectious Bronchitis vaccine strains. To investigate the genomic feature of H120 and further understand its role in the epidemiology of IBV, complete genome of H120 was sequenced and compared with sequences of other IBV strains by phylogenetic and recombination analysis. The complete genome of H120 is 27631 nucleotides in length and has a similar structure with that of Beaudette strain. We found that strain ZJ971 is probably a virulence revertant of H120. Nine amino acids changes and a three-nucleotide deletion were identified in ZJ971. Besides, potential recombination events associated with H120 were found in five IBV strains including H52, KQ6, SAIBK, Ark DPI 11, and Ark DPI 101. This study suggested that H120 might have contributed to the emergence of new IBV variants through both virulence reversion and recombination.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epitope-based vaccines designed to induce cellular immune response and antibody responses specific for infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) are being developed as a means for increasing vaccine potency. In this study, we selected seven epitopes from the spike (S1), spike (S2), and nucleocapsid (N) protein and constructed a multi-epitope DNA vaccine. The 7-day-old chickens were immunized intramuscularly with multi-epitope DNA vaccine encapsulated by liposome and boosted two weeks later, and were challenged by virulent IBV strain five weeks post booster. The results showed that multi-epitope DNA vaccine led to a dramatic augmentation of humoral and cellular responses, and provided up to 80.0% rate of immune protection. The novel immunogenic chimeric multi-epitope DNA vaccine revealed in this study provided a new candidate target for IBV vaccine development.
No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications