Takeshi Adachi

National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama-ken, Japan

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Publications (2)3.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of carperitide, recombinant human atrial natriuretic peptide, on chronic heart failure (HF) has not been clarified. We investigated the beneficial effects of chronic carperitide treatment in rats with HF after experimental autoimmune myocarditis. A 28-day infusion of carperitide (n = 14) or vehicle (n = 14) was administrated to the rats 4 weeks after experimental autoimmune myocarditis induction. After 4 weeks, the myocardial levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), left ventricular function, myocyte hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, myocardial capillary vessel density, and activity of one prominent substrate of cGMP, vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) that may enhance angiogenesis, were measured. Carperitide treatment increased the myocardial levels of cGMP and attenuated the functional severity along with a decreased myocyte cross-sectional area, interstitial fibrosis, and an increased capillary to myocyte ratio. Furthermore, carperitide treatment enhanced the phosphorylation of VASP at Ser239, which was preferentially phosphorylated by cGMP-dependent protein kinase but not Ser157, which was preferentially phosphorylated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase. Long-term carperitide treatment attenuates ventricular remodeling and ameliorates the progression of chronic HF. The effects of carperitide treatment are associated with increased neovascularization among the residual myocytes and an increase of VASP activation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: The differential effects between olmesartan (OM), an angiotensin 2 type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), and azelnidipine (AZ), a calcium channel blocker (CCB), on atrial structural remodeling were studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Eight weeks after treatment, both OM and AZ decreased systolic blood pressure to similar levels. Histological analysis revealed that both OM and AZ had decreased the size of the atrial myocytes and interstitial fibrosis in the atrium, and that the effects of OM were greater than those of AZ. These beneficial effects of OM were associated with less atrial oxidative stress, as assessed by 3-nitrotyrosine staining, and less activation of Rac1, a regulatory component in NADPH oxidase. These results suggest that the ARB was more effective than the CCB in ameliorating atrial structural remodeling due to the suppression of oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Pharmacology