[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is the first report on the antitumor and immunostimulating activities ofUlva lactuca. Using the WSM (water-soluble fraction of a methanol extract fromUlva lactuca), a concentration of 140 g/mL was found to inhibit 50% of the human leukemia cell line U937 in growth, while splenocyte growth
was stimulated up to a concentration of 100 μg/mL. In addition, NO production by a macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and alkaline
phosphatase activity in mouse splenocytes were both stimulated with 10 μg/mL of WSM. Dose-dependent patterns were observed
on all three cell-lines. Accordingly, the current results indicate thatUlva lactuca may be useful as a natural antitumor and immunostimulating agent.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2004 · Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our work in this study was made in the microsomal fraction to evaluate the lipid peroxidation by measuring superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and to elucidate the preventive role of CS in the CCl4-induced oxidative stress. The excessive lipid peroxidation by free radicals derived from CCl4 leads to the condition of oxidative stress which results in the accumulation of MDA. MDA is one of the end-products in the lipid peroxidation process and oxidative stress. MDA, lipid peroxide, produced in this oxidative stress causes various diseases related to aging and hepatotoxicity, etc. Normal cells have a number of enzymatic and nonenzymatic endogenous defense systems to protect themselves from reactive species. The enzymes in the defense systems, for example, are SOD, CAT, and GPx. They quickly eliminate reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide anion free radical *O2(-), hydrogen peroxide H2O2 and hydroxyl free radical *OH. CS inhibited the accumulation of MDA and the deactivation of SOD, CAT and GPx in the dose-dependent and preventive manner. Our study suggests that CS might be a potential scavenger of free radicals in the oxidative stress originated from the lipid peroxidation of the liver cells of CCl4-treated rats.
No preview · Article · Apr 2004 · Archives of Pharmacal Research