Stefano Rosati

University of Groningen, Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands

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Publications (28)125.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Many hyperplasias and lymphomas of marginal zone B-cells are associated with infection. We identified 6 children and 1 adolescent with cervical lymphadenopathy showing a prominent polyclonal nodal marginal zone hyperplasia (pNMZH) and 4 adolescents with monoclonal paediatric nodal marginal zone lymphoma (pNMZL). The clonality status was assessed using BIOMED 2-IG PCR analysis. H. influenzae was identified in all 6 pNMZH that could be tested by direct culture (N = 3) or a very sensitive PCR for the H. influenzae gyrase gene in frozen materials (N = 5). H. influenzae was not detected in 3 pNMZL and 28 non-specific reactive cervical lymph nodes of age-matched controls, except for a single control node that was obtained during oropharyngeal surgery for a cleft palate showing very low copy numbers of H. influenzae. pNMZH patients were younger than pNMZL patients (median age 12 versus 21 yr). pNMZH showed a prominent nodular appearance with variable fibrosis without acute inflammation. Within the nodules the expanded germinal centres and variably sized marginal zones were colonized by activated B cells with weak expression of IgD and lack of CD10 and/or BCL6 expression. Some areas showed skewed light chain expression in plasma cells (4/5 cases lambda). In 4 cases tested this was confirmed by flow cytometry for surface Ig (3/4 cases lambda). In contrast, pNMZL showed more extensive expansion of marginal zones by centrocytoid cells and often expression of BCL2 protein. Several H. influenzae strains are known to interact with the constant part of IgD on human B-cells, leading to their polyclonal proliferation and activation. We speculate that in vivo stimulation of IgD(+) marginal zone B-cells by this bacterium may be implicated in this particular lymphadenopathy that should be distinguished from monoclonal pNMZL. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · The Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Preclinical studies show that stroma affects sensitivity of prostate cancer cells via activation of the CXCR4/CXCL12 pathway. Here we studied the effect of CXCR4 inhibition combined with irradiation in prostate cancer cells. In an in vitro co-culture with stromal cells, the CXCR4 inhibitor AMD3100 sensitized prostate cancer cell lines PC3-Luc and LNCaP to irradiation (P = 0.04). Tumor growth and metastasis were evaluated in mice xenografted with luciferase-expressing PC3 cells that received 5 Gy irradiation weekly ± 3.5 mg/kg AMD3100 daily intraperitoneally. The irradiated xenografts showed higher CXCR4 (P = 0.006) and CXCL12 (P = 0.01) expression, compared to controls. AMD3100 sensitized the xenografts to irradiation at the fourth week of treatment (P = 0.02). However AMD3100 also mobilized tumor cells at days 14 and 21 (P < 0.0001), as shown by bioluminescent imaging. In conclusion, AMD3100 transiently enhances prostate cancer radiosensitivity, but induces cancer cell mobilization.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Clinical and Experimental Metastasis
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    ABSTRACT: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects most of the world's adult population. In most cases primary infection and virus persistence are asymptomatic, the virus having evolved a sophisticated strategy to exist long-term in the B cell pool. However, EBV can contribute to the development of several human B-cell lymphomas, which include Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), Burkitt's lymphoma, and a subset of diffuse large B cell lymphomas. EBV potently transforms resting B cells in vitro (Young & Murray, 2003; Young & Rickinson, 2004; Oyama et al., 2003; Oyama et al., 2007). Two questions central to our understanding of the origins of EBV-associated B cell lymphomas are; 1) how the host and virus interact to allow benign persistent latent infection, and 2) how perturbation of this normal homeostasis leads to neoplastic transformation. This review will summarise current knowledge of how the EBV life cycle is regulated in the B cells of the asymptomatic host. It will also discuss how the disruption of normal B cell homeostasis can contribute to the development of B cell lymphomas, focussing on several novel pathogenic mechanisms in EBV-associated HL which include the suppression of the virus lytic cycle and the activation of collagen receptor signalling.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of General Virology
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    ABSTRACT: In this retrospective pilot study, the expression of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) in locally recurrent prostate cancer after brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) was investigated, and their adequacy for targeted imaging was analyzed. Prostate cancer specimens were collected of 17 patients who underwent salvage prostatectomy because of locally recurrent prostate cancer after brachytherapy or EBRT. Immunohistochemistry was performed. A pathologist scored the immunoreactivity in prostate cancer and stroma. Staining for PSMA was seen in 100% (17/17), EpCAM in 82.3% (14/17), VEGF in 82.3% (14/17) and GRPR in 100% (17/17) of prostate cancer specimens. Staining for PSMA, EpCAM and VEGF was seen in 0% (0/17) and for GRPR in 100% (17/17) of the specimens' stromal compartments. In 11.8% (2/17) of cases, the GRPR staining intensity of prostate cancer was higher than stroma, while in 88.2% (15/17), the staining was equal. Based on the absence of stromal staining, PSMA, EpCAM and VEGF show high tumor distinctiveness. Therefore, PSMA, EpCAM and VEGF can be used as targets for the bioimaging of recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT to exclude metastatic disease and/or to plan local salvage therapy.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductieIn deze retrospectieve pilotstudie werd de expressie van prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) en gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) in lokaal recidief prostaatcarcinoom na radiotherapie bepaald, met als doel te beoordelen of deze antigenen geschikt zijn als aangrijpingspunt voor moleculaire beeldvorming.Materiaal en methodenPatiënten werden gediagnosticeerd met lokaal recidief prostaatcarcinoom na brachytherapie of externe radiotherapie op basis van PSA-stijging en echogeleide biopten. Immunohistochemie werd uitgevoerd op het salvage prostatectomiepreparaat van 17 patiënten. Biopten voorafgaand aan radiotherapie waren niet beschikbaar. Een patholoog scoorde de immunoreactiviteit in elk preparaat in prostaatcarcinoom en in stroma.ResultatenPSMA-expressie werd gezien in prostaatcarcinoom in 100% (17/17), EpCAM-expressie in 82,3% (14/17), VEGF-expressie in 82,3% (14/17) en GRPR-exp ...
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013
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    ABSTRACT: The peptide bombesin (BBN) and its derivatives exhibit high binding affinity for the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR), which is highly expressed in prostate cancer. We used the BBN-based radiopharmaceutical (99m)Technetium-HYNIC(tricine/TPPTS)-Aca-Bombesin(7-14) ((99m)Tc-HABBN) to perform a first-in-man clinical pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of (99m)Tc-HABBN SPECT/CT for detection of prostate cancer in patients. Eight patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer who were scheduled for either radical prostatectomy or external beam radiotherapy underwent (99m)Tc-HABBN scintigraphy and SPECT/CT prior to treatment. Serial blood samples were taken to assess blood radioactivity and to determine in vivo metabolic stability. Clinical parameters were measured and reported side effects, if present, were recorded. Prostate cancer specimens of all patients were immunohistochemically stained for GRPR. (99m)Tc-HABBN was synthesized with high radiochemical yield, purity and specific activity. There were no significant changes in clinical parameters, and there were no adverse or subjective side effects. Low metabolic stability was observed, as less than 20% of (99m)Tc-HABBN was intact after 30min. Immunohistochemical staining for GRPR was observed in the prostate cancer specimens in all patients. (99m)Tc-HABBN scintigraphy and SPECT/CT did not detect prostate cancer in patients with proven disease. (99m)Tc-HABBN SPECT/CT for visualization of prostate cancer is safe but hampered by an unexpected low in vivo metabolic stability in man. The difference between the excellent in vitro stability of (99m)Tc-HABBN in human serum samples determined in our previous study regarding (99m)Tc-HABBN and the low in vivo metabolic stability determined in this study, is striking. This issue warrants further study of peptide-based radiopharmaceuticals.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Nuclear Medicine and Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations of nucleophosmin 1 are frequently found in acute myeloid leukemia and lead to aberrant cytoplasmic accumulation of nucleophosmin protein. Immunohistochemical staining is therefore recommended as technique of choice in front-line screening. In this study, we assessed the sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemistry on formalin fixed bone marrow biopsies compared with gold standard molecular analysis to predict nucleophosmin 1 mutation status in 119 acute myeloid leukemia patients. Discrepant cases were further characterized by gene expression analyses and fluorescence in situ hybridization. A large overlap between both methods was observed. Nevertheless, nine patients demonstrated discordant results at initial screening. Five cases demonstrated nuclear staining of nucleophosmin 1 by immunohistochemistry, but an nucleophosmin 1 mutation by molecular analysis. In three cases this could be contributed to technical issues and in two cases minor subpopulations of myeloblasts had been discovered initially. All tested cases exhibited the characteristic nucleophosmin-mutated gene expression pattern. Four cases had cytoplasmic nucleophosmin 1 staining and an nucleophosmin-mutated gene expression pattern without a detectable nucleophosmin 1 mutation. In two of these cases we found the chromosomal translocation t(3;5)(q25;q35) encoding the NPM-MLF1 fusion protein. In the other discrepant cases the aberrant cytoplasmic nucleophosmin staining and gene expression could not be explained. In total six patients (5%) had true discordant results between immunohistochemistry and molecular analysis. We conclude that cytoplasmic nucleophosmin localization is not always caused by a conventional nucleophosmin 1 mutation and that in the screening for nucleophosmin 1 abnormalities, most information will be obtained by combining immunohistochemistry with molecular analysis.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Haematologica

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2012
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    ABSTRACT: This study focuses on the potential role of [11C]choline positron emission tomography (PET) for the intraprostatic tumor characterization and localization in recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT. This retrospective study was conducted in patients who were being followed up after EBRT for histological proven prostate cancer. We selected the patients with a local recurrence by [11C]choline PET/CT fusion. The results of PET were compared with the results of histology and with clinical follow-up. Forty-two patients with a local recurrence suggested by PET were included in this study. According to PET results: of the 42 patients, 15 (36%) had a focal recurrence, 27 (64%) showed a diffuse recurrence. The overall concordance of PET with histology concerning detection of recurrence was 76% (32 patients had positive PET results and positive biopsies). We confirmed the local recurrence as visualized by PET in 37/42 (88%) patients using a composite reference with histology and clinical follow up after local salvage treatment. The concordance of the intraprostatic distribution of the tumor with PET with histology from transrectal prostate biopsies (median biopsies 7, range 4-12) was 47% (7/15) in unilateral cases and 41% (11/27) in bilateral cases. No significant differences were seen between the 2 groups in serum PSA at time of PET (P=0.509) and SUV (P=0.739) using Student's t-test. Intraprostatic characterization of recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT with 11C-choline PET is feasible at present but shows a moderate concordance with routine transrectal prostate biopsies. The accuracy is too low for the routine use of this modality in the present scenario.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR), [and] Section of the Society of...
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    ABSTRACT: Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) bone marrow biopsies at diagnosis display enhanced angiogenesis and increased VEGFA expression. In a xenograft mouse model it was described that availability of free VEGFA versus bound VEGFA is related to different vascular morphology. In this study we investigate the relationship between vascular morphology within AML bone marrow biopsies and AML derived VEGFA levels. Vessel count and surface area (Chalkley count) were calculated in AML bone marrow biopsies at diagnosis (n = 32), at remission (n = 8) and Normal Bone Marrow (n = 32) using immunohistochemical staining for FVIII, CD31, CTIV, SMA and VEGFA. VEGFA protein levels were measured. High vessel count was associated with an immature vessel status. Combining vessel count and Chalkley count different vessel morphology patterns were quantified within AML bone marrow biopsies. Three different subgroups could be distinguished. The subgroup (37.5% of the samples) exhibiting a high vessel count and vessels with predominantly large lumen (normal Chalkley count) was associated with high secreted VEGFA protein levels. Different vasculature patterns are seen in AML bone marrow biopsies, defined by combining number and size of vessel. These quantified morphology patterns, combined with VEGFA levels, might be of value in the success of VEGF/VEGFR-signaling interference approaches.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (RARS-T) are difficult to treat because the cytoreductive treatment might be beneficial for the thrombocytosis component but harmful for the RARS component. As lenalidomide has shown to be efficacious in both myelodysplastic syndromes and myeloproliferative neoplasms, we have treated 2 RARS-T patients, who were transfusion dependent, with lenalidomide. We report the results of lenalidomide treatment in these patients and show that lenalidomide has clinical activity in this rare disorder. Both patients became transfusion independent, and 1 of the patients attained indeed a complete molecular remission.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Blood
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    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · British Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that certain non-coding short RNAs, called miRNAs, play an important role in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma have great diversity in both clinical characteristics, site of presentation and outcome. The aim of our study is to validate the differential expression in germinal center and non-germinal center diffuse large B-cell lymphoma,s and to study to the extent to which the primary site of differentiation is associated with the miRNA expression profile. We studied 50 cases of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma for the expression of 15 miRNAs (miR-15a, miR-15b, miR-16, miR-17-3p, miR-17-5p, miR-18a, miR-19a, miR-19b, miR-20a, miR-21, miR-92, miR-127, miR-155, miR-181a and miR-221). Apart from 19 nodal cases without extranodal dissemination (stages I and II), we selected two groups with unambiguous stages I and II extranodal presentation; 9 cases of primary central nervous system, 11 cases of primary testicular and 11 cases of other primary extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. All cases were analyzed with qRT-PCR. In situ hybridization for the most differentially expressed miRNAs was performed to show miRNA expression in tumor cells, but not in background cells. MiR-21 and miR-19b showed the highest expression levels. No significant differences were seen between germinal center and non-germinal center diffuse large B-cell lymphomas in either the total or the nodal group for any of the 15 miRNAs. Two miRNAs showed significant differences in expression levels for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma subgroups according to the site of presentation. MiR-17-5p showed a significant higher expression level in the central nervous system compared with testicular and nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (P<0.05). MiR-127 levels were significantly higher in testicular than in central nervous system and in nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (P<0.05). We conclude that the location of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is an important factor in determining the differential expression of miRNAs.
    Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Modern Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by genetic instability and a poor prognosis. Many blastoid variants are (hypo)tetraploid and have an even worse prognosis. We investigated the role of signalling by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in MCL. As compared to normal tonsil B cells, MCL cells showed higher activation of the JNK MAPK in both an MAPK array and a sandwich ELISA assay. Immunohistochemistry showed overexpression of phospho (p)-JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) in 30 of 37 MCL cases. Inhibition of p-JNK with SP600125 resulted in growth arrest in all four MCL cell lines (Jeko-1, HBL-2, UPN-1, Granta-519), which could be partly reversed by the addition of CD40L and IL-4. Furthermore, SP600125 led to G2/M phase arrest on day 1 and a striking increase in endoreduplication on day 2 and day 3, which was confirmed by karyotype analysis. G2/M arrest was associated with down-regulation of EGR1 and p21 protein expression. SP600125-induced polyploidy could be blocked by the BCL-2 inhibitor YC137. These data suggest that constitutive JNK activity is necessary to promote proliferation and maintain diploidy in MCL. JNK inhibition leads to cell cycle deregulation and endoreduplication, mimicking the tetraploid state seen in a subset of MCL cases. Thus, our data also provide an experimental model to study polyploid MCL cells.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · The Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy with alemtuzumab and the combination of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, oncovin, and prednisone (CHOP) has become experimental trial therapy for aggressive T-cell lymphoma. Several multicenter phase 3 trials will incorporate this scheme. As part of an ongoing phase 2 trial in which we recently treated 20 patients with 8 cycles of CHOP every 2 weeks with 3 additional doses of 30 mg alemtuzumab per cycle, we observed the development of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease, after completion of the immunochemotherapy in 3 patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Because the occurrence of EBV-positive lymphoproliferative disease is rare after alemtuzumab monotherapy, such as is given for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, we think that early reporting of this potential side effect is warranted. It may be caused by intrinsic T-cell defects in patients with T-cell lymphoma, or by the combination of alemtuzumab with CHOP chemotherapy.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: Several miRNAs have been reported to be associated with immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) mutation and ZAP-70 expression status in blood samples of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (B-CLL/SLL). In the bone marrow and lymphoid tissues, proliferation centres (PCs) represent an important site of activation and proliferation of the neoplastic cells, suggesting that these tissues better reflect the biology of CLL than circulating blood cells. We collected 33 lymph nodes and 37 blood CLL samples and analysed IgH mutation status and ZAP-70 expression status. Expression of 15 miRNAs was analysed by qRT-PCR and RNA-ISH. Sixty-three per cent of the lymph node cases contained mutated IgH genes and 49% of the lymph node cases were ZAP-70-positive, and a significant correlation was observed between ZAP-70 expression and IgH mutation status. Of the blood CLL samples, 49% contained mutated IgH sequences. The miRNA expression pattern in CLL lymph node and blood samples was very similar. Three of 15 miRNAs (miR-16, miR-21, and miR-150) showed a high expression level in both blood and lymph node samples. No difference was observed between ZAP-70-positive or -negative and between IgH-mutated or unmutated cases. No correlation was found between miR-15a and miR-16 expression levels and 13q14 deletion in the blood CLL samples. RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) revealed strong homogeneous staining of miR-150 in the tumour cells outside the PCs. In reverse BIC/pri-miR-155 expression was observed mainly in individual cells including prolymphocytes of the PCs. This reciprocal pattern likely reflects the different functions and targets of miR-150 and miR-155.
    Full-text · Article · May 2008 · The Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: A 37-year-old woman presented with malaise, upper abdominal pain and fever seven months after renal transplantation. She was seronegative for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and had received a kidney from a seropositive donor. She had received CMV prophylaxis (oral ganciclovir) for three months after transplantation. During this period all tests for CMV remained negative. On admission, she presented with symptoms compatible with an acute abdomen and with deterioration of renal function. On emergency laparotomy a perforation of the ileum was found. The resected specimen showed an ulcer with vasculitis at the site of perforation, with both microscopic (owl's eye inclusion bodies), as well as immunohistochemical evidence for a CMV infection. CMV can reactivate (usually in the first three months) after transplantation, sometimes resulting in serious morbidity. The use of antiviral prophylaxis during and after transplantation has certainly decreased the number and severity of CMV infections. This case illustrates that life-threatening infections such as CMV can still emerge a long time after transplantation. Unrelenting awareness of this condition is mandatory, even after apparently adequate anti-CMV prophylaxis.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2005 · The Netherlands Journal of Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A prompt distinction of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) versus diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) has important clinical implications; however, this distinction can be difficult. We analyzed 74 adult gray zone and 10 reference pediatric BL using immunohistochemistry (Ki-67, CD10, bcl2, bcl6) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 breakpoints. Two algorithms for classification were followed: algorithm A used a two-step review by four hemato-pathologists and algorithm B a set of only biologic markers (Ki-67 > or = 90%, CD10+, bcl6+, bcl2-, MYC breakpoint+, BCL2 and BCL6 breakpoint-). Both algorithms categorized all reference cases as BL. In the adult group, algorithm A resulted in 21 adult BL and 52 DLBCL and algorithm B in 23 BL and 51 "non-Burkitt" lymphomas (nBL); 9 cases (12%) contained two different translocations and were categorized as nBL in algorithm B. Fifteen cases (20%) fulfilled the BL criteria of both algorithms. Although not considered as BL according to both algorithms, many other lymphomas showed nonetheless a phenotypic and/or genetic shift to BL. BL according to algorithm B was more homogeneous with respect to clinical presentation (gender and localization) than BL defined by algorithm A. Our data suggest that only a few cases of these gray zone lymphomas represent true de novo BL. Immunohistochemistry for Ki-67, CD10, and bcl2 with analysis of MYC and preferably also BCL2 and BCL6 may be advised as a marker panel for this diagnostic dilemma.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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    Full-text · Article · May 2005 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study the immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-xl, a downstream target of the IL-6-controlled signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (Stat3) was studied in 40 multiple myeloma (MM) cases before treatment and 11 MM patients at relapse. Correlation analysis was performed between Bcl-xl expression, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, beta-2-microglobulin (beta2m), microvessel density (MVD), and clinical outcome. Before treatment 28 (70%) patients demonstrated a Bcl-xl expression similar to normal plasma cells ("normal pattern"), while 12 (30%) patients demonstrated an elevated expression in a subgroup of the malignant plasma cells. At relapse, no change in Bcl-xl expression was observed as compared to pretreatment sample. No correlation was observed between the Bcl-xl expression and the level of CRP and b2m. In addition, no significant correlation was observed between the Bcl-xl expression and the MVD, but MVD was significantly increased as compared to normal bone marrow biopsy specimens (p=0.02). Patients with an elevated or normal Bcl-xl expression showed no statistically significant difference in overall and event-free survival. In summary, these data indicate that Bcl-xl is elevated in a subgroup of MM patients that so far did not correlate with CRP, b2m, MVD, and clinical outcome.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2005 · Medical Oncology

Publication Stats

588 Citations
125.23 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2015
    • University of Groningen
      • • Department of Pathology and Medical Biology
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 2002-2012
    • Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands