Shao Hua Wang

University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

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Publications (2)1.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of blood with foreign artificial surfaces during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been recognized as a major stimulus in evoking a systemic inflammatory and metabolic response. Phosphorylcholine (PC) is a new-generation coating material designed to ameliorate biocompatibility and thereby to reduce the detrimental interactions of CPB. We studied the effects of PC-coated perfusion circuits on platelet function and the humoral and cellular response to CPB. Thirty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized to PC-coated (PC group, n = 15) and noncoated (control group, n = 15) circuit groups. Clinical data, total blood loss, and pre- and postoperative platelet counts were recorded and IL-6 and TNF-alpha, CD41a, CD42b, and CD62p were measured at induction of anesthesia, after the initiation of CPB and at termination of CPB. There was a significantly improved preservation of platelet count following CPB in the PC group (p = 0.028), which was sustained over a period of 72 hours. The use of PC-coated circuits further resulted in a significant attenuation of TNF-alpha and IL-6 expression (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01); however, we were unable to detect any differences in clinical outcomes. Despite similar clinical outcome, the obvious reduction of cytokine expression and improved preservation of platelet count suggest superior biocompatibility of PC-coated circuits.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Journal of Cardiac Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The Registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) 2001 Annual Report indicated that the vast majority of heart transplant recipients are between 50 and 64 years of age. However, patient age beyond 60 years may have higher long-term mortality compared to younger patients. The purpose of this study was to compare short- and intermediate-term results including rates of acute rejection, transplant coronary artery disease, infections, malignancy, and mortality in cardiac transplant recipients 60 years or older with those below the age of 60 years. We retrospectively analyzed the results of 50 patients aged 60 years and older who underwent heart transplantation at the University of Alberta from January 1990 to December 2000 and compared them with the results of 225 younger patients undergoing heart transplantation in the same time period. The older and younger groups had similar rates for treated acute rejection episodes (20.0% vs. 12.6%), transplant coronary artery disease (4.0% vs. 1.1%), and mortality (10.5% vs. 14.3%), respectively. No differences were noted with regards to quality and quantity of infection or malignancy rates. Five-year actuarial survival between the older and younger patients was also comparable at 89.5% vs.86.9% (p > 0.05). Heart transplantation in patients 60 years of age and older can be performed as successfully as in younger patients (< 60 years) with comparable morbidity and mortality, suggesting that patient age per se should not be an exclusion criterion for heart transplantation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Journal of Cardiac Surgery