S Aoki

Kyoto University, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan

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Publications (320)625.32 Total impact

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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a study of chiral behavior of light meson form factors in QCD with three flavors of overlap quarks. Gauge ensembles are generated at single lattice spacing 0.12 fm with pion masses down to 300 MeV. The pion and kaon electromagnetic form factors and the kaon semileptonic form factors are precisely calculated using the all-to-all quark propagator. We discuss their chiral behavior using the next-to-next-to-leading order chiral perturbation theory.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OpenCL and OpenACC are generic frameworks for heterogeneous programming using CPU and accelerator devices such as GPUs. They have contrasting features: the former explicitly controls devices through API functions, while the latter generates such procedures along a guide of the directives inserted by a programmer. In this paper, we apply these two frameworks to a general-purpose code set for numerical simulations of lattice QCD, which is a computational physics of elementary particles based on the Monte Carlo method. The fermion matrix inversion, which is usually the most time-consuming part of the lattice QCD simulations, is offloaded to the accelerator devices. From a viewpoint of constructing reusable components based on the object-oriented programming and also tuning the code to achieve high performance, we discuss feasibility of these frameworks through the practical implementations.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Procedia Computer Science
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: JLDG is a data-grid for the lattice QCD (LQCD) community in Japan. Several large research groups in Japan have been working on lattice QCD simulations using supercomputers distributed over distant sites. The JLDG provides such collaborations with an efficient method of data management and sharing.File servers installed on 9 sites are connected to the NII SINET VPN and are bound into a single file system with the GFarm. The file system looks the same from any sites, so that users can do analyses on a supercomputer on a site, using data generated and stored in the JLDG at a different site.We present a brief description of hardware and software of the JLDG, including a recently developed subsystem for cooperating with the HPCI shared storage, and report performance and statistics of the JLDG. As of April 2015, 15 research groups (61 users) store their daily research data of 4.7PB including replica and 68 million files in total. Number of publications for works which used the JLDG is 98. The large number of publications and recent rapid increase of disk usage convince us that the JLDG has grown up into a useful infrastructure for LQCD community in Japan.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Physics Conference Series
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We study the chiral behavior of the electromagnetic (EM) form factors of pion and kaon in three-flavor lattice QCD. In order to make a direct comparison of the lattice data with chiral perturbation theory (ChPT), we employ the overlap quark action that has exact chiral symmetry. Gauge ensembles are generated at a lattice spacing of 0.11 fm with four pion masses ranging between M_pi \simeq 290 MeV and 540 MeV and with a strange quark mass m_s close to its physical value. We utilize the all-to-all quark propagator technique to calculate the EM form factors with high precision. Their dependence on m_s and on the momentum transfer is studied by using the reweighting technique and the twisted boundary conditions for the quark fields, respectively. A detailed comparison with SU(2) and SU(3) ChPT reveals that the next-to-next-to-leading order terms in the chiral expansion are important to describe the chiral behavior of the form factors in the pion mass range studied in this work. We estimate the relevant low-energy constants and the charge radii, and find reasonable agreement with phenomenological and experimental results.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The flavor-singlet component of the eta prime meson is related to the topological structure of the SU(3) gauge field through the chiral anomaly. We perform a 2+1-flavor lattice QCD calculation and demonstrate that the two-point function of a gluonically defined topological charge density after a short Yang-Mills gradient flow contains the propagation of the eta prime meson, by showing that its mass in the chiral and continuum limit is consistent with the experimental value. The gluonic correlator does not suffer from the contamination of the pion contribution, and the clean signal is obtained at significantly lower numerical cost compared to the conventional method with the quark bilinear operators.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Physical Review D
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We are developing a new code set "Bridge++" for lattice QCD (Quantum Chromodynamics) simulations. It aims at an extensible, readable, and portable workbench, while achieving high performance. Bridge++ covers popular lattice actions and numerical algorithms. The code set is constructed in C++ with an object oriented programming. In this paper, we describe our code design focusing on the use of accelerators such as GPGPUs. For portability our implementation employs OpenCL to control the devices while encapsulates the details of manipulation by providing generalized interfaces. The code is successfully applied to several recent accelerators.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Procedia Computer Science
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Global topological charge decorrelates very slowly or even freezes in fine lattice simulations. On the other hand, its local fluctuations are expected to survive and lead to the correct physical results as long as the volume is large enough. We investigate this issue on recently generated configurations including dynamical domain-wall fermions at lattice spacings a = 0.08 fm and finer. We utilize the Yang-Mills gradient flow to define the topological charge density operator and calculate its long-distance correlation, through which we propose a new method for extracting the topological susceptibility in a sub-volume. This method takes care of the finite volume correction, which reduces the bias caused by the global topological charge. Our lattice data clearly show a shorter auto-correlation time than that of the naive definition using the whole lattice, and are less sensitive to the global topological history. Numerical results show a clear sea-quark mass dependence, which agrees well with the prediction of chiral perturbation theory.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We are developing a new lattice QCD code set "Bridge++" aiming at extensible, readable, and portable workbench for QCD simulations, while keeping a high performance at the same time. Bridge++ covers conventional lattice actions and numerical algorithms. The code set is constructed in C++ with an object oriented programming. In this paper we describe fundamental ingredients of the code and the current status of development.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Physics Conference Series
  • No preview · Article · May 2014
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We calculate the electromagnetic pion form factor in lattice QCD with 2+1 flavors of the dynamical overlap quarks. Up and down quark masses are set below their physical values so that the system is in the so-called epsilon regime with the small size of our lattice ~ 1.8 fm. The finite volume corrections are generally expected to be ~ 100% in the epsilon regime. We, however, find a way to automatically cancel the dominant part of them. Inserting non-zero momenta and taking appropriate ratios of the two and three point functions, we can eliminate the contribution from the zero-momentum pion mode. Then the remaining finite volume effect is a small perturbation from the non-zero modes. Our lattice data agree with this theoretical prediction and the extracted pion charge radius is consistent with the experiment.
    Preview · Article · May 2014 · Physical Review D
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We carry out a comparative study among five-dimensional formulations of chirally symmetric fermions about the algorithmic performance, chiral symmetry violation and topological tunneling to find a computationally inexpensive formulation with good chiral symmetry. With our choice of the lattice action, we have launched large-scale simulations on fine lattices aiming at a precision study of light and heavy quark physics. We report on the comparative study, current status of the large-scale simulations, and preliminary results on the residual quark mass and auto-correlation.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigate the eigenvalues of nearly chiral lattice Dirac operators constructed with five-dimensional implementations. Allowing small violation of the Ginsparg-Wilson relation, the HMC simulation is made much faster while the eigenvalues are not significantly affected. We discuss the possibility of reweighting the gauge configurations generated with domain-wall fermions to those of exactly chiral lattice fermions.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We study the phase structure of lattice QCD with heavy quarks at finite temperature and density by a histogram method. We determine the location of the critical point at which the first-order deconfining transition in the heavy-quark limit turns into a crossover at intermediate quark masses through a change of the shape of the histogram under variation of coupling parameters. We estimate the effect of the complex phase factor which causes the sign problem at finite density, and show that, in heavy-quark QCD, the effect is small around the critical point. We determine the critical surface in 2+1 flavor QCD in the heavy-quark region at all values of the chemical potential mu including mu=infty.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Physical Review D
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    T. Kurth · N. Ishii · T. Doi · S. Aoki · T. Hatsuda
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD study of the phase shift of I = 2 ππ scattering on the basis of two different approaches: the standard finite volume approach by Lüscher and the recently introduced HAL QCD potential method. Quenched QCD simulations are performed on lattices with extents N s = 16, 24, 32, 48 and N t = 128 as well as lattice spacing a ~ 0.115 fm and a pion mass of m π ~ 940 MeV. The phase shift and the scattering length are calculated in these two methods. In the potential method, the error is dominated by the systematic uncertainty associated with the violation of rotational symmetry due to finite lattice spacing. In Lüscher’s approach, such systematic uncertainty is difficult to be evaluated and thus is not included in this work. A systematic uncertainty attributed to the quenched approximation, however, is not evaluated in both methods. In case of the potential method, the phase shift can be calculated for arbitrary energies below the inelastic threshold. The energy dependence of the phase shift is also obtained from Lüscher’s method using different volumes and/or nonrest-frame extension of it. The results are found to agree well with the potential method.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a first attempt to determine nucleon-nucleon potentials in the parity-odd sector, which appear in 1P1, 3P0, 3P1, 3P2-3F2 channels, in Nf=2 lattice QCD simulations. These potentials are constructed from the Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter wave functions for J^P=0^-, 1^- and 2^-, which correspond to A1^-, T1^- and T2^- + E^- representation of the cubic group, respectively. We have found a large and attractive spin-orbit potential VLS(r) in the isospin-triplet channel, which is qualitatively consistent with the phenomenological determination from the experimental scattering phase shifts. The potentials obtained from lattice QCD are used to calculate the scattering phase shifts in 1P1, 3P0, 3P1 and 3P2-3F2 channels. The strong attractive spin-orbit force and a weak repulsive central force in spin-triplet P-wave channels lead to an attraction in the 3P2 channel, which is related to the P-wave neutron paring in neutron stars.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Physics Letters B
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigate the charmed baryon mass spectrum using the relativistic heavy quark action on 2+1 flavor PACS-CS configurations previously generated on $32^3 \times 64$ lattice. The dynamical up-down and strange quark masses are tuned to their physical values, reweighted from those employed in the configuration generation. At the physical point, the inverse lattice spacing determined from the $\Omega$ baryon mass gives $a^{-1}=2.194(10)$ GeV, and thus the spatial extent becomes $L = 32 a = 2.88(1)$ fm. Our results for the charmed baryon masses are consistent with experimental values, except for the mass of $\Xi_{cc}$, which has been measured by only one experimental group so far and has not been confirmed yet by others. In addition, we report values of other doubly and triply charmed baryon masses, which have never been measured experimentally.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We study thermodynamic properties of 2+1 flavor QCD with improved Wilson quarks coupled with the RG improved Iwasaki glue, using the fixed scale approach. We present the results for the equation of state, renormalized Polyakov loop, and chiral condensate.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We study the phase structure of QCD at high temperature and density by lattice QCD simulations adopting a histogram method. We try to solve the problems which arise in the numerical study of the finite density QCD, focusing on the probability distribution function (histogram). As a first step, we investigate the quark mass dependence and the chemical potential dependence of the probability distribution function as a function of the Polyakov loop when all quark masses are sufficiently large, and study the properties of the distribution function. The effect from the complex phase of the quark determinant is estimated explicitly. The shape of the distribution function changes with the quark mass and the chemical potential. Through the shape of the distribution, the critical surface which separates the first order transition and crossover regions in the heavy quark region is determined for the 2+1-flavor case.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We calculate the kaon semileptonic form factors in lattice QCD with three flavors of dynamical overlap quarks. Gauge ensembles are generated at pion masses as low as 290 MeV and at a strange quark mass near its physical value. We precisely calculate relevant meson correlators using the all-to-all quark propagator. Twisted boundary conditions and the reweighting technique are employed to vary the momentum transfer and the strange quark mass. We discuss the chiral behavior of the form factors by comparing with chiral perturbation theory and experiments.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We consider how to extract the pion form factors in the epsilon regime. Using the correlators with non-zero momenta and taking appropriate ratios of them, we eliminate the dominant finite volume effect from the zero-momentum pion mode. Our preliminary lattice result for the pion charge radius is consistent with the experiment.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012