Sean A. Gray

Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States

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Publications (2)4.1 Total impact

  • Sean A. Gray · Michael E. Konkel
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    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is a Gram negative, microaerophilic pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. The genome of C. jejuni is AT-rich, with a mol% G + C of 30.4. This high AT content was hypothesized to result in unique codon usage. In the present study, we analyzed the codon usage of sixty-seven C. jejuni genes and generated a codon frequency table. As predicted, the codon usage of C. jejuni revealed a strong bias towards codons ending in A or U. In addition to determining codon usage frequencies, the relative synonymous codon usage values were calculated to identify rare and optimal codons. Seventeen codons were identified as optimal and twelve codons as rare. Thirty-two codons exhibited little or no bias. A plot of the effective number of codons versus the third position %G + C values for the sixty-seven genes revealed that C. jejuni uses an average of 39 of the 61 codons to encode proteins. These data will be useful for various molecular analyses including selection of degenerate primers to screen C. jejuni-genomic DNA libraries.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
  • John D Klena · Sean A Gray · Michael E Konkel
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    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are common causes of gastrointestinal disease and a proportion of C. jejuni infections have been shown to be associated with the Guillain–Barré syndrome. The waaC gene from Campylobacter coli, involved in lipopolysaccharide core biosynthesis, was cloned by complementation of a heptose-deficient strain of Salmonella typhimurium, as judged by novobiocin sensitivity, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-specific phage sensitivity, and polyacrylamide-resolved lipopolysaccharide profiles. The C. jejuni waaC gene was subsequently cloned using the waaC gene isolated from C. coli as a probe. The C. jejuni and C. coli waaC genes are capable of encoding proteins of 342 amino acids with calculated molecular masses of 39 381 Da and 39 317 Da, respectively. Sequence and in-vitro analyses suggested that the C. coli waaC gene may be transcribed from its own promoter. Translation of the C. coli waaC gene in a cell-free system yielded a protein with a Mr of 39 000. The waaC gene was detected in every C. jejuni and C. coli isolate tested as judged by dot-blot hybridization analysis. Southern hybridization analysis indicated that both Campylobacter species contain a single copy of the waaC gene. Unlike Escherichia coli and S. typhimurium isolates, the waaC gene in C. jejuni and C. coli isolates does not appear to be linked to the waaF (rfaF) gene.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1998 · Gene

Publication Stats

24 Citations
4.10 Total Impact Points


  • 1998
    • Washington State University
      • School of Molecular Biosciences
      Pullman, Washington, United States