Ryuzo Ohno

Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (2)8.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate treatment effects of thrombomodulin alfa (TM-α) in patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) having infection as the underlying disease, retrospective subanalysis of a double-blind, randomized controlled phase 3 trial was conducted. In the phase 3 trial, 227 DIC patients (full-analysis set) having infection and/or hematologic malignancy as the underlying disease received either TM-α (0.06 mg·kg for 30 min once daily) or heparin (8 U·kg·h for 24 h) for 6 days using the double-dummy method. Among these patients, 147 patients with noninfectious comorbidity leading to severe thrombocytopenia (e.g., hematologic malignancy, or aplastic anemia) were excluded from the present analysis, and 80 patients with infectious disease and DIC were extracted and subjected to the present retrospective subanalysis. Disseminated intravascular coagulation resolution rates were determined using the DIC diagnostic criteria for critically ill patients at 7 days, and mortality rates were evaluated at 28 days. In the TM-α and heparin groups, DIC resolution rates were 67.5% (27/40) and 55.6% (20/36), and 28-day mortality rates were 21.4% (9/42) and 31.6% (12/38), respectively. Mortality rates of patients who recovered from DIC were 3.7% (1/27) in the TM-α group and 15% (3/20) in the heparin group. These results suggest TM-α may be valuable in the treatment of DIC associated with infection.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Shock (Augusta, Ga.)
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    ABSTRACT: Soluble thrombomodulin is a promising therapeutic natural anticoagulant that is comparable to antithrombin, tissue factor pathway inhibitor and activated protein C. We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial to compare the efficacy and safety of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (ART-123) to those of low-dose heparin for the treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) associated with hematologic malignancy or infection. DIC patients (n = 234) were assigned to receive ART-123 (0.06 mg kg(-1) for 30 min, once daily) or heparin sodium (8 U kg(-1) h(-1) for 24 h) for 6 days, using a double-dummy method. The primary efficacy endpoint was DIC resolution rate. The secondary endpoints included clinical course of bleeding symptoms and mortality rate at 28 days. DIC was resolved in 66.1% of the ART-123 group, as compared with 49.9% of the heparin group [difference 16.2%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.3-29.1]. Patients in the ART-123 group also showed more marked improvement in clinical course of bleeding symptoms (P = 0.0271). The incidence of bleeding-related adverse events up to 7 days after the start of infusion was lower in the ART-123 group than in the heparin group (43.1% vs. 56.5%, P = 0.0487). When compared with heparin therapy, ART-123 therapy more significantly improves DIC and alleviates bleeding symptoms in DIC patients.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis