Reid C Thompson

Vanderbilt University, Нашвилл, Michigan, United States

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Publications (112)413.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The optimal timing and frequency of postoperative imaging surveillance after a meningioma resection are not well-established. The low recurrence rates and slow growth of World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I meningiomas in particular have raised doubts about the utility of postoperative imaging surveillance. We sought to analyze the cost and utility of asymptomatic surveillance imaging in elderly patients after the resection of a WHO Grade I meningioma. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 45 patients who had a primary WHO Grade I meningioma resected at our institution between 2001-2013 at or above the age of 60 with a minimum of 2years of follow-up. All postoperative clinic notes were reviewed alongside imaging results to verify that patients were asymptomatic during the surveillance period. MRI and CT scan costs (all $USD) were estimated at $599.61 and $334.31 respectively based on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid national averages. During an average follow-up period of 4.5years, the average number of total imaging studies performed per asymptomatic patient was 3.58 with an average total cost of $2086.30 per patient. Forty-two (93%) patients had no new abnormal findings on any of their imaging. Three (7%) patients demonstrated either a new meningioma or progressive growth of the postoperative residual tumor on imaging. No asymptomatic patient underwent a reoperation. Our data suggest that elderly patients with resected WHO Grade I meningiomas are at low risk for recurrence and may not need asymptomatic surveillance imaging for the first several postoperative years.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Clinical Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: Previous authors have identified a number of factors that predict morbidity, mortality, and recurrence in patients undergoing resection of a meningioma. We sought to study a novel potential prognostic indicator: early postoperative visit to the emergency department (ED). We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 239 patients who underwent a meningioma resection at our institution between 2001 and 2013 with over 3months of follow-up postoperatively. All postoperative entries in the medical record were reviewed to identify any ED visit with a neurologic or wound-related complaint within a 90day postoperative period. The relationships between ED presentation, tumor grade, and extent of surgical resection with future risk of operative recurrence and mortality were analyzed using Fisher's exact test. Variables associated with increased risks of mortality or operative recurrence in a univariate analysis were then included in the multivariate logistic regression model. Patients with a postoperative ED visit were found to be significantly more likely to die during the follow-up period (23.0% versus 4.85%, p<0.0001) or develop an eventual operative recurrence (12.2% versus 3.0%, p=0.0131). Postoperative ED presentation was found to be associated with a higher risk of mortality and operative recurrence independent of pathological tumor grade (p<0.0001 and p=0.0102, respectively). Presentation to the ED is associated with significantly higher rates of future operative recurrence and mortality in patients with recent meningioma resections. This poor prognostic relationship is independent of tumor pathological grade. Increased vigilance and follow-up may be warranted in such patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Clinical Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: Current positron emission tomography (PET) imaging biomarkers for detection of infiltrating gliomas are limited. Translocator protein (TSPO) is a novel and promising biomarker for glioma PET imaging. To validate TSPO as a potential target for molecular imaging of glioma, TSPO expression was assayed in a tumor microarray containing 37 high-grade (III, IV) gliomas. TSPO staining was detected in all tumor specimens. Subsequently, PET imaging was performed with an aryloxyanilide-based TSPO ligand, [18F]PBR06, in primary orthotopic xenograft models of WHO grade III and IV gliomas. Selective uptake of [18F]PBR06 in engrafted tumor was measured. Furthermore, PET imaging with [18F]PBR06 demonstrated infiltrative glioma growth that was undetectable by traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Preliminary PET with [18F]PBR06 demonstrated a preferential tumor-to-normal background ratio in comparison to 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose ([18F]FDG). These results suggest that TSPO PET imaging with such high-affinity radiotracers may represent a novel strategy to characterize distinct molecular features of glioma growth, as well as better define the extent of glioma infiltration for therapeutic purposes.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Brain shift during neurosurgical procedures must be corrected for in order to reestablish accurate alignment for successful image-guided tumor resection. Sparse-data-driven biomechanical models that predict physiological brain shift by accounting for typical deformation-inducing events such as cerebrospinal fluid drainage, hyperosmotic drugs, swelling, retraction, resection, and tumor cavity collapse are an inexpensive solution. This study evaluated the robustness and accuracy of a biomechanical model-based brain shift correction system to assist with tumor resection surgery in 16 clinical cases. Methods: Preoperative computation involved the generation of a patient-specific finite element model of the brain and creation of an atlas of brain deformation solutions calculated using a distribution of boundary and deformation-inducing forcing conditions (e.g., sag, tissue contraction, and tissue swelling). The optimum brain shift solution was determined using an inverse problem approach which linearly combines solutions from the atlas to match the cortical surface deformation data collected intraoperatively. The computed deformations were then used to update the preoperative images for all 16 patients. Results: The mean brain shift measured ranged on average from 2.5 to 21.3 mm, and the biomechanical model-based correction system managed to account for the bulk of the brain shift, producing a mean corrected error ranging on average from 0.7 to 4.0 mm. Conclusions: Biomechanical models are an inexpensive means to assist intervention via correction for brain deformations that can compromise surgical navigation systems. To our knowledge, this study represents the most comprehensive clinical evaluation of a deformation correction pipeline for image-guided neurosurgery.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Exposure to surgical sub-specialties is limited during the preclinical years of medical school. To offset this limitation, the authors created a Neurosurgery Elective for first and second year medical students. The objective was to provide each student with early exposure to neurosurgery by combining clinical experience with faculty discussions about the academic and personal realities of a career in neurosurgery. Methods: From 2012 to 2013, the authors offered a Neurosurgery Elective to first and second year medical students. Each class consisted of the following: 1) peer-reviewed article analysis; 2) student presentation; 3) faculty academic lecture; 4) faculty personal lecture with question and answer period. Results: Thirty-five students were enrolled over a two-year period. After completing the elective, students were more likely to: consider neurosurgery as a future career (p<0.0001), perceive the personalities of attendings to be more collegial and friendly (p=0.0002), perceive attending quality of life to be higher (p<0.0001), and feel it was achievable to be a neurosurgeon and have a family (p<0.0001). The elective did not alter students' perceived difficulty of training (p=0.7105). Conclusions: The Neurosurgery Elective significantly increased knowledge across several areas, changed perception about collegiality, quality of life, and family/work balance, while not altering the students' views about the difficulty of training. Adopting a neurosurgery elective can significantly change attitudes about the field of neurosurgery and has potential to increase interest in pursuing a career in neurosurgery.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · World Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Complementary therapy (CAM) is common in cancer patients. We undertook this study to assess the association of complementary therapy usage with mortality in glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Methods: The analysis was based on 470 patients. Information on current use of CAM was collected in structured interviews conducted a median of 6 weeks following GBM diagnosis. Proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for GBM-related death according to the use of individual supplements with multivariate adjustment for known prognostic factors including age, KPS, and extent of tumor resection (ESR). Results: Use of CAM agents was common, with 77% of the cohort reporting CAM usage. No mortality association was observed with the use of multivitamins (HR = 0.91; P = .40) or omega-3 fatty acids (HR = 1.07; P = .69). Patients taking vitamin D as an individual supplement (containing higher dosages than in a multivitamin) had reduced mortality when compared with nonusers (age-adjusted HR = 0.68; P = .02). However, the association was diminished after adjustment for KPS and ESR (HR = 0.74; P = .09). Use of herbal supplements was also associated with reduced mortality (HR = 0.58; P = .04). Vitamin E users had a nonsignificantly higher mortality when compared with nonusers (HR = 1.54; P = .09). Conclusions: Use of CAM is common in GBM patients. These exploratory analyses suggest no mortality association with the use of multivitamins or omega-3 fatty acids. Associations observed with vitamins D and E merit further investigation.
    No preview · Article · May 2015
  • Jacob B. Hunter · Kyle D. Weaver · Reid C. Thompson · George B. Wanna
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    ABSTRACT: Petroclival meningiomas are most commonly found in women around 50 years of age and have the general tendency to grow and affect several cranial nerves. At presentation, many patients complain of headaches, gait disturbances and cranial neuropathies. Treatment options include surgery, with a variety of surgical approaches, and or radiotherapy. Current trends support subtotal resection with postoperative radiotherapy. This review summarizes the literature of petroclival meningiomas, discussing topics including definitions, genetics, common presenting signs and symptoms, imaging characteristics, natural history, common surgical approaches, surgical outcomes, complications, and radiotherapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
  • Katie Mingo · Alex D. Sweeney · Reid C. Thompson · Alejandro Rivas

    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the emergence of multiple management options for patients with vestibular schwannomas, surgery remains an important part of the treatment algorithm. The retrosigmoid, translabyrinthine, and middle fossa craniotomies are the three most commonly employed approaches for microsurgical resection. Each has inherent advantages and limitations, which are described in this article. Additionally, we present indications and procedural highlights for each.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
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    ABSTRACT: One of the major challenges impeding advancement in image-guided surgical (IGS) systems is the soft-tissue deformation during surgical procedures. These deformations reduce the utility of the patient's preoperative images and may produce inaccuracies in the application of preoperative surgical plans. Solutions to compensate for the tissue deformations include the acquisition of intraoperative tomographic images of the whole organ for direct displacement measurement and techniques that combines intraoperative organ surface measurements with computational biomechanical models to predict subsurface displacements. The later solution has the advantage of being less expensive and amenable to surgical workflow. Several modalities such as textured laser scanners, conoscopic holography, and stereo-pair cameras have been proposed for the intraoperative 3D estimation of organ surfaces to drive patient-specific biomechanical models for the intraoperative update of preoperative images. Though each modality has its respective advantages and disadvantages, stereo-pair camera approaches used within a standard operating microscope is the focus of this article. A new method that permits the automatic and near real-time estimation of 3D surfaces (at 1Hz) under varying magnifications of the operating microscope is proposed. This method has been evaluated on a CAD phantom object and on full-length neurosurgery video sequences (∼1h) acquired intraoperatively by the proposed stereovision system. To the best of our knowledge, this type of validation study on full-length brain tumor surgery videos has not been done before. The method for estimating the unknown magnification factor of the operating microscope achieves accuracy within 0.02 of the theoretical value on a CAD phantom and within 0.06 on 4 clinical videos of the entire brain tumor surgery. When compared to a laser range scanner, the proposed method for reconstructing 3D surfaces intraoperatively achieves root mean square errors (surface-to-surface distance) in the 0.28-0.81mm range on the phantom object and in the 0.54-1.35mm range on 4 clinical cases. The digitization accuracy of the presented stereovision methods indicate that the operating microscope can be used to deliver the persistent intraoperative input required by computational biomechanical models to update the patient's preoperative images and facilitate active surgical guidance.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Medical Image Analysis
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    ABSTRACT: The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score is a widespread metric to stratify patient prognosis and determine appropriate management in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM). Low preoperative KPS values have been associated with shorter overall survival (OS). However, surgical resection can have a dramatic effect on a patient's functional status which subsequently alters their KPS score. To determine the predictive value of preoperative verses postoperative KPS scores in terms of OS in patients with GBM. We conducted a retrospective review of 163 patients who underwent initial surgical intervention for pathologically proven GBM at our institution between 2003 and 2013. Pre and postoperative performance status, demographic, operative, and treatment variables were recorded for each patient. Multivariate regression analysis identified predictors of prolonged OS. The adequacy index was calculated to compare the predictive value of preoperative and postoperative KPS score. Median preoperative and postoperative KPS scores were 70 and 80, respectively. Overall, 92 (57 %) patients experienced an improvement in their KPS score, 40 (25 %) remained stable, and 29 (18 %) declined. Higher postoperative KPS (P = 0.0001), radiation therapy (P < 0.0001), younger age (P = 0.0443) and the absence of diabetes (P = 0.0006) were each independently associated with increased OS in a multivariate regression model. Postoperative KPS score has superior predictive value compared to pre-operative KPS score (A = 0.758 vs. 1.002). Postoperative KPS scores have superior predictive capabilities in terms of OS in GBM and should replace preoperative KPS scores when estimating prognosis in this population.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Neuro-Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: In brain tumor surgery, soft-tissue deformation, known as brain shift, introduces inaccuracies in the application of the preoperative surgical plan and impedes the advancement of image-guided surgical (IGS) systems. Considerable progress in using patient-specific biomechanical models to update the preoperative images intraoperatively has been made. These model-update methods rely on accurate intraoperative 3D brain surface displacements. In this work, we investigate and develop a fully automatic method to compute these 3D displacements for lengthy (~15 minutes) stereo-pair video sequences acquired during neurosurgery. The first part of the method finds homologous points temporally in the video and the second part computes the nonrigid transformation between these homologous points. Our results, based on parts of 2 clinical cases, show that this speedy and promising method can robustly provide 3D brain surface measurements for use with model-based updating frameworks.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014
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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · The Laryngoscope
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical navigation relies on accurately mapping the intraoperative state of the patient to models derived from preoperative images. In image-guided neurosurgery, soft tissue deformations are common and have been shown to compromise the accuracy of guidance systems. In lieu of whole-brain intraoperative imaging, some advocate the use of intraoperatively acquired sparse data from laser-range scans, ultrasound imaging, or stereo reconstruction coupled with a computational model to drive subsurface deformations. Some authors have reported on compensating for brain sag, swelling, retraction, and the application of pharmaceuticals such as mannitol with these models. To date, strategies for modeling tissue resection have been limited. In this paper, we report our experiences with a novel digitization approach, called a conoprobe, to document tissue resection cavities and assess the impact of resection on model-based guidance systems. Specifically, the conoprobe was used to digitize the interior of the resection cavity during eight brain tumor resection surgeries and then compared against model prediction results of tumor locations. We should note that no effort was made to incorporate resection into the model but rather the objective was to determine if measurement was possible to study the impact on modeling tissue resection. In addition, the digitized resection cavity was compared with early postoperative MRI scans to determine whether these scans can further inform tissue resection. The results demonstrate benefit in model correction despite not having resection explicitly modeled. However, results also indicate the challenge that resection provides for model-correction approaches. With respect to the digitization technology, it is clear that the conoprobe provides important real-time data regarding resection and adds another dimension to our noncontact instrumentation framework for soft-tissue deformation compensation in guidance systems.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional image-guided neurosurgery relies on preoperative images to provide surgical navigational information and visualization. However, these images are no longer accurate once the skull has been opened and brain shift occurs. To account for changes in the shape of the brain caused by mechanical (e.g., gravity-induced deformations) and physiological effects (e.g., hyperosmotic drug-induced shrinking, or edema-induced swelling), updated images of the brain must be provided to the neuronavigation system in a timely manner for practical use in the operating room. In this paper, a novel preoperative and intraoperative computational processing pipeline for near real-time brain shift correction in the operating room was developed to automate and simplify the processing steps. Preoperatively, a computer model of the patient’s brain with a subsequent atlas of potential deformations due to surgery is generated from diagnostic image volumes. In the case of interim gross changes between diagnosis, and surgery when reimaging is necessary, our preoperative pipeline can be generated within one day of surgery. Intraoperatively, sparse data measuring the cortical brain surface is collected using an optically tracked portable laser range scanner. These data are then used to guide an inverse modeling framework whereby full volumetric brain deformations are reconstructed from precomputed atlas solutions to rapidly match intraoperative cortical surface shift measurements. Once complete, the volumetric displacement field is used to update, i.e., deform, preoperative brain images to their intraoperative shifted state. In this paper, five surgical cases were analyzed with respect to the computational pipeline and workflow timing. With respect to postcortical surface data acquisition, the approximate execution time was 4.5 min. The total update process which included positioning the scanner, data acquisition, inverse model processing, and image deforming was ∼ 11&#x- 013;13 min. In addition, easily implemented hardware, software, and workflow processes were identified for improved performance in the near future.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies have recently identified a cancer susceptibility locus at 10p12 mapping to MLLT10 associated with the onset of diverse tumors. We genotyped two tightly linked single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at MLLT10 associated with meningioma (rs12770228) or ovarian cancer (rs1243180), and tested for associations among 295 meningioma cases, 606 glioma cases and 646 noncancer controls, all of European descent. The variant 'A' allele in MLLT10 rs12770228 was associated with an increased risk of meningioma (per allele odds ratio: 1.25; 95% confidence interval: 1.02, 1.53; P=0.031). Similar associations were observed for rs1243180. MLLT10 variants were unrelated to glioma. Functional investigation identified 22 candidate functional SNPs mapping to this region. The present study further validates 10p12 as a meningioma risk locus.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 23 April 2014; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2014.70.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · European journal of human genetics: EJHG
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the surgical management and convalescence of two patients presenting with severe facial nerve weakness associated with small intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas (VS). Retrospective review. Two adult female patients presenting with audiovestibular symptoms and subacute facial nerve paralysis (House-Brackmann Grade IV and V). In both cases, post-contrast T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed an enhancing lesion within the internal auditory canal without lateral extension beyond the fundus. Translabyrinthine exploration demonstrated vestibular nerve origin of tumor, extrinsic to the facial nerve, and frozen section pathology confirmed schwannoma. Gross total tumor resection with VIIth cranial nerve preservation and decompression of the labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve was performed. Both patients recovered full motor function between 6 and 8 months after surgery. Although rare, small VS may cause severe facial neuropathy, mimicking the presentation of facial nerve schwannomas and other less common pathologies. In the absence of labyrinthine extension on MRI, surgical exploration is the only reliable means of establishing a diagnosis. In the case of confirmed VS, early gross total resection with facial nerve preservation and labyrinthine segment decompression may afford full motor recovery-an outcome that cannot be achieved with facial nerve grafting.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Otology & neurotology: official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
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    ABSTRACT: Gender-specific incidence patterns and the presence of hormonal receptors on tumor cells suggest that sex hormones may play a role in the onset of primary brain tumors. However, epidemiological studies on the relation of hormonal risk factors to the risk of brain tumors have been inconsistent. We examined the role of reproductive factors in the onset of glioma and meningioma in a case-control study conducted in the Southeastern US that included 507 glioma cases, 247 meningioma cases, and 695 community-based and friend controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) adjusting for age, race, US state of residence, and education. An older age at menarche was associated with an increased risk of glioma (≥15 vs. ≤12 years: OR 1.65; 95 % CI 1.11-2.45), with a stronger association observed in pre-menopausal (OR 2.22; 95 % CI 1.12-4.39) than post-menopausal (OR 1.55; 95 % CI 0.93-2.58) women. When compared to controls, meningioma cases were more likely to have undergone natural menopause (OR 1.52; 95 % CI 1.04-2.21) whereas glioma cases were less likely to be long term users of oral contraceptives (OR 0.47; 95 % CI 0.33-0.68). Increasing parity was not related to the risk of either tumor. Current findings are consistent with a limited role for hormones in the onset of brain tumors in women. Results contribute to a growing body of evidence that a later age at menarche increases the risk of glioma in women.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of Neuro-Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Medulloblastoma comprises four distinct molecular subgroups: WNT, SHH, Group 3, and Group 4. Current medulloblastoma protocols stratify patients based on clinical features: patient age, metastatic stage, extent of resection, and histologic variant. Stark prognostic and genetic differences among the four subgroups suggest that subgroup-specific molecular biomarkers could improve patient prognostication. Molecular biomarkers were identified from a discovery set of 673 medulloblastomas from 43 cities around the world. Combined risk stratification models were designed based on clinical and cytogenetic biomarkers identified by multivariable Cox proportional hazards analyses. Identified biomarkers were tested using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) on a nonoverlapping medulloblastoma tissue microarray (n = 453), with subsequent validation of the risk stratification models. Subgroup information improves the predictive accuracy of a multivariable survival model compared with clinical biomarkers alone. Most previously published cytogenetic biomarkers are only prognostic within a single medulloblastoma subgroup. Profiling six FISH biomarkers (GLI2, MYC, chromosome 11 [chr11], chr14, 17p, and 17q) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, we can reliably and reproducibly identify very low-risk and very high-risk patients within SHH, Group 3, and Group 4 medulloblastomas. Combining subgroup and cytogenetic biomarkers with established clinical biomarkers substantially improves patient prognostication, even in the context of heterogeneous clinical therapies. The prognostic significance of most molecular biomarkers is restricted to a specific subgroup. We have identified a small panel of cytogenetic biomarkers that reliably identifies very high-risk and very low-risk groups of patients, making it an excellent tool for selecting patients for therapy intensification and therapy de-escalation in future clinical trials.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Clinical Oncology

Publication Stats

2k Citations
413.40 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2015
    • Vanderbilt University
      • Department of Neurological Surgery
      Нашвилл, Michigan, United States
  • 2012
    • SickKids
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2010
    • San Diego Zoo
      San Diego, California, United States
  • 2002
    • Los Angeles Neurosurgical Institute
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 2000-2001
    • University of California, Irvine
      Irvine, California, United States
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      North Carolina, United States
  • 1996-1997
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States