Q Nguyen

University of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States

Are you Q Nguyen?

Claim your profile

Publications (3)21.34 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CMV pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among allogeneic BMT recipients. To assess the frequency, timing, risk factors and response to therapy of CMV pneumonia among autologous BMT recipients, we reviewed our experience with 795 patients. Sixteen (2%) patients were diagnosed with CMV pneumonia. The frequency was higher among patients who were seropositive than those who were seronegative (3.3% vs 0%, P = 0.008). Among seropositive patients, the frequency was higher among patients with hematological malignancies than patients with solid tumors (5.0 % vs 1.0%, P = 0.019). Eleven cases occurred <30 days, and five cases occurred >100 days post transplant. The overall CMV pneumonia-related mortality rate was 31%. Seven (78%) of nine patients treated with ganciclovir and IVIG prior to respiratory failure survived; neither of two patients treated after respiratory failure survived. Four of five (80%) untreated patients survived. In conclusion, CMV is a not infrequent cause of pneumonia among autologous BMT recipients. Risk factors include CMV seropositivity and an underlying hematological malignancy. A favorable response hinges on the prompt initiation of therapy. The survival of 25% of the patients without antiviral therapy suggests that the isolation of CMV from a BAL specimen occasionally reflects oropharyngeal contamination or that CMV pneumonia may sometimes be self-limited in more immunocompetent autologous BMT recipients.
    No preview · Article · May 2001 · Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is reportedly unusual among adults with leukemia who have not undergone transplantation. To assess the frequency of CMV pneumonia and its outcome during the present time, we reviewed the experience of 2136 hospitalized adults with leukemia. Sixty-one patients (2.9%) had CMV pneumonia diagnosed. The frequency doubled from 1.4% in 1992–1994 to 2.8% in 1995–1997 (P < .05). Fifty-four patients (89%) had received treatment with an immunosuppressive chemotherapeutic regimen that contained fludarabine (n = 37), high-dose cytoxan (n = 17), or both (n = 10), and 15 patients (25%) had received granulocyte transfusions that were stimulated with hematopoietic growth factors from unscreened donors. The overall CMV pneumonia-associated mortality rate was 57%. Among autopsied patients who had leukemia, the frequency of CMV pneumonia increased from 0%, 2.3%, and 0% in 1992, 1993, and 1994, respectively, to 4.6%, 6.5%, and 16% in 1995, 1996, and 1997, respectively (P < .05). CMV has emerged as an important cause of life-threatening pneumonia in adults with leukemia who have received potent immunosuppressive therapies and stimulated granulocyte transfusions from unscreened donors.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2001 · Clinical Infectious Diseases
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of antiviral prophylaxis during the first 3 months after transplantation on the frequency, timing, and outcome of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia during the first year, 541 adult allogeneic blood and marrow transplant recipients were evaluated. Thirty-four patients (6.3%) developed 35 episodes of CMV pneumonia at a mean of 188 days after transplantation, with an associated mortality rate of 76%. Twenty-six episodes (74%) occurred late (after day 100). Of the patients with late CMV pneumonia almost all (92%) had chronic graft vs. host disease or had received T cell-depleted transplants. Fourteen late CMV pneumonias (54%) were associated with serious concurrent infections, and 100% of these episodes were fatal. In conclusion, although the frequency of CMV pneumonia in the early posttransplantation period may be substantially reduced by prophylaxis, CMV continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the late period. Some subsets of patients need more prolonged surveillance and prophylaxis and/or preemptive therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 1999 · Clinical Infectious Diseases