[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: NSC 750854 is a purine analog with an antitumor activity profile distinctive from that of other anticancer purines. It has shown significant activity against adult cancer preclinical models. Procedure: NSC 750854 was tested against the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) in vitro cell line panel at concentrations from 1.0 nM to 10 μM and against the PPTP in vivo xenograft panels administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 5 mg/kg daily for 5 days repeated at day 15. Results: The median relative IC50 (rIC50) value for the PPTP cell lines was 32 nM (range from 11 to 124 nM), with consistent cytotoxicity across all cell lines. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines were more sensitive to NSC 750854 than non-ALL cell lines. NSC 750854 induced significant differences in EFS distribution compared to control in 31 of 35 (89%) solid tumor xenografts. It induced tumor growth inhibition meeting criteria for intermediate or high event free survival (EFS) T/C activity in 17 of 32 (53%) evaluable solid tumor xenografts (most consistently in the rhabdomyosarcoma panel). Objective responses were observed in 15 of 37 (41%) solid tumor xenografts and in all eight leukemia models with complete response (CR) or maintained complete response (MCR) in seven of eight leukemia models. Conclusions: NSC 750854 has a unique spectrum of antitumor activity compared with other agents tested by the PPTP as it induces regression in tumor models with limited sensitivity to most agents tested to date. Given the promising level of activity observed for NSC 750854 against PPTP preclinical models, further exploration of its mechanism of action is warranted.
No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Pediatric Blood & Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the past 35 years, cure rates for pediatric cancers have increased dramatically. However, it is clear that further dose intensification using cytotoxic agents or radiation therapy is not possible without enhancing morbidity and long-term effects. Consequently, novel, less genotoxic, agents are being sought to complement existing treatments. Here, we discuss preclinical human tumor xenograft models of pediatric cancers that may be used practically to identify novel agents for soft tissue and bone sarcomas, and “omics” approaches to identifying biomarkers that may identify sensitive and resistant tumors to these agents.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Frontiers in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sgt1/Sugt1, a cochaperone of Hsp90, is involved in several cellular activities including Cullin E3 ubiqutin ligase activity. The high level of Sgt1 expression in colorectal and gastric tumors suggests that Sgt1 is involved in tumorigenesis. Here, we report that Sgt1 is overexpressed in colon, breast and lung tumor tissues and in Ewing sarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts. We also found that Sgt1 heterozygous knockout resulted in suppressed Hras-mediated transformation in vitro and tumor formation in p53−/− mouse embryonic fibroblast cells and significantly increased survival of p53−/− mice. Moreover, depletion of Sgt1 inhibited the growth of Ewing sarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma cells and destabilized EWS-FLI1 and PAX3-FOXO1 oncogenic fusion proteins, respectively, which are required for cellular growth. Our results suggest that Sgt1 contributes to cancer development by stabilizing oncoproteins and that Sgt1 is a potential therapeutic target.