Piotr Milkiewicz

Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (164)861.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The adiponutrin (PNPLA3) p.I148M and transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) p.E167K variants represent risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we assessed the effects of caloric restriction on liver phenotypes in NAFLD patients in relation to the PNPLA3 and TM6SF2 genotypes. Methods: We genotyped both variants in 143 individuals with NAFLD (55 females, age 18-74 years) and 180 controls (85 females, age 33-66 years). Liver steatosis was assessed using the ultrasound-based Hamaguchi score. A 4-month dietetic intervention, consisting of restriction of daily caloric intake without changes in physical activity, was performed. Results: Both PNPLA3 (p = 0.002) and TM6SF2 (p = 0.041) variants were associated with NAFLD before intervention. Overall, 88 patients completed the intervention, which led to a significant decrease of steatosis, ALT activities, body mass index, hip and waist circumferences, and waist-hip ratio (all p < 0.0001). Hepatic steatosis and anthropometric traits improved significantly (p < 0.05) in carriers of either PNPLA3 or TM6SF2 risk genotype. The improvement of phenotypic traits, apart from WHR (p = 0.02), was not modified by the presence of PNPLA3 or TM6SF2 variants. Conclusions: The PNPLA3 and TM6SF2 polymorphisms are associated with NAFLD assessed by the Hamaguchi score. Neither PNPLA3 nor TM6SF2 risk alleles impair the response to dietetic intervention in NAFLD.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Digestion

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Leisure time physical activity is of proven significance in surveys of fitness levels in various patient groups. Low physical functioning may affect recovery after liver transplantation (LTx). Aim: To assess patients' leisure time activity and health-related habits after transplantation. Material and methods: One hundred and seven patients after LTx were included. They were divided into groups depending on aetiology of liver problem and the period after LTx. Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (MILTPAQ) and Health Behaviour Inventory (HBI) were applied. Results: Neither the primary indication for the procedure nor the period after surgery had a significant relationship with physical activity assessed with MILTPAQ; however, activity was lower in females than males (1804.3 ±1848.9 vs. 2619.9 ±2067; p = 0.03). Age at survey/surgery was inversely associated with higher activity (p = 0.02 and p = 0.03, respectively). Health Behaviour Inventory analysis showed a correlation between all four of its domains and age at transplantation/survey (p < 0.001 for both). There was a negative correlation between positive mental attitude and body mass index (BMI). Conclusions: The primary indications for grafting and, surprisingly, the period after surgery did not seem to be related to the patients' physical activity in leisure time. Younger and leaner patients appeared to understand the standards of healthy behaviour better and implement them in their daily activities. As higher BMI are associated with a negative mental attitude in patients after LTx, a particular emphasis should be placed on proper counselling in this subgroup of patients.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Most patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have impaired health related quality of life (HRQoL), as assessed by PBC-specific HRQoL (PBC-40) and generic (SF-36) questionnaires. Data on the applicability of PBC-27, a shorter version of PBC-40, have been limited. Aims: To assess HRQoL in Polish PBC patients, applying PBC-40, PBC-27 and SF-36 and to associate clinical or laboratory parameters with HRQoL factors. Methods: A total of 205 PBC patients (188 females) were analyzed using PBC-40, PBC-27 and SF-36; 85 disease-free demographically matched (in terms of age, gender, ethnicity) individuals were used as normal controls. Results: When compared to controls, PBC patients had significantly impaired HRQoL across all the domains of SF-36. HRQoL impairment by PBC-40 and PBC-27 was comparable between cirrhotics and non-cirrhotics, except for significantly worse Itch in cirrhotics (6.5±4.9 vs 5.1±4.3; P=0.03). In PBC-40/27, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels correlated with itch (P=0.0003). Female patients had marginally impaired cognitive function compared to males by PBC-40 (P=0.06). Other gender-related differences were not found. Anti-gp210 positive, as well as AMA negative PBC patients, had worse HRQoL features in itch and social/emotional domains of PBC-40/PBC-27 questionnaires. Very strong correlations (P<0.0001) between PBC-40/PBC-27 and SF-36 were seen for several domains. Conclusions: HRQoL is significantly impaired in Polish patients with PBC, independently of gender and disease severity. PBC-40 and PBC-27 questionnaires are efficient in detecting HRQoL impairment in Polish PBC patients. The striking correlation between PBC-40/PBC-27 and SF-36 confirms the usefulness of the former HRQoL measures in PBC patients from Central-Eastern Europe.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder cancer (GbCa) is the most frequent malignancy of the biliary tract. It is also the 6th most common gastrointestinal tumor. It is associated with very high lethality, mainly due to the lack of symptoms up to a very late and thus incurable state. As many as 80% of patients are diagnosed at very late stages of disease, which allow only palliative therapy. As a result, most of the patients with GbCa will die within 6 months of the diagnosis, hence the average 5-year survival does not exceed 5%. Currently, surgical resection represents the only curative option in GbCa, but this approach is feasible only at an early stage of the disease. Other oncologic therapies are of limited use. The incidence of GbCa is remarkably increased in certain populations such as Native North Americans, South Indian females and, in Europe, in the Polish population. It is not clear to date if these enhanced risk populations are the result of common environmental exposure or of shared genetic risk factors. In this review we provide an overview of the state-of-art in GbCa research with the focus on the current knowledge concerning genetic and environmental triggers of this tumor. © 2015, Romanian Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases: JGLD
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    ABSTRACT: Cholestasis induces adaptive mechanisms protecting the liver against bile acids (BA) toxicity including modulation of BA synthesis. Whether fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) or farnesoid X receptor (FXR) dependent signaling are involved in the regulation of BA homeostasis in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains unknown. Here we analyzed hepatic expression of FGF19 and other genes relevant to the adaptive response to cholestasis in tissues from non-cirrhotic (n = 24) and cirrhotic (n = 21) patients along with control tissues (n = 21). Moreover we searched for relationships between serum FGF19 and laboratory/clinical findings in 51 patients. Hepatic FGF19 mRNA expression was increased in non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic tissues (9-fold,p = 0.01; 69-fold,p < 0.0001, respectively). Protein levels of FGF19, FGF receptor 4, FXR and short heterodimer partner were increased in cirrhotic livers (9-fold, p < 0.001; 3.5-fold,p = 0.007; 2.4-fold,p < 0.0001; 2.8-fold,p < 0.0001 vs controls, respectively) which was accompanied by down-regulation of CYP7A1 (50% reduction, p = 0.006). Serum and liver levels of FGF19 correlated with worse liver biochemistry, BAs, quality of life and Mayo Risk Score. Serum FGF19 was elevated in UDCA non-responders. We conclude that PBC induces characteristic changes in liver expression of BAs synthesis regulatory molecules. FGF19 correlates with severity of liver disease and can potentially serve as an indicator of chronic cholestatic liver injury.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Scientific Reports
  • M Krawczyk · W Ewa · A Kremer · J Trottier · O Barbier · F Lammert · P Milkiewicz

    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Sulphotransferase 2A1 (SULT2A1) exerts hepatoprotective effects. Transcription of SULT2A1 gene is induced by pregnane-X-receptor (PXR) and can be repressed by miR-378a-5p. We studied the PXR/SULT2A1 axis in chronic cholestatic conditions: primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Materials/Methods. Western-blot/PCRs for SULT2A1/PXR were performed in PSC (í µí±› = 11), PBC (í µí±› = 19), and control liver tissues (í µí±› = 19). PXR and SULT2A1 mRNA was analyzed in intestinal tissues from 22 PSC patients. Genomic DNA was isolated from blood of PSC patients (í µí±› = 120) and an equal number of healthy volunteers. Liver miRNA expression was evaluated using Affymetrix-Gene-Chip miRNA4.0. Results. Increased PXR protein was observed in both PSC and PBC compared to controls and was accompanied by a significant increase of SULT2A1 in PBC but not in PSC. Decreased expression of SULT2A1 mRNA was also seen in ileum of patients with PSC. Unlike PBC, miRNA analysis in PSC has shown a substantial increase in liver miR-378a-5p. Conclusions. PSC is characterized by disease-specific impairment of SULT2A1 expression following PXR activation, a phenomenon which is not noted in PBC, and may account for the impaired hepatoprotection in PSC. miRNA analysis suggests that SULT2A1 expression in PSC may be regulated by miR-378a-5p, connoting its pathogenic role.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Immunology Research
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    ABSTRACT: Physical activity has an effect on long-term recovery after major surgical operations including liver transplant. Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire is a semistructured survey that assesses an individual's time spent in physical activity, strength, and flexibility activities during the 7 days prior to the interview. In this study we applied the Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire in patients who underwent liver transplant in our center. We surveyed 107 consecutive patients (62 male and 45 female), who were ≥ 6 months after liver transplant. Patients were divided into 3 groups, depending on time after liver transplant: group A (n = 21), 6 to 12 months posttransplant; group B (n = 48), 13 to 36 months posttransplant; and group C (n = 38), > 37 months posttransplant. Relations were analyzed between physical activity and various factors including sex, age at procedure and survey, time after grafting, original diagnosis, and body mass index. Female patients were significantly less active in daily and weekly measurements (981 ± 212 kcal vs 1267 ± 229 kcal; P < .0001) (6864 ± 1484 kcal vs 8866 ± 1607 kcal; P < .0001). There was a negative correlation between physical activity and age at transplant (P = .02) and survey (P = .02). Neither the time after liver transplant nor the original diagnosis before grafting affected physical activity. Female patients, when assessed with Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire, were significantly less physically active than male subjects after liver transplant. Younger patients were more active, but primary diagnosis had no significant effect on physical activity after grafting.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation is a well-established treatment of patients with end-stage liver disease and selected liver tumors. Remarkable progress has been made over the last years concerning nearly all of its aspects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution of long-term outcomes after liver transplantations performed in the Department of General, Transplant and Liver Surgery (Medical University of Warsaw). Data of 1500 liver transplantations performed between 1989 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Transplantations were divided into 3 groups: group 1 including first 500 operations, group 2 including subsequent 500, and group 3 comprising the most recent 500. Five year overall and graft survival were set as outcome measures. Increased number of transplantations performed at the site was associated with increased age of the recipients (p<0.001) and donors (p<0.001), increased rate of male recipients (p<0.001), and increased rate of piggyback operations (p<0.001), and decreased MELD (p<0.001), as well as decreased blood (p=0.006) and plasma (p<0.001) transfusions. Overall survival was 71.6% at 5 years in group 1, 74.5% at 5 years in group 2, and 85% at 2.9 years in group 3 (p=0.008). Improvement of overall survival was particularly observed for primary transplantations (p=0.004). Increased graft survival rates did not reach the level of significance (p=0.136). Long-term outcomes after liver transplantations performed in the Department of General, Transplant and Liver Surgery are comparable to those achieved in the largest transplant centers worldwide and are continuously improving despite increasing recipient age and wider utilization of organs procured from older donors.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Polish Journal of Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Hepatology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Hepatology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Hepatology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Hepatology
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    M Krawczyk · E Wunsch · D Lütjohann · F Lammert · P Milkiewicz

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Aims The only recognized biomarker for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is atypical anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (aANCA), which, in addition to having low sensitivity and specificity, is an indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test lacking the advantages of high throughput and objectivity. Recent reports have shown that antibodies to proteinase-3 (PR3-ANCA) might add diagnostic value in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), specifically in ulcerative colitis (UC). As PSC is associated with IBD, the objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency and clinical significance of PR3-ANCA in a large cohort of patients. Methods A total of 244 PSC and 254 control [autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), hepatitis C viral infection (HCV), hepatitis B viral infection (HBV), and healthy controls] sera and their clinical correlations were retrospectively analyzed for PR3-ANCA determined by ELISA and a new chemiluminescence immunoassay (CIA). Testing was also performed for aANCA by IIF. Results When measured by CIA, PR3-ANCA was detected in 38.5% (94/244) of PSC patients compared to 10.6% (27/254) controls (p<0.0001). By ELISA, PR3-ANCA was detected in 23.4% (57/244) of PSC patients compared to 2.7% (6/254) controls (p<0.0001). PR3-ANCA in PSC patients was not associated with the presence or type of underlying IBD, and, in fact, it was more frequent in Crohn's disease (CD) patients with PSC than previously reported in CD alone. PR3-ANCA in PSC measured by CIA correlated with higher liver enzymes. Conclusion PR3-ANCA is detected in a significant proportion of PSC patients compared to other liver diseases including PBC and AIH. PR3-ANCA is associated with higher liver enzyme levels in PSC, and is not solely related to underlying IBD.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we described the first Polish patient with ferroportin disease. Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) is a condition associated with universal iron overload, and it is divided into four types, according to the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. Ferroportin disease represented a rare type of HH, with autosomal dominant trait of inheritance. In our patient we detected a novel mutation in the ferroportin gene, with non-classical phenotype.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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    ABSTRACT: Background & AimsPrimary biliary cirrhosis and Primary sclerosing cholangitis are autoimmune cholestatic liver diseases sharing a lot in common, including a significant impairment of patients’ health-related quality of life HRQoL HRQoL in PBC is assessed with disease-specific PBC-40 and PBC-27 questionnaires. A PSC-specific questionnaire has not been developed. Neither PBC-40 nor PBC-27s applicability for PSC has been evaluated. We applied these three questionnaires for HRQoL assessment in a large homogenous cohort of PSC patients.Patients and Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 102 Caucasian PSCs and 53 matched healthy controls and measured HRQoL using generic SF-36, and disease-specific (PBC-40/PBC-27) questionnaires.Results(i) SF-36. Most SF-36 domains were significantly lower in PSCs than controls. Physical Functioning and Mental Component Summary scores were significantly lower in female patients and correlated negatively with age but not with concurrent inflammatory bowel disease. Cirrhosis was associated with lower Physical Functioning, Role Physical, General Health, Vitality and Physical Component Summary. (ii) PBC-40 and PBC-27. Both tools showed similar HRQoL impairment scoring. Fatigue and Cognitive were impaired in female patients. Several correlations existed between HRQoL and laboratory parameters, including cholestatic tests and Itch. Cirrhosis correlated with Other symptoms and Fatigue PBC-40. (iii) PBC-40 vs PBC-27. Strong correlations among most domains of both questionnaires were seen, as well as between (iv) SF-36 vs PBC-40 or SF-36 vs PBC-27.Conclusion This is the first study directly comparing PBC-40, PBC-27 and SF-36 in PSC. PSC patients, especially females, show HRQoL impairment. PBC-40 and PBC-27 questionnaires could be of potential use for HRQoL assessment in PSC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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    ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) mediates cholestatic pruritus. Recently the enzyme PNPLA3, expressed in liver and skin, was demonstrated to metabolise LPA. Here we assess the association of the PNPLA3 variant p.Ile148Met, known to be associated with (non-)alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in genome-wide association studies, with cholestatic itch in 187 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and 250 PBC-free controls as well as 201 women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and 198 female controls without a history of ICP. Our hypothesis was that the intensity of cholestatic itch differs in carriers of distinct PNPLA3 p.Ile148Met genotypes. Patients with PBC carrying the allele p.148Met that confers an increased NAFLD risk reported less itching than carriers of the p.148Ile allele (ANOVA P = 0.048). The PNPLA3 p.148Ile allele increased the odds of requiring plasmapheresis for refractory pruritus (OR = 3.94, 95% CI = 0.91-17.00, P = 0.048). In line with these findings, the PNPLA3 p.148Met allele was underrepresented in the ICP cohort (OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.47-0.92, P = 0.013). Notwithstanding the need for further replication of these findings, we conclude that the PNPLA3 allele p.148Met might confer protection against cholestatic pruritus, possibly due to increased LPA-acyltransferase activity in liver and/or skin.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Severity of liver disease evaluated with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD)/Child-Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) score is of importance in liver transplantation (LTx) assessment. The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36) is a widely used generic questionnaire of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study was a prospective analysis of the effect of pretransplantation liver status on HRQoL after the procedure. Materials and methods: One hundred and seven (62 male, 45 female, median age 52 years) consecutive patients were included. MELD/CPT score and diabetes status were evaluated during LTx assessment. Patients were divided into 3 groups depending on the period after LTx: 6 to 12 months (group I), 13 to 36 months (group II), and >37 months (group III). They also were divided into 2 groups depending on the age at LTx: group I (<50 years) and group II (>50 years). SF-36 was used in the assessment of HRQoL. Results: Correlation between pretransplantation MELD/CPT score and HRQoL was only seen in the general health domain of the SF-36 in patients from group I (r = 0.64; P = .004 and r = 0.61; P = .02, respectively). Diabetes exerted a significant effect on the physical component summary (P = .02), again in group I. No significant correlation was observed between MELD/CPT score and the presence of diabetes in groups II and III. Regarding age at LTx, no significant correlation between MELD/CPT score and HRQoL was seen. Conclusions: Liver status assessed with MELD and CPT scores before transplantation has a minor effect on HRQoL after LTx and exerts no significant effect in patients evaluated >12 months after LTx. Patients with diabetes seem to have worse quality of life early after surgery; however, diabetic and nondiabetic patients had comparable HRQoL scores later on after LTx.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Transplantation Proceedings

Publication Stats

2k Citations
861.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014-2015
    • Medical University of Warsaw
      • Department of General, Transplant and Liver Surgery
      Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2003-2015
    • Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin
      • Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Molecular Medicine
      Stettin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
    • Rosario National University
      Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
  • 2012
    • Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny
      Stettin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2004-2011
    • Toronto Western Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2008-2009
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Medicine
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Akademia Pomorska w Slupsku
      Cammin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1998-2003
    • The Queen Elizabeth Hospital
      Tarndarnya, South Australia, Australia
  • 1997-2003
    • Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham
      Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
  • 1998-2002
    • University of Birmingham
      • School of Biosciences
      Birmingham, England, United Kingdom