Nasser Hanna

Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States

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Publications (99)687.1 Total impact

  • Greg Durm · Nasser Hanna

    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
  • Hirva Mamdani · Shadia I Jalal · Nasser Hanna
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    ABSTRACT: Opinion statement: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the USA. The treatment of locally advanced NSCLC (LA-NSCLC) is challenging and must be individualized. For patients with completely resected stage III NSCLC, adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy for 4 cycles is recommended. For patients with inoperable or unresectable stage III NSCLC, chemoradiation is the preferred treatment. Patients with a good performance status, minimal or no weight loss, and adequate pulmonary function should be offered concurrent chemoradiation. The optimal chemotherapeutic agents to be used concurrently with radiation remain undefined. In the USA, cisplatin plus etoposide or carboplatin plus paclitaxel are the most commonly used regimens. In addition, the optimal duration of therapy remains undefined, including the role of consolidation chemotherapy. Thus far, randomized phase III trials have failed to identify a survival advantage for administering chemotherapy beyond that delivered during radiation therapy. Molecularly targeted agents, angiogenesis inhibitors, and immunotherapy have a defined role for patients with metastatic disease. The role, if any, of these new classes of agents is undergoing investigation for patients with earlier stage disease, including stage III disease.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Current Treatment Options in Oncology
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    Laura S Lourdes · Shadia I Jalal · Nasser Hanna

    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Oncologist
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    ABSTRACT: Preclinical evidence supports the clinical investigation of inhibitors to the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR) and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) either alone or in combination as treatment for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with chemotherapy-naïve, advanced NSCLC who had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 were eligible. Patients were randomized to receive carboplatin intravenously at an area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve of 6.0 plus paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2) intravenously on day 1 every 3 weeks combined with either intravenous cetuximab weekly (arm A), intravenous cixutumumab every 2 weeks (arm B), or both (arm C). Patients who had nonprogessing disease after 12 weeks of therapy were permitted to continue on maintenance antibody therapy until they developed progressive disease. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The study design required 180 eligible patients and had 88% power to detect a 60% increase in median PFS for either comparison (arm A vs arm C or arm B vs arm C) using the log-rank test. From September 2009 to December 2010, 140 patients were accrued. The study was closed to accrual early because of an excessive number of grade 5 events reported on arms A and C. Thirteen patients died during treatment (6 patients on arm A, 2 patients on arm B, and 5 patients on arm C), including 9 within approximately 1 month of starting therapy. The estimated median PFS for arms A, B, and C were similar at 3.4 months, 4.2 months, and 4 months, respectively. On the basis of the apparent lack of efficacy and excessive premature deaths, the current results do not support the continued investigation of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and cixutumumab either alone or in combination with cetuximab for patients with advanced NSCLC. Cancer 2015. © 2015 American Cancer Society. © 2015 American Cancer Society.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Combustible tobacco use remains the number one preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), which include e-cigarettes, are devices capable of delivering nicotine in an aerosolized form. ENDS use by both adults and youth has increased rapidly, and some have advocated these products could serve as harm-reduction devices and smoking cessation aids. ENDS may be beneficial if they reduce smoking rates or prevent or reduce the known adverse health effects of smoking. However, ENDS may also be harmful, particularly to youth, if they increase the likelihood that nonsmokers or formers smokers will use combustible tobacco products or if they discourage smokers from quitting. The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recognize the potential ENDS have to alter patterns of tobacco use and affect the public's health; however, definitive data are lacking. AACR and ASCO recommend additional research on these devices, including assessing the health impacts of ENDS, understanding patterns of ENDS use, and determining what role ENDS have in cessation. Key policy recommendations include supporting federal, state, and local regulation of ENDS; requiring manufacturers to register with the FDA and report all product ingredients, requiring childproof caps on ENDS liquids, and including warning labels on products and their advertisements; prohibiting youth-oriented marketing and sales; prohibiting child-friendly ENDS flavors; and prohibiting ENDS use in places where cigarette smoking is prohibited. Clin Cancer Res; 21(3); 1-12. ©2015 AACR. American Association for Cancer Research and American Society of Clinical Oncology. ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research and American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced lung cancer patients have high rates of multiple physical and psychological symptoms, and many of their family caregivers experience significant distress. However, little is known about strategies that these patients and their family caregivers employ to cope with physical and psychological symptoms. This study aimed to identify strategies for coping with various physical and psychological symptoms among advanced, symptomatic lung cancer patients and their primary family caregivers. Patients identified their primary family caregiver. Individual semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 advanced, symptomatic lung cancer patients and primary family caregivers. Thematic analysis of interview data was framed by stress and coping theory. Patients and caregivers reported maintaining a normal routine and turning to family and friends for support with symptom management, which often varied in its effectiveness. Whereas support from health-care professionals and complementary and alternative medicine were viewed favorably, reactions to Internet and in-person support groups were mixed due to the tragic nature of participants' stories. Several cognitive coping strategies were frequently reported (i.e., changing expectations, maintaining positivity, and avoiding illness-related thoughts) as well as religious coping strategies. Results suggest that advanced lung cancer patients and caregivers may be more receptive to cognitive and religious approaches to symptom management and less receptive to peer support. Interventions should address the perceived effectiveness of support from family and friends.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Supportive Care Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Relapsed small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has limited treatment options. Anthracyclines and cyclophosphamide have shown synergy in many tumors. Amrubicin (AMR) and cyclophosphamide both have single-agent activity in SCLC. This phase I trial evaluated the combination of AMR and cyclophosphamide in refractory solid organ malignancies and in relapsed SCLC. The primary endpoint was to determine maximum-tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicities of the combination. Eligible patients were enrolled in sequential dose escalation cohorts in a standard 3+3 design. Treatment consisted of cyclophosphamide IV at 500 mg/m on day 1 with escalating doses of AMR IV on days 1 to 3 (25 to 40 mg/m with increments of 5 mg/m per cohort). Cycles were repeated every 21 days. Exploratory objectives analyzed the presence of NQO1 polymorphisms and topoisomerase IIA amplification and correlation with response. Thirty-six patients were enrolled, of whom 18 patients had SCLC (50%). Maximum-tolerated dose was determined to be dose level 2 (cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m, AMR 30 mg/m) due to grade 4 thrombocytopenia. The main grade 3 to 4 toxicities were hematologic. Efficacy results are available for 34 patients. Partial responses, stable disease, and progressive disease rates in the overall study population were 20.6% (n=7), 38.2% (n=13), and 41.2% (n=14), respectively. Partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease rates in the SCLC patients and 1 patient with extrathoracic small cell were 36.8% (n=7), 26.3% (n=5), and 36.8% (n=7), respectively. There was no correlation between topoisomerase IIA amplification or NQO1 polymorphisms and response. AMR and cyclophosphamide can be safely combined with little activity observed in heavily pretreated SCLC patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · American Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    Nasser H Hanna · Lawrence H Einhorn

    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · New England Journal of Medicine
  • Nasser Hanna · Lawrence H Einhorn

    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined barriers to mental health service use and preferences for addressing emotional concerns among lung cancer patients (N = 165) at two medical centers in the Midwestern United States. Lung cancer patients completed an assessment of anxiety and depressive symptoms, mental health service use, barriers to using these services, and preferences for addressing emotional concerns. Only 45% of distressed patients received mental health care since their lung cancer diagnosis. The most prevalent patient-reported barriers to mental health service use among non-users of these services (n = 110) included the desire to independently manage emotional concerns (58%) and inadequate knowledge of services (19%). In addition, 57% of distressed patients who did not access mental health services did not perceive the need for help. Seventy-five percent of respondents (123/164) preferred to talk to a primary care physician if they were to have an emotional concern. Preferences for counseling, psychiatric medication, peer support, spiritual care, or independently managing emotional concerns also were endorsed by many patients (range = 40-50%). Older age was associated with a lower likelihood of preferring to see a counselor. Findings suggest that many distressed lung cancer patients underuse mental health services and do not perceive the need for such services. Efforts to increase appropriate use of services should address patients' desire for autonomy and lack of awareness of services. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Psycho-Oncology
  • Greg Durm · Nasser Hanna
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis plays a major role in the growth and progression of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and there is increasing interest in the development of therapies that block this particular aspect of tumorigenesis. Bevacizumab was the first US FDA-approved inhibitor of angiogenesis after demonstrating improved progression-free survival and overall survival in combination with chemotherapy in treating NSCLC. However, the benefit of bevacizumab is only modest and transient as the tumors inevitably develop resistance to this particular treatment. Therefore, new therapies are being developed that attempt to inhibit angiogenesis through several different pathways. One promising new drug, nintedanib, is an oral triple angiokinase inhibitor that acts by blocking not only VEGFR, but also FGFR and PDGFR, which are involved in the development of resistance to bevacizumab. This article discusses the rationale for this approach and summarizes the clinical trial data on nintedanib, including the two most recent Phase III trials.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Future Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing popularity and availability of electronic cigarettes (i.e., e-cigarettes) in many countries have promoted debate among health professionals as to what to recommend to their patients who might be struggling to stop smoking or asking about e-cigarettes. In the absence of evidence-based guidelines for using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation, some health professionals have urged caution about recommending them due to the limited evidence of their safety and efficacy, while others have argued that e-cigarettes are obviously a better alternative to continued cigarette smoking and should be encouraged. The leadership of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer asked the Tobacco Control and Smoking Cessation Committee to formulate a statement on the use of e-cigarettes by cancer patients to help guide clinical practice. Below is this statement, which we will update periodically as new evidence becomes available.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • Sawsan Rashdan · Nasser Hanna
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: In NSCLC, increased microvessel count, often used as a measure of angiogenesis, has been correlated with poor prognosis and associated with advanced disease and inferior outcomes. In the clinical development of antiangiogenic therapies, two approaches have been used; the first has been to inhibit ligand binding and receptor activation using targeted antibodies, whereas the second has been to inhibit receptor activation using tyrosine kinase inhibitors that target VEGF receptor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and/or fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). Nintedanib is a triple angiokinase inhibitor that simultaneously acts on VEGFR, PDGFR and FGFR. It has shown significant antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities in vitro, in preventing tumor growth and overcoming drug resistance. Areas covered: Medline search was used with the following keywords: non-small-cell lung cancer and nintedanib or BIBF 1120, ASCO abstracts 2013 with nintedanib, and Phase I and Phase II abstracts lung cancer and nintedanib. Expert opinion: Recent Phase III trials have shown promising efficacy results of nintedanib in NSCLC; however, many questions still need to be answered before it is put into routine use.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: On the basis of the promising activity of cetuximab and radiation therapy for head and neck cancers, we evaluated the efficacy of this regimen followed by surgery in patients with resectable esophageal cancer. This was a phase II, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study of patients with potentially resectable esophageal cancer. Patients received two weekly doses of cetuximab followed by weekly cetuximab combined with radiation therapy for 6 weeks. After a 6- to 8-week rest, patients' primary tumor was resected. The main objective was to evaluate pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in the primary tumor after cetuximab and radiation therapy. Thirty-nine patients completed the study. Most patients were men (93%), median age was 64 years, performance status was 0 to 1 (95%), patients had a histology of adenocarcinoma (78%), and tumors were located in the esophagus (63%). Grade 3 toxicities in more than 5% of patients included dysphagia (17%), anorexia and dehydration (7%), and dyspnea, fatigue, hypernatremia (5%). Grade 5 aspiration occurred in 2% (1 patient). Four patients died, two from disease progression, one from aspiration pneumonia postsurgery, and one from septic shock. Thirty-one patients (76%) underwent esophagectomy. The pCR rate was 36.6% by intention-to-treat and 48% for patients who underwent esophagectomy. The pCR by histology was 6 of 9 (67%) for squamous cell carcinomas and 9 of 32 (28%) for adenocarcinoma. Earlier-stage disease was associated with increased pCR (IIA 70%, IIB 29%, III 28%). Cetuximab and radiation therapy results in a pCR rate that seems at least comparable with that of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This regimen may be better tolerated than preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with resectable esophageal cancers.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined support service use and interest in support services among lung cancer patients (N=165) at two comprehensive medical centers in the midwestern United States. Patients completed an assessment of support service use (i.e., receipt of mental health services, complementary and alternative medicine [CAM], and help from a spiritual leader), interest in support services, and physical and psychological symptoms. Only 40% of patients with significant anxiety and depressive symptoms and 28% of the entire sample reported current mental health service use. However, nearly half (47%) of all patients were receiving support from a spiritual leader. Having late-stage lung cancer and a religious affiliation predicted receipt of spiritual support. Few patients who were not receiving mental health services or spiritual support were interested in these services (range=4-18%). Conversely, although interest in CAM was expressed by a substantial minority of patients (27%) who were not using these services, rates of CAM use were relatively low (22%). Findings suggest that distressed lung cancer patients underuse mental health services, but many patients receive help from spiritual leaders. Given the lack of interest in mental health services among patients who are not receiving them, efforts are needed to enhance palatability of services and identify and reduce barriers to evidence-based service use.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    Nasser Hanna

    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Oncology Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Assessing tobacco use and providing cessation support is recommended by the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO). The purpose of this study was to evaluate practice patterns and perceptions of tobacco use and barriers to providing cessation support for patients with cancer. In 2012, an online survey was sent to 18,502 full ASCO members asking about their practice patterns regarding tobacco assessment, cessation support, perceptions of tobacco use, and barriers to providing cessation support for patients with cancer. Responses from 1,197 ASCO members are reported. At initial visit, most respondents routinely ask patients about tobacco use (90%), ask patients to quit (80%), and advise patients to stop using tobacco (84%). However, only 44% routinely discuss medication options with patients, and only 39% provide cessation support. Tobacco assessments decrease at follow-up assessments. Most respondents (87%) agree or strongly agree that smoking affects cancer outcomes, and 86% believe cessation should be a standard part of clinical cancer care. However, only 29% report adequate training in tobacco cessation interventions. Inability to get patients to quit (72%) and patient resistance to treatment (74%) are dominant barriers to cessation intervention, but only 8% describe cessation as a waste of time. Among ASCO members who responded to an online survey about their practice patterns regarding tobacco, most believe that tobacco cessation is important and frequently assess tobacco at initial visit, but few provide cessation support. Interventions are needed to increase access to tobacco cessation support for patients with cancer.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Oncology Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study examined support service use and interest in support services among distressed family caregivers of patients recently entering comprehensive cancer care facilities. Methods: Primary family caregivers of lung cancer patients (N=83) were recruited from three medical centers within 12 weeks of the patient's new visit to the oncology clinic. All family caregivers were screened for psychological distress, and those reporting significant anxiety or depressive symptoms were eligible for this study. Caregivers completed a baseline assessment of support service use (i.e., use of mental health services and complementary and alternative medicine [CAM]) and interest in support services. Support service use was also assessed 3 months later. Results: Although all caregivers reported clinically meaningful distress, only 26% used mental health and 39% used CAM services during the 3-month study period. Patients' receipt of chemotherapy was positively associated with caregivers' mental health service use, whereas greater education and receiving assistance with caregiving tasks were associated with CAM use. Forty percent of caregivers who did not use CAM at baseline were interested in CAM. In addition, 29% of caregivers who did not receive mental health services at baseline were interested in professional psychosocial support, and 29% of caregivers who did not receive staff assistance with practical needs at baseline were interested in this service. Conclusions: Findings suggest that distressed family caregivers of lung cancer patients underuse mental health services and that a sizable minority are interested in professional help with psychosocial and practical needs.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Psycho-Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: BMS-690514 is a potent, reversible oral inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/HER-1), HER-2 and -4, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs)-1 to -3 offering targeted inhibition of tumour growth and vascularisation in a single agent. This phase I-IIa study was designed to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and assess safety, antitumour activity, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of BMS-690514. Patients and methods: In phase I, patients with advanced solid tumours received escalating doses of once-daily BMS-690514. In phase IIa, erlotinib-naïve (cohort A) or erlotinib-resistant (cohort B) patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) received BMS-690514 once-daily at the MTD. Results: In phase I (n=28), the MTD was determined to be 200mg daily. BMS-690514 was rapidly absorbed and highly metabolised after repeated oral administration with minimum drug accumulation. In phase IIa (n=62), the most frequent treatment-related adverse events were diarrhoea and acneiform rash. Adverse events that led to >1 discontinuation were diarrhoea (n=4; 4%) and rash (n=2; 2%). Disease control (≥4months) and objective response rates, respectively, were 43.3% and 3.3% (cohort A) and 22.6% and 3.2% (cohort B). Six of 21 (29%) NSCLC patients with wild-type EGFR achieved disease control versus seven of 10 (70%) patients with EGFR mutations (including T790M). At MTD, BMS-690514 modulated pharmacodynamic biomarkers associated with inhibition of VEGFR- and EGFR-signalling pathways. Conclusion: This phase I-IIa study suggests that BMS-690514 has manageable safety profile and antitumour activity in patients with NSCLC at 200mg/d, including those with EGFR mutations conferring resistance to erlotinib.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)

Publication Stats

5k Citations
687.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013-2015
    • Indiana University School of Medicine
      • Department of Medicine
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
  • 2001-2015
    • Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Hematology/Oncology
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
  • 2014
    • Medical University of South Carolina
      • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
      Charleston, South Carolina, United States
  • 2006
    • The Princess Margaret Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Rush Medical College
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2005-2006
    • Indiana University Bloomington
      Bloomington, Indiana, United States
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      San Luis, Missouri, United States