N Basso

University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina

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Publications (64)131.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In aged rodents, neuronal plasticity decreases while spatial learning and working memory (WM) deficits increase. As it is well known, rats reared in enriched environments (EE) show better cognitive performances and an increased neuronal plasticity than rats reared in standard environments (SE). We hypothesized that EE could preserve the aged animals from cognitive impairment through NO dependent mechanisms of neuronal plasticity. WM performance and plasticity were measured in 27-month-old rats from EE and SE. EE animals showed a better spatial WM performance (66% increase) than SE ones. Cytosolic NOS activity was 128 and 155% higher in EE male and female rats, respectively. Mitochondrial NOS activity and expression were also significantly higher in EE male and female rats. Mitochondrial NOS protein expression was higher in brain submitochondrial membranes from EE reared rats. Complex I activity was 70-80% increased in EE as compared to SE rats. A significant increase in the area of NADPH-d reactive neurons was observed in the parietotemporal cortex and CA1 hippocampal region of EE animals.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Behavioural Brain Research
  • N Basso · N Paglia · R Cini · F Inserra · NA Terragno
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    ABSTRACT: Previous results have shown that inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) either with an angiotensin II (Ang II), type 1 receptor blocker (losartan) or with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI, enalapril) has a protective effect on cardiovascular, renal, hepatic and cerebral structure and function during aging. The present study has analyzed the effect of chronic administration of a newly developed compound, omapatrilat, on clinical, histological and biochemical changes due to aging. Omapatrilat combines the action of an ACEI and of an inhibitor of a neutral endopeptidase involved in the metabolism of the atrial natriuretic peptide. The final effect is a decrease of a vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory mechanism like the RAS and the potentiation of two vasodilating compounds like bradykinin and the atrial natriuretic peptide. Based on these actions, its protective effect might be greater than formerly used pharmacological agents. Determinations have been performed on young adults (6 months old), adults (12 months old) or senile (18 months old) rats. Omapatrilat (35 mg/kg/day during 6 months and 20 mg/kg/day thereafter) was administered in the drinking water since weaning until sacrifice. Cardiovascular, renal, and cerebral structure as well as cognitive behavior, cardiovascular and renal function has been analyzed. The biochemical analysis has also established whether the beneficial action of Ang II inhibition is related to an increased activity of the nitric oxide synthase as observed in previous studies. Moreover, this study has tried to determine the relationship between the protective effect of these drugs and the levels of antioxidant defenses present in the blood and/or in the tissues. Hence, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants have been evaluated.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2005 · Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
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    ABSTRACT: The natural process of aging is associated with a progressive modification in the structure and function of organs. The kidney does not escape to these rules. Based on prior data obtained in our laboratory, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the structural changes of the glomerulus during the aging process of the rat, and the effect that is produced by the chronic RAS blockade. We used two different strategies to block RAS, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (Enalapril) or an AT1 receptor antagonist (Losartan). We also tested 2 different periods of time to start treatment, the first, since weaning and the other initiated at half life (12-months-old). Material and methods: Male Wistar rats were divided in 3 groups: Group 1.- Control (C) drinking only tap water; Group 2.- Losartan (L) 30 mg/Kg/day of L in drinking water; y Group 3.- Enalapril (E) 10 mg/Kg/day of E in drinking water. Some animals (10 rats each group) started with the treatment immediately after weaning and the others (8 rats each group) started at 12 months of age. A control group (8 rats) of 12 months of age was also studied. After the animals were sacrificed, the kidneys were harvested and slices (5 μ width) were stained and were evaluated by an operator blindly. In order to evaluate the glomerular fibrotic changes, both focal and periglomerular esclerosis, and mesangial matrix expansion, a score was established; we also evaluated intensity of immunolabelling for monoclonal antibody, anti α-smooth muscle actin, and anti collagen III. The glomerular area was measured by image analizer Image-Pro Plus 4.5.1.29. Results: Proteinuria and serum creatinine increased with age, but they were reduced by both RAS-blocking drugs used. Morphometric analysis showed that the glomerular area enlarged significantly (30%) with the age, and that it was protected by both RAS blockade strategies. Also, the main glomerular changes present in 18-month-old rats were reduced by half in the animals with RAS blockade. In Summary: Glomerular structure is modified in the life course, determining sclerotic modification in glomerulous and reduction in glomerulous number and function. These changes happen with less severity in the animals with RAS blockade, inclusive in those who started with the treatment in the second half of their life. Conclusion: RAS plays a central role on the natural process of renal aging, probably by producing effects that influence in the biology of aging. These effects can be attenuated by the RAS blockade.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005
  • M. Ribicich · M. Miguez · A. Rosa · H. Torno · N. Basso · A Franco

    No preview · Article · Nov 2004
  • N Basso · N Terragno · N Paglia · I Stella · L Ferder · F Inserra

    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Journal of Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: During the past 10 years, the prevalence of canine dirofilariosis in the City of Buenos Aires and its outskirts, particularly in the northern and southern areas, has increased significantly. In the present work, studies were carried out in dogs living in the city and in its northern, western and southern outskirts from 1997 to 2001. For this purpose, 782 blood samples were collected and analyzed to determine circulating antigen, processed with the Witness Merial antigen test. The samples resulted in negative tests for subjects who lived in the city; however, 17.7 and 23.5% of the tests were positive from the northern and southern outskirts, respectively. When analyzed by sex, positive results were distributed as follows: 62.5% males and 37.5% females (P<0.05). No significant statistical difference was found on comparing purebred and cross-breds (P<0.05). It is interesting to point out the geographical distribution of the disease, which confirms that ecological factors such as water currents, abundant vegetation and the existence of mosquitoes all year round, are important for the biological cycle of Dirofilaria immitis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · Veterinary Parasitology
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    N Basso · NA Terragno
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    ABSTRACT: The history of the discovery of the renin-angiotensin system began in 1898 with the studies made by Tigerstedt and Bergman, who reported the pressor effect of renal extracts; they named the renal substance renin based on its origin. In 1934, Harry Goldblatt induced experimental hypertension in dogs by clamping a renal artery. About 1936, simultaneously in the Medical School of the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and in the Eli-Lilly Laboratories in Indianapolis, 2 independent groups of researchers, using the Goldblatt technique to produce experimental hypertension, demonstrated renal secretion of a pressor agent similar to renin. In the following years, both teams described the presence of a new compound in the renal vein blood of ischemic kidneys. This agent was extracted from blood with 70% acetone and had a short pressor effect. The final conclusion was that renin acted enzymatically on a plasma protein to produce the new substance. In Buenos Aires, it was called hypertensin; in the United States, angiotonin. In 1958, Eduardo Braun Menéndez from Argentina and Irving H. Page from the United States agreed to name it angiotensin.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effect on the cardiovascular system, of enalapril (E) or losartan (L) given since weaning during 6 or 18 months to normal rats. Animals were divided in three groups: control (C), E-treated and L-treated; treated rats received 10 mg/ kg per day of drug. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), body weight, water and food intake (WI, FI), cardiac, left ventricular and aortic weight as well as the length of the tail were recorded. NADPH-diaphorase activity was determined as a marker of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in aorta, arterioles of small intestine, heart and kidney of normal rats. NOS activity was measured as optical density (OD) in the stained tissue. Nitrate + nitrite urinary excretion was measured in 24 h urine. Only significant differences (P < 0.05) are reported. SBP, absolute cardiac, left ventricular and aortic weight increased with age. Both treatments delayed these increments. At 6 and 18 months, NOS activity was higher in aortic endothelium (Em) of L- and E-treated animals. Losartan treatment during 6 months also increased NOS activity in aortic smooth muscle (SM). Aortic Em NOS activity fell in the 18 months-treated and untreated animals. E increased NOS activity in the SM of intestinal arterioles at 6 months but reduced it at 18 months. The fact that both E and L delayed cardiac hypertrophy/hyperplasia and aortic growth and raised aortic endothelium NOS activity indicates a protective effect on cardiovascular damage due to aging, exerted through inhibition of angiotensin II.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2001 · Journal of Hypertension
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    M Ribicich · M Miguez · T Argibay · N Basso · A Franco
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    ABSTRACT: Trichinellosis is widespread around the world with different representatives of the genus Trichinella found in almost every continent. In Argentina the main source of transmission for the disease to humans is pig meat infected with Trichinella spiralis. The object of this work was to determine the distribution of Trichinella larvae in fresh meat cuts which are sold for human consumption and in the muscles traditionally used for the disease diagnosis at meat-packing plants. Cranial muscles to the last rib showed more Trichinella spiralis larvae than those with a caudal location (p < 0.01). No significant differences were found (p > 0.05) between bilateral left and right muscles. Significant larval concentrations were found in the neck muscles, even in carcasses with a low parasitic load; these muscles are used to prepare cold meats (boston butt). Commercial cuts of meat had a substantial larval burdens in animals experimentally infected with 500 to 5,000 Trichinella spiralis larvae, with parasite burdens similar to infection levels in muscles evaluated at the meat packing plant.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2001 · Parasite
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated in normal rats that chronic treatment, from weaning to 30 days, with either enalapril or losartan, induced significant changes in cardiovascular structure and function. The present study was performed to assess the effect of either enalapril or losartan on the structure and function of the heart and arteries given to normal rats from weaning until 6 months of age. Animals (n = 48) were divided into three groups: control, enalapril treated, and losartan treated; treated rats received 10 mg/kg/day of drug. Blood pressure, body weight, and water intake were recorded for that time period. DNA, cGMP, collagen, degree of fibrosis, and nitric oxide synthase-NADPH-diaphorase-dependent activity in the heart and arteries were determined. Only significant differences (P < .05) are reported. Blood pressure increased only in control rats (13 +/- 1 mm Hg), enalapril treatment enhanced water intake and reduced the rate of body growth (control, 672.9 +/- 15.4 g; losartan, 692.4 +/- 21.8 g; enalapril, 541.8 +/- 13.8 g). In the heart, DNA (control, 120 +/- 5; losartan, 99 +/- 4; enalapril, 93 +/- 6 microg/100 mg), collagen (control, 2.5 +/- 0.2; enalapril, 1.85 +/- 0.08 microg/100 mg), and fibrosis (control, 3.5 +/- 0.4%; losartan, 2.2 +/- 0.3%; enalapril, 2.1 +/- 0.4%) were reduced by treatment. In the aorta, cGMP (control, 0.15 +/- 0.01; losartan, 0.24 +/- 0.02 pmol/mg), and NADPH-diaphorase (control, 0.114 +/- 0.003; losartan, 0.148 +/- 0.006; enalapril, 0.169 +/- 0.003 as optical density) were enhanced. The enzyme was also higher in the aortic endothelium of treated animals (control, 0.193 +/- 0.010; losartan, 0.228 +/- 0.009; enalapril, 0.278 +/- 0.005). The lower rate of body weight increase, the enhanced water intake, and the reduced cardiac and left ventricular weight attributable to enalapril treatment do not seem to be related to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system. On the other hand, renin-angiotensin system inhibition induces a protective effect on the heart and aorta through structural and functional changes. Most of this action seems to be exerted through angiotensin II type 1 receptors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2000 · American Journal of Hypertension

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2000

  • No preview · Article · May 2000
  • A Mazzadi · H. Gomez Llambí · N Basso
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    ABSTRACT: Previous experiments showed that enalapril (EN) treatment as well as enalaprilic acid, when added to the perfusion bath, diminish the inotropic response of the papillary muscles to isoproterenol (ISO). The main objective of this study was to evaluate, in normal rats, the effect of EN on basal contractility and inotropic response to ISO on the whole perfused ventricles (Langendorff preparation). Blood pressure (BP), increase in body weight (IBW), ventricular weight/body weight ratio (R) and concentration of ventricular proteins and DNA were also analyzed. Five groups were studied: EN10: 5 mg/kg/day, 10 days; EN21(L): 5mg/kg/day, 21 days; EN21(H): 15 mg/kg/day, 21 days. C10 and C21 were untreated controls. Cardiac contractility was evaluated by the maximal developed pressure, maximal rate of rise of pressure and maximal velocity of relaxation; no changes were found due to EN treatments either on basal conditions or on ISO stimulation. Significant differences (p<0.05 vs C21) were: lower BP and R in EN21(L) and EN21(H), slower IBW in EN21(H), decreased ventricular DNA in EN21(H). In conclusion, daily treatment for ten or twenty one days with enalapril does not change either basal cardiac contractile performance or inotropic response to ISO in the Langendorff preparation. Longterm treatment with EN seems to modify nuclear processes involved in cardiomyocite DNA content.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1998 · Clinical and Experimental Hypertension
  • I Martín · N Basso · F Aguirre · M I Sarchi
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to provide an overview of the role of circulating gonadal steroids on the adaptive changes of the renin-angiotensin system to chronic hypobaric hypoxia (CHH: 4400 m simulated altitude in an hypobaric chamber) and the development of experimental hypertension by bilateral renal ischemia. In order to fulfill this goal, blood pressure (BP), plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma angiotensinogen concentration (PAoC) as well as haematocrit (Htc) and body weight (BW) of intact and post-puberal castrated normotensive (Nt) and hypertensive (Ht) rats of both sexes were studied following an experimental design similar to that of previous works. Post-puberal castration decreased BP of Nt and Ht rats subjected to CHH. Sexual dimorphism in BP, PRA and PAoC was maintained while that in haematocrit disappeared after castration. Results suggest that circulating sexual steroid hormones are involved in the response of the renin-angiotensin system to the experimental conditions of environmental reduced O2 partial pressure.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1997 · Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
  • N Basso · M L Kurnjek · P Ruiz · M A Cannata
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect on mean blood pressure of a new orally active nonpeptide angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor antagonist, EXP 3174, in doses that completely block exogenous Ang II action. Anesthetized and conscious two-kidney, two clip chronic renovascular hypertensive rats and sham-operated animals were used. In anesthetized hypertensive rats, intracerebroventricular administration of the inhibitor had no effect on blood pressure, whereas blood pressure was normalized by intravenous injection of the antagonist (163 +/- 12 to 110 +/- 9 mm Hg, P < .05). In sham anesthetized rats, intravenous injection of EXP 3174 also lowered blood pressure (112 +/- 6 to 96 +/- 6mm Hg, P < .05). In conscious rats, intravenous EXP 3174 induced a fall in pressure that was larger in hypertensive (156 +/- 9 to 132 +/- 5 mm Hg, P < .05) than in sham (104 +/- 3 to 94 +/- 4 mm Hg, P < .05) rats. Plasma renin activity was very high in anesthetized animals (hypertensive versus sham, 87.8 +/- 8.3 versus 95.7 +/- 10.2 ng Ang I/mL per hour); differences were not significant either between anesthetized hypertensive and sham or in conscious animals (hypertensive versus sham, 9.42 +/- 1.58 versus 6.74 +/- 2.32 ng Ang I/mL per hour). Angiotensinogen concentration was higher in cerebrospinal fluid in anesthetized hypertensive rats (36.4 +/- 3.0 versus 26.0 +/- 2.4 ng Ang I/mL, P < .05) and in the artery wall of hypertensive conscious rats (103.1 +/- 10.3 versus 75.2 +/- 7.8 ng Ang I/g, P < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No preview · Article · Mar 1995 · Hypertension
  • Maria Luisa Kurnjek · Nidia Basso
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    ABSTRACT: The norepinephrine (NE) content, the uptake of [3H]NE, the turnover time, the turnover and the synthesis rate of the neurotransmitter in the heart and blood vessels were studied in the chronic phase of two kidney and one kidney Goldblatt renovascular hypertension, in the rat. Intact and sham operated animals were used as controls. Fifty percent of the rats subjected to renal clipping developed hypertension. This fact allowed us to compare changes in clip operated hypertensive and normotensive animals. The weight of the hearts and blood vessels was significantly increased in clip operated rats. Changes were greater in hypertensive animals. NE concentration and total content in the heart and in the artery wall were significantly decreased in the clipped rats. [3H]NE uptake was significantly diminished in the heart of experimental animals; in the artery wall, uptake was much lower than in the heart but no differences were observed between clip operated and sham animals. The turnover of NE was not different among control and clip operated rats either in the heart or in the blood vessels. Synthesis rate was lower in hypertensive animals than in their respective controls, explaining the lower concentration of the amine in cardiovascular tissues. The present data do not suggest that an increased turnover of NE in the cardiovascular sympathetic nerve endings is involved in the maintenance of high blood pressure in both types of Goldblatt renovascular hypertension.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1994 · Clinical and Experimental Hypertension
  • I Martin · N Basso · F Aguirre · M I SArchi
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of chronic hypobaric hypoxia (CHH) on the development of 2k-2c Goldblatt renovascular hypertension has been analyzed in rats of both sexes. Results have shown lower values of blood pressure (BP) in all the animals exposed to CHH compared with their normoxic control (P < 0.001). Haematocrit was increased by adaptation to CHH (P < 0.001), and was larger in male than in female hypoxic rats, both normotensive (P < 0.05) and hypertensive (P < 0.01). Plasma renin activity was higher in normoxic and hypoxic hypertensive female rats than in their normotensive controls (P < 0.05). Plasma angiotensinogen concentration was higher in normoxic control male rats than in all the other groups. This difference disappeared after adaptation to CHH or development of hypertension. Plasma aldosterone concentration was lowest in normoxic control male rats and the difference also disappeared after CHH or renal ischemia. Present data indicate that CHH blunts the hypertensive response to bilateral renal ischemia in male and female rats. Sexual differences related to the mechanisms that could be involved in hypertension development have been observed. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system might be modulated by gonadal hormones during the development of hypertension.
    No preview · Article · May 1994 · Archives internationales de physiologie, de biochimie et de biophysique

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1994 · Journal of hypertension. Supplement: official journal of the International Society of Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: Some reports have stated that central norepinephrine (NE) depletion inhibited the development of hypertension in the rat. On the other hand, this pharmacological treatment induces changes on the central renin-angiotensin system. The present study was designed to follow the development of 2 kidney-2 clip (2k-2c) renovascular hypertension in rats depleted of central NE and to analyze the central and peripheral renin-angiotensin system. Male Wistar rats (n = 40) were used. Half of the animals was injected, intracisternally, with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), the remaining rats only received the vehicle. One week later a silver clip was placed on each renal artery on half of the 6-OHDA treated rats and on half of the vehicle treated animals. A sham operation was performed on the remaining rats. Blood pressure was measured weekly during 7 weeks. Then, blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were obtained. The brain was dissected in several areas. NE and angiotensinogen concentration (AoC) were determined in tissue samples. AoC was evaluated in plasma and CSF; plasma renin activity was also measured. Hypertension development was not prevented by central NE depletion, which was significant in all central areas (p < 0.001). Other significant results showed that renal ischemia and/or NE depletion induced a significant increase in angiotensinogen concentration in the hypothalamus (p < 0.01) and in CSF (p < 0.05). In summary: central NE depletion was not able to modify the development of 2 k - 2 c hypertension. Treatment and renal ischemia induced an increase of central AoC.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1993 · Clinical and Experimental Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: The participation of the central serotonergic system in the development of two-kidney, two clip (2K2C) Goldblatt renovascular hypertension in the rat has been examined. Half of the rats were treated with desmethylimipramine intraperitoneally and 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine intracisternally; the other half received only desmethylimipramine and the 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine vehicle. Two days later, a silver clip was placed in both renal arteries in half of the rats of each group. A sham operation was performed in the remaining rats. Blood pressure was recorded during the 5 weeks after treatment. At the end of the experiment, blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples were obtained. The brain was dissected into several areas and kept frozen. Norepinephrine, serotonin, angiotensinogen, and renin-like concentration were evaluated in the brain areas. Plasma renin activity and angiotensinogen concentration in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid were estimated. In the sham-operated groups, blood pressure was lower in the treated than in the control rats. The curve of blood pressure increase, as well as the final blood pressure, was similar in the treated and control 2K2C rats. Serotonin was significantly depleted by the 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine treatment in all brain areas. Treatment did not induce any changes in central norepinephrine concentration. Plasma renin activity was diminished in the treated sham-operated rats. These data indicate that the central serotonin depletion does not prevent the development of hypertension and confirm the role of the amine in normal blood pressure regulation. On the other hand, the peripheral renin-angiotensin system might participate in the development of high blood pressure in serotonin-depleted animals.
    Preview · Article · Mar 1990 · Hypertension

Publication Stats

414 Citations
131.31 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1977-2006
    • University of Buenos Aires
      • • Cardiovascular Physiology Laboratory
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Library Research Institute
      Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina
  • 1982-2000
    • Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas
      Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina