Min Li

Xi'an Jiaotong University, Ch’ang-an, Shaanxi, China

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Publications (30)81.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies reported that Rho-associated kinase inhibitor Y27632 markedly diminishes human embryonic stem cell and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) dissociation-induced apoptosis and increases cloning efficiency in a feeder-free culture system. However, the mechanisms by which Y27632 protects pluripotent stem cells from apoptosis remain unknown. In the present study, we tested the effects of Y27632 on single dissociated marmoset iPSCs in a feeder-free culture. The results showed that Y27632 promoted the number of cells proliferating after passage by single-cell dissociation in a dose-dependent manner. The Rho-associated kinase inhibitor Y27632 markedly increased the cloning efficiency of marmoset iPSCs without affecting their karyotype and the expression of pluripotency markers. Meanwhile, Y27632 markedly diminished apoptosis of the marmoset iPSCs under even more severe conditions by suppressing the expression and activity of caspase 3. Taken together, the present results suggest that this reagent is effective in improving the cultural system of primate iPSCs.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Theriogenology
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    ABSTRACT: Metastasis is the major cause of death among gastric cancer (GC) patients, and altered expression of Ras-related protein RAP1B is associated with cancer development. The present study assessed RAP1B expression ex vivo and the effect of hypoxia‑induced RAP1B overexpression on the promotion of the metastatic potential of GC cells in vitro. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of RAP1B and hypoxia‑inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in 178 GC tissue specimens. GC cell lines were used to assess the effects of hypoxia and RAP1B knockdown with RAP1B small interfering RNA (siRNA). Tumor cell viability was detected by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, invasion capacity was evaluated by a Transwell assay, and gene expression was determined by qRT-PCR and western blotting. The data showed that expression levels of RAP1B and HIF-1α proteins were high in the GC tissue specimens, and RAP1B expression was significantly associated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and tumor size, while HIF-1α expression was significantly associated with TNM stage, Borrmann type and tumor differentiation. Moreover, RAP1B expression was associated with HIF-1α expression (r=0.547, P<0.001). The expression of RAP1B and HIF-1α proteins was associated with a shorter overall survival of patients according to the univariate analysis (log-rank test, P<0.01), and RAP1B expression and TNM stage were independent prognostic predictors in patients using a multivariate analysis (P<0.001). In vitro, hypoxia induced the invasion of GC cells and the expression of RAP1B and HIF-1α (P<0.05); whereas knockdown of RAP1B expression using siRNA inhibited the tumor cell invasion capacity even under hypoxic culture conditions (P<0.05). In conclusion, the protein expression of RAP1B and HIF-1α contributed to GC malignant behavior and poor prognosis. Future studies will evaluate whether targeting RAP1B expression can be used as a novel strategy to control GC or as a biomarker for prognosis prediction.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Invasion and metastasis are the major causes of tumor-related mortality in lung cancer. It is believed that curcumin is an effective drug possessing anti-invasive and anti-metastatic activities in the treatment of cancer. However, the specific mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated whether the PKCα/Nox-2/ATF-2/MMP-9 signaling pathway is involved in the invasive behavior of lung cancer and whether curcumin could inhibit invasion by modulating this pathway. The cytotoxic effect of curcumin was evaluated by MTT assay and the capacity of invasion was assessed by Transwell assay. siRNA and plasmid transfection techniques were used to study the function of targeted genes. Real-time PCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression levels of PKCα, Nox-2, MMP-9 and the phosphorylation of ATF-2. The results showed that curcumin inhibited the proliferation and invasion of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Overexpression of MMP-9 enhanced the invasion of A549 cells. However, inhibition of MMP-9 by siRNA or curcumin suppressed cell invasion. Moreover, we also demonstrated the catalytic role of PKCα in expression of MMP-9 and cellular invasion in A549 cells, which was dependent on the expression of Nox-2 and phosphorylation of ATF-2. Finally, we also showed that curcumin dose-dependently reduced the expression of PKCα, P47phox, Nox-2 and phosphorylated ATF-2, as well as intracellular ROS generation, suggesting the inhibitory effect of curcumin on the activation of the PKCα/Nox-2/ROS/ATF-2 pathway. In conclusion, the PKCα/Nox-2/ROS/ATF-2/MMP-9 signaling pathway is activated in lung cancer A549 cells, which could be modulated by curcumin to inhibit cell invasiveness.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: FoxM1 is a member of the Forkhead box (Fox) family of transcription factors, which is expressed in actively dividing cells and is critical for cell cycle progression. Increased expression of FoxM1 was found in many tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A more recent study showed FoxM1 is associated with poor prognosis of NSCLC patients through promoting tumor metastasis; elucidated FoxM1 could exert a direct effect on the prognosis of NSCLCs patients. In this review, we summarize the role FoxM1 in lung cancer in the hope of providing insights into the utility of FoxM1 as a novel biomarker of lung cancer.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) remains to be a prevalent health issue worldwide. At present, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is the singular anti‑TB vaccine available for the prevention of disease in humans; however, this vaccine only provides limited protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Therefore, the development of alternative vaccines and strategies for increasing the efficacy of vaccination against TB are urgently required. The present study aimed to evaluate the ability of a recombinant adenoviral vector (Ad5‑CEAB) co‑expressing 10‑kDa culture filtrate protein, 6‑kDa early‑secreted antigenic target, antigen 85 (Ag85)A and Ag85B of Mtb to boost immune responses following primary vaccination with BCG in mice. The mice were first subcutaneously primed with BCG and boosted with two doses of Ad5-CEAB via an intranasal route. The immunological effects of Ad5-CEAB boosted mice primed with BCG were then evaluated using a series of immunological indexes. The results demonstrated that the prime‑boost strategy induced a potent antigen‑specific immune response, which was primarily characterized by an enhanced T cell response and increased production of cytokines, including interferon‑γ, tumor necrosis factor‑α and interleukin‑2, in mice. In addition, this vaccination strategy was demonstrated to have an elevated humoral response with increased concentrations of antigen‑specific bronchoalveolar lavage secretory immunoglobulin (Ig)A and serum IgG in mice compared with those primed with BCG alone. These data suggested that the regimen of subcutaneous BCG prime and mucosal Ad5‑CEAB boost was a novel strategy for inducing a broad range of antigen‑specific immune responses to Mtb antigens in vivo, which may provide a promising strategy for further development of adenoviral-based vaccine against Mtb infection.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Molecular Medicine Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPR-A) is the receptor for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). NPR-A plays critical physiological and pathophysiological roles in several target cell and tissue system processes, such as cell growth, apoptosis, proliferation, and inflammation. Accumulating data demonstrate that NPR-A is involved in immune and inflammatory reactions and is a potential target in inflammation treatment. It is expressed in various cancer cells and is important for tumor growth. A recent study indicated that NPR-A signaling can regulate stem cell recruitment and angiogenesis. This signaling can serve as a model for studying the linkage between inflammation and tumorigenesis. In this review we highlight the mechanisms by which NPR-A affects signaling pathways involved in inflammation and cancer, and we discuss its potential as a novel target in inflammation, cancer, and cancer-related inflammation.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
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    ABSTRACT: Background Necrosis of alveolar macrophages following Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection has been demonstrated to play a vital role in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Our previous study demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin signaling was able to promote mycobacteria-infected cell apoptosis by a caspase-dependent pathway. However, the functionality of this signaling in the necrosis of macrophage following mycobacterial infection remains largely unknown. Methods Murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells were infected with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in the presence of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. The necrotic cell death was determined by cytometric assay and electronic microscopy; the productions of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured by a cytometric analysis and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively; and the activity of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1)/apoptosis inhibition factor (AIF) signaling was examined by an immunoblotting assay. Results The BCG can induce RAW264.7 macrophage cells necrosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner along with an accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Intriguingly, an enhancement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling shows an ability to reduce the mycobacteria-induced macrophage necrosis. Mechanistically, the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is capable of inhibiting the necrotic cell death in BCG-infected RAW264.7 cells through a mechanism by which the Wnt signaling scavenges intracellular ROS accumulation and increases cellular GSH concentration. In addition, immunoblotting analysis further reveals that Wnt/β-catenin signaling is capable of inhibiting the ROS-mediated cell necrosis in part through a PARP-1/AIF- dependent pathway. Conclusions An activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling can inhibit BCG-induced macrophage necrosis by increasing the production of GSH and scavenging ROS in part through a mechanism of repression of PARP-1/AIF signaling pathway. This finding may thus provide an insight into the underlying mechanism of alveolar macrophage cell death in response to mycobacterial infection.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · BMC Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer generally shows poor prognosis because of its invasion and metastasis. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) induces and aggravates cancer invasion and metastasis by activating its downstream signal pathways. RhoA/ROCK/MMP signaling was found one of the LPA-induced pathways, which may be involved in invasion of breast cancer. Furthermore, we investigated whether this pathway was involved in curcumin's effect against LPA-induced invasion. LPA incubation was used to enhance invasion of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. RhoA expression was knocked-down by siRNA technique. MTT assay was used to evaluate the proliferation. Transwell assay was utilized to investigate the invasion ability of MCF-7 cells. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to assess the expressions of RhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2, MMP2 and MMP9 at both translational and transcriptional levels. The RhoA and ROCK activities were also evaluated. LPA incubation significantly boosted invasion rate of MCF-7. RhoA silencing by siRNA dramatically inhibited LPA-enhanced invasion. Concurrently, RhoA and ROCK activities and expression levels of RhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2, MMP2 and MMP9 were down-regulated by RhoA siRNA transfection. In order to avoid influence of cytotoxicity of curcumin, concentrations below 45 μmol/L were selected to further investigate the mechanism of curcumin's anti-invasion effect. Invasion of LPA-incubated MCF-7 cells was impaired by curcumin in a concentration-dependent manner. Concurrently, RhoA and ROCK activities and expression levels of RhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2, MMP2 and MMP9 were down-regulated by curcumin in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, RhoA/ROCK/MMPs pathway activation is involved in LPA-induced invasion in MCF-7 cells; curcumin inhibited LPA-induced invasion in MCF-7 cells by attenuating RhoA/ROCK/MMPs pathway.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (M. ovipneumoniae) is a bacterium that specifically infects sheep and goat and causes ovine infectious pleuropneumonia. In an effort to understand the pathogen-host interaction between the M. ovipneumoniae and airway epithelial cells, we investigated the host inflammatory response using a primary air-liquid interface (ALI) epithelial culture model generated from bronchial epithelial cells of Ningxia Tan sheep (Ovis aries). The ALI culture of sheep bronchial epithelial cells showed a fully differentiated epithelium comprising distinct epithelial types, including the basal, ciliated and goblet cells. Exposure of ALI cultures to M. ovipneumoniae led to increased expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and components of the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)-dependent TLR signaling pathway, including the MyD88, TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), IL-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), as well as subsequent pro-inflammatory cytokines in the epithelial cells. Of interest, infection with M. ovipneumoniae failed to induce the expression of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), TRAF3 and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), key components of the MyD88-independent signaling pathway. These results suggest that the MyD88-dependent TLR pathway may play a crucial role in sheep airway epithelial cells in response to M. ovipneumoniae infection, which also indicate that the ALI culture system may be a reliable model for investigating pathogen-host interactions between M. ovipneumoniae and airway epithelial cells. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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    ABSTRACT: The receptors for the cardiac hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPR-A), have been reported to be expressed in lung cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer. NPR-A expression and signaling is important for tumor growth, its deficiency protect C57BL/6 mice from lung, skin, and ovarian cancers, and these result suggest that NPR-A is a new target for cancer therapy. Recently, NPR-A has been demonstrated to be expressed in pre-implantation embryos and in ES cells, it has a novel role in the maintenance of self-renewal and pluripotency of ES cells. However, the direct role of NPR-A signaling in gastric cancer remains unclear. NPR-A expression was downregulated by transfection of shRNA. The proliferation of gastric cancer cells was measured by Hoechst 33342 stain. Cell proliferation and invasion were determined via BrdU and transwell assays, respectively. Down-regulation of NPR-A expression by shNPR-A induced apoptosis, inhibited proliferation and invasion in AGS cells. The mechanism of shNPR-A-induced anti-AGS effects was linked to NPR-A-induced expression of KCNQ1, a gene to be overexpressed in AGS and significantly reduced by shNPR-A. Collectively, these results suggest that NPR-A promotes gastric cancer development in part by regulating KCNQ1. Our findings also suggest that NPR-A is a target for gastric cancer therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Controlled-release systems capable of responding to external stimuli and/or unique internal environments have received great interests in site-specific gene and/or drug delivery. In this work, a functionalized gene nanocarrier for dual-stimuli triggered cytosolic gene delivery is developed and showing high gene delivery efficacy with low cytotoxicity. The nanocarrier is prepared by conjugating gold nanorod (GNR) with multiple disulfide cross-linked short PEIs to harness the advantageous properties of GNR based near infrared (NIR) laser induced photothermal heating and intracellular stimuli-triggered degradability of disulfide cross-linked short PEIs (DSPEI). The DSPEI is further grafted with a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) section to afford high carrier stability in cell cultures and a terminal RGD peptide for specific targeting of cancer cells. The nanocarrier is found to effectively condense plasmid DNA to form a highly stable GNR-DSPEI-PEG-RGD/DNA complex with tumor cell-targeting ability that can be efficiently uptaken by cancer cells. Moreover, the loaded genes can be effectively released from the complex triggered by the high intracellular glutathione content and/or by photothermal effect of NIR irradiation at 808nm. Interestingly, the GNRs-based complex can easily escape from intracellular endo-/lyso-somal compartments and release the gene load into the cytosol upon exposure to NIR irradiation, resulting in significantly improved gene transfection efficiency. Our new gene carrier exhibits high gene transfection efficiency, comparable to or even better than that of high MW PEIs, but with a much lower cytotoxicity. Additionally, neither the GNR-based carrier nor the laser treatment shows any significant evidence of cytotoxicity. This work demonstrates a promising strategy for intracellular stimuli triggered, photothermal controllable gene delivery system, which can be further applied to many other nanomedicine fields.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Controlled Release
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    ABSTRACT: Triple receptor-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) generally have poor prognoses because of the loss of therapeutic targets. As lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor signaling has been shown to affect breast cancer initiation and progression, we try to evaluate the potential roles of LPA receptors in TNBCs. We examined mRNA and protein expressions of LPA receptors 1-3, using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemical analyses in normal (n = 37), benign disease (n = 55), and breast cancer tissues (n = 82). Carcinomas expressed higher levels of LPA2 and LPA3 mRNAs (0.17 ± 0.070 and 0.05 ± 0.023, respectively) than did normal breast tissue (0.13 ± 0.072 and 0.02 ± 0.002, respectively). Enhanced immunohistochemical staining for LPA2 and LPA3 protein was also consistently observed in carcinomas. The LPA3 overexpression was associated with lymph node metastases, and absence of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptors, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 expression. TNBC tissues and cell lines showed the highest LPA3 expression compared with luminal-type A and B breast cancers. Suppression of LPA3 by shRNA did not influence cell growth in breast cancer cells. However, the migration and invasion of TNBC cells were significantly inhibited by LPA3-shRNA or inhibitor, which had no or less effect on normal and non-TNBC breast cells. In conclusion, our data indicated that the expression of LPA receptor 3 was increased in human TNBCs and is associated with tumor metastatic ability, and this implies that LPA3 is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of TNBCs.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The emerging roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating immune responses have attracted increasing attention in recent years; and the alveolar macrophages (AMs) are the main targets of mycobacterial infection, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. However, the immunoregulatory role of miRNAs in AMs has not been fully demonstrated. In this study, we find that miR-124 is up-regulated in the peripheral leukocytes of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis; furthermore, the expression miR-124 can be induced upon Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) infection in both RAW264.7 AM cells in vitro and murine AMs in vivo. Mechanistically, miR-124 is able to modulate toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling activity in RAW264.7 cells in response to BCG infection. In this regard, multiple components of TLR signaling cascade, including the TLR6, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), TNFR-associated factor 6 and tumor necrosis factor-α are directly targeted by miR-124. In addition, both overexpression of TLR signaling adaptor MyD88 and BCG infection are able to augment miR-124 transcription, while MyD88 expression silenced by small interfering RNA dramatically suppresses miR-124 expression in AMs in vitro. Moreover, the abundance of miR-124 transcript in murine AMs of MyD88 deficient mice is significantly less than that of their wild-type or heterozygous littermates; and the BCG infection fails to induce miR-124 expression in the lung of MyD88 deficient mouse. These results indicate a negative regulatory role of miR-124 in fine-tuning inflammatory response in AMs upon mycobacterial infection, in part through a mechanism by directly targeting TLR signaling.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Molecular Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by an infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and remains an enormous and increasing health burden worldwide. To date, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is the only licensed anti-TB vaccine worldwide, which provides an important but limited protection from the Mtb infection. The development of alternative anti-TB vaccines is therefore urgently needed. Here we report, the generation of Ad5-CEAB, a recombinant adenovirus expressing Mtb antigens of CFP10, ESAT6, Ag85A and Ag85B proteins in a form of mixture. In order to evaluate the immunogenicity of Ad5-CEAB, mice were immunized with Ad5-CEAB by intranasal instillation three times with 2-week intervals. The results demonstrated that Ad5-CEAB elicited a strong antigen-specific immune response, particularly of the Th1 immune responses that were characterized by an increased ratio of IgG2a/IgG1 and secretions of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2 and IL-12. In addition, the Ad5-CEAB also showed an ability to enhance humoral responses with a dramatically augmented antigen-specific serum IgG. Furthermore, an elevated sIgA were also found in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the immunized mice, suggesting the elicitation of mucosal immune responses. These data indicate that Ad5-CEAB can induce a broad range of antigen-specific immune responses in vivo, which provides a promising and novel route for developing anti-TB vaccines and warrants further investigation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Molecular Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Background The natriuretic peptide receptor-A (NPRA) has been investigated as a receptor of natriuretic peptides in the cardiovascular system. In this study, however, we analyze the expression status of NPRA and the relationship with tumor invasion in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) for the first time. Methods Western blots were used to examine the expression status of protein in human ESCC cell lines. Then, we used immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of NPRA in 45 ESCC specimens and 40 corresponding nontumor tissues. The clinical data were analyzed through statistical methods. Sh-RNA-NPRA was transfected into Eca109 cells to detect the relationship between NPRA and cell invasion through transwell assays. Results In esophageal squamous cells, the expression of NPRA was strongly detected in the cytoplasm, while undetectable or very weak in the nucleus. The positive rates of NPRA in cancer tissues are significantly higher than that in nontumor tissues (P <0.05). Clinicopathological analyses revealed that increased NPRA expression correlated with differentiation and TNM stage (P <0.05), while it showed no statistically significant association with age, gender, and lymph node metastasis. In analysis of prognosis, we found that highly.Transwell assays showed that NPRA promoted Eca109 cell migration and invasion in vitro and may be involved in MMP2 and MMP9 activation. Conclusions NPRA protein is highly expressed in ESCC tissues and could promote Eca109 cell migration and invasion in vitro.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: We report herein the development of a novel aqueous formulation and improved antitumor activity for curcumin by encapsulating it into a biocompatible and biodegradable poly(L-lactic acid) based poly(anhydride-ester)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PAE-b-PEG) micelle. The resulting curcumin loaded micelles were completely water-dispersible, overcoming the problem of poor water solubility that limited its efficacy and bioavailability. In vitro cellular studies revealed that the curcumin-loaded micelles were taken up mainly via endocytosis route and exhibited higher cytotoxicities toward model cancer cell lines (HeLa and EMT6) than free curcumin. An in vivo biodistribution study revealed that the curcumin-loaded micelles displayed significantly enhanced accumulation inside the tumor of EMT6 breast tumor-bearing mice. More impressively, the curcumin-loaded micelles showed stronger antitumor activity, higher anti-angiogenesis effects and induced apoptosis on the EMT6 breast tumor model bearing mice than free curcumin. Furthermore, the curcumin-loaded micelles showed no significant toxicity towards hemotological system, major organs or tissues in mice. Combined with a high antitumor activity and low toxic side-effects, the curcumin-loaded micelles developed here thus appear to be a highly attractive nanomedicine for effective, targeted cancer therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Novel poly(anhydride-ester)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers (PAE-b-PEGs) were synthesized by esterization of methyl poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(anhydride-ester), which were obtained by the melt polycondensation of alpha,omega-acetic anhydride-terminated poly(L-lactic acid), and characterized by 1H-NMR and gel permeation chromatography. The two poly(anhydride-ester)-b-poly(ethylene glycols) (denoted as PAE-b-PEG2k and PAE-b-PEG5k) thus obtained can self-assemble in water to form micelles with hydrodynamic diameters of 92.5 and 97.5 nm above their critical micelle concentrations of 3.78 and 2.36 microg/mL, respectively. The curcumin-loaded PAE-b-PEG2k and PAE-b-PEG5k micelles were prepared by the solid dispersion method, and they could encapsulate approximately 7% (w/w) curcumin. The diameters of the micelles were stable for 5 days. Curcumin is released faster from the micelles at pH 5.0 than at pH 7.4. Curcumin is released from the micelles at a fast rate during the initial 12 h, followed by a zero-order release during the subsequent 200 h, both at pH 5.0 and 7.4. The IC50 values of the curcumin-loaded PAE-b-PEG2k and PAE-b-PEG5k micelles against HeLa cells are 12.41 and 15.31 microg/mL, respectively, which is lower than that of free curcumin (25.90 microg/mL). The PAE-b-PEG2k micelles are taken up faster than the PAE-b-PEG5k micelles by HeLa cells. Curcumin-loaded micelles can induce G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of HeLa cells.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of gender and obesity on the abundance of human colonic Feacalibacterium prausnitzii is currently unclear. We collected fecal samples from 54 obese and 54 sex- and age-matched normal-weight Chinese adults and quantified the fecal F. prausnitzii as percentage of 16S rRNA gene copies of F. prausnitzii accounting to that of total gut bacteria with quantitative PCR. The fecal F. prausnitzii amount was not significantly different between obese and lean subjects. Men possessed significantly lower level of fecal F. prausnitzii than women, and the significant and positive correlation of fecal F. prausnitzii quantity with fasting glucose level was observed in men, not in women. Our results suggest that the gender effect, in addition to other factors including the geographic location, ethnicity, diet and gut transit times of study subjects, has to be considered when studying the relationship between gut F. prausnitzii and diseases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Archives of Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of eNOS gene polymorphism with essential hypertension in the Chinese Han population, we examined polymorphisms of the rs2070744 (T→C), rs1800780 (A→G), and rs3918181 (A→G) loci. The results demonstrated that the genotypic frequency at the rs1800780 (A→G) locus was significantly different between patients with essential hypertension and the control cohorts (P < 0.05); while genotypic frequencies and allelic frequencies at rs2070744 (T→C) and rs3918181 (A→G) loci had no statistical difference between the patient group and controls (P > 0.05). In addition, haplotype analysis found a statistically significant difference for haplotype TGA, with OR (95% CI) of 1.549 (1.116-2.150) (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that polymorphism of rs1800780 (A→G) in the eNOS gene may be one of the most important genetic factors associated with essential hypertension susceptibility, and those who have haplotype TGA may be at risk to develop essential hypertension.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Biochemical Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation induced by endotoxin from a dysbiotic gut microbiota contributes to the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders. Modification of gut microbiota by a diet to balance its composition becomes a promising strategy to help manage obesity. A dietary scheme based on whole grains, traditional Chinese medicinal foods, and prebiotics (WTP diet) was designed to meet human nutritional needs as well as balance the gut microbiota. Ninety-three of 123 central obese volunteers (BMI ≥28 kg m(-2) ) completed a self-controlled clinical trial consisting of 9 weeks intervention on WTP diet followed by a 14 weeks maintenance period. The average weight loss reached 5.79±4.64 kg (6.62±4.94%), in addition to improvement of insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles, and blood pressure. Pyrosequencing of fecal samples showed that phylotypes related to endotoxin-producing opportunistic pathogens of Enterobacteriaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae were reduced significantly, while those related to gut barrier-protecting bacteria of Bifidobacteriaceae increased. Gut permeability, measured as lactulose/mannitol ratio, was decreased compared to the baseline. Plasma endotoxin load as lipopolysaccharide-binding protein was also significantly reduced, with concomitant decrease of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and an increase in adiponectin. These results suggest that modulation of the gut microbiota via dietary intervention may enhance the intestinal barrier integrity, reduce circulating antigen load, and ultimately ameliorate the inflammation and metabolic phenotypes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Publication Stats

586 Citations
81.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013-2015
    • Xi'an Jiaotong University
      • School of Medicine
      Ch’ang-an, Shaanxi, China
  • 2011-2015
    • Ningxia University
      China
  • 2009-2015
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • • School of Pharmacy
      • • Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006
    • Shanxi University
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China