Joanne M Murabito

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 베서스다, Maryland, United States

Are you Joanne M Murabito?

Claim your profile

Publications (186)1719.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Midlife and contemporaneous cardiometabolic risk factors associated with sarcopenic obesity were examined. Utilizing BMI and sex-specific 24-h urinary creatinine excretion, 1,019 participants from the Framingham cohorts were categorized as non-sarcopenia non-obese (NSNO), non-obese sarcopenia, non-sarcopenic obesity, and sarcopenic obesity. Cardiometabolic risk factors were quantified by standard laboratory assessment cross-sectionally and 10, 20, and 30 years before sarcopenic obesity assessment. NSNO, sarcopenia, obesity, and sarcopenic obesity accounted for 30.0%, 39.6%, 20.0%, and 10.4% of study participants, respectively. Cross-sectionally, participants with sarcopenic obesity had a higher proportion of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes than those with NSNO or sarcopenia (all P < 0.03). Similar patterns were observed retrospectively at 10, 20, and 30 years. Compared with NSNO or sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity was associated with a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes at 10 years and hypertension and metabolic syndrome at all three time points before baseline (all P < 0.03). Individuals with sarcopenic obesity had more type 2 diabetes than those with obesity alone at baseline and 10 years prior (all P < 0.001). Older adults with sarcopenic obesity had more adverse midlife cardiometabolic risks, particularly diabetes 10 years earlier, which suggests the importance of early identification of risk factors associated with sarcopenic obesity.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Obesity
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease and frailty frequently occur together. Both are associated with inflammation, which may be partially triggered by oxidative stress, especially in cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers linked to cardiovascular disease were associated with frailty and the related outcome of gait speed. We report cross-sectional associations of biomarkers and frailty assessed at Framingham Offspring Study cycle eight. Participants ≥60 years were eligible if they had information on frailty and at least one of the following: C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor receptor 2, 8-epi-FGFα isoprostanes (isoprostanes), lipoprotein phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2) mass or activity, osteoprotegerin, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 or P-selectin. Stepwise logistic models were utilized for frailty and stepwise linear models for gait speed. Covariates included age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and co-morbidities. Odds ratios (ORs) and slope estimates (B) are reported per standard deviation increase of loge-transformed biomarker. Of the 1919 participants, 142 (7 %) were frail. In a stepwise model, frailty odds increased with higher interleukin-6 (OR 1.90, 95 % CI 1.51, 2.38), isoprostanes (OR 1.46, 95 % CI 1.12, 1.92), and LpPLA2 mass (OR 1.29, 95 % CI 1.00, 1.65). Stepwise regression found that slower gait speeds were associated with interleukin-6 (B = −0.025 m/s, 95 % CI 0.04, −0.01), isoprostanes (B = −0.019, 95 % CI −0.03, −0.008), LpPLA2 mass (B = −0.016, 95 % CI −0.03, −0.004), and osteoprotegerin (B = −0.015, 95 % CI −0.03, −0.002, all p < 0.05). Interleukin-6, isoprostanes, and LpPLA2 mass were associated with greater frailty odds and slower gait speeds. Oxidative stress may be a mechanism contributing to frailty.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of the American Aging Association
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Weight gain is associated with fat volume increases, but associations with fat quality are less well characterized The associations of weight change with visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume and attenuation were investigated. Methods: Computed tomography abdominal scans were acquired on a Framingham Heart Study subset (N = 836; 40.2% women; mean age 45.7 years), a mean of 6.1 years apart. Fat attenuation estimated fat quality. Results: Mean weight change was +2.0 (SD 6.8; IQR -0.7, 5.0) kg in women and +2.7 (SD 6.0; IQR -0.5, 5.4) kg in men. Per 2.5 kg weight increase in women, VAT volume increased 126 cm(3) (95% CI, 112-140, p < 0.0001), SAT volume increased 258 cm(3) (95% CI, 239-278, p < 0.0001), and fat attenuation decreased (i.e., fat quality worsened) in VAT and SAT (p < 0.0001). Increasing VAT volume was associated with decreasing fat attenuation even after accounting for weight change. Relative to weight-stable women (n = 129), women who lost >2.5 kg (n = 58) had smaller SAT attenuation decreases (p < 0.0001). Similar patterns were seen in men. Conclusions: Weight gain was associated with decreases in fat attenuation independent of VAT and SAT volume changes. These findings highlighted the associations of weight gain and worsening fat attenuation, suggesting fat attenuation may be dynamic.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Obesity
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Understanding of the genetic regulation of puberty timing has come largely from studies of rare disorders and population-based studies in women. Here, we report the largest genomic analysis for puberty timing in 55,871 men, based on recalled age at voice breaking. Analysis across all genomic variants reveals strong genetic correlation (0.74, 2.7×10-70) between male and female puberty timing. However, some loci show sex-divergent effects, including directionally opposite effects between sexes at the SIM1/MCHR2 locus (Pheterogeneity= 1.6×10-12). We find five novel loci for puberty timing (Po5×10-8), in addition to nine signals in men that were previously reported in women. Newly implicated genes include two retinoic acid-related receptors, RORB and RXRA, and two genes reportedly disrupted in rare disorders of puberty, LEPR and KAL1. Finally, we identify genetic correlations that indicate shared aetiologies in both sexes between puberty timing and body mass index, fasting insulin levels, lipid levels, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nature Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: This study examined whether interarm differences in systolic blood pressure (IDSBP) ≥10 mm Hg were associated with the risk of incident dementia and subclinical brain injury. Methods: Between 1992 and 1998, 2063 participants of the Framingham Heart Study underwent assessment of IDSBP with results related to the 10-year risk of incident dementia including clinically characterized Alzheimer's disease. Secondary outcomes included markers of subclinical brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging. Results: High IDSBP were associated with a greater risk of incident dementia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-3.40) and Alzheimer's disease (HR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.29-4.18), but only in those who carried an APOE ε4 allele. IDSBP also predicted lower total brain volumes and more prevalent silent brain infarcts in those who were APOE ε4 positive. Discussion: High IDSBP were associated with an increased risk of dementia, including clinical Alzheimer's disease, and subclinical brain injury in those who were APOE ε4 positive.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Alzheimer's & dementia: the journal of the Alzheimer's Association
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Disease incidences increase with age, but the molecular characteristics of ageing that lead to increased disease susceptibility remain inadequately understood. Here we perform a whole-blood gene expression meta-analysis in 14,983 individuals of European ancestry (including replication) and identify 1,497 genes that are differentially expressed with chronological age. The age-associated genes do not harbor more age-associated CpG-methylation sites than other genes, but are instead enriched for the presence of potentially functional CpG-methylation sites in enhancer and insulator regions that associate with both chronological age and gene expression levels. We further used the gene expression profiles to calculate the 'transcriptomic age' of an individual, and show that differences between transcriptomic age and chronological age are associated with biological features linked to ageing, such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, fasting glucose, and body mass index. The transcriptomic prediction model adds biological relevance and complements existing epigenetic prediction models, and can be used by others to calculate transcriptomic age in external cohorts.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Nature Communications
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Lower muscle strength in midlife predicts disability and mortality in later life. Bloodborne factors, including growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), have been linked to muscle regeneration in animal models. We aimed to identify gene transcripts associated with muscle strength in adults. Methods: Meta-analysis of whole blood gene expression (overall 17,534 unique genes measured by microarray) and hand-grip strength in four independent cohorts (n=7,781, ages: 20-104 years, weighted mean=56), adjusted for age, sex, height, weight, and leukocyte subtypes. Separate analyses were performed in subsets (older/younger than 60, male/female). Results: Expression levels of 221 genes were associated with strength after adjustment for cofactors and for multiple statistical testing, including ALAS2 (rate limiting enzyme in heme synthesis), PRF1 (perforin, a cytotoxic protein associated with inflammation), IGF1R and IGF2BP2 (both insulin like growth factor related). We identified statistical enrichment for hemoglobin biosynthesis, innate immune activation and the stress response. Ten genes were only associated in younger individuals, four in males only and one in females only. For example PIK3R2 (a negative regulator of PI3K/AKT growth pathway) was negatively associated with muscle strength in younger (<60 years) individuals but not older (>=60 years). We also show that 115 genes (52%) have not previously been linked to muscle in NCBI PubMed abstracts Conclusions: This first large-scale transcriptome study of muscle strength in human adults confirmed associations with known pathways and provides new evidence for over half of the genes identified. There may be age and sex specific gene expression signatures in blood for muscle strength.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Physiological Genomics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Menopause timing has a substantial impact on infertility and risk of disease, including breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We report a dual strategy in ∼70,000 women to identify common and low-frequency protein-coding variation associated with age at natural menopause (ANM). We identified 44 regions with common variants, including two regions harboring additional rare missense alleles of large effect. We found enrichment of signals in or near genes involved in delayed puberty, highlighting the first molecular links between the onset and end of reproductive lifespan. Pathway analyses identified major association with DNA damage response (DDR) genes, including the first common coding variant in BRCA1 associated with any complex trait. Mendelian randomization analyses supported a causal effect of later ANM on breast cancer risk (∼6% increase in risk per year; P = 3 × 10(-14)), likely mediated by prolonged sex hormone exposure rather than DDR mechanisms.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Nature Genetics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: More than 100 loci have been identified for age at menarche by genome-wide association studies; however, collectively these explain only ∼3% of the trait variance. Here we test two overlooked sources of variation in 192,974 European ancestry women: low-frequency protein-coding variants and X-chromosome variants. Five missense/nonsense variants (in ALMS1/LAMB2/TNRC6A/TACR3/PRKAG1) are associated with age at menarche (minor allele frequencies 0.08-4.6%; effect sizes 0.08-1.25 years per allele; P<5 × 10(-8)). In addition, we identify common X-chromosome loci at IGSF1 (rs762080, P=9.4 × 10(-13)) and FAAH2 (rs5914101, P=4.9 × 10(-10)). Highlighted genes implicate cellular energy homeostasis, post-transcriptional gene silencing and fatty-acid amide signalling. A frequently reported mutation in TACR3 for idiopathic hypogonatrophic hypogonadism (p.W275X) is associated with 1.25-year-later menarche (P=2.8 × 10(-11)), illustrating the utility of population studies to estimate the penetrance of reportedly pathogenic mutations. Collectively, these novel variants explain ∼0.5% variance, indicating that these overlooked sources of variation do not substantially explain the 'missing heritability' of this complex trait.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Nature Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Midlife cardiovascular risk, hypertension (HTN) in particular, has been related cross-sectionally to poorer neuropsychological (NP) performance in middle age and older adults. This study investigated whether a similar relationship persists between midlife HTN or systolic blood pressure (SBP) and NP performance approximately 30 years later. 378 Framingham stroke and dementia-free Original cohort participants, with HTN and SBP ascertained between 50-60 years of age (mean age 55 ± 1, 65% women), were administered a NP assessment at age ≥80 years. Tests included Logical Memory, Visual Reproduction, Paired Associate, Hooper Visual Organization Test, Trail Making A & B, Digit Span Forward and Backward, Controlled Word Association Test (COWAT), and Similarities. Multivariable linear regression, adjusted for age, time interval between risk factor and NP testing, gender, and premorbid intelligence, assessed association between midlife HTN/SBP and NP outcomes. Midlife HTN was not significantly associated with NP outcome measures. Midlife SBP was associated with poorer Digit Span Forward and COWAT performance (p < 0.05). No significant interaction of age on HTN/SBP to NP associations was found. There was a significant interaction between ApoE4 status and SBP in their effects on COWAT (pinteraction = 0.074); SBP was negatively associated with COWAT only in those with the ApoE4 allele (p = 0.025). While midlife HTN is not associated with late life cognitive impairment, midlife SBP is related to late life attention and verbal fluency impairments, particularly among ApoE4+ individuals. These results offer insight into processes that are operative in the absence of overt cognitive impairment and dementia.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/Study Context: The number of individuals who reach extreme age is quickly increasing. Much of the current literature focuses on impaired cognition in extreme age, and debate continues regarding what constitutes "normal" cognition in extreme age. This study aimed to provide oldest-old normative data and to compare cognitive performances of cognitively intact elderly individuals from the Framingham Heart Study. A total of 1302 individuals aged 65+ years from the Framingham Heart Study were separated into 5-year age bands and compared on cognitive tests. Multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted, adjusting for gender, the Wide Range Achievement Test-Third Edition (WRAT-III) Reading score, and cohort. Analyses also included comparisons between 418 individuals aged 80+ and 884 individuals aged 65-79, and comparisons within oldest-old age bands. Normative data for all participants are presented. Significant differences were found on most tests between age groups in the overall analysis between young-old and oldest-old, and analysis of oldest-old age bands also revealed select significant differences (all ps <.05). As aging increases, significant cognitive differences and increased variability in performances are evident. These results support the use of age-appropriate normative data for oldest-old individuals.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Experimental Aging Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronically elevated circulating inflammatory markers are common in older persons but mechanisms are unclear. Many blood transcripts (>800 genes) are associated with interleukin-6 protein levels (IL6) independent of age. We aimed to identify gene transcripts statistically mediating, as drivers or responders, the increasing levels of IL6 protein in blood at older ages. Blood derived in-vivo RNA from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS, n=2422, ages 40-92 yrs) and InCHIANTI study (n=694, ages 30-104 yrs), with Affymetrix and Illumina expression arrays respectively (>17,000 genes tested), were tested for statistical mediation of the age-IL6 association using resampling techniques, adjusted for confounders and multiple testing. In FHS, IL6 expression was not associated with IL6 protein levels in blood. 102 genes (0.6% of 17,324 expressed) statistically mediated the age-IL6 association of which 25 replicated in InCHIANTI (including 5 of the 10 largest effect genes). The largest effect gene (SLC4A10, coding for NCBE, a sodium bicarbonate transporter) mediated 19% (adjusted CI 8.9 to 34.1%) and replicated by PCR in InCHIANTI (n=194, 35.6% mediated, p=0.01). Other replicated mediators included PRF1 (perforin, a cytolytic protein in cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells) and IL1B (Interleukin 1 beta): few other cytokines were significant mediators. This transcriptome-wide study on human blood identified a small distinct set of genes that statistically mediate the age-IL6 association. Findings are robust across two cohorts and different expression technologies. Raised IL6 levels may not derive from circulating white cells in age related inflammation. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Experimental gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prior studies on the association of physical activity (PA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are limited by reliance on subjective measures of PA. We examined the association between objectively measured PA and hepatic steatosis defined by computed tomography (CT). We conducted a cross-sectional study of 1,060 Framingham Heart Study participants who participated in the Multidetector CT 2 substudy and who underwent assessment of PA via accelerometry. Hepatic steatosis was estimated by liver attenuation, as measured by CT. We explored the relationship between liver attenuation and PA using multivariable regression models. In multivariable-adjusted models, we observed an inverse association between PA and liver attenuation. Each 30 minutes/day increase in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was associated with a reduced odds of hepatic steatosis (OR = 0.62, P < 0.001). This association was attenuated and no longer statistically significant after adjustment for body mass index (BMI) (OR = 0.77, P = 0.05) or visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (OR = 0.83, P = 0.18). Participants who met the national PA recommendations of engaging in ≥150 minutes/week of MVPA had the lowest odds of hepatic steatosis, even after adjusting for BMI (OR = 0.63, P = 0.007) or VAT (OR = 0.67, P = 0.03). There is an inverse association between PA and hepatic steatosis. Participants who met the national PA guidelines had the lowest prevalence of hepatic steatosis. © 2015 The Obesity Society.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Obesity
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alterations in metabolism influence lifespan in experimental models, but data in humans are lacking. Here we use liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry to quantify 217 plasma metabolites and examine their relation to longevity in a large cohort of men and women followed for up to 20 years. We find that, higher concentrations of the citric acid cycle intermediate, isocitrate, and the bile acid, taurocholate, are associated with lower odds of longevity, defined as attaining 80 years of age. Higher concentrations of isocitrate, but not taurocholate, are also associated with worse cardiovascular health at baseline, as well as risk of future cardiovascular disease and death. None of the metabolites identified are associated with cancer risk. Our findings suggest that some, but not all, metabolic pathways related to human longevity are linked to the risk of common causes of death.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Nature Communications
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: -Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis (SCA) predicts events in those with and without diabetes. T2D genetic risk may predict both T2D and SCA. We hypothesized that greater T2D genetic risk is associated with higher extent of SCA. -In a cross-sectional analysis including up to 9,210 European Americans, 3,773 African Americans, 1,446 Hispanic Americans and 773 Chinese Americans without known CVD and enrolled in the FHS, CARDIA, MESA and GENOA studies, we tested a 62 T2D-loci genetic risk score (GRS62) for association with measures of SCA, including coronary artery (CACS) or abdominal aortic calcium score, common (CCA-IMT) and internal carotid artery intima-media thickness, and ankle-brachial index (ABI). We used ancestry-stratified linear regression models, with random effects accounting for family relatedness when appropriate, applying a genetic-only (adjusted for sex) and a full SCA risk factors adjusted model (significance = p<0.01 = 0.05/5, number of traits analyzed). An inverse association with CACS in MESA Europeans (fully-adjusted p=0.004) and with CCA-IMT in FHS (p=0.009) was not confirmed in other study cohorts, either separately or in meta-analysis. Secondary analyses showed no consistent associations with β-cell and insulin resistance sub-GRS in FHS and CARDIA. -SCA does not have a major genetic component linked to a burden of 62 T2D loci identified by large genome-wide association studies. A shared T2D-SCA genetic basis, if any, might become apparent from better functional information about both T2D and CVD risk loci.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Circulation Cardiovascular Genetics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Identification of microRNA expression quantitative trait loci (miR-eQTL) can yield insights into regulatory mechanisms of microRNA transcription, and can help elucidate the role of microRNA as mediators of complex traits. Here we present a miR-eQTL mapping study of whole blood from 5,239 individuals, and identify 5,269 cis-miR-eQTLs for 76 mature microRNAs. Forty-nine per cent of cis-miR-eQTLs are located 300-500 kb upstream of their associated intergenic microRNAs, suggesting that distal regulatory elements may affect the interindividual variability in microRNA expression levels. We find that cis-miR-eQTLs are highly enriched for cis-mRNA-eQTLs and regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms. Among 243 cis-miR-eQTLs that were reported to be associated with complex traits in prior genome-wide association studies, many cis-miR-eQTLs miRNAs display differential expression in relation to the corresponding trait (for example, rs7115089, miR-125b-5p and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol). Our study provides a roadmap for understanding the genetic basis of miRNA expression, and sheds light on miRNA involvement in a variety of complex traits.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Nature Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Healthy Aging Index (HAI) is a tool for measuring the extent of health and disease across multiple systems. We conducted a genome-wide association study and a genome-wide linkage analysis to map quantitative trait loci associated with the HAI and a modified HAI weighted for mortality risk in 3,140 individuals selected for familial longevity from the Long Life Family Study. The genome-wide association study used the Long Life Family Study as the discovery cohort and individuals from the Cardiovascular Health Study and the Framingham Heart Study as replication cohorts. There were no genome-wide significant findings from the genome-wide association study; however, several single-nucleotide polymorphisms near ZNF704 on chromosome 8q21.13 were suggestively associated with the HAI in the Long Life Family Study (p < 10(-) (6)) and nominally replicated in the Cardiovascular Health Study and Framingham Heart Study. Linkage results revealed significant evidence (log-odds score = 3.36) for a quantitative trait locus for mortality-optimized HAI in women on chromosome 9p24-p23. However, results of fine-mapping studies did not implicate any specific candidate genes within this region of interest. ZNF704 may be a potential candidate gene for studies of the genetic underpinnings of longevity. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Physical activity is associated with several health benefits, including lower cardiovascular disease risk. The independent influence of physical activity on cardiac and vascular function in the community, however, has been sparsely investigated. We related objective measures of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA, assessed by accelerometry) to cardiac and vascular indices in 2376 participants of the Framingham Heart Study third generation cohort (54% women, mean age 47 years). Using multivariable regression models, we related MVPA to the following echocardiographic and vascular measures: left ventricular mass, left atrial and aortic root sizes, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, and forward pressure wave. Men and women engaged in MVPA 29.9±21.4 and 25.5±19.4 min/day, respectively. Higher values of MVPA (per 10-minute increment) were associated with lower carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (estimate -0.53 ms/m; P=0.006) and lower forward pressure wave (estimate -0.23 mm Hg; P=0.03) but were not associated with augmentation index (estimate 0.13%; P=0.25). MVPA was associated positively with loge left ventricular mass (estimate 0.006 loge [g/m(2)]; P=0.0003), left ventricular wall thickness (estimate 0.07 mm; P=0.0001), and left atrial dimension (estimate 0.10 mm; P=0.01). MVPA also tended to be positively associated with aortic root dimension (estimate 0.05 mm; P=0.052). Associations of MVPA with cardiovascular measures were similar, in general, for bouts lasting <10 versus ≥10 minutes. In our community-based sample, greater physical activity was associated with lower vascular stiffness but with higher echocardiographic left ventricular mass and left atrial size. These findings suggest complex relations of usual levels of physical activity and cardiovascular remodeling. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of the American Heart Association
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the relation between objectively measured physical activity with accelerometry and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in a community-based sample. We evaluated 1249 participants of the Framingham Third Generation and Omni II cohorts (mean age 51.7 years, 47% women) who underwent assessment of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with accelerometry over 5 to 7 days, and multi-detector computed tomography for measurement of SAT and VAT volume; fat attenuation was estimated by SAT and VAT hounsfield units (HU). In women, higher levels of MVPA were associated with decreased SAT (P<0.0001) and VAT volume (P<0.0001). The average decrement in VAT per 30 minute/day increase in MVPA was -453 cm(3) (95% CI -574, -331). The association was attenuated but persisted upon adjustment for BMI (-122 cm(3), P=0.002). Higher levels of MVPA were associated with higher SAT HU (all P≤0.01), a marker of fat quality, even after adjustment for SAT volume. Similar findings were observed in men but the magnitude of the association was less. Sedentary time was not associated with SAT or VAT volume or quality in men or women. MVPA was associated with less VAT and SAT and better fat quality. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of the American Heart Association
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals. We identify 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (BMI), and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P < 5 x 10(-8)). In total, 20 of the 49 waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI loci show significant sexual dimorphism, 19 of which display a stronger effect in women. The identified loci were enriched for genes expressed in adipose tissue and for putative regulatory elements in adipocytes. Pathway analyses implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Nature

Publication Stats

11k Citations
1,719.03 Total Impact Points


  • 2001-2016
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
      • Division of Cardiovascular Sciences (DCVS)
      베서스다, Maryland, United States
  • 2015
    • University of Massachusetts Medical School
      Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2002-2015
    • Boston University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Section of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2008-2014
    • Boston Medical Center
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • National Eye Institute
      Maryland, United States
  • 2013
    • Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2012
    • University of Greifswald
      • Institute of Community Medicine
      Griefswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 2007
    • Beverly Hospital, Boston MA
      BVY, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2006
    • Uppsala University
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2005
    • University of Cincinnati
      • Department of Psychiatry
      Cincinnati, OH, United States
  • 1995-2005
    • University of Massachusetts Boston
      • Clinical Epidemiology Research and Training Unit
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1991
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States