Masahiro Ito

Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (239)

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/purpose: Serious complications continue to occur in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The commonly used indicators of surgical difficulty such as the duration of surgery are insufficient because they are surgeon and institution dependent. We aimed to identify appropriate indicators of surgical difficulty during LC. Methods: A total of 26 Japanese expert LC surgeons discussed using the nominal group technique (NGT) to generate a list of intraoperative findings that contribute to surgical difficulty. Thereafter, a survey was circulated to 61 experts in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. The questionnaire addressed LC experience, surgical strategy, and perceptions of 30 intraoperative findings listed by the NGT. Results: The response rate of the survey was 100%. There was a statistically significant difference among nations regarding the duration of surgery and adoption rate of safety measures and recognition of landmarks. The criteria for conversion to an open or subtotal cholecystectomy were at the discretion of each surgeon. In contrast, perceptions of the impact of 30 intraoperative findings on surgical difficulty (categorized by factors related to inflammation and additional findings of the gallbladder and other intra-abdominal factors) were consistent among surgeons. Conclusions: Intraoperative findings are objective and considered to be appropriate indicators of surgical difficulty during LC.
    Article · Aug 2016 · Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are derived from endocrine cells in various organs and share common morphological features. This study aimed to clarify whether NENs of different organs are comparable at the molecular pathologic level. We retrospectively collected 99 cases of NENs from gastro-entero-pancreatic, lung, and other organs and reclassified these according to identical criteria. Grade, site, and molecular expression profile including NE markers, Ki-67, p53, somatostatin receptor type 2A (SSTR2A), and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) were compared. PTEN immunoreactivity was also compared with genomic copy number by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). No significant differences were observed in the immunoreactivities of NE markers, p53, SSTR2A, or PTEN expression in NENs between the different organ sites. PTEN and p53 functional inactivation along with the loss of membranous SSTR2A expression appeared to be commonly involved in high-grade NEN. FISH results were significantly correlated with the level of PTEN immunoreactivity and with the findings of ddPCR analyses. The demonstration that these tumors are comparable at the molecular level will likely contribute to the broadening of therapeutic options such as the use of somatostatin analogues and mTOR inhibitors against NENs regardless of the affected organ, whereas molecular characterization of tumor grade will be useful for determining treatment strategy.
    Article · Jun 2016 · Endocrine Pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oncocytic follicular adenomas (FAs) of the thyroid are neoplasms of follicular cell origin that are predominantly composed of large polygonal cells with eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm. However, the pathological characteristics of these tumors are largely unexplored. Both the initiation and progression of cancer can be caused by an accumulation of genetic mutations that can induce genomic instability. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of genomic instability in oncocytic FA. As the presence of p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) in nuclear foci has been found to reflect DNA double-strand breaks that are triggered by various stresses, the immunofluorescence expression pattern of 53BP-1 was assessed in oncocytic and conventional FA. The association with the degree of DNA copy number aberration (CNA) was also evaluated using array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Data from this study demonstrated increased 53BP1 expression (i.e., “unstable” expression) in nuclear foci of oncocytic FA and a higher incidence of CNAs compared with conventional FA. There was also a particular focus on the amplification of chromosome 1p36 in oncocytic FA, which includes the locus for Tumor protein 73, a member of the p53 family implicated as a factor in the development of malignancies. Further evaluations revealed that unstable 53BP1 expression had a significant positive correlation with the levels of expression of Tumor protein 73. These data suggest a higher level of genomic instability in oncocytic FA compared with conventional FA, and a possible relationship between oncocytic FA and abnormal amplification of Tumor protein 73.
    Article · Mar 2016 · Endocrine Journal
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune disease affecting the multiple organ system. Here, we describe a case of RP initially presenting with high fever. The patient was referred to our hospital for further examination of fever of unknown origin (FUO). On admission, the patient reported dry cough in addition to fever. On physical examination, her red, swollen ears were noted, attributed on histology to inflammation with auricular perichondritis. She was diagnosed with RP and treated with oral prednisone (50 mg/day); her fever and auricular inflammation resolved. The patient no longer reported cough and body temperature returned to normal and the elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) were normalized. In this case, identification of the origin of fever was a challenge because of unspecific symptoms; however, awareness of the systemic manifestations of RP may lead to the prompt diagnosis and therapeutic intervention.
    Full-text Article · Feb 2016 · Case Reports in Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old woman with leg edema was diagnosed with protein-losing gastroenteropathy and Sjögren's syndrome. Central venous nutrition led to infection of her catheter, ascites, and deep vein thrombosis. Following successful treatment of these conditions with antibiotics and anticoagulants, she was treated unsuccessfully with prednisolone and steroid pulse therapy. Mizoribine add-on markedly reduced edema and normalized serum albumin. This is the first report of a steroid-resistant protein-losing gastroenteropathy patient with Sjögren's syndrome successfully treated with mizoribine.
    Article · Feb 2016 · Modern Rheumatology
  • Yasumori Izumi · Satoshi Yano · Sae Sato · [...] · Masahiro Ito
    Article · Jan 2016
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a 64-year-old female case of intractable adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD). Initial high-dose steroid therapy combined with cyclosporin A was ineffective against macrophage-activation syndrome (MAS), which was accompanied by the systemic type of AOSD. Treatment for MAS with intravenous cyclophosphamide resulted in remission of AOSD and a reduction in the high doses of steroids. Efficacy of biologics against MAS in AOSD is unclear. Cyclophosphamide, a conventional cytotoxic agent, should be considered as one of the therapeutic options for refractory types of AOSD with MAS.
    Full-text Article · Dec 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Annular pancreas is a rare anomaly in which a ring of pancreatic tissue encircles the second portion of the duodenum. We herein report a case involving a 79-year-old Japanese man with an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas. Imaging studies showed that the pancreatic tissue encircled the descending part of the duodenum and that a 30-mm-diameter cystic tumor was present in the annular segment, leading to the diagnosis of pancreatic IPMN. Limited pancreatic resection was successfully performed by careful division of the annular segment from the second portion of the duodenum. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient's pancreatic function was retained without the need for supplementation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of IPMN occurring in the annular segment of the pancreas. Limited resection of the pancreatic annular segment is a feasible surgical treatment for noninvasive IPMN of the annular pancreas.
    Article · Dec 2015
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: After the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the thyroid ultrasound screening program for children aged 0-18 at the time of the accident was started from October 2011. The prevalence of thyroid carcinomas in that population has appeared to be very high (84 cases per 296,253). To clarify the pathogenesis, we investigated the presence of driver mutations in these tumours. 61 classic papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs), two follicular variant PTCs, four cribriform-morular variant PTCs and one poorly-differentiated thyroid carcinoma were analysed. We detected BRAF(V600E) in 43 cases (63.2%), RET/PTC1 in six (8.8%), RET/PTC3 in one (1.5%) and ETV6/NTRK3 in four (5.9%). Among classic and follicular variant PTCs, BRAF(V600E) was significantly associated with the smaller size. The genetic pattern was completely different from post-Chernobyl PTCs, suggesting non-radiogenic etiology of these cancers. This is the first study demonstrating the oncogene profile in the thyroid cancers discovered by large mass screening, which probably reflects genetic status of all sporadic and latent tumours in the young Japanese population. It is assumed that BRAF(V600E) may not confer growth advantage on paediatric PTCs, and many of these cases grow slowly, suggesting that additional factors may be important for tumour progression in paediatric PTCs.
    Full-text Article · Nov 2015 · Scientific Reports
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 63-year-old Japanese woman with a 30-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus developed macrohematuria and massive proteinuria after seroconversion of myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA). A renal biopsy indicated focal proliferative lupus nephritis (class III A/C) with a fibrous crescent formation. Methylprednisolone pulse therapy (500 mg, 3 successive days) was administered because of progressive proteinuria. Steroid therapy did not suppress the progressive proteinuria; therefore, tacrolimus was added as an alternative immunosuppressive therapy, resulting in the improvement of proteinuria and renal impairment. This case report suggests that MPO-ANCA might play a pathogenic role in the exacerbation of immune-complex-type lupus nephritis.
    Article · Nov 2015 · Internal Medicine
  • Yasushi Umezaki · Masahiro Ito · Masahiro Nakashima · [...] · Ichiro Yasuhi
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The S100P protein stimulates cell proliferation and survival, thereby contributing to cancer progression. The purposes of this study were to evaluate S100P expression in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma and to determine whether S100P expression was correlated with the clinicopathological features or prognoses of patients with clear cell adenocarcinoma. Methods: We examined S100P expression in 30 ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma specimens using immunohistochemistry analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for analysis of overall survival, and comparisons were made based on the log-rank test. Results: Negative staining for nuclear S100P was associated with a poor prognosis as compared with that of positive staining for nuclear S100P in specimens from patients with clear cell adenocarcinoma. Conclusions: These data suggested that S100P may serve as an independent prognostic factor and marker for acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs in clear cell adenocarcinoma.
    Article · Sep 2015 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Key Clinical Message The granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing esophageal carcinosarcoma is extremely rare in esophageal cancer. In the present case, multidisciplinary therapy, which is surgical resection with preoperative chemotherapy, has been effectively treatment to granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor producing esophageal carcinosarcoma of the esophagus.
    Full-text Article · Jun 2015
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) sometimes involves the eye orbit; however, choroidal involvements in GPA had been rarely reported. We report a rare case presenting with a choroidal mass in an 83-year-old Japanese woman who presented with left eye pain. Diagnostic biopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis with infiltrates of inflammatory cells. Diagnosis was localized granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Combined treatments with corticosteroid plus azathioprine resolved the choroidal mass region. Although treatment with corticosteroid and immunosuppressive agents improves the prognosis of the disease, ocular morbidity is still well recognized. Clinicians should consider a differential diagnosis of GPA in patients with inflammatory choroidal tumors.
    Full-text Article · May 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare benign condition often misdiagnosed as malignancy. An 80-year-old man was referred to our clinic for an asymptomatic hepatic mass detected on plain abdominal CT. Abdominal ultrasonography identified the lesion as a poorly defined hypoechoic mass. Although a liver biopsy did not provide any evidence of malignancy, imaging modalities suggested a diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. The patient underwent left lobectomy, and the pathological findings were consistent with the features of xanthogranulomatous cholangitis. This case is the first report of hepatic IPT originating from xanthogranulomatous cholangitis without symptoms and illustrates the importance of obtaining a preoperative diagnosis in order to avoid a misdiagnosis of malignant tumor.
    Article · Apr 2015 · Internal Medicine
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) have been identified to be associated with the risk for differentiated thyroid cancer in populations of distinct ethnic background. The relationship of these genetic markers to a benign tumor of the thyroid, follicular adenoma (FA), is not well established. Methods: In a multicenter retrospective case-control study, five thyroid cancer-related SNPs-rs966513 (9q22.33, FOXE1), rs944289 (14q13.3, PTCSC3), rs2439302 (8p12, NRG1), rs1867277 (9q22.23, FOXE1), and rs6983267 (8q24, POU5F1B)-were genotyped in 959 cases of histologically verified FA, 535 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC), and 2766 population controls. Results: A significant association was found between FA and rs944289 (p=0.002; OR 1.176 [CI 1.064-1.316]), and suggestively with rs2439302 (p=0.033; OR 1.149 [CI 1.010-1.315]). In PTC, significant associations were confirmed for rs965513 (p=4.21E-04; OR 1.587 [CI 1.235-2.000]) and rs944289 (p=0.003; OR 1.234 [CI 1.075-1.408]), newly found for rs2439302 (p=0.003; OR 1.266 [CI 1.087-1.493]) and rs1867277 (p=1.17E-04; OR 1.492 [CI 1.235-1.818]), and was not replicated for rs6983267 (p=0.082; OR 1.136 [CI 0.980-1.316]) in this series. A significant correlation between rs2439302 genotype and relative expression of NRG1 was detected in normal and tumor counterparts of PTC (about 10% decrease per each risk allele). NRG1 expression also significantly correlated with that of PTCSC3. Conclusions: Association of rs944289, which was previously known to confer risk for thyroid cancer, with FA, and the correlation between PTCSC3 and NRG1 expression demonstrates that predisposing genetic factors are partly common for benign and malignant thyroid tumors, and imply broader roles of the pathways they underlie in thyroid tumorigenesis, not limited to carcinogenesis.
    Full-text Article · Jan 2015 · Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for shoulder joint stiffness. She had a history of polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and an elevated C-reactive protein level. Her laboratory data revealed an elevated serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) level, hypergammaglobulinemia, and rheumatoid factor positivity in the absence of anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibody. [18(F)]-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed significant [18(F)]-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in multiple lymph nodes (axillary, hilar, para-aortic, and inguinal). Biopsy of the inguinal lymph node showed expansion of the interfollicular areas by heavily infiltrating plasma cells, consistent with multicentric Castleman disease (MCD). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a 37.3% IgG4-positive:IgG-positive plasma cell ratio, indicating overlapping IgG4-related disease. However, serological cytokine analysis revealed elevated levels of interleukin-6 (9.3 pg/ml) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (1210 pg/ml), which are compatible with MCD. Corticosteroid treatment resolved the serological and imaging abnormalities. IgG4-related disease can mimic MCD, and it is crucial to distinguish between these two diseases. Serum interleukin-6 and VEGF levels may help to discriminate MCD from IgG4-related disease.
    Article · Dec 2014 · Modern Rheumatology
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    Masahiro Ito · Tatiana Bogdanova · Vladimir Saenko · [...] · Shunichi Yamashita
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Geographic differences have been reported to affect the morphological and molecular features of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). The area around Chernobyl is well-known to be iodine-deficient in contrast to Japan, an iodine-rich country. We reviewed histological differences in adult PTC between Ukraine and Japan. In total, 112 PTCs from age- and sex-matched adults (Ukraine 56, Japan 56) were evaluated histologically for several factors including tumor size, capsulation, tumor components (papillary, follicular, solid, trabecular), lymph node metastasis, extrathyroid invasion, lymphocytic infiltration, oxyphilic metaplasia, and MIB-1 index. We demonstrated that tumors were smaller (1.56 vs. 2.13 cm, p<0.05) and more solid and that lymph node metastasis was less frequent (14.3% vs. 48.2%, p<0.001) in Ukrainian cases. PTC subtype distribution was significantly different between the two groups. Solid variant (8.9% vs. 1.8%) and mixed subtypes with solid components were more frequent in Ukrainian patients. In contrast, classical papillary carcinomas were more frequent in Japanese cases (10.7% vs. 50.0%, p<0.001). Marked oxyphilic metaplasia was more common in Ukrainian cases (33.9 % vs. 8.9 %, p<0.001). MIB-1 index was significantly higher in Ukrainian cases (2.9% vs. 1.8%, p<0.001). However, the frequencies of tumor capsule formation and background lymphoid follicle formation around the tumor were similar between groups. Morphological differences in adult PTCs were similar to those in pediatric PTCs as reported previously, suggesting that morphogenesis of PTC is influenced by environmental factors, especially dietary iodine, as well as genetic factors.
    Full-text Article · Sep 2014 · Endocrine Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background & aimsThe aim of the present study is to evaluate the factors influencing biochemical response to treatment and the value of biochemical response for predicting long-term outcomes in Japanese patients with PBC.Patients and Methods Biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) or UDCA plus bezafibrate was defined as good (≤ULN), fair (≤1.5 x ULN), or poor (>1.5 x ULN) at 2 years after initiation of UDCA treatment. Associations between various factors (including age, sex, autoantibody status, and histological variables at baseline), biochemical response to treatment, and long-term outcomes were evaluated in 164 Japanese PBC patients.ResultsAnti-gp210 positivity and a higher bile duct loss score were significant risk factors for worse ALP response (OR, 2.78 and 1.85, respectively). Age, anti-gp210 positivity, and anti-centromere positivity were significant risk factors for worse ALT response (OR, 1.05, 4.0, and 2.77, respectively). Anti-gp210 positivity and a higher hepatitis score were significant risk factors for worse IgM response (OR, 2.10 and 2.06, respectively). Worse ALP and IgM response were significant risk factors for progression to late-stage disease without jaundice (OR, 2.27 and 2.32, respectively). Worse ALT response was a significant risk factor for progression to late-stage disease with persistent jaundice (OR, 11.11).Conclusions Biochemical response to treatment at 2 years, which is influenced by autoantibody status and histological variables at baseline, can predict long-term outcomes in Japanese patients with PBC.
    Article · Sep 2014 · Hepatology Research
  • Takashi NONAKA · Kiyoaki HAMADA · Shigeki NAGAYOSHI · [...] · Masahiro ITO
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The patient was in her sixties who had visited a local physician complaining of abdominal discomfort and was referred to our hospital when abdominal CT showed a pelvic mass. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT showed a mass, 24 mm in diameter, along a left internal iliac vessel peripheral branch, showing non-uniform contrast enhancement. T2-weighted images on pelvic contrast MRI showed a marginal high signal, with the interior showing a non-uniform contrast effect. The mass was believed to be a sacral nerve-derived schwannoma in light of the site of origin and imaging findings. A malignant tumor could not be ruled out, and a tumorectomy was performed by reduced port surgery. Histopathological findings showed no atypia in the constituent cells, and the patient was diagnosed with a schwannoma. A schwannoma is a tumor generated from Schwann cells, and the frequency of onset in the pelvic retroperitoneum is extremely rare, about 1%. The first-choice treatment is surgical resection, including the capsule, but in surgery in a narrow deep pelvis, as in the present case, laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive, offers excellent visibility, and is a useful approach.
    Article · Jan 2014 · Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: The BRAF(V600E) mutation is the most common genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). Transgenic mice overexpressing BRAF(V600E) in their thyroids under control of the thyroglobulin promoter (Tg-BRAF2 mice) developed invasive PTCs with high penetrance. However, these mice showed elevated thyrotropin (TSH) levels, which also stimulate the proliferation of thyrocytes and tumorigenesis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how TSH signaling cooperates with BRAF(V600E) in the process of thyroid carcinogenesis. Methods: We crossed Tg-BRAF2 mice with TSH receptor knockout (TshR(-/-)) mice. Four genetically distinct mice groups-Braf(wt)/TshR(+/-) (group 1), Braf(wt)/TshR(-/-) (group 2), Tg-BRAF2/TshR(+/-) (group 3), and Tg-BRAF2/TshR(-/-) (group 4)--were sacrificed at 12 and 24 weeks of age. We performed histopathological analysis. Genomic instability was evaluated by immunofluorescence for p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) and γH2AX. Invasiveness and genomic instability were also evaluated using thyroid PCCL3 cells expressing BRAF(V600E). Results: Groups 3 and 4 developed distinct neoplasias comparable to human PTCs. Group 3 developed typically larger, more aggressive, invasive tumors compared to group 4. The frequency of 53BP1 and γH2AX foci-indicators of genomic instability--in group 3 was higher than that in group 4. TSH also enhanced invasiveness and genomic instability in PCCL3 cells with BRAF(V600E) expression. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that the TSH signaling confers more aggressive features in BRAF(V600E)-induced thyroid tumors in mice. This might be due, in part, to accelerated genomic instability.
    Article · Aug 2013 · Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association