Masaaki Kitada

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (3)19.25 Total impact

  • Masaaki Kitada · David H Rowitch
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    ABSTRACT: Oligodendrocytes and their precursors serve critical roles in the maintenance of neurological function. Although activity of the transcription factors (TFs) Olig1, Olig2, Sox10, and Nkx2.2 is required during early oligodendrocyte development, their later expression in adult central nervous system is rather poorly characterized. Here we have analyzed co-expression patterns of these transcriptional proteins in the mouse cervical spinal cord. Our findings indicate that TF co-expression patterns describe heterogeneity in adult oligodendroglial populations (1) in distinct sub-regions of grey and white matter and (2) with respect to level of maturation from proliferating precursors to myelinating oligodendrocytes. Our findings suggest that TF co-expression patterns identify and might regulate distinct functional classes of grey and white matter oligodendroglia.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Glia
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    ABSTRACT: In the adult central nervous system, two distinct populations of glial cells expressing the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan NG2 have been described: bipolar progenitor cells and more differentiated "synantocytes." These cells have diverse neurological functions, including critical roles in synaptic transmission, repair, and regeneration. Despite their potential importance, the genetic factors that regulate NG2 cell development are poorly understood, and the relationship of synantocytes to the oligodendroglial lineage, in particular, remains controversial. Here, we show that >90% of embryonic and adult NG2 cells express Olig2, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor required for oligodendrocyte lineage specification. Analysis of mice lacking Olig function demonstrates a failure of NG2 cell development at embryonic and perinatal stages that can be rescued by addition of a transgene containing the human OLIG2 locus. These findings show a general requirement for Olig function in NG2 cell development and highlight further roles for Olig transcription factors in neural progenitor cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2006 · Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Within the motoneuron precursor (pMN) domain of the developing spinal cord, the bHLH transcription factor, Olig2, plays critical roles in pattern formation and the generation of motor neuron and oligodendrocyte precursors. How are the multiple functions of Olig2 regulated? We have isolated a large BAC clone encompassing the human OLIG2 locus that rescues motor neuron and oligodendrocyte development but not normal pattern formation in Olig2(-/-) embryos. Within the BAC clone, we identified a conserved 3.6 kb enhancer sub-region that directs reporter expression specifically in the motor neuron lineage but not oligodendrocyte lineage in vivo. Our findings indicate complex regulation of Olig2 by stage- and lineage-specific regulatory elements. They further suggest that transcriptional regulation of Olig2 is involved in segregation of pMN neuroblasts.
    Full-text · Article · May 2006 · Developmental Biology