Mariko Morishita

University of Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (2)9.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the frequency of BRAF mutation was investigated in a series of 67 cases of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in patients from Ukraine. Thirty-two patients were aged 30 years or older at the time of diagnosis and 35 were under 16. Tumour was microdissected from paraffin wax-embedded sections, DNA extracted, and the presence of the BRAF T1796A mutation demonstrated by two different methods: PCR followed by restriction enzyme digestion or primer extension assay and detection using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Eighteen (58%) of the adult cases, but only one of the 35 cases aged less than 16 harboured a BRAF T1796A mutation. There was complete agreement between the two methods used, suggesting that the MALDI-TOF assay is a robust alternative to conventional mutation analysis. RET rearrangement was also examined in the young cohort. The overall frequency of RET rearrangement was 45.7%. Eight of the younger group of patients were born after 1 December 1986 and were therefore not exposed to radioiodine in fallout from Chernobyl. None of the PTCs from these eight patients were positive for BRAF mutation. The frequency of RET rearrangement was 44% in the 27 cases exposed to radiation and 50% in the eight not exposed. These results suggest that the different molecular biological profiles observed are associated with the age of the patient at diagnosis with PTC, rather than being associated with radiation exposure.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · The Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Data derived from analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are being applied in many diverse fields, from medical studies of disease mechanisms and individual drug response, to population genetics for tracking migration and mixing of ancestral groups and also in forensic science for the identification of human remains and identification of individuals from bodily samples. All these applications have in common the need to generate data for multiple loci from large numbers of samples. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) is a promising platform for the generation of such data and we present a simple, flexible and robust technique for SNP determination. We demonstrate these features by typing two SNPs (Q276P and R326Q) in the human phosphatase gene PTPrj, which has been implicated in the aetiology of colon, lung, breast and thyroid cancers. A nucleotide depletion primer extension assay using no commercial kits or dideoxyNTPs was used to genotype a panel of DNAs derived from thyroid cancer patients and normal volunteers. The results obtained were in perfect agreement with those generated via restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. No significant association was noted between possession of either allelic variant and a disease state, but the technique was validated as simple, flexible and appropriate for application in this context. Furthermore, it was highly cost-effective and required minimal optimisation, rendering it ideal for this type of pilot study.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

Publication Stats

80 Citations
9.68 Total Impact Points

Top co-authors


  • 2004-2005
    • University of Nagasaki
      • Atomic Bomb Disease Institute
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan