[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Administration of high-dose intact human immunoglobulin (IH-Ig) has been applied to treat a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, and is expected to have beneficial effects on human fecundity. In the present study, we investigated whether Ig had anti-resorption effects using polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt [poly (I:C)]-induced enhancement of fetal resorption in the mating of CBA/J x DBA/2J resorption-prone mouse model. Furthermore, we investigated the mechanism of the effect by examining the mRNA expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-10, IL-4 and TGF-beta(1) in spleens and placentas from the resorption-prone model treated with IH-Ig, by reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Administration of high-dose IH-Ig significantly reduced the fetal resorption rate from 55% to 10%. This anti-resorption effect, however, was not detected in mice administered with Fab fragments of human Ig. We then performed adoptive transfer experiments to examine whether cellular components could transfer the effect. A remarkable anti-resorption effect was seen in poly (I:C)-injected pregnant recipients transferred with spleen cells from IH-Ig-treated donor mice. The RT-PCR study showed that IH-Ig reduced the expression of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha mRNA in placentas of poly (I:C)-injected pregnant mice. The present findings demonstrate that intact Ig, particularly its Fc portion, possesses anti-resorption activity. The effect might be attributed to the suppressed production of pro-inflammatory cytokines at the maternofetal interface.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Molecular Human Reproduction