M Weber

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlín, Berlin, Germany

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Publications (2)15.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The INI1/SMARCB1/hSNF5 gene on chromosome 22 is frequently mutated in rhabdoid tumors. An association of INI1 mutations with allelic losses on chromosome 22 supports a classical tumor suppressor mechanism. Several brain tumor entities including astrocytomas, glioblastomas and ependymomas are characterized by allelic losses on chromosome 22. In the present study we examined a series of 200 brain tumors by Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing for point mutations in INI1. In addition, all tumors were analyzed for homozygous deletions spanning both exons 3 and 8 of INI1. No mutations or homozygous deletions were detected in astrocytomas, glioblastomas, oligodendroglial tumors, neurinomas or medulloblastomas. However, a point mutation could be identified in the single case of plexus carcinoma. Our data suggest that INI1 mutations are involved in the pathogenesis of plexus carcinoma; however, INI1 alterations are not a frequent event in the majority of brain tumor entities.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2001 · Acta Neuropathologica
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdoid tumours have been shown to carry somatic mutations in the INI1 (SMARCB1/hSNF5) gene. A considerable fraction of these tumours exhibit allelic losses on chromosome 22. Allelic loss on 22q also is characteristic for meningiomas, however most of these alterations are considered to be associated with mutations of the NF2 gene. We examined a series of 126 meningiomas for alterations in the INI1 gene. Four identical somatic mutations in exon 9 were detected resulting in an exchange of Arg to His in position 377 of INI1. Our observations were reproduced both by using DNA from a new round of extraction and by employing overlapping primers. This mutational hotspot therefore appears to be an important target in the formation of a fraction of meningiomas. In addition, 4 novel polymorphisms of INI1 were characterized. Our data indicate that the INI1 is a second tumour suppressor gene on chromosome 22 that may be important for the genesis of meningiomas.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2001 · British Journal of Cancer