[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In a population-based case-control study in Yangzhong, China, we investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of GSTP1 and susceptibility to gastric cancer and its premalignant lesion, chronic gastritis. The possible gene-gene interactions between GSTP1 polymorphisms and GSTM1, GSTT1 genes were explored.
Epidemiologic data were collected by standard questionnaire from 133 gastric cancer cases, 166 chronic gastritis cases, and 433 cancer-free population controls. Blood samples for Helicobacter pylori and molecular marker assays were collected from 84 gastric cancer cases, 146 chronic gastritis, and 429 population controls. GSTP1 polymorphisms were determined by the PCR-RFLP method and H. pylori infection was measured by the ELISA method. Associations between certain GSTP1 genotypes and both gastric cancer and chronic gastritis were assessed by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) derived from logistic regression.
The distributions of three GSTP1 genotypes, Ile/Ile, Ile/Val, and Val/Val, were similar in gastric cancer cases, chronic gastritis, and controls. After adjusting for age, gender, education, body mass index, pack-year of smoking, alcohol drinking, H. pylori infection, salt and fruit intakes, the adjusted ORs of Val/Val were 1.3 (95% CI: 0.1-11.2) for gastric cancer and 0.9 (95% CI: 0.2-4.8) for chronic gastritis. Combining the Val alleles (Val/Val and Ile/Val) into one group, no association was observed between GSTP1 and both gastric cancer and chronic gastritis. In addition, the allelism at the GSTP1 locus did not increase gastric cancer and chronic gastritis risks associated with the GSTM1 or GSTT1 genotypes.
Our data suggest that the GSTP1 genotype seems not to be associated with the risk of gastric cancer and chronic gastritis in a high-risk Chinese population.
No preview · Article · Nov 2001 · Cancer Causes and Control
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are involved in detoxification of many potentially carcinogenic compounds. The homozygous deletions or null genotypes of GSTT1 (theta class) and GSTM1 (mu class) genes may be associated with an increased risk of cancer. Few studies have evaluated the relationship between GSTT1, GSTM1 and the risk of gastric cancer, as well as the potential interactions between these genetic markers and other risk factors of gastric cancer in the Chinese population. We conducted a case-control study with 143 cases with gastric cancer, 166 chronic gastritis (CG) cases and 433 cancer-free population controls from Yangzhong County, China. The epidemiological data were collected by a standard questionnaire for all of the subjects, and blood samples were obtained from 91 gastric cancer cases, 146 CG cases, and 429 controls. GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes were assayed by the PCR method, and Helicobacter pylori infection was measured by the ELISA method. Using logistic regression model in SAS, we assessed the independent effects of GSTT1 and GSTM1 null genotypes on the risk of gastric cancer and their potential interactions with other factors. The prevalence of GSTM1 null genotype was 48% in gastric cancer cases, 60% in CG patients, and 51% in controls. The prevalence of GSTT1 null genotype was 54% in gastric cancer cases, 48% in CG patients, and 46% in controls. After controlling for age, gender, education, pack-years of smoking, alcohol drinking, body mass index, H. pylori infection, and fruit and salt intake, the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for GSTT1 and gastric cancer was 2.50 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-6.22). When gastric cancer cases were compared with CG patients, the adjusted OR for GSTT1 was 2.33 (95% CI, 0.75-7.25). However, GSTT1 null genotype was not associated with the risk of CG when using population controls. No obvious association was found between GSTM1 and the risk of both gastric cancer and CG. Our results suggest that GSTT1 null genotype may be associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population.
No preview · Article · Feb 2000 · Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention