Li Wang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

Are you Li Wang?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)38.91 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms improve eNOS activity and contractile Ca sensitivity in blood vessels. These actions may have opposite effects on propofol-induced vasodilation. This study examines the hypothesis that propofol induces relaxation by enhancing the PKC-mediated NO synthesis in endothelium and/or inhibiting the PKC-regulated Ca sensitivity in vascular smooth muscle (VSM). Propofol (1-100 μM) induced greater relaxation in endothelial-intact rings compared with denuded rings, and this effect was antagonized by the NOS inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). In contrast, treatment with the general PKC inhibitor GF-109203X augmented both the endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent relaxation induced by propofol, and this enhancement was more profound in the intact rings at lower propofol concentrations. The enhancement was unaffected by L-NAME. Interestingly, calphostin C (an inhibitor of conventional and novel PKCs) and Gö-6976 (an inhibitor of conventional PKCs) had similar effects in augmenting propofol-induced relaxation in endothelium-denuded rings. Downregulation of novel isoforms not only reduced the norepinephrine-elicited contraction but also decreased the magnitude of propofol-induced relaxation. In VSMCs, propofol prevented norepinephrine-elicited phosphorylation of MLC. Propofol can increase the PKC-mediated availability of NO but inhibit the novel PKC-regulated Ca-sensitization, which provides a novel explanation for the mechanism of propofol-induced vasodilation.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The hot water tail-flick test is widely used to measure the degree of nociception experienced by laboratory animals. This study was carried out to optimise interval times for the hot water immersion tail-flick tests in rats. Method: Ten different intervals from 10 s to 1 h were tested in 60 Sprague-Dawley male rats. At least eight rats were tested for each interval in three consecutive hot water tail-flick tests. Dixon's up-and-down method was also used to find the optimal intervals. The same rats were then divided into two groups. In Group N, naloxone was injected to reverse the prolonged latency times, whereas saline was used in the control Group S. Results: Intervals of 10 s, 20 s, 30 min and 1 h did not significantly impact latencies, yielding similar results in three consecutive tests (p > 0.05). However, interval times of between 30 s and 20 min, inclusively, caused significantly prolonged latencies in the second and third tests (p < 0.001). Dixon's up-and-down method showed that 95% of the rats had prolonged latencies in hot water tail-flick tests at intervals longer than 32 s. Naloxone reversed prolonged latencies in Group N, whereas the latencies in Group S were further prolonged in 5 min interval tests. Conclusion: The optimal intervals for hot water tail-flick tests are either shorter than 20 s or longer than 20 min. The prolonged latencies after repetitive tests were attributable to an endocrine opioid.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Acta Neuropsychiatrica
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu5) receptor is involved in both pain processing and modulation of u-opioid induced antinociception and antihyperalgesia. Systemic mGlu5 receptor antagonists 2-methyl-6-phenylethynylpyridine (MPEP) or 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl) ethynyl] pyridine (MTEP) provide antihyperalgesic effects in various pain models, but few studies have shown their interaction with morphine in neuropathic pain models. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of systemic and intrathecal MPEP/MTEP on morphine efficacy and tolerance in rats with chronic neuropathic pain. L5-6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) was used to establish neuropathic pain model in rats. The Von Frey test and hot water tail flick test were employed as behavior tests. Low, medium and high doses of MPEP/MTEP were tested for their effect on both acute morphine efficacy and chronic morphine tolerance. SNL provides sustained neuropathic pain on the ipsilateral hind paw of rats. Both systemic and intrathecal MPEP/MTEP had antiallodynia effects and boosted morphine's efficacy in a dose-dependent manner in the Von Frey tests but not in the tail flick tests. In fact, high doses of MTEP and MPEP attenuated morphine's antinociceptive effect in the latter test. After intrathecal chronic co-administration with morphine, low-doses of MTEP/MPEP attenuated morphine tolerance in both tests. Systemically, only MTEP attenuated morphine tolerance, and only in the Von Frey tests, not in the tail flick tests, whereas MPEP had no effect on morphine tolerance in either test. The therapeutic use of mGlu5 receptor antagonists may have distinct effects in different pain models.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · European journal of pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) has been shown to attenuate neuronal injury under a number of experimental conditions; however, the mechanisms involved in its neuroprotective effects remain unclear. We therefore investigated whether inhibition of p53 induction by propofol contributes to the neuroprotection of cerebral ischemic cell death through both autophagic and apoptotic mechanisms. A transient global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model was produced with a 10-minute, 2-vessel occlusion. The change in target genes including damage-regulated autophagy modulator (DRAM), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), Beclin 1, cathepsin D, cathepsin B, p53-upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), Bax and Bcl-2 upon p53 inhibition was assessed with the co-administration of the intravenous anesthetic propofol and 3-methyladenine (3-MA), Pifithrin-alpha (PFT-α) or SN50. The I/R-induced increases of protein levels of p53 and LC3-II were significantly inhibited by treatment with propofol, 3-MA or PFT-α. The I/R-induced increases of protein levels of DRAM, Beclin 1, active cathepsin D and cathepsin B were significantly inhibited by treatment with propofol, PFT-α or SN50. The negative effects of the I/R-induced up-regulation of PUMA and Bax and the down-regulation of Bcl-2 in the rat hippocampus were all blocked by treatment with propofol, PFT-α or SN50. Our results suggest that cerebral ischemia-reperfusion can induce NF-κB-dependent expression of p53. The autophagic and apoptotic mechanisms participate in programmed cell death by regulating the p53-mediated pathway. Our results are the first to show that propofol, at clinically relevant concentrations, attenuated cell death through both autophagic and apoptotic mechanisms in the rat hippocampus after a cerebral I/R insult.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Neuroscience
  • Xue-Wen Yu · Xin-Wen Zhang · Li Wang · Fen Li · Jing Xu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and evaluate the risk factors for occurrence of HPV infection in the prevention of HPV-related cancers in Northwestern China. Materials and methods: In a cross-sectional study, 402 rural women, ages 20 to 60 years in the rural areas of Shiquan County in the Shaanxi Province of China between August 2009 and July 2010 were interviewed and examined, and specimens were collected to identify the HPV type using the polymerase chain reaction. Results: The prevalence rate of HPV was 12.6% (47/373). Coinfections with more types of HPV were detected in 38.3% (18/47) of HPV-positive subjects. There was an age-dependent prevalence, showing the highest prevalence among women in the study between ages 20 and 29 years (18.2%, 8/44). Human papillomavirus 35 was the most common type of infection found, occurring in 5.1% (19/373) of the HPV-positive samples, followed by HPV-16 (4.6%, 17/373), HPV-58 E7 (4.0%, 15/373), HPV-18 (1.6%, 6/373), HPV-31 (0.5%, 2/373), and HPV-33 (0.3%, 1/373). More than 1 previous abortion and women with vaginitis were associated with the increased risk of HPV infection (χ = 4.71, p < .05; χ = 9.703, p < .01). Conclusion: The prevalence rate of HPV among women in the study was 12.6%, and HPV-35 was the most common type of HPV infection in the study in Shaanxi Province. Women with more than 1 previous abortion and vaginitis had more HPV prevalence, and HPV infection could coincide with pregnancy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that repress the expression of their target genes post-transcriptionally. MiRNAs participate in the regulation of a variety of biological processes, including development and diseases. However, the functional role and molecular mechanism by which miRNAs regulate skeletal muscle development and differentiation are not fully understood. In this report, we identified miR-23a as a key regulator of skeletal muscle differentiation. Using bioinformatics analyses, miR-23a is predicted to target multiple adult fast myosin heavy chain (Myh) genes, including Myh 1, 2 and 4. Luciferase reporter assays show that miR-23a directly targets the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of these mRNAs. Interestingly, the expression level of mature miR-23a is inversely correlated with myogenic progression in mouse skeletal muscle. Both gain- and loss-of-function studies using C2C12 myoblasts demonstrate that miR-23a inhibits myogenic differentiation. These findings therefore reveal a novel role of miR-23a in regulating myogenic differentiation via inhibiting the expression of fast myosin heavy chain isoforms.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Experimental Cell Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propofol exerts protective effects on neuronal cells, in part through the inhibition of programmed cell death. Autophagic cell death is a type of programmed cell death that plays elusive roles in controlling neuronal damage and metabolic homeostasis. We therefore studied whether propofol could attenuate the formation of autophagosomes, and if so, whether the inhibition of autophagic cell death mediates the neuroprotective effects observed with propofol. The cell model was established by depriving the cells of oxygen and glucose (OGD) for 6 hours, and the rat model of ischemia was introduced by a transient two-vessel occlusion for 10 minutes. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the formation of autophagosomes and autolysosomes in both neuronal PC12 cells and pyramidal rat hippocampal neurons after respective OGD and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) insults. A western blot analysis revealed that the autophagy-related proteins, such as microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3-II), Beclin-1 and class III PI3K, were also increased accordingly, but cytoprotective Bcl-2 protein was decreased. The negative effects of OGD and I/R, including the formation of autophagosomes and autolysosomes, the increase in LC3-II, Beclin-1 and class III PI3K expression and the decline in Bcl-2 production were all inhibited by propofol and specific inhibitors of autophagy, such as 3-methyladenine (3-MA), LY294002 and Bafilomycin A1 (Baf),. Furthermore, in vitro OGD cultures and in vivo I/R rats showed an increase in cell survival following the administration of propofol, as assessed by an MTT assay or histochemical analyses. Our data suggest that propofol can markedly attenuate autophagic processes via the decreased expression of autophagy-related proteins in vitro and in vivo. This inhibition improves cell survival, which provides a novel explanation for the pleiotropic effects of propofol that benefit the nervous system.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · PLoS ONE
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinal metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu₅ receptor) is known to influence the development of intrathecal morphine antinociceptive tolerance. However, the signaling mechanisms remain unknown. We carried out intrathecal administration of an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), which results in reduced expression of spinal mGlu₅ receptor, to determine its effects on morphine tolerance and spinal protein kinase C (PKC) expression. Rats were treated intrathecally with saline, morphine, mGlu5 receptor antisense ODN or mGlu5 receptor mismatched ODN. Behavioral tests were used to test the thermal and mechanical pain thresholds. Eight days later, rats were sacrificed and spinal cords were harvested to assess the expression of spinal PKC (α, γ and ε) by Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Compared to control, intrathecal mGlu₅ receptor antisense ODN resulted in a ~53.9% reduction of spinal mGlu₅ receptor after 8days treatment. The mGlu5 receptor antisense ODN prevented the development of morphine tolerance. Expression of spinal PKC (α, γ and ε) was up-regulated at the mRNA and protein levels during the development of tolerance. Meanwhile, antisense ODN but not mismatched ODN reduced the spinal dorsal horn levels of PKC (α, γ and ε) which had been up-regulated after morphine exposure. We conclude that mGlu₅ receptor participates in the development of morphine tolerance. Expression of spinal PKC (α, γ and ε) at the mRNA and protein levels increased during morphine tolerance. Antisense ODN of mGlu₅ receptor prevented the tolerance and inhibited the altered expression of spinal PKC (α, γ and ε) during the development of tolerance.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · European journal of pharmacology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the mechanisms underlying the propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS), a potentially fatal complication during prolonged propofol infusion. Male rabbits under mechanical ventilation through endotracheal intubation were divided into 3 groups (n=6 for each) that were sedated with 1% propofol (Group P), isoflurane (Group I) or isoflurane while receiving 10% intralipid (Group II), respectively. Blood biochemical parameters were collected at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30-36 h after the initiation of treatments. The hearts were removed out immediately after the experiments, and the level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the hearts were studied using immunohistochemistry. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phospho-AMPK in the hearts were assessed using Western blotting. The mortality rate was 50% in Group P, and 0% in Groups I and II. The serum lipids and liver function indices in Group P were significantly increased, but moderately increased in Group II. Significant decreases in these indices were found in Groups I. All the groups showed dramatically increased release of creatine kinase (CK). Intense positive staining of TNF-α was found in all the heart samples in Group P, but only weak and neglectful staining was found in the hearts from Group II and Group I, respectively. AMPK phosphorylation was significantly increased in the hearts of Group P. Continuous infusion of large dose of propofol in rabbits undergoing prolonged mechanical ventilation causes hyperlipidemia, liver dysfunction, increased CK levels, AMPK activation and myocardial injury. The imbalance between energy demand and utilization may contribute to PRIS.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific isoforms of α-actin and β-myosin heavy chain, two major components of the SMC contractile unit, cause familial thoracic aortic aneurysms leading to acute aortic dissections (FTAAD). To investigate whether mutations in the kinase that controls SMC contractile function (myosin light chain kinase [MYLK]) cause FTAAD, we sequenced MYLK by using DNA from 193 affected probands from unrelated FTAAD families. One nonsense and four missense variants were identified in MYLK and were not present in matched controls. Two variants, p.R1480X (c.4438C>T) and p.S1759P (c.5275T>C), segregated with aortic dissections in two families with a maximum LOD score of 2.1, providing evidence of linkage of these rare variants to the disease (p = 0.0009). Both families demonstrated a similar phenotype characterized by presentation with an acute aortic dissection with little to no enlargement of the aorta. The p.R1480X mutation leads to a truncated protein lacking the kinase and calmodulin binding domains, and p.S1759P alters amino acids in the α-helix of the calmodulin binding sequence, which disrupts kinase binding to calmodulin and reduces kinase activity in vitro. Furthermore, mice with SMC-specific knockdown of Mylk demonstrate altered gene expression and pathology consistent with medial degeneration of the aorta. Thus, genetic and functional studies support the conclusion that heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in MYLK are associated with aortic dissections.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · The American Journal of Human Genetics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As an anti-oxidant molecule, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been implicated in the protection of lung injury by cigarette smoke (CS). The mechanisms regulating its expression have not been defined. In this report, the role of early growth response 1 (EGR-1) in the regulation of Ho-1 expression was investigated. In C57BL/6 mice with CS exposure, HO-1 was greatly increased in bronchial epithelial cells and alveolar inflammatory cells. In primary cultured mouse lung fibroblasts and RAW264.7 cells exposed to cigarette smoke water extract (CSE), an increase in HO-1 protein level was detected. In addition, CSE induced HO-1 expression was decreased in Egr-1 deficient mouse embryo fibroblasts (Egr-1(-/-) MEFs). Nuclear localization of EGR-1 was examined in mouse lung fibroblasts after exposure to CSE. Luciferase reporter activity assays showed that the enhancer region of the Ho-1 gene containing a proposed EGR-1 binding site was responsible for the induction of HO-1. A higher increase of alveolar mean linear intercept (Lm) was observed in lung tissues, and a larger increase in the number of total cells and monocytes/macrophages from bronchial alveolar lavage fluid was found in CS-exposed mice by loss of function of EGR-1 treatment. In summary, the present data demonstrate that EGR-1 plays a critical role in HO-1 production induced by CS.
    No preview · Article · May 2010 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • Li Wang · Wei Jiang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein kinase Cs (PKCs) are involved in the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of PKC delta in mediating the effects of chronic treatment with propofol on eNOS activation in human umbilical venous endothelial cells. Human umbilical venous endothelial cells were treated chronically with propofol (1-100 micromol l(-1)) to induce phosphorylation of eNOS activation, which was assessed by immunoblot and cyclic GMP accumulation assay. The involvement of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway was examined by an immunoblot assay. In addition, the role of PKC delta in regulating propofol-induced activation of eNOS was explored. Finally, cells were treated with a combination of ceramide (10 nmol l(-1)) and propofol (50 micromol l(-1)), and the role of protein phosphatase 2A in mediating drug-induced eNOS activation was evaluated. Cells treated with propofol showed an increase in phosphorylation of eNOS at serine(1177) in a dose-dependent manner. Cyclic GMP accumulation was also increased accordingly. Akt was not phosphorylated in response to propofol (50 micromol l(-1)) at serine(473). In addition, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor, LY294002 (10 micromol l(-1)), did not affect eNOS phosphorylation and nitric oxide production by propofol. Chronic treatment with propofol induced a downregulation of PKC delta, which was associated with eNOS activation. Moreover, ceramide inhibited the effect of propofol on eNOS activation. Propofol induces eNOS activation through a PKC delta inhibition-dependent, protein phosphatase 2A-coordinated, but phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt-independent pathway.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · European Journal of Anaesthesiology

Publication Stats

199 Citations
38.91 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2015
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • Department of Anesthesiology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2012
    • Xi'an Jiaotong University
      Ch’ang-an, Shaanxi, China
  • 2010
    • University of Texas Medical School
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Houston, Texas, United States