[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: We pioneered pediatric liver transplantation (OLT) in Spain (June 1985). The aim of this study was to evaluate the current status of our OLT recipients with more than 10 years follow-up.
The 50 patients with >10 years follow-up had a mean age at OLT of 5.6 years with 60% showing a main indication of biliary atresia. All but one (tacrolimus) received cyclosporine.
No patient loss occurred among these patients. Eighteen patients had follow-up >15 years and 12 >20 years. The incidence of acute rejection was 56%; chronic rejection, 16%; and lymphoproliferative disorders, 12%. Seven (14%) required retransplantation at a mean of 4.2 years after the first OLT due in four instances to chronic rejection. After 10 years of follow-up, one patient developed portal vein thrombosis and three biliary strictures. All patients remain on immunosuppression. In 64% cyclosporine was switched to tacrolimus or another agent. One patient developed acute rejection at 19.2 years. In 14% of patients the liver function test is abnormal with serum creatinine is >1.5 mg/dL in 10%; one requires insulin and three, antihypertensive drugs. Noncompliance with medications was detected in 10%. Three recipients had offspring.
OLT was an effective treatment with a good quality of life also on long-term follow-up.