Publications (2)7.66 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Because no biomarker that reflects small bowel allograft rejection is available, we applied surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) to develop noninvasive markers required for routine diagnosis. Heterotopic small bowel transplantation (SBT) was performed in rats, and they were divided into four experimental groups: sham-operated rats (sham), syngeneic transplants (syngeneic), allogeneic transplants (allogeneic), allogeneic transplants received FK506 (allo+FK). Plasma samples were analyzed with SELDI ProteinChip arrays to detect peaks that predominated in the allogeneic model. Possible biomarkers were identified in combination with SELDI retentate chromatography mass spectrometry (RCMS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). The identified protein was further analyzed by immunohistochemistry. An increase in the level of a 14.8-kDa protein, identified as lysozyme, was observed specifically in the plasma of the allogeneic group; the levels of this protein remained unchanged in the plasma of the other groups. On the other hand, the levels of a 10.1-kDa and a 13.0-kDa protein, identified as migration inhibitory factor-related proteins (MRP), MRP-8 and MRP-14, respectively, began to increase from an early stage of acute rejection. We also observed that lysozyme-positive macrophages had strongly infiltrated the lamina propria during acute rejection. We identified three plasma proteins-MRP-8, MRP-14, and lysozyme-that increased during small bowel allograft rejection. The identified proteins appeared to be markers for inflammation associated with allograft rejection. This proteomic approach will be useful for the identification of candidate biomarkers.
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ABSTRACT: In small intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury, we investigated the pathophysiological role of c-Jun NH2 terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 in order to determine whether the dual inhibition of JNK and p38 was beneficial. Ischemia reperfusion injury was induced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 30 min in Wistar male rats. The inhibition of JNK and p38 was achieved with LL-Z1640-2 as a novel JNK and p38 dual inhibitor in vivo. Between the non-treatment group (Control group) and the LL-Z1640-2 treatment group (LL-Z group), the following findings were compared; histological damage by hematoxylin and eosin (H. E.) staining, JNK and p38 activation by a kinase assay, the localization of apoptosis using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method, the localization of activated JNK and activated p38 based on immunohistochemistry. The activation of JNK and p38 increased remarkably after reperfusion according to a kinase assay. In immunohistochemistry for activated JNK and activated p38, a remarkable degree of positive staining was revealed in the nucleus of the detached epithelial cells from the tip of villi after reperfusion. In addition, many TUNEL positive cells were observed in the detached epithelial cells where JNK and p38 were activated. Pretreatment of LL-Z1640-2 inhibited the activation of JNK and p38, and also significantly improved the histological damage. These results suggest that JNK and p38 both play a key role during small intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury through a proapoptotic action on the tip of villi.
- Transplantation (2)
Saiseikai Niigata Second Hospital.Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan