[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Advanced prostate cancer responds well to endocrine therapy initially, but soon becomes refractory and has a poor prognosis. We analyzed the prognostic factors of prostate cancer responding well initially to endocrine therapy with lowering of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level but later showing PSA relapse.
In prostate cancer patients newly diagnosed from January 1992 to December 2004 at our institution, there were 93 patients in that the PSA level of 10 ng/ml or more before therapy initially dropped below 10 ng/ml by endocrine therapy, but showed PSA relapse thereafter. We investigated the relationship between clinical stage, pathological differentiation, initial PSA, duration between initiation of therapy and PSA nadir, the value of PSA nadir, duration between initiation of therapy and PSA relapse, PSA doubling time (PSA-DT) at relapse, PSA response three months after initiation of second line therapy and prognosis after PSA relapse.
In Kaplan-Meier method, between all or some categories investigated showed significant difference in prognosis after PSA relapse. In multivariate analysis, the factors that significantly affected prognosis after PSA relapse were clinical stage, pathological differentiation, PSA nadir value, duration between initiation of therapy and PSA relapse and PSA response three months after initiation of second line therapy.
We investigated the prognostic factors refractory to endocrine therapy. These results are useful in planning the therapy, and in explaining the status or future prospective of the disease to patients and families.
Preview · Article · Dec 2005 · Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 61-year-old man consulted our hospital complaining of high prostate specific antigen (PSA) value and difficulty to urinate. Prostate biopsy had been performed at another hospital, but did not reveal cancer. PSA was 18.5 ng/ml. Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy was performed, but cancer was not detected. Later, PSA rose rapidly, and findings suggesting bone metastasis at right pubic bone and left sacro-ilial joint were found on computed tomography (CT), bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A repeat prostate biopsy was performed, but cancer was not detected from the prostate. On right pubic bone biopsy, poorly to moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma was detected. PSA immunohistochemical staining was positive, and the diagnosis was bone metastasis from prostate cancer. After endocrine therapy was started, PSA declined and bone metastasis disappeared on bone scintigraphy.
Preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: About 70% of bladder cancers are superficial at the initial state. If diagnosed at an early stage, the tumor may be resected completely and easily. However, recurrence is seen in many cases. Prognostic factors of recurrence were investigated in 55 cases of bladder cancer newly diagnosed (excluding carcinoma in situ) between 1995 and 2003, and in which complete resection by transurethral resection (TUR) was possible at first recurrence after initial TUR. One- and three-year postoperative non-recurrence rates were 51.9% and 36.3%, respectively. None of the factors studied, i.e., stage, grade, tumor multiplicity (at initial and at first recurrence), change of stage and grade at first recurrence compared with that of initial TUR, duration to recurrence and adjuvant therapy after TUR, were found to influence the prognosis after recurrence. Similar results were obtained for third TUR. Recurred pTa, grade 1 or solitary cancer at initial or at recurrence had the same prognosis as pT1, grade 2-3 or multiple cancers, and careful follow-up is needed.
No preview · Article · May 2005 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN 2B) in a 30-year-old woman. There was no family history of MEN 2B in her family. DNA testing was carried out and a point mutation was found in exon 16, codon 918 (ATG to ACG) in the RET proto-oncogene. The woman died of medullary thyroid carcinoma, 13 years after a total thyroidectomy.
Preview · Article · Aug 2001 · International Journal of Urology