W H Lan

National Taiwan University Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (54)100.7 Total impact

  • Li UM · Lu CM · Chang WH · Chen YC · Lai TM · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2006
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    ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is important in regulating the repair and regeneration of damaged dental pulp. For further elucidating the roles of different isoforms of TGF-beta in the healing and inflammatory processes of human dental pulp, we found that TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 and TGF-beta3 inhibited the growth of two human dental pulp cell strains in vitro by 19-29, 18-25 and 23-26%, respectively, at a concentration of 0.5 ng/ml. TGF-beta also differentially stimulated the collagen synthesis of pulp cells. Collagen synthesis increased by 1 ng/ml of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 by 42 and 51%, respectively. TGF-beta3 (0.1-1 ng/ml) lacked of stimulatory effect on collagen synthesis of pulp cells. Pulp cells have the intrinsic capacity to contract collagen lattice, leading to decreasing of lattice diameter. An 8 h exposure to TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 enhanced the pulp cell-populated collagen lattice contraction at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 3 ng/ml. At similar concentrations, TGF-beta3 lacked of this stimulatory effect. When collagen lattice were detached after 24 h of exposure, TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 (0.6-3 ng/ml) induced the pulp cells-populated collagen lattice contraction within 4-8h of gel detachment. These results indicate that TGF-beta-induced collagen lattice contraction is a late cellular event. These in vitro results indicate that effects of TGF-beta isoforms on the growth, collagen synthesis and collagen lattice contraction of pulp cells may play crucial roles in the pathobiological processes of dental pulp.
    No preview · Article · May 2005 · Archives of Oral Biology
  • Chen WP · Lee BS · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2005
  • Li UM · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2005
  • Tsai HY · Lee YL · Lin FH · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2004
  • Kung YY · Lee YL · Chan CP · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2004
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of hardness and elastic modulus of human dentin after Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The application of Nd:YAG laser in dental hard tissues has been widely studied. However, little information is available about the mechanical properties of teeth after Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The human dentin was irradiated by Nd:YAG laser through a 400-microm optic bare fiber. The parameters in laser delivery were 100 mJ/pulse--10 pps--4 sec and 150 mJ/pulse--10 pps--4 sec. Both the hardness and elastic modulus were obtained using an Instron microhardness tester and Vickers indenter. The indentations were then examined under a scanning electron microscope. The hardness and elastic modulus of irradiated human dentin in the energy of 100 mJ/pulse--10 pps--4 sec and 150 mJ/pulse--10 pps--4 sec were 44.7 kg/mm(2) and 22.8 GPa, and 46.9 kg/mm(2) and 21.4 GPa, respectively. These values were significantly lower than that of non-irradiated dentin by the Student's t test. Our study demonstrated that Nd:YAG laser irradiation would reduce the hardness and elastic modulus of human dentin.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2003 · Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery
  • Chang CW · Lin FH · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2003
  • SY Yeung · W H Lan · C S Huang · C P Lin · C P Chan · M C Chang · J H Jeng
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    ABSTRACT: Formocresol has long been used for pulpotomy of primary teeth and as an intracanal medicament. Little is known, however, about the pharmacological effect of tricresols. This study showed that three cresol isomers, o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, are H2O2 scavengers with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 502, 6.7 and 10.16 microM, respectively. o-, m- and p-cresol were also shown to be effective scavengers of superoxide radicals generated by xanthine/xanthine oxidase with an IC50 of 282, 153 and > 4000 microM, respectively, as analyzed by luminometer. o-, m- and p-cresol showed protective effects on the DNA breaks generated by H2O2/FeCl2 and FeCl3/ascorbate/H2O2 systems at concentrations ranging from 70 microM to 1.43 mM, o-, m- and p-cresol also showed differential protective effects against DNA breaks induced by 0.17% NaOCl with 100% inhibitory concentration (IC100) of about 10, 1 and 10 mM, respectively. In addition, reaction with 3% H2O2 and 0.17% NaOCl completely prevented NaOCl-induced DNA breaks. The results indicate that the three cresol isomers are effective ROS scavengers and may prevent ROS induced damage when used as pulpotomy agents or as intracanal medicaments. Owing to the difference in the position of the functional hydroxyl group in the three cresol isomers, m-cresol is the most effective ROS scavenger. Concomitant use of H2O2 for root canal irrigation may diminish both the tissue dissolving capacity of NaOCl and NaOCl-induced DNA damage.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2002 · Food and Chemical Toxicology
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    Bor Shiunn Lee · Chun Pin Lin · Feng Huei Lin · Wan Hong Lan
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    ABSTRACT: The use of Nd:YAG laser has been proposed for endodontic treatment. However, its ability to reduce dentin permeability, which is important for the success of root canal treatment, remains controversial. Nd:YAG laser irradiation was performed in pulsed mode on human dentin. The parameters were: pulse energy (100 mJ), rate (10 pps), and total irradiation time (4 seconds). The crystalline phases, electron diffraction patterns, morphology, and microstructure of specimens after laser irradiation were observed by dark-field emission transmission electron microscope (TEM). Three ultrastructural zones could be delineated in the dentin: (1) an outer zone with an ordered columnar structure composed of hydroxyapatite and beta-tricalcium phosphate, (2) an intermediate zone composed of an amorphous substance (about 40-70 nm in diameter), and (3) an inner zone of well-crystallized hydroxyapatite grains. These three zones were free of pores or voids. Our study demonstrated that laser-irradiation might be used to reduce dentin permeability.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2002 · Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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    C P Lin · B S Lee · F H Lin · S H Kok · W H Lan
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    ABSTRACT: Although techniques for repairing root fracture have been proposed, the prognosis is generally poor. If the fusion of a root fracture by laser is possible, it will offer an alternative to extraction. Our group has attempted to use lasers to fuse a low melting-point bioactive glass to fractured dentin. This report is focused on the phase, compositional, and morphological changes observed by means of X-ray diffractometer, Fourier transforming infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in human dentin after exposure to Nd:YAG laser. The irradiation energies were from 150 mJ/ pulse-10 pps-4 s to 150 mJ/pulse-30 pps-4 s. After exposure to Nd:YAG laser, dentin showed four peaks on the X-ray diffractometer that corresponding to a-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and beta-TCP at 20 = 30.78 degrees/34.21 degrees and 32.47 degrees/33.05 degrees, respectively. The peaks of a-TCP and beta-TCP gradually increased in intensity with the elevation of irradiation energy. In Fourier transforming infrared analysis, two absorption bands at 2200 cm(-1) and 2015 cm(-1) could be traced on dentin treated by Nd:YAG laser with the irradiation energies beyond 150 mJ/pulse-10 pps-4 s. The energy dispersive X-ray results showed that the calcium/phosphorus ratios of the irradiated area proportionally increased with the elevation of irradiation energy. The laser energies of 150 mJ/ pulse-30 pps-4 s and 150 mJ/pulse-20 pps-4 s could result in the a-TCP formation and collagen breakdown. However, the formation of glass-like melted substances without a-TCP at the irradiated site was induced by the energy output of 150 mJ/ pulse-10 pps-4 s. Scanning electron micrographs also revealed that the laser energy of 150 mJ/ pulse-10 pps-4 s was sufficient to prompt melting and recrystallization of dentin crystals without cracking. Therefore, we suggest that the irradiation energy of Nd:YAG laser used to fuse a low melting-point bioactive glass to dentin is 150 mJ/ pulse-10 pps-4 s.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2001 · Journal of Endodontics
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    G F Huang · W H Lan · M K Guo · C P Chiang
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    ABSTRACT: Although the effectiveness of neodymium yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser and fluoride anticaries treatment has been established, most previous studies focused on smooth tooth surfaces. We evaluated the anticaries effects of Nd:YAG laser combined with fluoride varnish (Duraphat) on caries-susceptible pit and fissure areas. A total of 36 noncarious molars were treated with either a Nd:YAG laser (2.5 W, 6 sec) followed by fluoride varnish, Nd:YAG laser only, fluoride varnish only, or no treatment (control). Artificial carious lesions were created to assess the acid resistance of enamel after treatment. Undecalcified successive tooth slices were made. Percentage lesion formation, lesion length, and lesion depth were evaluated using polarized light microscopy. The Nd:YAG laser enhanced the resistance of dental enamel to acid challenge. However, Nd:YAG laser alone was not as effective as the Nd:YAG laser combined with fluoride varnish, especially for the treatment of pits and fissures. Nd:YAG laser treatment combined with fluoride varnish inhibited 43% of lesions at pits and fissures and 80% of lesions on smooth surfaces compared to no treatment. Carious lesions had shallower depth and shorter length. No carious lesion extended beyond the dentinoenamel junction in either laser-treatment group. A synergistic effect on dental caries prevention in pit and fissure areas and on the smooth surfaces of the tooth can be achieved by applying Nd:YAG laser followed by fluoride varnish.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2001 · Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
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    C P Lin · YC Tseng · F H Lin · J D Liao · W H Lan
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    ABSTRACT: Acute trauma or trauma associated with occlusal disturbance can produce tooth crack or fracture. Although several methods are proposed to treat the defect, however, the prognosis is generally poor. If the fusion of a tooth fracture by laser is possible, it will offer an alternative to extraction or at least serve as an adjunctive treatment in the reconstruction. We have tried to use a continuous-wave CO2 laser and a newly developed DP-bioactive glass paste (DPGP) to fuse or bridge tooth crack or fracture lines. Both the DP-bioactive glass paste and tooth enamel have strong absorption bands at the wavelength of 10.6 microm. Therefore, under CO2 laser, DPGP and enamel should have an effective absorption and melt together. The interface between DPGP and enamel could be regarded as a mixture of DPGP and enamel (DPG-E). The study focused on the phase transformation, microstructure, functional group and thermal behavior of DPG-E with or without CO2 laser irradiation, by the analytical techniques of XRD, FTIR, DTA/TGA, and SEM. The results of XRD showed that the main crystal phase in the DPG-E was dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO4.2H2O). It changed into CaHPO4, gamma-Ca2P2O7, beta-Ca2P2O7 and finally alpha-Ca2P2O7 with increasing temperature. In the FTIR analysis, the 720 cm(-1) absorption band ascribed to the P-O-P linkage in pyrophosphate rose up and the intensities of the OH- bands reduced after laser irradiation. In regard to the results of DTA/TGA after irradiation, the weight loss decreased due to the removal of part of absorption water and crystallization water by the CO2 laser. SEM micrographs revealed that the melted masses and the plate-like crystals formed a tight chemical bond between the enamel and DPGP. We expect that DPGP with the help of CO2 laser can be an alternative to the treatment of tooth crack or fracture.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2001 · Biomaterials
  • S K Lin · C C Wang · Shen Huang · J J Lee · C P Chiang · W H Lan · CY Hong
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix in many inflammatory diseases. Little is known regarding the expression of these mediators in dental pulp fibroblasts. The effects of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin (IL)-1alpha and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on pulp fibroblast MMP-1 and TIMP-1 gene expression were investigated. Northern hybridization showed that IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha induced significant MMP-1 gene expression, with only little effect on TIMP-1 gene. Exogenous PGE2, however, upregulated TIMP-1 mRNA synthesis but not MMP-1. Concomitant addition of IL-1alpha and PGE2 or TNF-alpha and PGE2 suppressed MMP-1 mRNA production, compared with the groups treated with IL-1alpha or TNF-alpha alone. In contrast, PGE2 enhanced the upregulatory effects of TIMP-1 mRNA by IL-1alpha or TNF-alpha. Furthermore, cytokine stimulation of MMP-1 and TIMP-1 gene expressions can be enhanced or blocked by indomethacin, respectively, and reversed by exogenous PGE2. These results suggested that cytokine-stimulated MMP-1 and TIMP-1 gene expression in dental pulp fibroblasts was mediated, at least in part, by a prostaglandin-dependent pathway. The differential regulation of IL-1alpha or TNF-alpha-induced MMP-1 and TIMP-1 mRNA synthesis, as well as the direct upregulation of TIMP-1 gene expression by PGE2, also implied that prostaglandin may serve as a protective mechanism from excessive tissue breakdown during pulpitis.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2001 · Journal of Endodontics
  • M C Chang · C P Chan · H L Wu · R S Chen · W H Lan · YJ Chen · J H Jeng
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombin is a serine protease produced following gingival tissue injury or inflammation. It regulates the functional behavior of injury-neighboring cells via the activation of specific protease-activated receptors (PAR). Thrombin's role in gingival tissue healing and inflammatory response processes is not yet well understood. We investigated the effects of thrombin on gingival fibroblast (GF) growth [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay], collagen lattice contraction, and associated morphological changes. Thrombin (>1 U/ml), but not thrombin receptor (PAR-1) agonist peptide (SFLLRN, single letter amino acid code, abbreviated as TRAP, 1 to 50 microg/ml), stimulated the growth and clustering of cultured human GF in vitro. Growth-stimulatory effects of thrombin were inhibited by D-Phe-Pro-ArgCH2Cl (PPACK), a serine protease inhibitor. By contrast, trypsin (>10 microg/ml), a PAR-2 activator, suppressed the growth of GF. Thrombin (>0.2 U/ml) and TRAP (10 to 25 microg/ml), but not trypsin, prostaglandin E2 (0.01 to 0.5 microg/ml), or bovine serum albumin (BSA) (1 to 80 microg/ml), induced the GF-populated collagen lattice contraction within 30 to 60 minutes of exposure. The thrombin-induced collagen lattice contraction was inhibited by PPACK (20 microg/ml) and an actin filament polymerization inhibitor, cytochalasin B (1 microg/ml). The collagen lattice contraction induced by TRAP was also inhibited by cytochalasin B, but not by PPACK. Using a reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the expression of PAR-1, and to a lesser extent PAR-3, was observed for human GF, although little PAR-2 and PAR-4 expression was noted. These results indicate that thrombin is important in periodontal wound healing and inflammatory processes by promoting the growth and contraction of GF. The stimulatory effects of thrombin are associated with its protease activation of thrombin receptors.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2001 · Journal of Periodontology
  • Chang SF · Lan WH · Lin CP

    No preview · Article · Jan 2001
  • W H Lan · K W Chen · J H Jeng · C P Lin · S K Lin
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the morphological changes after Nd-YAG and CO2 laser irradiation on dentin surfaces with or without the smear layer. Eighty-one 3-mm-thick dentin specimens collected from the middle third of molar crowns were used. The dentin surfaces were ground to #320, #400, and #600 grit in series to create a smear layer. Half of the specimens were treated with 14% EDTA for 2 min to remove the smear layers. The lasers were applied on each specimen perpendicularly with 1-mm focus distance to the dentin surface for 4 s. The parameters for the Nd-YAG laser were 50 mJ, 100 mJ, and 150 mJ at 10 pps, 20 pps, and 30 pps, and for the CO2 laser were 2 W, 3 W, and 4 W at 5 ms x 20 pps, 10 ms x 10 pps, 20 ms x 20 pps, 50 ms x 2 pps, 100 ms x 2 pps, and 200 ms x 2 pps. The results showed that the Nd-YAG laser caused crater and melting of the dentin surface, especially in dentin specimens with smear layers. The CO2 laser produced extensive cracking lines on dentin surfaces with a smear layer, whereas surface erosion and crater formation were found on specimens without a smear layer. In conclusion, both the laser types and smear layer have a significant influence on the morphological changes of dentin surfaces irradiated by lasers.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · Journal of Endodontics
  • C P Lin · B S Lee · S H Kok · W H Lan · YC Tseng · F H Lin
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    ABSTRACT: Acute trauma or trauma associated with occlusal disharmony can produce tooth crack or fracture. Although several methods are proposed to treat the defect, however, the prognosis is generally poor. If the fusion of a tooth fracture by laser is possible it will offer an alternative to extraction or at least serve as an adjunctive treatment in the reconstruction. The responses of soft tissues to lasers of different wavelengths are fairly well known, but the reactions of hard tissues are still to be understood. The purpose of this research was to study the feasibility of using a medium energy continuous-wave CO(2) laser and a low melting-point bioactive glass to fuse or bridge tooth fractures. The present report is focused on the first part of the research, the analysis of changes in laser-irradiated human tooth enamel/dentin by means of X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier-transforming infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). After CO(2) laser irradiation, there were no marked changes in the X-ray diffraction pattern of the enamel when compared to that before laser treatment. However, a small peak belonging to alpha-TCP appeared at the position of 2theta=30.78 degrees C. After being treated with CO(2) laser, the dentin showed much sharper peaks on the diffraction patterns because of grain growth and better crystallinity. alpha-TCP and beta-TCP were identified after laser treatment. In the FTIR analysis, an HPO(4)(-2) absorption band was noted before laser treatment disappeared after the irradiation. No significant change in the absorption band of HPO(4)(-2) was found on the FTIR curves of enamel after laser treatment. The results of DTA/TGA indicated that loss of water and organic materials occurred in both enamel and dentin after laser treatment. Under SEM, melting and resolidification occurred in both enamel and dentin by medium energy of CO(2) laser. This implies that using a continuous-wave CO(2) laser of medium energy density to fuse a low melting-point bioactive glass to the enamel/dentin is possible. We believe these phase changes and thermal data can make a useful guide for future studies on the thermal interaction and bridging mechanism between the bioactive glass and enamel/dentin under CO(2) laser irradiation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2000 · Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine
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    C P Lin · F H Lin · YC Tseng · S H Kok · W H Lan · J D Liao
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, fractured teeth are difficult to treat effectively. Currently, root fractures are usually treated by root amputation, hemisection or tooth extraction. If the fusion of tooth fracture by laser were possible, it would offer a different therapy to repair fracture teeth. We tried to use a developed DP-bioactive glass paste to fuse or bridge the tooth crack line by a medium energy continuous-wave CO2 laser. The study is divided into three parts: (1) The compositional and structure changes in tooth enamel and dentin after laser treatment; (2) The phase transformation and recrystallization of DP-bioactive paste during exposure to the CO2 laser; (3) The thermal interactions and bridge mechanism between DP-bioactive glass paste and enamel/dentin when they are subjected to CO2 laser. The present report will focus on the second part that will examine the changes of laser-exposed DP-bioactive glass paste by means of X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transforming infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From the study, we could find that the temperature increase due to laser irradiation is greater than 900 degrees C and that the DP-bioactive glass paste could be melted in a short period of time after irradiation. In the study, we successfully developed a DP-bioactive glass paste which could form a melting glass within seconds after exposure to a medium energy density continuous-wave CO2 laser. The paste will be used in the near future to bridge the enamel or dentin surface crack by the continuous-wave CO2 laser.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2000 · Biomaterials
  • J H Jeng · C P Chan · YS Ho · W H Lan · C C Hsieh · M C Chang
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    ABSTRACT: Various periodontal and root canal pathogens, such as the Bacteroides species, can produce significant amounts of short chain fatty acids (SCFA). The roles of SCFA in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease are still not fully understood. We therefore investigated 2 main SCFA, butyrate and propionate, on the functional behavior of cultured human gingival fibroblasts (GF) such as cell growth, protein synthesis, cell adhesion capacity, and cell cycle progression. Butyrate and propionate inhibited the growth of healthy (HGF) and inflamed gingival fibroblasts (IGF) in a dose dependent manner. At concentrations of 4, 8, and 16 mM, butyrate suppressed the cell growth by 11 to 58%, 16 to 60%, and 50 to 71%, respectively. The response of cultured gingival fibroblasts to SCFA showed individual differences. Morphologically, GF became larger and more flattened in appearance following exposure to butyrate (>8 mM) and propionate (>24 mM) for 5 days. Inhibitory effects of butyrate (>2 mM) and propionate (>8 mM) on the growth of GF were due possibly to their inhibition of cell-cycle progression. At concentrations of 2 and 8 mM, butyrate led to G0/G1 arrest. Elevation of the exposure concentration to 8 to 24 mM further result in G2/M phase arrest of GF. On the other hand, propionate, at concentrations ranging from 4 to 24 mM, led to G0/G1 arrest. Butyrate (>2 mM) inhibited the proline-rich protein synthesis of GF. At concentrations of 4, 8, 16, and 24 mM, butyrate inhibited the protein synthesis of HGF-1 by 42%, 43%, 51%, and 54%, respectively. In all strains of cultured GF, the suppressive effect of propionate is less than that of butyrate. At concentration range of 4 to 24 mM, propionate suppressed the protein synthesis of HGF-1 by 23 to 43%. However, both butyrate and propionate (4 to 48 mM) exerted little effects on the adhesion of GF to type I collagen within 3 hours of incubation. These results suggested that SCFA released by pathogenic microorganisms can contribute to the gingival tissue dysfunction and breakdown through their actions on specific biological functions of GF.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2000 · Journal of Periodontology