R Reneland

Uppsala University, Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden

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Publications (38)173.41 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract In Uppsala, extensive epidemiological and clinical studies on insulin resistance and diabetes have been ongoing for the past 30 years. A prospective cohort study of men born 1920-24, living in Uppsala County, was initiated during 1969-74 (the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men, ULSAM). Risk factors for cardiovascular disease were examined in 2,322 men, and re-examinations have been performed every 10 years. At the first follow-up, when the men were 60 years old, insulin resistance was found to be a risk factor for development of hypertension and diabetes. In addition, treatment with antihypertensive medication was an independent risk factor for development of diabetes. These findings resulted in a series of clinical studies on metabolic effects of antihypertensive agents. At the second follow-up, when the men were 70 years old, the development of hypertension and diabetes was once again in focus, but at this time, cross-sectional and prospective studies of other cardiovascular determinants, such as circadian blood pressure pattern, left ventricular geometry and function, muscle morphology, ion status, fibrinolysis and cognitive function, were also performed. The cohort has furthermore been linked to the Swedish census and hospital discharge and cause of death registries, it has been used for studies on relationships between birth weight and cardiovascular disease, and genetic analyses have been performed, taking advantage of the long observation time obtained in this cohort. The cohort is currently being re-examined for the third time, and will hopefully continue to provide valuable information on the epidemiology of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the future.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The discovery of genetic factors that contribute to schizophrenia susceptibility is a key challenge in understanding the etiology of this disease. Here, we report the identification of a novel schizophrenia candidate gene on chromosome 1q32, plexin A2 (PLXNA2), in a genome-wide association study using 320 patients with schizophrenia of European descent and 325 matched controls. Over 25,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within approximately 14,000 genes were tested. Out of 62 markers found to be associated with disease status, the most consistent finding was observed for a candidate locus on chromosome 1q32. The marker SNP rs752016 showed suggestive association with schizophrenia (odds ratio (OR) = 1.49, P = 0.006). This result was confirmed in an independent case-control sample of European Americans (combined OR = 1.38, P = 0.035) and similar genetic effects were observed in smaller subsets of Latin Americans (OR = 1.26) and Asian Americans (OR = 1.37). Supporting evidence was also obtained from two family-based collections, one of which reached statistical significance (OR = 2.2, P = 0.02). High-density SNP mapping showed that the region of association spans approximately 60 kb of the PLXNA2 gene. Eight out of 14 SNPs genotyped showed statistically significant differences between cases and controls. These results are in accordance with previous genetic findings that identified chromosome 1q32 as a candidate region for schizophrenia. PLXNA2 is a member of the transmembrane semaphorin receptor family that is involved in axonal guidance during development and may modulate neuronal plasticity and regeneration. The PLXNA2 ligand semaphorin 3A has been shown to be upregulated in the cerebellum of individuals with schizophrenia. These observations, together with the genetic results, make PLXNA2 a likely candidate for the 1q32 schizophrenia susceptibility locus.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2006 · Molecular Psychiatry
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    ABSTRACT: To perform a large-scale association analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with radiographically defined osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. We examined >25,000 SNPs located within approximately 14,000 genes for associations with radiographically defined knee OA, using polymerase chain reaction and MassExtend amplification techniques. Allele frequencies were estimated initially in DNA pools from 335 female patients with knee OA and 335 asymptomatic and radiographically negative female control subjects. All were of northern European ancestry. Significant allele frequency differences were validated by genotyping of individual DNA samples. Confirmed significant findings were verified in 2 additional case-control samples from the UK (443 cases and 303 controls) and Newfoundland (346 cases and 264 controls). Chondrosarcoma cell lines were used to test for potential differences in gene expression. The marker most strongly associated with the risk of knee OA was rs912428, a C/T polymorphism in intron 1 of LRCH1, a gene on chromosome 13q14 that encodes a novel protein of as-yet-unknown function. The frequency of the T allele compared with controls was consistently increased by 40% across all 3 case-control groups. Additional subanalyses in case-control samples with hip OA and hand OA suggested similar trends, but did not reach statistical significance. Association fine-mapping using 10 additional SNPs in LRCH1 confirmed intron 1 as the region of highest association but failed to reveal variations with significance stronger than the marker SNP, as did the haplotype analysis. LRCH1 was not up-regulated or overexpressed in chondrosarcoma cell lines exposed to inflammatory stimuli, suggesting a possible structural role. A genetic variant in LRCH1 was consistently associated with knee OA in 3 samples from 2 populations. Our results also suggest that the same association with OA may exist at other sites. Additional genetic and experimental work is needed to elucidate the precise mechanism by which the LRCH1 gene influences OA risk.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Arthritis & Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: The hUNC-93B1 gene has the highest expression in the heart. We aimed to explore relationships between the hUNC-93B1 gene and cardiac function, morbidity and mortality in elderly men. Two sub-samples of the population-based ULSAM-cohort (n=330, mean age 71 years and n=152, mean age 75 years, respectively) were used to explore and validate relationships between genotypes of the hUNC-93B1 gene and cardiac phenotypes (ejection fraction, E/A-ratio, left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness). In the two samples, subjects homozygous for haplotype H3 had 34% and 35% higher level of E/A-ratio compared to non-carriers (p=0.0002 and 0.017, respectively) independent of cardiovascular disease and medication. Using national cause-of-death and hospital-discharge register data with 29 years of follow-up, no heart failure patients homozygous for haplotype H3 were hospitalised for heart failure before the age of 75 years, compared to 25% for heterozygous and 55% for non-carriers (p<0.03). No homozygous subjects died during follow-up while 17% of the heterozygous and 15% of the non-carriers died (p=0.01). Haplotype H3 of the hUNC-93B1 gene seems related to E/A-ratio in elderly men. The relationship between the hUNC-93B1 gene and the age at onset of heart failure and mortality support a view of a clinically relevant impact of the gene.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · European Journal of Heart Failure
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have identified rare genetic variations responsible for many cases of familial breast cancer but their contribution to total breast cancer incidence is relatively small. More common genetic variations with low penetrance have been postulated to account for a higher proportion of the population risk of breast cancer. In an effort to identify genes that influence non-familial breast cancer risk, we tested over 25,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within approximately 14,000 genes in a large-scale case-control study in 254 German women with breast cancer and 268 age-matched women without malignant disease. We identified a marker on chromosome 14q24.3-q31.1 that was marginally associated with breast cancer status (OR = 1.5, P = 0.07). Genotypes for this SNP were also significantly associated with indicators of breast cancer severity, including presence of lymph node metastases (P = 0.006) and earlier age of onset (P = 0.01). The association with breast cancer status was replicated in two independent samples (OR = 1.35, P = 0.05). High-density association fine mapping showed that the association spanned about 80 kb of the zinc-finger gene DPF3 (also known as CERD4). One SNP in intron 1 was found to be more strongly associated with breast cancer status in all three sample collections (OR = 1.6, P = 0.003) as well as with increased lymph node metastases (P = 0.01) and tumor size (P = 0.01). Polymorphisms in the 5' region of DPF3 were associated with increased risk of breast cancer development, lymph node metastases, age of onset, and tumor size in women of European ancestry. This large-scale association study suggests that genetic variation in DPF3 contributes to breast cancer susceptibility and severity.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · Journal of Carcinogenesis
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    ABSTRACT: Fragility fractures caused by osteoporosis are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in aging populations. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a useful surrogate marker for risk of fracture and is a highly heritable trait. The genetic variants underlying this genetic contribution are largely unknown. We performed a large-scale association study investigating more than 25,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within 16,000 genes. Allele frequencies were estimated in contrasting DNA pools from white females selected for low (<0.87 g/cm2, n = 319) and high (> 1.11 g/cm2, n = 321) BMD at the lumbar spine. Significant findings were verified in two additional sample collections. Based on allele frequency differences between DNA pools and subsequent individual genotyping, one of the candidate loci indicated was the phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) gene region on chromosome 5q12. We subsequently tested the marker SNP, rs1498608, in a second sample of 138 white females with low (<0.91 g/cm2) and 138 females with high (>1.04 g/cm2) lumbar spine BMD. Odds ratios were 1.5 (P = 0.035) in the original sample and 2.1 (P = 0.018) in the replication sample. Association fine mapping with 80 SNPs located within 50 kilobases of the marker SNP identified a 20 kilobase region of association containing exon 6 of PDE4D. In a second, family-based replication sample with a preponderance of females with low BMD, rs1498608 showed an opposite relationship with BMD at different sites (p = 0.00044-0.09). We also replicated the previously reported association of the Ser37Ala polymorphism in BMP2, known to interact biologically with PDE4D, with BMD. This study indicates that variants in the gene encoding PDE4D account for some of the genetic contribution to bone mineral density variation in humans. The contrasting results from different samples indicate that the effect may be context-dependent. PDE4 inhibitors have been shown to increase bone mass in normal and osteopenic mice, but up until now there have been no reports implicating any member of the PDE4 gene family in human osteoporosis.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2005 · BMC Medical Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The development of breast cancer is a complex process that involves multiple genes at many stages, from initial cell cycle dysregulation to disease progression. To identify genetic variations that influence this process, we conducted a large-scale association study using a collection of German cases and controls and >25,000 SNPs located within 16,000 genes. One of the loci identified was located on chromosome 11q13 [odds ratio (OR)=1.85, P=0.017]. The initial association was subsequently tested in two independent breast cancer collections. In both sample sets, the frequency of the susceptibility allele was increased in the cases (OR=1.6, P=0.01). The susceptibility allele was also associated with an increase in cancer family history (P=0.1). Fine mapping showed that the region of association extends approximately 300 kb and spans several genes, including the gene encoding the nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA). A nonsynonymous SNP (A794G) in NuMA was identified that showed a stronger association with breast cancer risk than the initial marker SNP (OR=2.8, P=0.005 initial sample; OR=2.1, P=0.002 combined). NuMA is a cell cycle-related protein essential for normal mitosis that is degraded in early apoptosis. NuMA-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion proteins have been described in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Although the potential functional relevance of the A794G variation requires further biological validation, we conclude that variations in the NuMA gene are likely responsible for the observed increased breast cancer risk.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2005 · Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a large-scale association study to identify genes that influence nonfamilial breast cancer risk using a collection of German cases and matched controls and >25,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms located within 16,000 genes. One of the candidate loci identified was located on chromosome 19p13.2 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.5, P = 0.001]. The effect was substantially stronger in the subset of cases with reported family history of breast cancer (OR = 3.4, P = 0.001). The finding was subsequently replicated in two independent collections (combined OR = 1.4, P < 0.001) and was also associated with predisposition to prostate cancer in an independent sample set of prostate cancer cases and matched controls (OR = 1.4, P = 0.002). High-density single nucleotide polymorphism mapping showed that the extent of association spans 20 kb and includes the intercellular adhesion molecule genes ICAM1, ICAM4, and ICAM5. Although genetic variants in ICAM5 showed the strongest association with disease status, ICAM1 is expressed at highest levels in normal and tumor breast tissue. A variant in ICAM5 was also associated with disease progression and prognosis. Because ICAMs are suitable targets for antibodies and small molecules, these findings may not only provide diagnostic and prognostic markers but also new therapeutic opportunities in breast and prostate cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2005 · Cancer Research
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    Full-text · Article · Mar 2003 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • A Hedman · L Byberg · R Reneland · H O Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: In a population-based sample of 475 men the associations between muscle morphology, self-reported physical activity (PA) and insulin resistance (IR) syndrome were investigated. Also, we studied to what degree muscle morphology contributes to the association between PA and IR syndrome. Muscle morphology and the components of IR syndrome were compared in four groups categorized according to self-reported habitual PA data. We found a significantly higher percentage of type I fibres, fibre area and number of capillaries around the fibres and a lower proportion of type IIB fibres with higher level of PA. The relative distribution of type I fibres and capillarization were positively related to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and negatively to serum triglycerides (TG) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity. The percentage of type IIB fibres was were inversely related to HDL cholesterol and positively to serum TG, PAI-1 activity and resting heart rate. Insulin sensitivity was positively and independently related to PA level (P < 0.001). Regression analysis including all relevant variables regarding insulin sensitivity indicated that the significant explanatory variables left in the equation were body mass index (BMI), glucose intolerance, PAI-1 activity, serum free fatty acid concentration, proportion of type IIB fibres, HDL cholesterol level, drug treatment, PA level, and waist-to-hip ratio, which together explained 55% of the variation in the insulin sensitivity index. In conclusion, both fibre type distribution and muscle capillary density might contribute to the beneficial effect of PA on IR syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
  • Anu Hedman · P E Andersson · Richard Reneland · Hans O. Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate to what degree the capillarization in the skeletal muscle explains the leg blood flow (LBF) changes during hyperinsulinaemia. Fifteen normotensive men from a population-based cohort of 70-year-old men in Uppsala, Sweden, were investigated. Their metabolic status (oral glucose tolerance test and euglycemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp test results), serum lipid profile, muscle fiber distribution (myosin adenosine triphosphatase staining), and capillary supply (amylase-periodic acid-Schiff method) was evaluated. Doppler ultrasound was used before and after the clamp test to detect insulin-induced changes in LBF. Physiologic hyperinsulinemia (serum insulin, 107 mU/L) caused a moderate increase in LBF (15% +/- 11%; P =.07). Change in LBF was closely related to capillary density (r =.66; P <.01) independent of obesity, smoking and level of physical activity. An association was observed between LBF and serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations (r = -.57; P <.05). In multiple regression analysis, capillary density and serum FFA level together explained 71% of the variation in insulin-mediated LBF changes. Capillary rarefaction and elevated serum FFA values were associated with a vasoconstrictive effect of insulin. In conclusion, capillarization in skeletal muscle and serum FFA concentration seem to be determinants of endothelial function.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: In humans, the Met326Ile missense variant of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) has been associated with either significant reductions in glucose effectiveness and intravenous glucose tolerance in Caucasians or a significantly higher insulin secretory response in Pima Indians. In the present study, we genotyped 1,190 Caucasian males to evaluate the impact in vivo of the Met326Ile variant of the p85alpha subunit of PI3K on the acute insulin response, intravenous glucose tolerance, insulin-mediated glucose uptake, and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes after 20 years of follow-up. We also expressed the variant in vitro to evaluate the impact on insulin-stimulated activation of protein kinase B (PKB). The Met326Ile variant of p85alpha was not associated with type 2 diabetes or with alterations in insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity, or intravenous glucose tolerance in vivo. Expressed in vitro, the Ile326 and the Met326 variant acted equally as a dominant-negative and prevented (60-70% inhibition) insulin-mediated activation of PKB by inhibiting the phosphorylation of PKB at Thr308. We conclude that the Met326Ile variant of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of PI3K is likely to be as functionally normal in vivo as in vitro.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2001 · Diabetes
  • Arvo Haenni · Richard Reneland · Lars Lind · Hans Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: To measure the effects of hyperinsulinemia on serum electrolyte status and associated hormones, and on serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations, in patients with essential hypertension. The serum electrolyte status (Na, K, Ca, ionized Ca, Mg, P, pH) and associated hormones [plasma renin activity (PRA), serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and aldosterone concentrations], and FFA were measured during an euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp test in 49 patients with untreated essential hypertension. Serum potassium, phosphate, PTH, and FFA concentrations decreased during hyperinsulinemia, while serum ionized calcium concentration, pH, and PRA increased significantly (P < 0.05). The changes in serum potassium and magnesium were both inversely related to the insulin-mediated glucose uptake (r= -0.62, P< 0.0001; r= -0.31, P< 0.05, respectively). Both body mass index (BMI) and insulin-mediated glucose disposal were significantly correlated to the changes in serum aldosterone concentration during hyperinsulinemia (r = 0.41, P < 0.01; r = -0.40, P < 0.01, respectively). The change in serum aldosterone during the clamp test was not significantly related to the change in PRA, but tended to correlate to the change in potassium concentration (r= 0.25, P= 0.10). A less pronounced reduction in FFA during induced hyperinsulinemia was associated with low insulin sensitivity (r= -0.35, P< 0.05). Hypertensive patients with normal BMI and a more pronounced glucose uptake showed a larger serum potassium decline and lowered aldosterone concentrations during induced euglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Insulin-resistant patients showed a less pronounced reduction in FFA during hyperinsulinemia. The observations in the present study may indicate that alterations in aldosterone and FFA metabolism might be linked to the insulin resistance metabolic syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2001 · Journal of Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this investigation was to examine to what extent variability in the muscle morphology and insulin sensitivity influence the correlation between them. Reproducibility of muscle characteristics was estimated in duplicate biopsies from the same thigh of 23 subjects from a cohort of 70-year-old men. The coefficient of variation (CV) for different characteristics of muscle morphology was between 11 and 42% in duplicate biopsies. Coefficient of variation for markers of insulin sensitivity ranged between 12 and 39%. The variability reflected by intra-class correlation ranged from 0.23 to 0.60 for muscle morphology and from 0.68 to 0.96 for estimates of insulin sensitivity. The correlation analysis between muscle morphology and insulin resistance was performed in a sample of 515 men from the cohort, correlation coefficients were calculated with (rtrue) and without (r) adjustment for intra-individual variation. Insulin sensitivity showed a positive relationship with percentage of type I fibres (rtrue=0.33, r=0.21; P < 0.0001) and capillary density (rtrue=0.43, r=0.21; P < 0. 0001) and negative correlations with percentage of type IIB fibres (rtrue=-0.35, r=-0.24; P < 0.0001). Capillary density was inversely correlated to insulin. Thus, an obvious improvement of the correlation was seen after correcting intra-individual variation. In conclusion, owing to the low degree of reproducibility of muscle morphology variables and insulin sensitivity, implying a noticeable underestimation of correlations, the r-values should be adjusted for within-subject variation in order to demonstrate a more accurate estimate of the strength of the relationships studied.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2000 · Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
  • Anu Hedman · Richard Reneland · Hans O. Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the muscle morphology in hypertensive subjects with that in controls and to test the hypothesis of a relation between heart rate, development of hypertension and muscle morphology that is independent of glucose intolerance. We studied 43 glucose-tolerant, untreated hypertensive subjects and 113 healthy controls in a longitudinal cohort of 70-year-old men. Metabolic status (oral glucose tolerance test and euglycemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp test), muscle fibre distribution (myosin ATPase staining) and capillary supply (amylase-PAS method) were evaluated. Blood pressure and heart rate data were available from both ages 50 and 70 years. Hypertensive subjects had a significantly smaller mean number of capillaries per fibre than controls (1.53 versus 1.64; P = 0.04). In hypertensive subjects, the proportions of type I and type II fibres were correlated to mean arterial pressure (r = -0.56 and r= 0.52, respectively, P < 0.05 for both). The increase in mean arterial pressure over 20 years was closely correlated to capillary density in mm2 (r= -0.62; P< 0.0001). Capillary supply was inversely related to resting heart rate both at ages 50 and 70 years. Skeletal muscle of glucose tolerant hypertensive subjects showed a lower capillary supply than that of controls. This capillary rarefaction was correlated to increase in mean arterial pressure over two decades and to supine heart rate. This is compatible with the suggestion that higher sympathetic drive might generate structural alterations in muscle capillarization.
    No preview · Article · May 2000 · Journal of Hypertension
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    R Reneland · E Alvarez · P E Andersson · A Haenni · L Byberg · H Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: The effects on glucose metabolism by the beta-blocker atenolol and the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor trandolapril were investigated in a randomised double-blind parallel group study of patients with primary hypertension. Twenty-six patients were treated with 50-100 mg atenolol and 27 patients with 2-4 mg trandolapril o.d. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests, euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamps and serum lipid measurements were performed after 8 and 48 weeks of active treatment. After 48 weeks insulin sensitivity was reduced by 23% by atenolol while it remained unchanged during trandolapril treatment (+0.5%, P = 0.0010 for difference between treatments, ANCOVA). The effect on triglycerides (+22% vs -8.5%) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (-13% vs +0.7%) also differed significantly between atenolol and trandolapril. Results after 8 weeks were similar. Glucose tolerance was not affected by either drug. Atenolol reduced diastolic blood pressure (DBP) better than trandolapril (-15.3 mm Hg vs -6.6 mm Hg for supine DBP after 48 weeks, P = 0.012). The difference in effect on insulin sensitivity between the drugs corresponded to 25% of the baseline values of insulin sensitivity, and persisted over 48 weeks of treatment. The choice of antihypertensive treatment could influence the risk of diabetes associated with treated hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension (2000) 14, 175-180.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2000 · Journal of Human Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: From theory to proof-of-concept, pharmacogenomics promises to improve future general healthcare in a number of ways. By identifying individuals who will respond to a particular drug treatment compared to those who have a low probability of response, pharmacogenomic test development hopes to aid the physician in prescribing the optimal medication for each patient. This approach promises faster relief from symptoms, a lowering of side effect risks and a reduction in healthcare costs. Pharmacogenomic tests used by the pharmaceutical companies themselves can be used to help identify suitable subjects for clinical trials, aid in interpretation of clinical trial results, find new markets for current products and speed up the development of new treatments and therapies. This type of approach should also see fewer compounds failing during later phases of development. The questions we are faced with as we enter the new millennium, however, are if and when the promises of pharmacogenomnics in improving healthcare will be fulfilled. Currently, there are only a handful of pharmacogenomic tests and associated products which are commercially available and it remains to be seen what impact these will have on the market and on healthcare in general.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2000 · Pharmacogenomics
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    ABSTRACT: A polymorphism (PP1ARE) in the 3'-untranslated region of the gene encoding the glycogen-associated regulatory subunit of type 1 protein phosphatase PPP1R3 is associated with insulin resistance in Pima Indians. The aim of this study was to investigate whether two common variants in the PPP1R3 gene, Asp905Tyr and PP1ARE, are associated with reduced insulin sensitivity or can predict the development of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes during a 20-year follow-up period in 696 50-year-old Caucasian men. The allelic frequency of Tyr905 was 0.11 (95% CI 0.09-0.13) and of PP1ARE 0.34 (0.31-0.37) and the two polymorphisms were in linkage disequilibrium (chi2 = 46, P < 0.0001, Fisher's exact test). None of the polymorphisms was associated with the development of IGT or type 2 diabetes, but the PP1ARE polymorphism was weakly correlated to whole-body insulin sensitivity (r = -0.08, P = 0.04). In conclusion, we found no evidence in Swedish men that the PP1ARE or the Asp905Tyr variants over a 20-year period predict the development of IGT or type 2 diabetes, but the PP1ARE polymorphism could have a higher penetrance in other populations.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2000 · Diabetes
  • A Haenni · L Lind · R Reneland · H Lithell
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin increases renal sodium reabsorption which may contribute to hypertension. However, acute insulin administration may result in vasodilation. The aim of the present study was to investigate effects on blood pressure and alterations in ion status during hyperinsulinemia. Blood pressure and serum sodium and ionized calcium concentrations were measured before and at the end of euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp tests performed in 45 patients with essential hypertension. Both the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure decreased, by 4% (p < 0.05) and 3% (p < 0.05), respectively. Circulating ionized calcium concentration increased by 2% (p < 0.001), and the ratio between circulating sodium and ionized calcium concentrations decreased. The changes in circulating sodium concentration correlated to changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP; r = 0.36, p = 0.05). Both ionized calcium concentrations and the ratio between circulating sodium and ionized calcium concentrations correlated to changes in SBP during hyperinsulinemia (r = -0.41, p = 0.03, r = 0.56, p < 0.01, respectively). The changes in ion status were not significantly correlated to age, body mass index or insulin sensitivity. In conclusion, a more pronounced increase in circulating ionized calcium concentration and reduction in the ratio between sodium and ionized calcium concentrations was associated with a greater blood pressure decline during the hyperinsulinemic clamp test when performed in hypertensive patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2000 · Blood Pressure

Publication Stats

1k Citations
173.41 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994-2011
    • Uppsala University
      • • Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
      • • UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research center
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2005-2006
    • Sequenom, Inc.
      San Diego, California, United States
  • 1998-1999
    • Uppsala University Hospital
      • Department of Geriatrics
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1997
    • Steno Diabetes Center
      • Epidemiology
      Gjentofte, Capital Region, Denmark