[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor alpha plays primary role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. TNFalpha is essential for antigen-specific IgE production and for the induction of Th2-type cytokines. The lack of TNFalpha inhibited the development of allergic rhinitis. In this study, the chimeric gene of soluble TNF receptor and IgGFc fragment (sTNFR-IgGFc) was cloned into the EBV-based plasmid pGEG. When the plasmid pGEG.sTNFR-IgGFc was transferred to endothelium cell, a considerable expression of the sTNFR-IgGFc fusion protein was detected. Moreover, the expression product in the supernatant could antagonize the cytolytic activity of TNFalpha on L929 cells. Then the plasmid was delivered into nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis mice to determine its effect on this animal model. Results showed that symptoms in treated group were improved. Pathological examination showed the numbers of eosinophil, mast cell and IL-5(+) cells in treated groups were reduced compared with placebo group. These data showed that pGEG.sTNFR-IgGFc expression plasmid is potential for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, and suggest that the antagonist of TNFalpha may provide a new approach for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, acting as a regulator of inflammation and immunity. TNFalpha plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Blocking of TNFa activity suppressed inflammatory tissue damage. In present study, the chimeric gene of soluble TNF receptor and IgG Fc fragment (sTNFR-IgG FC) was cloned into the mammalian cell expression vector pStar. When the plamid pStar/sTNFR-IgGFc-GFP was transfected into endothelial cells, a considerable expression of the sTNFR-IgG Fc fusion protein was detected. Moreover, the product in 100microL expression supernatant could completely antagonize the cytolytic effect of 1ng TNFa on L929 cells, even at 1/64 dilution. Then the plasmid was delivered into CIA-induced rheumatoid arthritis mice by tail vein injection. The expression of sTNFR-IgG Fc was detected in liver by RT-PCR. Animals in treatment group showed reduced symptoms of arthritis and more active. This treatment induced decrease of synovial incrassation and prevented the cartilage destruction of the mice RA model. These results show that tail vein injection is an effective way for gene therapy and sTNFR-IgGFc expression plasmid is potential for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the role of BM2 protein in the life cycle of influenza B virus.
The authors screened human kidney MATCHMAKER cDNA library for new binding partners of BM2 of influenza B virus by using the yeast two hybrid system with truncated BM2 (26-109 aa) as the bait.
Six positive plasmids encoding N-acetylneuraminate pyruvate lyase, angiopoietin 3, zinc finger protein 251, ribosomal protein S20, protein arginine N-methyltransferase 1 variant 1 (PRMT) and transcription factor-like 1 (TCFL1) were obtained.
The results suggest that BM2 may play an important role in the life cycle of influenza B virus.
No preview · Article · Jul 2005 · Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The nonviral gene delivery systems are usually not very effective in transferring gene into target cells, and the intensity and duration of the gene expression is very poor. The EBNA1/oriP maintain EBNA1/oriP-based plasmids as episome, contribute to nuclear transport of the plasmid and transcriptional up-regulation of target gene. The EBNA1/oriP based plasmid enhances the transfection rate as well as magnitude and longevity of gene expression. This article reviews recent preclinical gene therapy studies with the EBV plasmid vectors conducted against various diseases. For gene therapy against malignancies, the EBNA1/ oriP based plasmid encoding the HSV1-TK suicide gene was combined with a cationic polymer to transfer into HCC cell line. The expression level of TK gene was 100- to 1000-fold higher than the conventional plasmid. The sensitivity of HCC to ganciclovir (GCV) elevated several hundred-fold. The EBNA1/oriP based plasmid equipped with tumor specific promoter, such as CEA promoter, enabled targeted killing of CEA-positive tumor cell. Transfection of EBNA1/oriP based plasmid carrying IL-12 and IL-18 gene either locally, or systemically, induced therapeufic antitumor immune responses including augmentation of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte and natural killer activities and growth retardation of tumors. For gene therapy of congenital diseases and chronic diseases, the EBNA1/oriP based plasmid encoding the adenosine deaminase gene was transfered into human hematopoietic progenitor cells. The ADA activity was elevated 1.5-to 2-fold. Intracardiomuscrlar transfer of the EBNA1/oriP based plasmid encoding the beta-AR gene may be useful for the treatment of severe heart failure. Human tumor necrosis factoralpha (hTNFalpha) is one of the most important inflammatory cytokines. It has been implicated in many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. sTNFR can efficiently neutralize the bioactivities of hTNFalpha. In primary study we cloned the chimeric protein sTNFR II-IgG Fc and expect to use it in the gene therapy of the inflammatory disease relative to TNF. In summary, The EBNA1/oriP based plasmid shows advantage in gene therapy of cancer, congenital and inflammatory diseases. Moreover, the EBNA1/oriP element may greatly contribute to the engineering of a human artificial chromosome, the ultimate device for controllable gene therapy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology