Jian Wang

Northwest University, Northwest Harborcreek, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (3)6.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The choline O-acetyltransferase (CHAT) gene has been associated with various human disorders that involve cognitive impairment or deficiency. However, the influence of disease-associated variants of CHAT on normal individuals remains dubious. Here we demonstrated the impact of CHAT sequence variants (G-120A) on general human cognitive ability in a cohort of 750Chinese undergraduate students. A multiple choice questionnaire was used to obtain basic demographic information, such as parents' occupations and education levels. We also administered and scored the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM). A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis test (K-W) revealed a significant association between sequence polymorphisms of G-120A and individuals' Raven score (p=0.031 for ANOVA and p=0.026 for K-W tests). Moreover, further hierarchical analysis showed a similar trend in the association between G-120A variants and Raven scores only in the female subjects (p=0.008 for ANOVA and p=0.024 for K-W tests) but not in the male subjects. The results of a multiple linear regression confirmed that after we controlled gender, age, birthplace and other non-genetic factors, CHAT G-120A polymorphisms still significantly influenced individual Raven scores (B=-.70, SE=.28, t=-2.50, p=0.013). Our results demonstrated that sequence variants of CHAT were associated with human cognitive ability in not only patients with psychiatric disorders but also normal healthy individuals. However, some issues remained indeterminable, such as gender differences and the extent of the influence on individuals' general cognitive abilities; thus, the further research using an independent random sample was required.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neuroscience Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and dopamine-beta hydroxylase (DBH) are key enzymes to breakdown dopamine. Some previous studies have indicated that val158met in COMT and 19 bp insertion/deletion in 5' flank of DBH are related to the performance of executive function. To further investigate the associations of the two genes with executive function, we performed a population-based study in a Chinese Han population. The results indicated that val158met in COMT and the 19 bp insertion/deletion of DBH were associated with the average reaction time of response inhibition in female group (P = 0.01, P = 0.03), respectively. Furthermore, there was a significant interaction of the two genes on the reaction time (P = 0.006). This present study suggests that not only do COMT and DBH influence independently on response inhibition in females, but also exert a significant interaction on response inhibition.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
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    ABSTRACT: 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A (5-HT2A) participates in diverse psychiatric disorders by regulating the activity of serotonin. Some previous studies have also suggested that the receptor is involved in cognitive abilities of disease groups. We hypothesize that some functional genetic variants in 5-HT2A have certain specific influences on cognitive abilities in a normal population. To confirm this hypothesis, two polymorphisms (rs6313 and rs4941573) in 5-HT2A were selected, and a population-based study was performed in a young healthy Chinese Han cohort. The results indicated that the rs6313 and rs4941573 were associated with touching blocks and mental rotation-3D error ratio in males, and the rs4941573 was associated with visuo-spatial working memory in the whole cohort. All the findings suggest that 5-HT2A participates in human spatial cognitive abilities and spatial working memory.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques